Appendix D : Cartographic Materials Codes

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cb Jakarta ad Rotterdam ck. Berne ae Julianehåb .... Sunda Islands agr Bahia Honda,. Venezuela ..... cbr Riga Petera Baznica,. Latvia cbs Rikuraru (Emijwan).

Appendix D : Cartographic Materials Codes These lists are based on Ministry of Defence Mapping and Charting Establishment practice.

Field 31 - Character positions 1-4: Relief codes CODE

DEFINITION

a

Contours

b

Tonal hill shading

c

Hypsometric tints – layer method

d

Hachures

e

Bathymetry – sounding

f

Form lines

g

Spot heights

h

Other methods in colour (e.g. in the style of Imhof)

i

Pictorial

j

Land forms (e.g. in the sytle of Lobeck, Raisz, Fenneman)

k

Bathymetry – isolines

l

Bathymetry – tints

m

Ridge lines

z

Other

Field 031 - Character positions 5-6: Projection type codes AZIMUTHAL OR ZENITHAL

CONIC PROJECTIONS

PROJECTIONS aa Aitoff

ca

Alber’s equal area

ab Gnomonic

cb

Bonne

ac Lambert’s azimuthal equal area

cc

Lambert’s conformal conic

ad Orthographic

cd

Polyconic (simple)

ae Azimuthal equidistant

ce

Miller’s bipolar oblique conformal conic

af Stereographic

cf

D Lisle

ag Other Azimuthal equal area

cg

Projection of the International Map of World

au Azimuthal, specific type unknown ch

Tissot’s conformal conic

az Azimuthal, other known specific type

cu

Conic, specific type unknown

cz

Conic, other known specific type

CYLINDRICAL PROJECTIONS

OTHER PROJECTIONS

ba Gall

da

Armadillo

bb Homolographic

db

Butterfly

bc Lambert’s cylindrical equal area

dd

Goode’s homolosine

bd Mercator

df

Van der Grinten

be Miller’s cylindrical

dg

Dymaxion

bf Molweide

dh

Cordiform

bg Sinusoidal

di

Polyhedric

bh Transverse Mercator

uu

Type of projection unknown

bj Plate Carree

zz

Other known type

bk Cassini’s

bl

Laborde

bm Oblique Mercator bu Cylindrical, specific type unknown bz Cylindrical, other known specific type

Field 031 - Character position 7: Property codes CODE

DEFINITION

a

Conformal

b

Equal-area

c

Equidistant

u

Property of projection unknown

y

Projection had no property

z

Other known property

Field 031 - Character positions 8-9 & 10-11: Prime meridian codes PRIME

CODE

PRIME

MERIDIAN

CODE

PRIME

MERIDIAN

CODE

MERIDIAN

Amersfoort

bs

Cordoba

am

Padang

ci

Amsterdam

ab

Edinburgh

ce

Paris

bg

Antwerp

bt

Genoa

cf

Philadelphia

bi

Athens

ac

Greenwich

aa

Pulkovo

bj

Azores

ca

Helsinki

ao

Quito

cj

Batavia

ad

Hierro, Canary Is

an

Rio de Janeiro

bk

Beijing

bh

Istanbul

ap

Rome

bl

Berlin

cb

Jakarta

ad

Rotterdam

ck

Berne

ae

Julianehåb

aq

San Fernando

Bogata

af

Leningrad

cg

Santiago

bm

Bombay

ag

Lisbon

ar

South Sumatra

cn

Borneo

cm

London

as

Stockholm

bn

Brussels

ah

Madeira Island

ch

Sucre

co

Bucharest

cc

Madras

at

Sydney

bo

Cadiz

ai

Madrid

ba

Tiranë

bp

Canary Islands

ct

Mexico City

bb

Tokyo

bq

Cape Town

aj

Moscow

bc

Washington DC

br

Caracas

ak

Munich

bd

Unknown meridian

uu

Celebes

cd

Naples

be

Other known meridian

zz

Copenhagen

al

Oslo

bf

cl

Field 032 $a : Spheroid Codes SPHEROID

CODE

SPHEROID

CODE

Airy (1830)

aa

Helmert 1906

an

Australian National (1966)

ab

International 1924

ao

Bessel 1841

ac

Kragenhoff

ap

Clarke 1858

ad

Krasovskiy 1848

aq

Clarke 1866

ae

Müffling 1821

ar

Clarke 1880

af

S. E. Asia (‘Fischer 155’)

as

Clarke 1880 (modified)

ag

Struve

at

Clarke 1880 (Palestine)

ah

Svanberg

ba

Danish (Andreae)

ai

Walbeck

bc

Delambre (Carte de France)

aj

War Office (McCaw) 1924

bd

Everest (1830)

ak

World Geodetic System 1972-

be

Everest (Borneo)

am

Zhylinskiy (‘Adjustment Spheroid’)

bb

Everest (Mayala)

al

Unknown spheroid

uu

Hayford 1909 (and 1910)

ao

Other known spheroid

zz

Field 032 $b : Horizontal datum Codes: A CODE

DEFINITION

taa

Astronomically determined

tab

Local

tac

Local astro

tad

No datum

tae

Other known horizontal datum

zzz

Other unknown horizontal datum

aaa Abidjan

aab

Abra Pampa, Argentina

aac Abrolhos Lighthouse, Brazil

aad

Abut Head (Okarito Meridional Circuit) South Island, New Zealand

aae Accra, Leigon Pillar (GCS No.121), Ghana

aaf

Aden Observatory

aag Aden Datum

aah

Adelaide Observatory, South Australia

aai

aaj

Adindan (30th Meridian) Datum, Sudan

aak Adjusted between Red Bridge Datum and Nanking Datum

aal

Aee Peir, Phoenix Islands

aam Aerodist Datum

aan

African Datum

aao Agourai Base North End, Morocco

aap

Agri (Danish GI 1934), Denmark

aaq Agrihan Astronomic Station (1920), Marianas Islands

aar

Ahaura (Grey Meridional Circuit), South Island, New Zealand

aas Ain el Abd, Kuwait

aat

Akmolinsk Mosque

aba Akra Milon (CumBurnu), Leros

abb

Akureuri, Iceland

abc Alamagan Astromic Station (192), Mariana Islands

abd

Albasin

abe Al Bushairyah, Qatar

abf

Al Da Asa, Arabia

abg Aleksandrovsk, Russian Federation

abh

Alma Ata, Kazakhstan

abi

American Samoa Datum 1962

abj

Amersfoort 1885

abk Anatahan Astronomic Station (1920), Marcus Islands

abl

Anatahan E, 29th Engr 1964, Mariana Is.

abm Angola Datum, Angola

abn

Ankara

abo An-lu Astro, China

abp

A Patutahi, New

Adjusted between Hong Kong and Nanking Astronomic Points

Zealand abq Aon Island Triangulation Station, Utirik Atoll, Marshall Islands

abr

Apia Observatory Tranist House, Opolu Island, Samoa

abs Apollo 15 Datum, Moon

abt

Approximate European Datum, Afghanistan

aca Approximate European Datum, Cyprus

acb

Approximate European Datum, Egypt

acc Approximate European Datum, Iran

acd

Approximate European Datum, Iraq

ace Approximate European Datum, Israel

acf

Approximate European Datum, Jordan

acg Approximate European Datum Libya

aci

Approximate European Datum, Syria

acj

Approximate European Datum Turkey

ack

Approximate Hong Kong Datum

acl

Approximate Indian 1960 Datum

acm Approximate Indian Datum, Afghanistan

acn Approximate Indian Datum, Burma

aco

Approximate Indian Datum, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam

acp Approximate Indian Datum, India

acq

Approximate Indian Datum, Thailand

acr

Approximate Kweiyang, China

acs

Approximate Luzon Datum, Philippines

act

Approximate Nanking Datum

ada

Approximate Nanking 1960 Datum

adb Approximate North American Datum 1927, Greater Antilles

adc

Approximate Old Hawaiian Datum

add Approximate Red Bridge Datum

ade

Approximate Tokyo Datum

adf Arahodoka-Byo Astro

adg

Arc (of the 30th Meridian) 1935 Datum, Africa

adh Arc (of the 30th Meridian) 1950 Datum, Africa

adi

Arc (of the 30th Meridian) 1960 Datum, Africa

adj

Arc (of the 30th Meridian) (unspecified) Datum, Africa

adk

Archway Rock, Gough Island

adl

Arequipa Astro, Bolivia

adm Arkhangel'sk, Russian Federation

adn Arumenii Island Triangulation Station, Bikor Atoll, Marshall Islands

ado

Arutunga (Anchorage) Observation Spot, Aitutaki Island, Cook Islands

adp A.S. 120 Tokong Hill, Balik Papan, Kalimantan, Indonesia

adq

Ascension Astro 1955

adr Ascension Island 1958

ads

Ashkhabad, Turkmenistan

adt Asor Astro 1966,

aea

Astro Observation

Caroline Islands

Point East Island Maug, Mariana Islands

aeb Astro Observation Point Pagan, Mariana Islands

aec

Astro Observation Point Rota, Mariana Islands

aed Astro Observation Point Uracus, Mariana Islands

aee

Astro Pier, Swains Island, Samoa

aef

aeg

Astro 502, USSR

aeh Astro 809, USSR

aei

Astronomic Point (1951) Yap, Caroline Islands

aej

Astronomic Station (1951), Elato Atoll, Caroline Islands

aek

Astronomic Station (1952) Marcus Is.

ael

Astronomic Station 'A' (1951), Jemo Island, Marshall Islands

aem Astronomic Station Bab South (1947), Babelthaup Island, Caroline Islands

Astro - 1958, Montserrat

aen Astronomic Station Beacon E (1945), IwoJima, Bonin Islands

aeo

Astronomic Station B1 (1920), Gaferut Island, Caroline Islands

aep Astronomic Station B4 (1920), Sorol Atoll, Caroline Islands

aeq

Astronomic Station Hong (1947), Admiralty Islands

aer Astronomic Station Mirami-OaguriShima, Daito Islands, Ryukyu Islands

aes

Astronomic Station Nishino-Shimo, Bonin Islands

aet Astronomic Station No. B (1921), Ifalik Atoll, Caroline Islands

afa

Astronomic Station No. B1 (1921), Pulap Atoll, Caroline Islands

afb Astronomic Station No. 1 (1951), Nomoi Islands, Caroline Islands

afc

Astronomic Station No.1 (1951), Pingelap Island, Caroline Islands

afd Astronomic Station No. 1 (1951), Puluwat Atoll, Caroline Islands

afe

Astronomic Station No. 1 (1951), Woleai Atoll, Caroline Islands

aff

afg

Astronomic Station No. 2 (1951), Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands

afh Astronomic Station No. 2 (1951), Truk Island, Caroline Islands

afi

Astronomic Station No. 2 (1952), Wake Island

afj

Astronomic Station No. 4 (1951), Mukuoro Atoll, Caroline Islands

afk

Astronomic Sation No. 8 (1951), Ngatik Atoll, Caroline Islands

afl

Astronomic Station No. 19 (1951), Nomwin Atoll, Caroline Islands

afm Astronomic Station No. 32 (1951), Ulithi Atoll, Marshall Islands

Astronomic Station No. 1-A (1951), Namorik Atoll, Marshall Islands

afn Astronomic Station No. 42 (1952), Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands

afo

Astronomic Station No. 61-A (1951), Jauluit Atoll, Marshall Islands

afp Astronomic Station

afq

Astronomic Station

No. 5, Chichi-Jima, Bonin Islands

Ponape (1951), Ponape Island, Senyavin Islands, Caroline Islands

afr

Astronomical Fixation W.A. 21, Western Australia

afs

Astronomical Station, Dunpu, New Guinea

aft

Astronomical Station, Salankana, New Guinea

aga

Astronomical Station, Wau, New Guinea

agb Astro-Secor 1966, Tarawa and Gilbert Islands

agc

Asuncion Astronomic Station (1920), Mariana Islands

agd Atafu Astro, Atafu Island, Tokelau Is.

age

Athens Datum

agf Athens National Observatory

agg

Athi, Kenya

agh Austral Pillar W.A., Western Australia

agi

Australian Army Observation Point L.A. 22, Lacrosse Island

agj

Australian Army Observation Point W.A. 3, Cockatoo Island

agk

Australian Datum

agl

Australian Geodetic

agm Australian Provisional Datum

agn Ayabacas Base, Peru

ago

Azabu Observatory, Tokyo

agp B of base-Luiz Correia, Brazil

agq

Baa-Ratti, Lesser Sunda Islands

agr Bahia Honda, Venezuela

ags

Baie du Morbihan Base North End, Kerguelen

agt Baker Island Astro Pier, Oceania

aha

Baku-AleksandraNeviskiy Cathedral, Azerbaijan

ahb Baku 1927 System, Azerbaijan

ahc

Balanchan, Philippines

ahd Balikesir, Turkey

ahe

Baliza Chiriguano, Graham Land, Antarctica

ahf Baltra Island Astro, Galapagos Island

ahg

Banjer Masin Astro, Borneo

ahh Banika Island Observation Spot, Russel Island, Solomon Islands

ahi

Bara Bay, Buru, Moluccas, Indonesia

ahj Barcelona, Venezuela

ahk

Barreira do Monta, Brazil

ahl

ahm Batavia, Java, Indonesia

Base Este (Fort de Coimbra), Brazil

ahn Bathurst Base East End, Gambia

aho

Beacon A, Espiritu Santo Island, New Hebrides

ahp Beacon, Christmas Island, Line Islands

ahq

Bekaa Badse, South End, Lebanon

ahr Belgian 1950 System (Lommel Signal)

ahs

Belgrano (old), Argentina

aht Belgrano 1928, Argentina

aia

Bengasi Lighthouse, Libya

aib

Beni Meyimel, Morocco

aic

Barracks, Libya

aid

Bermuda Datum 1943

aie

Bermuda Datum 1957

aif

Bermuda Datum 1959

aig

Bermuda Datum 1964

aih

Bern (1898)

aii

Biak Base West End, Biak Island, Schouten Islands

aij

Biao, Fernando Po Island, Equatorial Guinea

aik

Bikati (Pikhat) Island Astro, Gilbert Is.

ail

Bikini, Marshall Islands

aim

Binaro Astro, 1949

ain

Birnie Island, Phoenix Island

aio

Bissau Base Northwest End Pillar, Guinea-Bissau

aip

Bjornova

aiq

Blumut, Johore, Malaysia

air

Boa Entrada, 1955

ais

Boca Grande Astro, Venezuela

ait

Boghra, Afghanistan

aja

Bogotá Observatorio, Colombia

ajb Bogoslovskiy

ajc

Bogovskaya

ajd Bokku Island Triangulation Station, Wotje Atoll, Marshall Islands

aje

Bolkhov

ajf

ajg

Bonto Island Triangulation Station, Marshall Islands

ajh Borowa Gora, Poland

aji

Borugu-Byo Astro, China

ajj

Bosun Astro 1941, Midway Islands

ajk

Botanical Hill, South Island, N.Z.

ajl

Bowen Observation Spot, Queensland, Australia

ajm Brazzaville, Congo (Brazzaville)

Bon Said Lighthouse, Tunisia

ajn BS 67, Malaysia

ajo

Bucharest

ajp Buffelsfontein, South Africa

ajq

Bukit Asa Datum, Selangor, Malaysia

ajr

Bukit Panau, Kelantan, Malaysia

ajs

Bukit Rimpan, Banka Island, Indonesia

ajt

Bulgarian

aka

Buller, South Island, New Zealand

akb Busoga, Uganda

akc

Busowa, Uganda

akd Bushehr, Iran

ake

Byrd Station, Antarctica

akf

akg

Cagayan Sulu, Philippines

akh Cairns, Queensland, Australia

aki

Camacupa Base SW End (Campo de Aviacao), Angola

akj

Camorta, Nicobar Islands

akk

Camp Area Astro

akl

Campo de Mayo Base, Argentina

akm Campo Inchauspe, Argentina

Cabo Bojador Lighthouse, Western Sahara

akn Campos Rodrigues, Mozambique

ako

Cam Lang, Vietnam

akp Candlemas Island

akq

Canton Island Astro

Astro, Antarctica

1966

akr Cap Esteiras Astro

aks

Cape Canaveral Datum, USA

akt Cape Hotham Lighthouse, Northern Territory, Australia

ala

Cape St. Jacques, Vietnam

alb

Cape Town Observatory, South Africa

alc

Cape, South Africa

ald

Caracas (Observatorio Cajigal) 1911

ale

Caracas (Observatorio Cajigal) 1937

alf

Cardenas, Cuba

alg

Carthage

alh

Castanea delle Furie, Sicily

ali

Castelli Base SE End, Argentina

alj

Castelo di São Jorge, Lisbon, Portugal

alk

Castiletes, Venezuela

all

Cay Panaeati Island, Deboyne Islands, Louisiade Archipelago

alm

Central Origin, Australia

aln

Centro de Base (Mato Grosso), Brazil

alo

Cerro de Montevideo, Uruguay

alp

Cerro Puntiagudo, Argentina

alq

Ceylon

alr

Chagos (Sao 69)

als

Ch'ang'chun, Manchuria

alt

Ch'eng-te, Manchuria

ama Chi-kou-yang, China

amb Ch'in Hsien Astro, China

amc Ch'ung-Yang, China

amd Chang-chia-kou, China

ame Chatham Island Astronomical Section, Chatham Island, N. Z.

amf Chatham Island Observatory, Port Blair, Andaman Islands

amg Chen-tu Astro, China

amh Chernyy Verkh, Bulgaria

ami

amj Chichi Jima, Bonin Islands

amk Chich-ch'eng Astro, China

aml Chin-men'tao Astro, China

amm Chiu-chiang Astro, China

amn China Land Survey School, China

amo Ching-chou Astro, China

amp Ching-lo Astro, China

amq Ching-men Astro (West Base), China

amr Cho-lu Astro, China

ams Chos Malal, Argentina

amt Christmas Island Astro

ana

Chua Astro

anb Chung-kung-ch'i Astro, China

anc

Chufut-Kale

and Church (Luganville), Espiritu Santo Island, New Hebrides

ane

Chyahatsuro Astro, China

anf Circuit, Rhodesia

ang

Clipperton Island Astro 1957

anh Clipperton Island Light 1935

ani

Colline Verte Lighthouse, (Kwangshowan), China

anj Conakry Pyramid of

ank

Congo Yella Base,

Chiao-shan, China

the Service Géographique, Guinea anl

Congreso Plaza Constitucion, Asunción, Paraguay

Zaire anm Constanta, Romania

ann Cookes Pillar, Broome, Western Australia

ano

Copenhagen (Nicolai), Denmark

anp Cordoba

anq

Corrego Alegre, Brazil

anr Cotonou Astro

ans

Cruz Astro, Guadalcanal, Solomon Is.

ant Dacin-byo Astro, China

aoa

Daito Shima Astro, Ryukyu Islands

aob Dakar, Senegal

aoc

Danish Geodetic Institute 1934 System (AGRI)

aod Darwin Observation Pillar, Northern Territory, Australia

aoe

Datum da Ilha das Flores and Corvo, Azores

aof

aog

Datum du Ilha de São Miguel-S, Bras, São Miguel and Santa Maria Is., Azores

aoh Datum Nacional (San José), Chile

aoi

Davao, Mindinao, Philippines

aoj

DC-3 Astro-1913, St. Lucia

aok

Dedele Point Observation Spot, Papua

aol

Dergachi, Ukraine

aom Derna Lighthouse, Libya

Datum de Ilha Gracioso-Base SW, Terceira, São Jorge, Pico, Faial and Gracioso, Azores

aon Desaiz, Martinique, Lesser Antilles

aoo

Dili, Timor, Indonesia

aop Direction Island Observation Spot, Cocos (Keeling) Islands

aoq

Djakarta New, Indonesia

aor Dodo Island Observation Spot, Arno Atoll, Marshall Islands

aos

Dominica Astro M-12, Lesser Antilles

aot Dorpat II, Estonia

apa

DOS Astro Guxi (Guadalcanal), Solomon Islands

apb DOS Astro SLX2, Sierra Leone

apc

DOS 415, Gambia

apd Douala Airfield Flagstaff, Cameroon

ape

Dunnose

apf East Base, Loyalty Islands

apg

East Mediterranean Chain, Tunisia

aph Easter Island 1967

api

Eastern Rock, Poeloe Bam, West Irian

apj

Egypt-1930

apk

El Aaiun, Western Sahara

apl

El Bolson SB, Argentina

apm Elbow Cay Light, Bahamas

apn Emery Point Lighthouse, Northern Territory, Australia

apo

Enderbury Island

app Enibrik Island

apq

Eniibukku Island

Observation Spot, Mogiri, Marshall Islands

Observation Spot, Ailinginae Atoll, Marshall Islands apr Eniirikku Island Observation Spot, Mogiri, Marshall Islands

aps

Eniwetok Astro Pier, Marshall Islands

apt Eniwetok-Wake 1960 Datum, Marshall Islands

aqa

Enuebing Triangulation Station, Ailinglapalap Atoll, Marshall Islands

aqb Enyvertok Island Observation Spot, Rongerik Atoll, Marshall Islands

aqc

Erappu Channel Triangulation Station, Ailuk Atoll, Marshall Islands

aqd Erdohegy, Hungary

aqe

Erh-lien Dabasu Astro, China

aqf Estanques, Venezuela

aqg

ETC Longitude Pillar, Malta

aqh European Datum

aqi

Extremo B2 Base Forteleza, Brazil

aqj

Extremo SE da Base (Minas Gerica), Brazil

aqk

Extremo Sul da Base (Piaui), Brazil

aql

Faaire Island Astro Station, Tuamoto Archipelago

aqm Fais Astro, Fais Island, Caroline Islands

aqn Fakfak, West Irian

aqo

Famagusta, Cyprus

aqp Fao, Iraq

aqq

Farallon de Medinilla Astro Station (1921), Mariana Islands

aqr Farallon de Pajaros Astro Station (1920), Mariana Islands

aqs

Fernando de Noronha Astro, Brazil

aqt Fiji, 1956

ara

Final Sydney Datum 1941, New South Wales, Australia

arb Final 1958, Iran

arc

Firestone Astro, Liberia

ard First Astro 1942

are

Flagstaff Government Station, Abaiang Atoll, Gilbert Islands

arf

arg

Flores Astro 1939

arh Forteleza Astro, Brazil

ari

Fort Ambon, Moluccas, Indonesia

arj

Fort Charles Flagstaff, Greater Antilles

ark

Fort Cornwallis Flagstaff, Penang

arl

Fort George Observation Spot, Cayman Islands

arm Fort St Louis Flagstaff, Martinique

Flamingo Cay Light, Bahamas

arn Fort Thomas 1955, St Kitts-Nevis

aro

French Hydrographic

arp French Mission Astro, Ecuador

arq

Front Range, New Caledonia

arr

Fuglenes, Norway

ars

Gabon 1951

art

Gaferut Astro, Caroline Islands

asa

Gahai-Byo Astro, China

asb Gambia Datum, Gambia

asc

Gan 1970

asd Gandajika Base, Zaire

ase

Gardner Island,

Phoenix Islands asf

Gavan Sibir

asg

Gawler Downs, South Island, N.Z.

ash Gellerthegy, Hungary

asi

Genoa 1908

asj

Genuk, Java

ask

Geodetic Datum 1949, New Zealand

asl

Ghana Datum

asm Gladstone Observation Spot, Queensland, Australia

asn Goenoeng Dempo, Sumatra

aso

Golf Links, Sarawak, Malaysia

asp Gora A Krasnovodsk Gur Yev

asq

Gorda Point Lighthouse, Nicaragua

asr

Gould Astro, Antarctica

ass

Goulter S Hill, South Island, N.Z.

ast

Government General, Dakar, Senegal

ata

Government Offices Flagstaff, Singapore

atb Graciosa Base SW End, Terceira, Azores

atc

Grasberg, New Guinea

atd Great Inagua Island Light, Bahamas

ate

Great Isaacs Light, Bahamas

atf

atg

Great Stirrup Cay Astro, Bahamas

ath Greek Datum

ati

Greenwich Observatory, UK

atj

Gromen 1951

atk

Grönfjörden, Svalbard

atl

Gronne Island, Greenland

atm Grupo Escolar, Brazil

Great Ragged Island Light, Bahamas

atn G Segara Datum, Kalimantan, Indonesia

ato

G Serindung 1962

atp Guam 1913

atq

Guam 1963

atr

Guadalupe Astro 1946

ats

Guardia Vecchia, Sardinia

att

Guasopa Woodlark (Murua) Island, Trobriand Islands

Field 032 $b : Horizontal datum Codes: B CODE

DEFINITION

taa

Astronomically determined

tab

Local

tac

Local astro

tad

No datum

tae

Other known horizontal datum

zzz

Other unknown horizontal datum

baa Guayaquil Astro, Ecuador

bab

Guguan Astro Station (1920), Mariana Is.

bac Guhong Gajah Trom, Trengganu, Malaysia

bad

Gunong Hijau Larut, Perak, Malaysia

bae Gun Cay Light, Bahamas

baf

Gun Hill, Negri Sembilan, Malaysia

bag Ha-erh-pin, Manchuria

bah

Habay-La-Neuve Base North End, Luxembourg

bai

baj

Hainan Island, China

Hai-la-erh, Manchurai

bak Hairingassho-Byo Astro, China

bal

Hallett Astro, Antarctica

bam Hammond Rock Light, New Guinea

ban

Hao'hsien Astro, China

bao Hanoi Belvedere (Mirador), Vietnam

bap

Harbin, Manchuria

baq Harvey Cay Light, Bahamas

bar

Hassetche Base South End, Syria

bas Hawaiian Hiran, (WGS 1966)

bat

Helsinki, Kallio Church, Finland

bba Herat North, Afghanistan

bbb

Hermannskogel, Austria

bbc Hito XVIII Astro, Chile

bbd

Hjörsey 1955, Iceland

bbe Ho-ching Astro, China

bbf

Hog Island Light, Bahamas

bbg Hogsty Reef Light, Bahamas

bbh

Hokkaido Central, Japan

bbi

bbj

Hong Kong-Nanking Astro Datum

bbk Hong Kong-New Territories Datum

bbl

Hong Kong 1929 Datum

bbm Hong Kong 1963

bbn

Hope Bay, Graham Land, Antarctica

bbo Horinhodoka Astro, China

bbp

Hospital Astro, Paraguay

bbq Hsi-an, China

bbr

Hsi-ta-shan, Manchuria

bbs Hsin-Yang Astro, China

bbt

Hsiu-Ying Astro, China

bca Hua-Shao-Ying Astro, China

bcb

Huai-an Astro, China

bcc Huai-lai Astro, China

bcd

Huang River Commission (1936)

bce Huirangi, North Island, New Zealand

bcf

Hull Island, Phoenix Islands

bcg Hun-chun, Manchuria

bch

Hun-shan System

bci

Hupeh, Arc 1, China

bcj

Hupeh, Arc 2, China

bck Hupeh, Arc 3, China

bcl

Hupeh, Arc 4, China

bcm Hupeh, Arc 5, China

bcn

Hupeh, Arc 6, China

bco Hupeh, Arc 7, 8 and 9A, China

bcp

Hupeh, Arc 10 and 11, China

bcq Hupeh, Arc 12 and 22, China

bcr

Hupeh, Arc 13 and 15A, China

bcs Hupeh, Arc 14, China

bct

Hupeh, Arc 16, China

bda Hupeh, Arc 17, China

bdb

Hupeh, Arc 18, China

bdc Hupeh, Arc 19, China

bdd

Hupeh, Arc 19A, China

bde Hupeh, Arc 20 and 21, China

bdf

Hupeh Local, China

bdg Husdalen, Hopen Island

bdh

Husvik Astro, Antarctica

bdi

Hu-tzu-shan, Taiwan

bdk

I-chang Astro (South Base), China

bdl

I-chou Astro, China

bdm I-Hsien Astro, China

Hole-in-the-Wall Light, Bahamas

bdn I-shui Astro, China

bdo

Iben Astro 1947, Caroline Islands

bdp Ikateq Astro 1945

bdq

Îlet à Cochons Flagstaff, Guadeloupe

bdr Iligan, Mindanao, Philippines

bds

Iloiolo, Panay, Philippines

bdt Dal'nerechensk, Russian Federation

bea

Indian Datum

beb Indian Datum 1916

bec

Indian Datum 1960

bed Ireland 1965

bee

Irkutsk, Russian Federation

bef

beg

Ishpushta, Afghanistan

beh Isla del Coco Astro

bei

Ists 973 Astro 1969

bej

Isolated Hill, South Is. New Zealand

bek

Itaembe-Mini, Argentina

bel

Italian Triang 19131914

bem Itarare N Base Itajuba, Brazil

Ishigaki Shima Astro, Ryukyu Islands

ben Iwo Jima, Bonin Islands

beo

Jabal and Dukhan, Bahrain Island

bep Jaragua, Brazil

beq

Jazirat Yaz (RAF Petrol Tank), Sir Bani Yas Island, United Arab Emirates

ber Jesselton, Malaysia

bes

Jesuit College Flagstaff, Belize

bet Jo-ch'i Astro, China

bfa

Johnston Island 1961 Datum

bfb Johnston Origin, Northern Territory, Australia

bfc

Juing-ch'eng Astro, China

bfd Jung-shui Astro, China

bfe

Jurinet-2, Greater Antilles

bff

bfg

Kalianpur Datum, Pakistan/India

bfh Kalianpur Hill Station (National Geodetic Origin), India/Pakistan

bfi

Kandalaksha-St John S Church, Russian Federation

bfj

Kandawala Datum, Ceylon

bfk

Kandilli, Turkey

bfl

Kantara, Cyprus

bfm Kapingamarangi Astronomic Station No. 3 (1951), Caroline Islands

Kaarappu Triangulation Point F6 (1918), Ant Atoll, Caroline Islands

bfn Karamea, South Island, New Zealand

bfo

Karpinsk, Russian Federation

bfp Kasalinsk

bfq

Kashizan Datum, Taiwan

bfr

Katanga, Zaire

bfs

Kauai

bft

Kavieng Astro, New Ireland, Papua New Guinea

bga

KCS2, Sierra Leone

bgb Kenya Colony, Uganda (Rainsford 1948) Datum

bgc

Kertau, Malaysia

bgd Kertau 1948 revised, Malaysia

bge

Kertau (Everest) Datum, Malaysia

bgf Kertau (Repsold System) Malaysia

bgg

Kesztej (Marosvasarhely), Hungary

bgh Khao Luang, Thailand

bgi

Khartoum

bgj Kieta Astro, Bougainville, Solomon Is.

bgk

bgl

bgm Kobukutei, Pescadores

Kloster Ivanic, Yugoslavia

Kili Island Observation Spot, Marshall Islands

bgn Koepang, Timor, Indonesia

bgo

Koh-I-Malik Siah, Pakistan

bgp Kogo, Rio Muni, Equatorial Guinea

bgq

Koiaris Astro 1947, Bougainville, Solomon Islands

bgr Koiterangi, South Island, New Zealand

bgs

Korla Astro, China

bgt Koror Observation Point, Caroline Is.

bha

Kos Forst (Coocastello), Kos

bhb Kostroma, Russian Federation

bhc

Kowloon Observatory, Hong Kong

bhd K'uei'tao, China

bhe

Ku-yuan, China

bhf Kuan-hsiang Shan, China

bhg

Kuching Survey Origin, Sarawak

bhh Kulusuk, Greenland

bhi

Kuo'hsien Astro, China

bhj Kusaie Astronomic Station 3 (1951), Caroline Islands

bhk

Kutaka, Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands

bhl

bhm Kwajalein Astronomical Position US Navy 1944, Marshall Islands

Kuybyshev-Orsk, Russian Federation

bhn Kwangsi Province, China

bho

Kwangtung, China

bhp Kweiyang, China

bhq

Kyushu West, Japan

bhr Kyustendil, Bulgaria

bhs

La Canoa

bht Lago Belgrano SB, Argentina

bia

Lago Palena SB, Argentina

bib

Lai-yang Astro, China

bic

Lamotrek Astronomic Station (1951), Lamotrek Atoll, Caroline Islands

bid

Latvian

bie

Le Pouce, Mauritius

bif

Lee No 7 (Butler 1911-1913) Guam, Mariana Islands

big

Legaspi, Luzon, Philippines

bih

Leigon Pillar (GCS no 121), Accra

bii

Lemuta, Samoa Islands

bij

Leninsk (Kol Chugino), Turkmenistan

bik

Leros (Lero-Pandelli), Dodocanese

bil

Leste NE Base, Brazil

bim

Leuen Anchorage Observation Spot, Namu Atoll, Marshall Islands

bin

Lib Island NW Edge, Marshall Islands

bio

Li-ching Astro, China

bip

Li-shih Astro, China

biq

Liberia 1964 (Roberts Field Astro)

bir

Liberian Government

bis

Limones Cuba, Greater Antilles

bit

Lin-ch'ing Astro, China

bja

Lindis Peak, South Is., New Zealand

bjc

Lisbon (Castelo Di São

bjb Line Island Astro

Jorge) bjd Listvenichnoye

bje

Little San Salvado Light, Bahamas

bjf

Liu-k'o'tao, China

bjg

Lobito Base NE End, Angola

bjh Lochmaben Astronomical Station, Tasmania

bji

Loma Quintana, Venezuela

bjj

Longitude, Mariana Islands

bjk

Lourenço Marques Observatory, Mozambique

bjl

Losap Astronomic Station B3 (1924), Losap Atoll, Caroline Islands

bjm Losuia, Kiriwina Island, Caroline Is.

bjn Lotj Island Observation Spot, Lae Atoll, Marshall Islands

bjo

Loudima, Congo (Brazzaville)

bjp Lu-chi Astro, China

bjq

Le-feng Base East End, China

bjr

Lu-kou'ch lao Astro, China

bjs

Lung 'i'ou Astro, China

bjt

Lung-kuan Astro, China

bka

Luzon Datum, Philippines

bkb Maccio Air Navigation Light (IAGS), Brazil

bkc

Macuco, Brazil

bkd Madagascar Datum

bke

Madeira Archipelago

bkf

Maderia, Brazil

bkg

Madrid 1853

bkh Magreva Island Base North End, Gambier Is., Tuamotu Archipelago

bki

Mahon 1928, Argentina

bkj

Mai, Lucipari Island, Indonesia

bkk

Majuro Astronomic Station 1944, Marshall Islands

bkl

Malayan Revised Datum, Malaysia

bkm Malta Datum, Malta Island

bkn Man Island Light, Bahamas

bko

Manchurian Principal System

bkp Mandinga Astro, Ecuador

bkq

Maniagassa Island Astro Pier (1944), Mariana Islands

bkr Manira

bks

Manokwari, West Irian

bkt Manon (Old), Argentina

bla

Manton Triangulation Point F2(1918), Senyavin Island, Caroline Islands

blb

Manton Observation Spot, Molik Atoll, Caroline Islands

blc

Marcus Astro 1961

bld

Marcus Astro 1965

ble

Marosvasarhely, Hungary

blf

Martin Garciá, Argentina

blg

Masira Island Astro, 1958

blh

Massoua, (Eritrea), Ethiopia

bli

Matsu Datum

blj

Matsuwa Astro, Kuril Islands

blk

Matupi Astro 1947, New Britain, Papua New Guinea

bll

Maug 1950 71st Esld,

blm

Maurice Datum,

Mariana Islands

Australia

bln

Mayo de Campo, Argentina

blo

McKean Island, Pheonix Islands

blp

McMurdo Camp Area, Antarctica

blq

Medinella 29th Engr Astro (1961), Mariana Islands

blr

Mejit Astronomic Station B1 (1919), Mejit Island, Marshall Islands

bls

Melbourne Observatory, Australia

blt

Mellu Island Traingulation Station, Marshall Islands

bma Mellu Island Traingulation Station and Ringelap Island Observation Spot, Marshall Islands

bmb Merchich, Morocco

bmc Mercury (Fischer 1960) Datum

bmd Mesedeg, Turkey

bme Mi-shan I, Manchuria

bmf Mi-shan II, Manchuria

bmg Midway Astro 1961

bmh Miguelete N, Argentina

bmi

bmj Militar, Argentina

bmk Minna, Nigeria

bml Misamis, Mindanao, Philippines

bmm Misurata Marina, Libya

bmn Miyako Jima Astro, Ryukyu Islands

bmo Moçãmedes, Angola

bmp Modified Mercury (Fischer 1968)

bmq Mogadiscio, Somalia

bmr Molinduko, Kenya

bms Mombassa, Kenya

bmt Monavatu, Viti Levu Island, Fiji Islands

bna

Montjong Lower Datum, Sulawesi

bnb Monte das Mocas Datum, Faial and Terceira Islands, Azores

bnc

Monte Mario 1875, Rome

bnd Monte Mario 1940, Rome

bne

Morro de Papagaio, Principe Island

bnf Morro de Santo Antonio, Brazil

bng

Moscow University Obs

bnh Mösting 'A' 1960, Moon

bni

Moulin Jarry, Guadeloupe

bnj Mount Rapid, Fleurien Peninsula, South Australia

bnk

Mozambique

bnl

bnm Mt Cook, South Island, New Zealand

Mt Campbell, Australia

Mildura Aerodrome, Victoria, Australia

bnn Mt Eden, North Island, New Zealand

bno

Mt Eleanor, South Is., New Zealand

bnp Mt Horrible, South Is., New Zealand

bnq

Mt Nicholas, South Is., New Zealand

bnr Mt Pleasant, South Is., New Zealand

bns

Mt Robinson, Malaysia

bnt Mt Stewart, North Is., New Zealand

bnu

Monte Verde 1951, Cape Verde Is.

boa Mt York, South Island, New Zealand

bob

Murilo Astronomic Station No. 19 (1951), Murilo Atoll, Caroline Is.

boc M79, Iraq

bod

Nahrwan Datum, Iraq

boe Namoluk Astronomic Station (1924), Namoluk Atoll, Caroline Islands

bof

Nan-ao'tao Astro, China

bog Nanking Astro, China

boh

Nanking Datum 1960, China

boi

boj

New British, UK

bok New Bulgarian

bol

New Danish System (Buddings Station I 620, Copenhagen), Denmark

bom New French, France

bon

New Egyptian, Egypt

boo New Lighthouse, Tripoli

bop

New Pillar, Tanzania

boq New Sahara Datum 1959

bor

New South Wales, Australia

bos New Sydney Datum, Australia

bot

Ngatik Astronomic Station No. 8 (1951), Ngatik Atoll, Caroline Is.

bpa Ngulu Astronomic Station No. 1 (1951), Ngulu Atoll, Caroline Is.

bpb

Nicolai, Copenhagen

bpc Nigeria Datum

bpd

Nikolayev, Russian Federation

bpe Nikolskoye Astro 1929

bpf

Niu-chiao'shan Astro, China

bpg NMA/S/21 Azimuth Island, Antarctica

bph

NMA/S/39 Wilkes Station, Antarctica

bpi

bpj

Nordlaguna, Jan Mayen Island

bpk North American Datum

bpl

North American Datum 1913

bpm North American Datum 1927

bpn

North Astro 1947

bpo North Base Astro, Antarctica

bpp

North Point Entrance Island, Makin Atoll, Gilbert Islands

bpq North Sahara Datum 1959

bpr

Northwest Point Astro, Bahamas

bps Northwest Point Light, Bahamas

bpt

Noumea, New Caledonia

bqa Numbuiloa, Vanau Levu Island, Fiji

bqb

Oakham Yof Base, South End, Senegal

bqc Observatoire d'Uccle, Belgium

bqd

Observatorio Astronomica de la Quinta Normal, Santiago

bqe Observatorio Astronomico de Madrid

bqf

Observatorio da Comissão, Brazil

bqg Observatorio National do Rio de Janeiro

bqh

Observatorul Astronomic Militar Din Bucuresti (Dealul Pisc), Romania

bqi

bqj

Observation Spot Bairiki Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands

Naparima Datum, Trinidad and Tobago

Nomoi Astro, Caroline Islands

Observation Point, South Is., New Zealand

bqk Observation Spot, South Island, New Zealand

bql

Observation Spot Government Office, Kariatebike, Abemama Island, Gilbert Islands

bqm Observation Spot (Taruia Pass) Tongareva Island, Cook Islands

bqn

Octopeque, Guatemala

bqo Okinawa Datum 1927, Ryukyu Islands

bqr

Okino-daito-shima Astro, Daito Islands, Ryukyu Islands

bqs Old British (Greenwich Observatory)

bqt

Old Egyptian, Egypt

bra Old Hawaiian Datum

brb

Old Lighthouse, Tripoli

brc

brd

Opaki, North Island, New Zealand

bre Oranhada Astro, China

brf

Oranharaga-byo Astro, China

brg Oranjaran-byo Astro, China

brh

Ordnance Survey of Great Britain (1936) Datum

bri

brj

Ormoc, Leyte, Philippines

brk Oroluk Astronomic Station No.1 (1951), Oroluk Atoll, Caroline Is.

brl

Orsk, Russian Federation

brm Osh, Kyrgyzstan

brn

Oslo Observatory (Old)

bro Osuihe Astro, China

brp

Padang Base West End, Sumatra

brq Paga Hill (1939), New Guinea

brs

Pagan 1950 71st Esld, Pagan Island, Mariana Islands

brt

bsa

Pai-ling-miao Astro, China

bsb Palau Astro, Caroline Islands

bsc

Palermo, Argentina

bsd Palestine 1928

bse

Palmer Astro

bsf

bsg

Pandeli, Leros, Deodecanese, Greece

bsh Pantheon, Paris

bsi

Pao-tou-Astro, China

bsj

Papatachi 1949, New Zealand

bsk

Papeeete Astronomical Pier, Tahiti

bsl

Paraguari Base S End, Paraguay

bsm Parana, Argentina

Old Sydney Datum, NSW, Australia

Orenburg Cossacks

Pai-chieh'shan Lighthouse, China

Panama-Colon, Panama

bsn Parapara, South Island, New Zealand

bso

Parece Vela Astronomic Point, Parece Vela (Douglas Reef)

bsp Pency, Czechoslovkia

bsq

Pei-ching, China

bsr

Pei-king System 1954, China

bss

Pei-li Astro (1940), China

bst

Pei-ping, China

bta

Pei-ping 1954 System, China

btb Pelarang, Kalimantan, Indonesia

btc

Pen Phare, Vietnam

btd Pepito, Bolivia

bte

Perak, Kedah, Malaysia

btf

Perth Observatory, Western Australia

btg

Perth 1899, Western Australia

bth Pete Astro 1969, Zanzibar

bti

Phare d'Ayabele, Djibouti

btj

Phare du Cap Blanc, Mauritania

btk

Phoenix Island

btl

Pico de las Nieves, Gran Canaria

btm Pico de São Tomé, São Tomé Island

btn Pico Norte

bto

Pidurutal Agala, Ceylon

btp Pier Observation Spot, Fila Harbour, Efate Island, New Hebrides

btq

Pilar Astrónomico de Ponta Grossa, Brazil

btr

Pilar Astrónomico (S Paulo), Brazil

bts

Pilar de Observaciones de Puerto, Argentina

btt

Pilar do Forte, Brazil

Field 032 $b : Horizontal datum Codes: C CODE

DEFINITION

taa

Astronomically determined

tab

Local

tac

Local astro

tad

No datum

tae

Other known horizontal datum

zzz

Other unknown horizontal datum

caa

Pinder Point Light, Bahamas

cab Pingelap Island Observation Spot, Caroline Islands

cac

Pintados SE Base, Chile

cad P'ing-ti-ch Uan, China

cae

Pitcairn Astro 1967

caf

cag

Point A Subcommission 5 Boundary Survey, Chile-Argentina

cah Ponape Astro 1962

cai

Port Etienne, Mauritania

caj

Port Huon Hospital Bay Observation Spot, Tasmania

cak

Port Langdon South Base, Groote Eylandt, Nothern Territory, Australia

cal

Port Lockroy

Plantation Point, Jervis Bay, Australian Capital Territory, Australia

cam Porto Santo Observatory, Madeira

can Poto Astro, Bolivia

cao

Potsdam (Helmertturm), Germany

cap Poulo Condore (Con Son), Vietnam

caq

Pronto Socorro, Brazil

car Provisional Chilean 1963

cas

Provisional National, Australia

cat Provisional South American 1956 Datum

cba

Peurto Rico Datum

cbb Pulap Astronomic Station No. B1 (1920), Pulap Atoll, Caroline

Islands cbc

Pulkovo 1913 System

cbd Pulkovo 1932 System

cbe

Pulkovo 1942 System

cbf Punaavia Base North End, Tahiti

cbg

Puntarenas, Costa Rica

cbh P2 Point, Ile des Petrels, Adelie Land, Antarctica

cbi

Quito Observatorio, Ecuador

cbj Qornoq Datum, Greenland

cbk

Ramakure-Byo Astro, China

cbl

Ra usuva, Viti Levu Island, Fiji

cbm Reconnaissance Triangulation, Morocco

cbn Red Bridge Astronomic Station, China

cbo

Residence Flagstaff, Margarava Island, Gambier Islands

cbp Reval (Tallin), Estonia

cbq

Reykjavik, Iceland

cbr Riga Petera Baznica, Latvia

cbs

Rikuraru (Emijwan) Island Triangulation Station and Likiep Island South Pass Reef Triangulation Station, Likier Atoll, Marshall Islands

cbt Rio Benito, Rio Muni, Equatorial Guinea

cca

Rongelap Island Observation Spot, Marshall Islands

ccb Rongelap 1959 Datum, Marshall Is.

ccc

Rota 1950 71 Esld, Mariana Islands

ccd Royal Alfred Obsv. Mauritania

cce

Royal Government of Afghanistan

ccf

ccg

Rum Cay Ligh, Bahamas

cch Sainte Anne I, Guadeloupe

cci

Saipan Astro US Navy 1944, Saipan Island, Mariana Islands

ccj

Sakura-dai I, Manchuria

cck

Sakura-dai II, Manchuria

ccl

Sakura-dai III, Manchuria

Rube Point Observation Spot, Ebo Atoll, Marshall Islands

ccm Sama Base, Peru

ccn Samana Fort, Dominican Republic

cco

Samate, Salawati Island, West Irian

ccp Santa Maria-GS-8, Grenada

ccq

Santa Maria Light, Bahamas

ccr

San Fernando Observatory, Spain

ccs

San Miguel Astro, Ecuador

cct

San-tsao Tao Astro, China

cda

San-ya Astro (1940), China

cdb São Braz, São Migeul and Santa Maria, Azores

cdc

Sarigan Astronomic Station (1921), Mariana Islands

cdd Sarigan Astro 1964, Mariana Islands

cde

Schwarzeck, South West Africa

cdf Seba, Sawu Island, Indonesia

cdg

Selwa, Arabia

cdh Semaphore Mast Cayenne, French Guiana

cdi

Semaphore of

cdj Semporna, Malaysia

Noumea (1935), New Caledonia cdk

Shah-ho-chen Astro, China

cdl

Shan-hai-kuan Lighthouse, China

cdm Shang-ch'uan Tao Astro, China

cdn Shen'hsien Astro, China

cdo

Shumushu Astro, Kuril Islands

cdp Shun-i, China

cdq

Siamese, Thailand

cdr Sierra Leone Datum

cds

Signal Goeland, Mauritania

cdt Sin-do, Manchuria

cea

Sinyum, Pahang, Malaysia

ceb Smolensk Nikolai, Russian Federation

cec

Socotra 1957

ced Soke, Turkey

cee

Soldano Rock, Venezuela

cef

ceg

South African

ceh South American 1969

cei

South Asia Datum

cej

South Point Light, Bahamas

cek

South Station, Tongatobu, Tonga

cel

South Sumatra

Sommet Tano, New Caledonia

cem Southeast Island, Seychelles

cen Spitzbergen

ceo

Stalingrad-Kasan, Russian Federation

cep Stockholm

ceq

Stocking Island Astro, Bahamas

cer Stringer Trig, Papua New Guinea

ces

St Helena 1906

cet St Louis, Senegal

cfa

St Matthew Astronomical Datum, Alaska

cfb St Paul-St George 1944 Datum, Pribilof Islands, Alaska

cfc

St Petersburg, Russian Federation

cfd St Stephen S Turm, Vienna

cfe

Sui'hsien Astro, China

cff

cfg

Sul SW Base, Brazil

cfh Sumner Astro 1944, Caroline Islands

cfi

Survey Beacon SLS 28/57/107, Sierra Leone

cfj

Sverdlovsk, Vozneseniya Cathedral, Russian Federation

cfk

Svobodnyy 1935 System, Russian Federation

cfl

Sweetings Cay Light, Bahamas

Sui-yang, China

cfm Sydney Island, Phoenix Islands

cfn Sydney Observatory, NSW, Australia

cfo

Szechwan, China

cfp Table Hill, New Zealand

cfq

Ta-ch'ang-t'u Shan Astro, China

cfr

Ta-sha-kang, China

cfs

Tacloban, Leyte, Philippines

cft

Tai-lai I, Manchuria

cga

Tai-lai II, Manchuria

cgb Tai-lai III, Manchuria

cgc

Tai-lai IV, Manchuria

cgd Tai-lao VI, Manchuria

cge

Tai-ping-chiao, Manchuria

cgf Taira Datum, MiyakaJima, Ryukyu Is.

cgg

Takowaka Island Observation Spot, Marshall Islands

cgh Talalabad, Afghanistan

cgi

Tananarive Observatory Datum, Madagascar

cgk Tanapag Harbor, Saipan, Mariana Is.

cgl

Tang-yang Astro, China

cgm Tao-hua-pao Astro, China

cgn

Taongi Astro 1952

cgo Taroa Island Triangulation Station, Maloelap Atoll, Marshall Islands

cgp

Tashkent 1875 System, Uzbekistan

cgq TCI, United Arab Emirates

cgr

Te-an Astro, China

cgs Tebun-Byo Astro, China

cgt

Termez Astro, Uzbekistan

cha Ternate, Moluccas, Indonesia

chb

Testigos Astro, Venezuela

chc Tete, Mozambique

chd

TG Soeadja (Hollandia), West Irian

che Thorshavn, Faeroes

chf

Tien-wen-tien Astro, China

chg Tiflis

chh

Timbalai 1936 Datum, Brunei, Borneo

chi

chj

Timbalai 1948 Datum, Brunei, Borneo

chk Tinian Control 1950, Mariana Islands

chl

Tirane, Albania

chm Tobruk, Libya

chn

T'o-k'o-t'o Astro, China

cho Tokowa Island Observation Spot, Mili Atoll, Marshall Islands

chp

Tokyo Astronomical Observatory (Old) 1918

chq Tokyo Datum

chr

To-lun, China

chs Tomor 1961

cht

Toro, Uganda

cia

Towe Island Astro, Galapagos Islands

cib

Townsville, Queensland, Australia

cic

Transmit of Venus Station, Moqattam Hills, Cairo

cid

Tres Barras Extremo NE da Base, Brazil

cie

Trig A (North Taieri Meridional Circuit), South Island, New Zealand

cif

Triangulation Pointe Noire 1950-57, Congo (Brazzaville)

cig

Trig A (Hawke S Bay Meridional Circuit), North Island, New Zealand

cih

Trig A (Poverty Bay Meridional Circuit), North Island, New Zealand

cii

Trig E, South Island, New Zealand

cij

Trig E Maketu, North Is., New Zealand

cik

Trinidad Trigonometrical Survey Datum

cil

Tripoli (New Lighthouse)

cim Truk Astro 1951, Caroline Islands

cin

Ts'ao'hsien Astro, China

cio

Tshinsenda Base NW End (Point A), Zaire

cip

Tsingtao Observatory, China

ciq

Tsitsihar (Lungkiang), Manchuria

cir

Tsun-hua Astro, China

cis

T'ung-chou, China

Timbalai 1938 Datum, Brunei, Borneo

cit

T'ung-shan Astro (East Base), China

cja

Tu-lung, China

cjb

Tuhirangi, North Island, New Zealand

cjc

Tung-sha'tao Astro, China

cjd

Tung-shih Astro, China

cje

Tunheim, Bear Island

cjf

Tu-shih'kou Astro, China

cjg Tutuila Astro 1962, Tutuila Islands, Samoa

cjh

Ubajay (Old), Argentina

cji

Ubajay 1928, Argentina

cjk

Ujelang Island Observation Spot, Marshall Islands

cjl

Ulul Astronomic Station (1916) Namonuito Atoll, Caroline Islands

cjm Umm Er Rus, Arabia

cjn Unalaska Datum, Aleution Is., Alaska

cjo

Uruppu Astro, Kuril Islands

cjp US Naval Surveys 1944, Gilbert Islands

cjq

US Standard Datum USA

cjr

Usho Chart 5416 (1945), Minto Reef, Caroline Islands

cjs

Uspallata NE Base, Argentina

cjt

Vaitape Flagstaff, Borabora Island

cka

Val de Serra, Brazil

ckb Valdez Datum, Alaska

ckc

Valentine, Western Australia

ckd Valle Huemules EG, Argentina

cke

Vanguard Datum, USA

ckf

ckg

Vi Astro, St Vincent, Lesser Antilles

ckh Victoria Lighthouse, Seychelles

cki

Victoria Peak, China

ckj

Vieux Fort, St Lucia, Lesser Antilles

ckk

Vigan, Luzon, Philippines

ckl

Villa Cisneros, Western Sahara

Varesmae (System 1937), Estonia

ckm Voirol, Algeria

ckn Volga River Triangulation

cko

Wabutima, Kiriwina Is., Trobriand Is.

ckp Waigama Misool Flagstaff, West Irian

ckq

Wake Island Astro 1952

ckr Wenang, Sulawesi, Indonesia

cks

West Base Astro, China

ckt West Entrance Observation Spot, Canton Island

cla

Weti, Pemba Island

clb

White Sands Datum, USA

clc

White Sea, Russian Federation

cld

World Geodetic System 1960

cle

World Geodetic System 1966

clf

World Geodetic System 1972

clg

Wotje Island Observation Spot, Wotje Atoll, Marshall Islands

clh

Wu-ch'uan Astro, China

cli

Wu-lan-hua, China

clj

Wu-t'ai Astro, China

clk

XXIII Aratunga, Cook Islands

cll

Yacare, Uruguay

clm

Yang-hsien Astro, China

cln

Yang-lou-t Ung Astro, China

clo

Yang-p'u-chiang Astro, China

clp

Yang yuan Astro, China

clq

Yavin B, Argentina

clr

Yea Yama, Ryukyu Islands

cls

Yekaterinograd, Russian Federation

clt

Yenikale, Russian Federation

cma Yenisey, Russian Federation

cmb Yeuh-chou Astro, China

cmc Yof Astro 1967

cmd Yu'hsien Astro, China

cme Yu-shan Astro, China

cmf Yukon Datum

cmg Yung-ch'eng Astro, China

cmh Yung-yuan-Chiao, Manchuria

cmi

Yur Yev, Russian Federation

cmj Zagli, Russian Federation

cmk Zamboanga, Mindanao, Philippines

cml Zapara Island, Venezuela

cmm Zigida Astro, Liberia

cmn Zvirblaiciai, Lithuania

cmo Afgooye, Somalia

cmp Sapper Hill, Falkland Islands

Field 032 $c : Grid and Referencing System Codes: A - K Part 1: Codes for mathematically-constructed grids (i.e. based on the graticule) aa Aden Zone

ab Afghanistan GaussKrueger Grid

ac Alabama Co-ordinate System

ad Alaska Co-ordinate System

ae Albania Bonne Grid

af Algeria Zone see also North Algeria Zone, South Algeria Zone

ag American Samoa Coordinate System

ah Argentine GuassKrueger Conformal Grid

ai

Arizona Co-ordinate System

aj

al

Australia Belts

am Australian Map Grid

Arkansas Co-ordinate System

an Austria Gauss-Krueger Grid

ao Azores Gauss Conformal Grid

ap Azores Guass Zone

aq Baku 1927 Co-ordinate System

ar Bavaria Soldner Coordinate System

as Belgium Bonne Grid

at Belgium Lambert Grid

ba Borneo Rectified Skew Orthomorphic Grid

bb Brazil Guass Conformal Grid

bc Brazil Cassini Grid (10km letters)

bd British Cassini Grid (100km letters)

be British West Indies Grid

bf Bulgaria GraussKrueger

bg California Co-ordinate System

bh Canada British Modified Grid

bi

bj Canary Islands Zone

bk Cape Verde Islands Zone

bl

bm Caspian Zone

Cape Verde Peninsula Grid

bn Caucasus Zone

Canary Islands (Spanish) Lambert Grid

bo Ceylon Belt

bp Chile Gauss Conformal Grid

bq China Belt

br China Lambert Grid

bs Colombia Gauss Conformal Grid

bt Colorado Co-ordinate System

ca Connecticut Co-ordinate System

cb Costa Rica Lambert Grid

cc Crete Zone

cd Crimea Grid

ce Cuba Lambert Grid

cf

cg Czechoslovak Military Grid

Cyprus Grid

ch Czechoslovak Uniform Cadastral Co-ordinate System

ci

Dahomey Belt

cj

Danube Zone

ck Delaware Co-ordinate System

cl

Denmark General Staff Grid

cm Denmark Geodetic Institute System 1934

cn Dominican Lambert Grid

co East Africa Belt

cp Egypt Gauss Conformal Grid

cq Egypt Purple Belt

cr

Egypt Red Belt

cs Egypt 35 degree belt

ct

El Salvador Lambert Grid

da English Belt

db Estonian Grid

dc Fernando Po Gauss Grid

dd Fiji Grid

de Finland Gauss-Krueger Grid

df Florida Co-ordinate System

dg Formosa (Taiwan) Gauss-Schreiber Coordinate System

dh Franz Joseph Land Zone

di

dj French Equatorial Africa Grid

dk French Guiana Gauss Grid

dl

dm French Lambert Zone

French Indochina Bonne Grid

French Bonne Grid

dn French Somaliland Gauss-Laborde Grid

do Gabon Belt

dp Gabon Gauss Conformal Grid

dq Guadeloupe GaussLaborde Grid

dr Gauss-Krueger Grid

ds Georgia Co-ordinate System

dt German Army Grid (DHG)

ea German Gauss-Krueger Grid

eb Ghana National Grid

ec Greece Azimuthal Grid

ed Greece Bon Grid

ee Greece Conical Mecklenburgh Cooridinates

ef

eg Greenland and Lambert Grid

Greece Conical Mecklenburgh Coordinates (New Numbering)

eh Guam Co-ordinate System

ei

ej

Guinea Zone

ek Guyana Transverse Mercator Grid

el

Haiti Lambert Grid

em Hawaii Co-ordinate System

en Hawaiian Grid

Gautemala Lambert Grid

eo Honduras Lambert Grid

ep Hong Kong Colony Grid

eq Hong Kong New System Cassini Grid

er Hungary Stereographic Grid

es Iberian Peninsula Zone

et Iceland New Lambert Grid fa

Iceland Zone

fb Idaho Co-ordinate System

fc

Illinois Co-ordinate System

fd India Zone (Unspecified)

rj

India Zone 0

rk India Zone I

rl

India Zone IIA

rm India Zone IIB

rn India Zone IIIA

ro India Zone IIIB

rp India Zone IVA

rq India Zone IVB

fe

ff

Indonesia Mercator Grid

Indonesia Polyhedric Grid

fg Iowa Co-ordinate System

fh Iran National Grid

fi

Iraq National Grid

fj

Iraq Zone

fk

Irish Cassini Grid

fl

Irish Transverse Mercator Grid

fm Italy Gauss-Boaga Grid

fn Italy Zone see also North Italy Zone, South Italy Zone

fo Ivory Coast Azimuthal Grid

fp Ivory Coast Belt

fq Jamaica Foot Grid

fr

Japan PlaneRectangular Coordinate System

fs

ft

Johore Grid

Japan Gauss-Schreiber Grid

ga Kansas Co-ordinate System

gb Katanga Grid

gc Kentucky Co-ordinate System

gd Kenya Colony Grid

ge Korea Gauss-Schreiber Co-ordinate System

gf Guangxi Province Grid

gg Guangdong Province Grid

gh Lambert Conformal Conic Grid

gi

gj Levant Stereographic Grid

Latvia Co-ordinate System

gk Levant Zone

gl

Liberia Rectified Skew Orthomorphic Grid

gm Libya Zone

gn Lithuania Gaus-Kreuger Grid

go Louisiana Co-ordinate System

gp Luxembourg GaussKreuger Grid

gq Madagascar Grid

gr Madeira Zone

gs Maine Co-ordinate System

gt Malaya Grid

ha Malaya Rectified Skew Orthomorphic (metre) Grid

hb Malaya Rectified Skew Orthomorphic (yard) Grid

hc Maldive-Chagos Belt

hd Malta Belt

he Martinique Gauss Grid

hf Maryland Co-ordinate System

hg Massachusetts Coordinate System

hh Mauritius Zone

hi

Mecca-Muscat Zone

hj Mediterranean Zone

hk Mexican Lambert Grid

hl

Michigan Co-ordinate System

hm Minnesota Co-ordinate System

hn Mississippi Co-ordinate System

ho Missouri Co-ordinate System

hp Montana Co-ordinate System

hq Morocco Zone see also North Morocco Zone, South Morocco Zone

hr Mozambique labert Grid

hs Mozambique Polyconic Grid

ht National Grid of Great Britain (metres)

ja

National Grid of Great Britain (yards)

jb Nebraska Co-ordinate System

jc

Netherland East Indies Equatorial Zone British Metric Grid

jd Netherlands East Indies Equatorial Zone US Yard Grid

je

Netherlands East Indies Southern Zone

jf

Netherlands Stereographic Grid (New Numbering)

jg Netherlands Stereographic Grid (Old Numbering)

jh Nevada Co-ordinate System

ji

New Sierra Leone Colony Grid

jj

New York Co-ordinate System

jk

New Zealand Belt

jl

New Zealand (North Island) Belt

jm New Zealand (South Island) Belt

jn New Zealand National Grid

jo

jp Niger Belt

Nicaragua Lambert Grid

jq Niger Zone

jr

Nigeria Colony Belt

js

jt

North Carolina Coordinate System

Nord de Guerre Zone

ka North Dakota Coordinate System

kb North Algeria Zone

kc North Italy Zone

kd North Korean GausKrueger Grid

ke North Morocco Zone

kf

kg North Tunisia Zone

kh Northern European Zone

ki

kj

Northwest Africa Zone

kk Norway Gauss-Kreuger Grid

kl

Ohio Co-ordinate System

km Oklahoma Co-ordinate System

kn Oregon Co-ordinate System

ko Palestine Belt

kp Palestine Cassini Grid

kq Palestine Civil Grid

kr Panama lambert Grid

ks Paraquay GaussKreuger Grid

kt Peiping Co-ordinate System of 1954

Northern Malaya Grid

North Sahara Zone

Field 032 $f : Vertical Datum Codes NON-SPECIFIC VERTICAL DATUM ta Approximate mean sealevel

tj

Mean lower low water

tb Local

tk Mean lower low water springs

tc Local LWM

tl

Lowest normal low water

td Local MSL

tm Lowest low water

te Mean sea-level

tn Indian Spring low water

tf None

to At or near the level of lowest astronomical tide

tg Arbitrary

uu Unknown vertical datum

th Mean low water

zz Other known vertical datum

ti Mean low water springs OTHER KNOWN VERTICAL DATUM aa Aburatsubo, Japan

ab

Accra

ac Aden Mean Sea Level

ad

Aden Tidal Observatory

ae Adjusted MSL 1891, Denmark

af

Admiralty Datum, Australia

ag Aitutaki, Cook Islands

ah

Al Faw (Fao), Iraq

aj

Alexandria, Egypt

ak

Alicante, 1870-72

al

Almirante, Panama

am Amherst Tidal Observaory, Burma

an Anhui Assumed, China

ao

Antalya, Turkey

ap Antofagasta, Chile

aq

Approximate Kronstadt

ar Apra Harbor, Guam, Mariana Islands

as

Aquaba, Jordan

at Africa (Chile), Bolivia

ba

Africa, Chile

bb Assab, Ethiopia

bc

Auckland 1946

bd Australian Capital Territory Datum

be

Balboa (Canal), Panama

bf Banana, Zaire

bg

Bangkok RR Station

bh Barahona, Dominican Republic

bi

Beira, Zimbabwe

bj Beirut

bk

Belfast

bl

bm Bench Mark 1 MSL (1949), Mariana Is.

Belize

bn Bench Mark 4 MSL, Mariana Is.

bo

Berlin

bp Biloxi, Mississippi, USA

bq

Bluff, 1955, New Zealand

br Bluff, 1960, New Zealand

bs

Brisbane MSL, Australia

bt Broome Jetty MSL, Western Australia

ca

Brussels

cb Buenaventura, Colombia

cc

Burnie, Tasmania

cd Byrd Station, Antarctica

ce

Cagliari 1956, Sardinia

cf

cg

Callao, Peru

ch Camarta BM, Nicobar Island

Cairo, Illinois, USA

ci

Cape Town

cj

Cape York MSL, Australia

ck

Cartagena (Atlantic Coast), Colombia

cl

Casablanca 1922, Morocco

cm Cascais 1881-1938, Portugal

cn Zhejiang Assumed, China

co

Zhenjiang Customs, China

cp Zhihuang Dao, China

cq

Zhili River Commission, China

cr

cs

Jing Dao MSL, China

db

Colombo 1884-90

Jilong, Taiwan

da Coatzacoalcos, Mexico

dc Conakry, GuineaBissau

dd

Constanta, Romania

de Cooktown MSL, Australia

df

Cristobal (Canal), Panama

dh Dakar, Senegal

di

Dansk N.N. Denmark

dj Darwin MSL, Australia

dk

Darwin Town Datum, Australia

dl

dm Denison MSL, Western Australia

Davao Wharf Tide Staff, Philippines

dn Darby MSL, Western Australia

do

Devonport MSL, Tasmania

dp Diego Garcia, Chagos Archipelago

dq

Disko Bugt, Greenland

dr Djakarta

ds

Dublin Bay, Ireland

dt Dunedin 1958, New Zealand

ea

Durres, Albania

eb Eden Tide Gauge, NSW, Australia

ec

Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico

ed Errits, Denmark

ee

Federal Datum, Zimbabwe

ef

eg

Fremantle MSL, Western Australia

eh Fujian Assumed, China

ei

Genoa 1942

ej

Ginara, Punta Colombo, Cuba

ek

Golfito, Costa Rica

el

Ha Tien MSL, Vietnam

em Haifa, Israel

Freetown, Sierra Leone

en Haile Conservancy Commission, China

eo

Havana

ep Helsinki

eq

Hobart MSL, Tasmania

er Hobson Bay LWM, Victoria, Australia

es

Henan Assumed, China

et Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands

fa

Honto MSL, Sakhalin, Russian Federation

fb Huai River Commisssion, China

fc

Hunan Assumed, China

fd Hubei Assumed, China

fe

Ilha e Naos, Panama

ff

fg

Imbituba, Brazil

fh Inch'on Provisional, Korea

fi

Indian MSL, India

fj

Indian Spring Low Water

fk

International Great Lakes Datum 1935, Canada

fl

International Great Lakes Datum 1955, USA

fm Ireland I Dockyard, Bermuda

Illigan Harbour Tide Staff, Philippines

fn Irish Ordnance Datum, Poolbeg

fo

Isla de Pinos, Cuba

fp Isle of Man Ordnances Datum

fq

Israel Land Survey Datum, Jaffa

fr

Jaffa

fs

Jehol Assumed, China

ft

Kanmen MSL, China

ga

Kavala, Greece

gb Jiangsi Assumed, China

gc

Jiangsu Assumed, China

gd Jiaozhou Cinan RR, China

ge

Jirin, China

gf Klaipeda (Memel), Lithuania

gg

Ko Lak MSL, Thailand

gh Kribi, Cameroon

gi

Kronshtadt (1840), Russian Federation

gj Kuala Trengganu MSL, Malaysia

gk

Guangsi Assumed, China

gl

gm Guizhou Assumed, China

Guangdong Assumed, China

gn La Goulette, Algeria

go

La Goulette, Tunisia

gp La Guaira, Venezuela

gq

La Libertad, Ecuador

gr La Libertad, El Salvador

gs

La Union (Cutuco), El Salvador

gt Lagos

ha

Land Survey, Antarctica

hb Launceston City Council Datum, Tasmania

hc

Lianyun Jiang MSL, China

hd Lisov, Czechoslovakia

hh

Lexingta Zero Point, China

hi

hj

Lome, Togo

hk Low Island, Great Barrier Reef

hl

Low Water Ordinary Spring Tide, Wyndham, Western Australia

hm Luanda, Angola

hn

Lyttleton 1938, New Zealand

ho Makassar, Sulawesi

hp

Mako Harbour, Pescadores

hq Malin Head, Ireland

hr

Manila Bay MSL, Philippines

hs Mar del Plata, Argentina

ht

Marseille 1885-96, France

ja

Matarani, Peru

jb

Matavi, Tahiti

jc

Maura Tide Gauge, Malaysia

jd

Mawson Tide Gauge, Antarctica

je

Mayaguez, Puerto Rico

Lombrum, Manus Island, Admiralty Is.

jf

Mazatlan, Mexico

jg Mediterranean, Italy (old net)

jh

Mean Gulf Level, USA

ji

jl

Mean Sea Level Manifa Pier, Saudi Arabia

jm Memphis, Tennessee, USA

jn

Mina Construction Datum, Kuwait

jo

Mean High Water Sea, Antarctica

jp

Mombasa

jq Monrovia

Mocamedes, Angola

jr

Montevideo

js

Moturiki 1953, New Zealand

jt

MSL Adjustment 1927, Alaska

ka MSL Adjustment 1935, Canadian Geodetic Datum

kb

MSL Adjustment 1958, Cuba

kc MSL Adjustment 1959, Mexico & Panama

kd

MSL Adjustment 1960, Mexico, Central America and Colombia

ke MSL Adjustment 1961, Haiti

kf

MSL Adjustment 1962, Chile

kg MSL Adjustment 1964, Jamaica

kh

MSL Adjustment 1966, Ecuador and Peru

ki

kj

NADAP II, Hungary

kk Naha BM, Ryukyu Islands

kl

Narvik, Norway

km Nelson 1955, New Zealand

kn

Nevelsk (Honto), Sakhalin Newlyn see also Ordnance Datum

NADAP I, Hungary

(Newlyn) ko NM/S/G, Antarctica

kp

Nord Norges Normal Null (NNN), Norway

kq Norges Normal Null, Norway

kr

Normal Amsterdams Piel (NAP)

ks Normal Null (NN), Germany

kt

Normalhoehen (NH) System 1960, Germany

la

Noumea MSL, New Caledonia

lb

N.S.P. 1958, Surinam

lc

Okinawa Level, Ryukyu Islands

ld

Old Huanghe Zero Pt. , China

le

Ordnance Datum, Lerwick, Shetland Is.

lf

Ordnance Datum, Liverpool

lg

Ordnance Datum, Newlyn 1921

lh

Ordnance Datum, Stornoway

li

Ostende

lj

Pafos, Cyprus

lk

Perth Headland Jetty, Australia

ll

Pierre du Niton, Geneva

lm Pimba Railway Datum, South Australia ln

Point Fouillole, Guadeloupe

lo

Point Lonsdale, Australia

lp

Point Noire, Congo (Brazzaville)

lq

Pont de Capitainerie de le Ville, São Tomé Island

lr

Port Adelaide MSL, South Australia

ls

Port au Prince, Haiti

lt

Port aux Basques, Newfoundland

ma Port-aux-Francais, Kerguelen Is.

mb Port Dickson, Malaysia

mc Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

md Port of Spain, Trinidad

me Port Royal, Jamaica

mf Port Swettenham MSL, Malaysia

mg Port Waikato 1954, New Zealand

mh Port Weld MSL, Malaysia

mi

mj Portland MSL, Victoria, Australia

mk Principal Datum, Hong Kong

ml Puerto Armuelles, Panama

mm Puerto Cortés 1948-51, Honduras

mn Puerto de Cristobal, Panama

mo Puerto Limon, Costa Rica

mp Puerto Montt, Chile

mq Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic

mr Puerto Puntarenas, Costa Rica

ms Pulau Lakei, Malaysia

mt Punta Arenas, Chile

na

Punta Penasco, Mexico

nb Queensland State Datum, Australia

nc

Reykjavik

nd San Jose, Guatemala

ne

San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua

nf Sandy Hook, New Jersey, USA

ng

Santo Antonio 1916, Principe

nh Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

ni

Sea Ice, Antarctica

nj Sea Level Datum, 1912, USA

nk

Sea Level Datum, 1929, USA

nl

nm Seoul

Sea Level Bonin Island

Port Welshpool, Victoria, Australia

nn Seward-Veldez MSL, Alaska

no

Shanghai Customs, China

np Shanghai-Nanjing RR, China

nq

Shanxi Assumed, China

nr Shandong Assumed, China

ns

Shenxi Assumed, China

nt Xinjiang Assumed, China

pa

Shunjin Water Conservancy Bureau, China

pb Split

pc

Station R, Ille du Maregraphe, Terre Adélie, Antarctica

pd St. James, Barbados

pe

St. John, New Brunswick, Canada

pf Stockholm

pg

Sydney Datum MSL, NSW, Australia

ph Sydney Standard, NSW, Australia

pi

Sichuan Assumed, China

pj Tacloban Tide Staff, Leyte, Philippines

pk

Dagu MSL, China

pl

pm Talara, Peru

Dagu Zero Point, China

pn Dalian, China

po

Tallin (Reval), Estonia

pp Tamateve, Malagasy

pq

Tampico, Mexico

pr Tandjungpriak TG, Java

ps

Tanga, Tanzania

pt Tararu, New Zealand

qa

Thessaloniki

qb Tibe Gauge Observatory, Port Blair, Andaman Islands

qc

Tokyo

qd Topoplobampo, Mexico

qe

Torres (Brazil), Paraguay

qf Torres, Brazil

qg

Torun, Poland

qh Townsville, Queensland, Australia

qi

Tregde, Norway

qj Trieste 1875 (Italy), Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary & Yugoslavia

qk

Tripoli

qm Unahi Road, New Zealand

qn

Valparaiso, Chile

qo Varna, Bulgaria

qp

Vladivostok

qq Walvis Bay, Southwest Africa

qr

Wanganui, New Zealand

qs Wangpoo Conservancy Board, China

qt

Wellington 1953, New Zealand

ra Williamstown LWM, Australia

rb

Wonsan (Genzan), Korea

rc

rd

Wusong Zero Point, China

re Yunnan Assumed, China

rf

Apollo 15 Datum, Moon

rg General Levelling, France

rh

Mosting 'A' 1960, Moon

Wusong MSL, China

Field 032 $g & $j: Unit of Measurement of Heighting Code CODE aa

UNIT OF MEASUREMENT Metre

CODE ak

UNIT OF MEASUREMENT French foot (metric)

ab

Imperial foot

ac

Saszhen

am

al

French foot (Imperial) Roman palm

ad

Klafter

an

Portuguese palm

ae

Fathom

ao

South African foot

af

Dutch foot

ap

Danish foot

ag

Prussian foot

aq

Norwegian foot

ah

Austrian foot

ar

Swedish foot

ai

Spanish foot

uu

Unknown unit

aj

Bavarian foot

zz

Other known unit

Field 034 $a : Type of Scale Code CODE

SCALE

a

Linear scale

b

Angular scale

z

Other types of scale (e.g. time scale, quantitative statistical scale)

Field 034 $d to $g: Character position 1 - Co-ordinates Code CODE

CO-ORDINATE

w

West

e

East

n

North

s

South

Field 034 $q: Unit of Measurement of Co-ordinates CODE

UNIT OF MEASUREMENT

a

Degree, minute and seconds (i.e. based on 90)

b

Grads (i.e. based on 100)

u

Unknown

z

Other known measure

Field 036 $a and $b: Character position 1 - Status of Date Code CODE

SCALE

a

Recorded on item

b

Ascribed

c

Actual date before date given on item

d

Actual date after date given on item

Field 036 $a and $b: Character position 2-3 - Type of Situation Date (aa-cz) or Manufacture Date (da-dz) Codes CODE

TOPOGRAPHIC BASE DATES

CODE

INSTRUCTION DATES

aa

Surveyed

ca

Thematic information (other than specifically coded elements)

ab

Relief information

cb

Air information currency

ac

Air photography (used cc in base compilation)

Air photography (used for information)

ad

Air triangulation

Boundary information

cd

ae

Bathymetry surveyed ce

Road information

af

Hydrography surveyed cf

Topographic information

au

Unspecified cu topographic base date

Unspecified information date

az

Other stated cz topographic base date

Other stated information date

CODE

CONSTRUCTION DATES

CODE

MANUFACTURE DATES

ba

Compiled

da

Copyright date

bb

Source material

db

Drafting / scribing date

bc

Revised

dc

Drawing date

bu

Unspecified construction date

dd

Edition date

bz

Other stated construction date

de

Engraving / etching / lithography etc. date

df

Photography / imagery date (date of exposure)

dg

Prepared date

dh

Print date

di

Produced date

dj

Pulication bdate

dk

Reprint date

dl

State date

du

Unspecified manufacture date

dz

Other known manufacture

Field 038 Character positions 1-2: Name and purpose of system code METEROLOGICAL SATELLITES

EARTH RESOURCES SATELLITES

aa Tiros

ga ERTS

ab ATS

gb LANDSAT 1

ac NOAA

gc LANDSAT 2

ad Nimbus

gd LANDSAT 3

ae METEOSAT

ge LANDSAT 4

af GOES

gf SEASAT

ag ESSA

gg Skylab

au Name unknown

gh Spacelab

az Other known satellite

gi

SPACE OBSERVING SATELLITES

Soyuz

gj Salut gk Gemini

ma Explorer 1

gl

mb Explorer 1i

gm Matsat

Apollo

mc Voyager 1

gn SPOT

md Voyager 2

go COSMOS

me Surveyor

gu Name unknown

mu Name unknown

gz Other known satellite

mz Other known satellite AERIAL OR TERRESTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY pa Unspecified, surveying and mapping purpose

pb Unspecified, reconnaissance (stereo-viewing) purpose pc Unspecified, reconnaissance (non-stereo-viewing) purpose pu Aerial or terrestrial photography, purpose unknown pz Other known purposes of aerial or terrestrial photography

ERTS has been retained even though it is synonymous with at least LANDSAT 1 and LANDSAT 2. Local practice may wish to group all LANDSATs together under ERTS.

Field 038 Character position 3: Position of platform code CODE

POSITION OF PLATFORM

a

Terrestrial

b

Aerial

c

Space

Field 038 Character position 4: Perspective of platform code CODE

POSITION OF PLATFORM

a

Low oblique

b

High oblique

c

Vertical

Field 038 Character positions 5-6: Recording technique code LIGHT EMISSION

THERMAL INFRA-RED DETECTION

aa Return beam vidicon recording (RBV)

da Infra-red line scanning

ab False colour photography dv Combination of various thermal infra-red detection techniques ac Multispectral photography

dz Other thermal infra-red detection

ad Multispectral scanning (MSS)

MICROWAVE EMISSION

ae Conventional photography

ga Sidelooking Airborne Radar (SLAR)

af Thematic mapper

gb Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAA)

av Combination of various gc Passive microwave light emission techniques mapping az Other known light emission

gz Other known microwave emission

uu Unknown technique zz Other known technique

Field 038 Character positions 7-10: Spectral information code BAND IDENTIFICATION

FILTER

a Band 1

q

Blue

b Band 2

r

Green

c Band 3

s

Red

d Band 4

t

Infra-red

e Band 5

OTHER SPECTRAL

f Band 6

INFORMATION

g Band 7

mu Unknown numbered band(s)

h Band 8

mv Combination of more than 4 numbered bands

i Band 9 FILM SENSITIVITY

mz Other known numbered bands

n Ultra-violet section of spectrum

u

Unknown wavelength/filter

o Visible section of spectrum

z

Other known wavelength/filter

p Infra-red section of spectrum

Field 038 Character position 11: Colour code CODE

COLOUR

a

Black and white

b

Other monochrome

c

Multicolour

Field 038 Character position 12: Degree of cloud cover code CODE

APPROXIMATE CLOUD COVER

a

0-10%

b

10-30%

c

30-50%

d

Over 50 %

x

Not applicable (e.g. radar images and images from meteorological satellites)

Field 038 Character position 13: Type of positional correction code CODE

TYPE OF POSITIONAL CORRECTION

a

Corrected to accurate position ('geometric GCP correction')

b

Corrected to relative position ('relative GCP correction')

c

Corrected by other system data ('system level correction')

u

Existence of correction unknown

x

Correction unnecessary

y

Uncorrected

z

Other known correction