Catalogue of Indian fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae)

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Jan 5, 2012 - Dirlbek, J., Dielbek, K. and Dirlbekova, 0., personal collection, Central. Research Institute for Plant ... Zoologisches Forschungsinstitut und Museum "Alexander Koeing", ...... K. Svenska Fregatten Eugenies Resa, Zoo!.,. Dipt., p.

Oriental Insects

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Catalogue of Indian fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) Mohan L. Agarwal & Masahiro Sueyoshi To cite this article: Mohan L. Agarwal & Masahiro Sueyoshi (2005) Catalogue of Indian fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae), Oriental Insects, 39:1, 371-433, DOI: 10.1080/00305316.2005.10417450 To link to this article:

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Oriental Insects, Vol. 39: 371-433, 2005.


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MOHAN L. AGARWAL & MASAHIRO SUEYOSHI ' Department of Entomology, Rajendra Agricultural University, Pusa (Samastipur)- 848 125, India 1 Department of Entomology, PO Box 37012, National Museum ofNatural History, CE607, MRC169, Washington, DC, 20013-7012 USA 2 Postdocoral Fellow of Research Abroad, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science ABSTRACT. All known Indian fruit fly taxa along with their distributional records and synonyms have been arranged systematically in the present catalogue. This catalogue lists 243 species in 79 genera, which have been arranged in 4 subfamilies and 18 tribes. Key words: Tephritidae, Indian taxa, distribution, synonyms.

Introduction Tephritidae is a large family of predominantly pictured-winged and highly ornamented flies. It includes 4,448 recognized species over the world (Norrbom, pers. comm.). Though the family has been subject of extensive biological and taxonomic investigations in most areas of the world, still we have comparatively little knowledge on the composition of the Indian fruit fly fauna. Different regions in India have vast differences in ecological conditions and it is expected that a number of undescribed fruit fly taxa still exist in India. The fruit fly fauna of northwestern India has affinities with'the Palaearctic fauna, whereas eastern India has many species occurring in other Southeast Asian countries. Indian Fruit flies were listed by Bigot (1892) and Wulp (1896) in the 'Catalogue of the Oriental Trypaenids' and 'Catalogue of the Described Diptera from South Asia', respectively. Bezzi's (1913) monograph is still the most important compilation on Indian fruit fly taxonomy. Senior-White (1924) listed 87 species of fruit flies from undivided India. Kapoor (1970, 1993), and Hardy (1977) in Tephritidae chapter of 'Catalogue of Diptera of the Oriental Region' listed the Indian fruit fly taxa. White & Elson-Harris (1992) published a detailed monograph on fruit flies of economic significance, including some Indian taxa. NoiTbom et al. (1999) published a systematic database coveringall described tephritid taxa at that time. Although it was the most comprehensive catalogue of the Tephritidae to date, some subsequent taxonomic studies have been published dealing with Indian species (Wang, 1998; Drew & Hancock, 1998, 1999; Hancock & Drew, 1999; White & Evenhuis, 1999; Hancock & McGuire, 2002; Tsuruta & White, 2001 and Drew & Raghu, 2002). A book edited by Aluja & Norrbom (1999) also includes valuable contributions pertaining to the taxonomy, phylogeny and behaviour of different tephritid groups. These taxonomic studies changed the nomenclatural status of many tephritid taxa. The purpose of the present work brings together as much as possible of the scattered information on Indian fruit fly taxa in a convenient catalogue form.


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The systematics follows Norrbom et al. (1999), Korneyev (1999a,b), Merz (1999) and Norrbom (2004). The taxon names mainly follow Norrbom et al. (1999) and Norrbom (2004). Other works cited include: Wang (1998); Drew & Hancock (1998); Korneyev (1997); Hancock (1999); Hancock (2001); Han (1999a,b, 2002); Freidberg (2001); Metz (1999); and Drew & Raghu (2002). Acronyms for the depositories of type specimens listed in the text are as follows:

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American Museum ofNatural History, Department of Entomology, New York, USA Zoology Museum, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India Australian National Insect Collection, CSIRO, Canberra Baggesen Collection Baker's Collection Beijing Agricultural University, Beijing, China Animal & Plant Quarantine Laboratory, Taichung Branch Office, Bureau of Commodity Inspection & Quarantine, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Taichung, Taiwan The Natural History Museum [British Museum (Natural History)], London, UK Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA California Academy of Science, Department of Entomology, San Francisco, USA Institute fUr Pflanzenschutzforschung (formerly Deutsches Entomologisches Institut), Kleinmachnow, Eberswalde, Germany Dirlbek, J., Dielbek, K. and Dirlbekova, 0., personal collection, Central Research Institute for Plant Protection, Vincia, Czech Republic Entomological Society of Egypt, Cairo, Egypt Entomologisches Institut, Eidgenossische Technische HochschuleZentrum, Universitatsstrasse, Zurich, Switzerland Horticultural Research And Development Institute, Gannoruwa, Sri Lanka Entomological Institute, Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan Museo ed Istituto di Zoologia Sistematica, Universita di Torino, Torino, Italy (collection possibly transferred to Museo ~egionale Scienze Naturale, Torino, Italy) Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica, Beijing, China Instituto di Zoologia, Universita degli Studia di Napoli, Portici, Italy Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand Linnean Society, Burlington House, Piccadilly, London, England, UK Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense, Bogor, Java, Indonesia Museo Civico de Storia Naturale, Genoa Museo Civico de Storia Naturale, Milano, Italy MacLeay Museum, University of Sydney, Australia Museum National d'Historie Naturelle, Paris, France Museo Zoologico "La Specola", Via Romana 17, Firenze, Italy Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel, Switzerland Entomology Museum, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Tokyo, Japan


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Agarwal & Sueyoshi: Catalogue oflndian Tephritidae (Diptera)


National Museum of Ireland, Insect Collection, Kildane Street and Merrion Street, Dublin, Ireland Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Postfach 417, Burgring 7, Vienna, Austria National Pusa Collection, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, Sektionen fur entomologi, Stockholm, Sweden National Taiwan University Collection, Taipei, Taiwan Polska Akademia Nauk Instytut Zoologiczy, Warsaw, Poland Punjab University, Chandigarh, India Queensland Museum, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, Leiden, Netherlands South African National Collection of Insects, Pretoria, South Africa Selangor Museum, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Staatliches Museum fur Naturkunde, Rosenstein 1, Stuttgart, BadenWurttemburg D-7000, Germany Insect Collection, Zoological Museum, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel Termeszettudomanyi Muzeum Allattara, (Hungarian Natural History Museum) Budapest, Hungary Tribhuvan University (Department of Zoology), Kirtipur, Nepal University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Hope Entomological Collection, University Museum, Oxford University, Oxford, UK Entomological Laboratory, University of Osaka Prefecture, Mosu, Umemachi Sakai, Osaka, Japan Insect Collection, Department of Entomology, University of Queensland, Saint Lucia, Queensland, Australia National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, USA University Zoological Museum, (Finnish Museum of Natural History), University of Helsinki, Helsinski, Finland Zoologisches Forschungsinstitut und Museum "Alexander Koeing", Adenaueralle, Bonn, Germany Museum of Zoology, Lund University, Helgonav, Lund, Sweden Zoologisches Museum, Humboldt UniversWit, Berlin, Germany Zoologisch Museum, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoologie, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands Zoologisk Museum, Universitets Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark Zoologische Staatssammlung, Munchhausen-strasse 21, Munchen 60, Bayem, Germany Zoological Survey of India, (formerly Indian Museum), Kolkata, India Zoologisches Staatsinstitut und Zoologisches Museum, Hamburg, Germany


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I. Genus Bactrocera Macquart Subgenus Asiadacus Perkins Asiadacus Perkins, 1937. Proc. R. Soc. Queens/., 48(9): 57 (as genus). Type species Chaetodacus bakeri Bezzi, by original designation. Dacus (Neodacus) Hardy, 1954. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash., 56(1}: 5. ?Type designation. (Misidentification). Dacus (Asiadacus): Drew, 1972. J. Aust. Entomol. Soc., 11: 10. Bactrocera (Asiadacus): Drew & Hancock, 1999. In Aluja & Norrbom (eds.), Fruit Flies (Tephritidae): Phylogeny and Evolution of Behaviour, CRC Press, Boca Raton, p. 495. I. brachycera (Bezzi). India (Uttranchal), China (Yunnan); ?Myanmar Mellesis brachycera Bezzi, 1916. Bull. Entomol. Res., 7: 116. Holotype ~- India (Uttaranchal: Debra Dun, Bhimtal Kumtal) (BMNH). Callantra brachycera: Hardy, 1977. Cat. Diptera Oriental Reg., 3: 45. Sinodacus fuscans Wang, 1988. Sinozoologia, 6: 292. Holotype r3. China (Yunnan: Xiaomengyang) (IZAS). Dacusfuscans: Liang et al., 1993. J. Aust. Entomol. Soc., 32: 139. Dacus (Callantra) brachycera: Kapoor, 1993. Indian Fruit Flies. Oxford & IBH Publ. Co., New Delhi: 83. Bactrocera (Tetradacus) brachycera: Norrbom et al., 1999. Myia, 9: 101. Bactrocera (Asiadacus) brachycera: Drew & Raghu, 2002. Raffles Bull. Zool., 50(2): 328. Subgenus Bactrocera Macquart Bactrocera Macquart, 1835. Hist. Nat. Insect. Dipt., 2: 452 (as genus). Type species: Bactrocera longicornis Macquart, 1835, monotypic. Bactrocera Guerin-Meneville, 1838. In L. I. Duperrey, ed., Voyage autour du monde, execute par order du Roi, sur la corvette de sa Majeste, L Coquille, pendant les annees 1822, 1823, 1824, et 1825. Zoologie. Tome deuxieme. Part 2., p. 300. Type species: Bactrocera longicornis Guerin-Meneville, 1835, monotypic. (Preoccpied by Macqauart, 1935). Dasyneura Saunders, 1842. Trans. Entomol. Soc. London, 3: 60 (as genus). Nomen oblitum. Type species: Dasyneura zonata Saunders, 1842, monotypic. Strumeta Walker, 1856. J. Proc. Linn. Soc. London, Zool., (1857)1: 33 (as genus). Type species: Dacus conformis Walker, 1856 (=Dacus umbrosus Fabricius, 1805), monotypic. Chaetodacus Bezzi, 1913. Mem. Indian Mus., 3: 93 (as genus). Type species: Musca ferruginea Fabricius, 1794 (= Dacus dorsalis Hendel, i912), original designation. Dacus (Marquesadacus) Malloch, 1932. Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus., 98: 145. Type species: Chaetodacus perfuscus Aubertin, 1929, monotypic. Dacus (Bactrocera): Hardy, 1976. Proc. Hawaii. Entomol. Soc., 22: 245. Bactrocera (Bactrocera): Drew, 1989. Mem. Queensl. Mus., 26: 12. Bractocera, Lapsus calami. Dasyneuba, Lapsus calami.

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Agarwal & Sueyoshi: Catalogue oflndian Tephritidae (Diptera)


2. a/finis (Hardy). India (Karnataka, Tamil Nadu) Dacus (Neodacus) a./finis Hardy, 1954. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash,, 56(1):. 7 .. Holotype 3. India (Tamil Nadu: Shevaroy Hills: Yercaud) (USNM). Dacus (Bactrocera) a./finis: Hardy, 1977. Cat. Diptera Oriental Reg., 3: 48. Dacus (Polistomimetes) oscinae Agarwal & Kapoor, 1983. J. Entomol. Res., 7(2): 171. Holotype 3. India (Karnataka: Bangalore) (NPC). Bactrocera (Bactrocera) a./finis: Kapoor, 1993. Indian Fruit Flies. Oxford & IBH Publ., New Delhi: 73. Bactrocera (Polistomimetes) oscinae: Kapoor, 1993. Indian Fruit Flies. Oxford & IBH Publ. Co., New Delhi: 78. 3. albistrigata (Meijere). India (Andaman & Nicobar Is.), Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Christmas Is., Indonesia (Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi) Dacus albistrigatus Meijere, 1911. Tijdschr. Entomol., 54: 377. Holotype ~ยท Indonesia (Java: Batavia [Jakarta]) (?ZMUA). Dacus (Bactrocera) albistigatus: Hardy, 1977. Cat. Diptera Oriental Reg., 3: 48. Bactrocera (Bactrocera) albistrigata: White and Bison-Harris, 1992. Fruit Flies of Economic Significance, C.A.B. International Publ., p. 173. Bactrocera (Bactrocera) albistrigata: Ranganath and Veenakumari; 1995. Raffles Bull. Zool., 43(1): 237. India (Car Nicobar Is.). 4. amarambalensis Drew. India (Kerala) Bactrocera (Bactrocera) amarambalensis Drew, 2002. Raffles Bull. Zool., 50(2): 331. Holotype 3. India (Kerala: New Amarambalam Forest) (BMNH). 5. andamanensis (Kapoor). India (Andaman & Nicobar Is.) Dacus (Strumeta) andamanensis Kapoor, 1971. Oriental Insects, 5(4): 477. Holotype 3. India (Andaman Islands: Stawartsound M.) (NPC). Dacus (Bactrocera) andamanensis: Hardy, 1977. Cat. Diptera Oriental Reg., 3:48. Bactrocera (Bactrocera) andamanensis: Kapoor, 1993. Indian Fruit Flies. Oxford & IBH Publ., New Delhi: 73. 6. apicofuscans White & Tsuruta. India (Karnataka, Kerala), Sri Lanka Bactrocera (Bactrocera) apicofuscans White & Tsuruta, 2001. Entomological Sci., 4: 73. Holotype 3. Sri Lanka (Gannoruwa, 450m, nr. Plant Quarantine Office, Kandy Dist.) (HORDI). Bactrocera (Bactrocera) apicofuscans: Drew & Raghu, 2002. Raffles Bull. Zool., 50(2): 332. India (Kerala: New Amarambalam Forest). 7. apiconigroscutella Drew. India (Karnataka) Bactrocera (Bactrocera) apiconigroscutella Drew, 2002. Raffles Bull. Zool., 50(2): 333. Holotype 3. India (Karnataka: Bababundangiri, near Kemmannugundi) (BMNH). 8. carambolae Drew & Hancock. Thailand, Malaysia (Sabah), Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia (Java, Lombok, Sumbawa), India (Andaman & Nicobar Is.). Introduced Surinam, French Guiana, northern Brazil (Amapa), eradicated from Guyana Dacus dorsalis, authors, [Misidentification]. Bactrocera sp. (carambola fruit fly), Sauers-Muller, 1991, Florida Entomologist, 74: 432. Surinam. Bactrocera sp. nr dorsalis (A), White and Bison-Harris, 1992. Fruit Flies of Economic Significance, C.A.B. International Publ., p. 192. Bactrocera (Bactrocera) carambolae Drew & Hancock, 1994. Bull. Entomol. Res., 2, Suppl. 2: 11. Holotype ~. Malaysia (Perak: Kuala Kangasar). (BMNH).

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9. caryeae (Kapoor). India (Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu), Sri Lanka Chaetodacusferrugineus incisus: Bezzi, 1916. Bull. Entomol. Res., 7: 105 (partim). [Misidentification]. Dacus (Strumeta) poonensis Kapoor, 1971. Oriental Insects, 5(4): 478. Holotype