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biology and then A's. You have to perfect the first step and then move on to chemistry .... this drill up and down the court, make sure he/ ... on the basketball court.

HOW GOOD DO YOU WANT TO BE? You can spend 20 minutes on your game or 3 hours. The choice is yours… We hope you enjoyed your week at camp and that you will take what you learned and work hard on your game this summer. Remember – summer is where players are made! To help you along we have put together this packet that includes a few terms, skills, drills and preparation techniques designed to improve your game. Best of luck in the coming year and we look forward to seeing you at the arena! (You will be receiving a letter later this season with information on how to claim your ticket for a Bobcats home game)

Thank you for participating in the Bobcats Summer Basketball Camp!






SET YOUR GOALS Excerpt from “I Can’t Accept Not Trying: Michael Jordan on the Pursuit of Excellence”


I approach everything step by step... I had always set short-term goals. As I look back, each one of the steps or successes led to the next one. When I got cut from the varsity team as a sophomore in high school, I learned something. I knew I never wanted to feel that bad again... so I set a goal of becoming a starter on the varsity. That’s what I focused on all summer. When I worked on my game, that’s what I thought about. When it happened, I set another goal, a reasonable, manageable goal that I could realistically achieve if I worked hard enough... I guess I approached it with the end in mind. I knew exactly where I wanted to go, and I focused on getting there. As I reached those goals, they built on one another. I gained a little confidence every time I came through.


If your goal is to become a doctor and you’re getting C’s in biology, then the first thing you have to do is get B’s in biology and then A’s. You have to perfect the first step and then move on to chemistry or physics. Take those small steps. Otherwise you’re opening yourself up to all kinds of frustration. Where would your confidence come from if the only measure of success was becoming a doctor? If you tried as hard as you could and didn’t become a doctor, would that mean your whole life was a failure? Of course not.


All those steps are like pieces of a puzzle. They all come together to form a picture. Not everyone is going to be the greatest, but you can still be considered a success. Step by step, I cant see any other way of accomplishing anything.

MICHAEL JORDAN NBA Legend and Owner of the Charlotte Bobcats




Have the player hold the ball in his/her left hand and slam it to the right hand. Repeat this 10 times. This will strengthen the hands and is a good warm up exercise.


Have the player extend his/her elbows with the ball on their fingertips. Then the player should tap the ball back and forth quickly between hands using only the fingertips to push the ball. Control the ball for about 30 seconds and repeat twice. Taps help with controlling the ball with their fingertips.

Around the World

The player should take the ball and make circles around his/her head, waist, and both knees as fast as he/she can while keeping the ball under control. The player should go 5 times around one way and then five times around the opposite way.

Passing Figure Eights

For this drill, the player should start with the legs spread apart and the ball in front. The ball should be about 12 inches off the ground and in the right hand. The player takes the ball and passes it behind the left leg to the left hand. Next, he/she brings the ball around the left leg and back behind the right leg, changing to the right hand. Keep repeating this motion 10 times.

Front to back

The player starts this drill by standing with legs shoulder width apart and holding the ball in front of the legs about 12 inches off of the ground. The player will drop the ball and quickly move his/her hands behind the legs to catch it.

Then he/she should do the same thing in reverse and catch the ball in front of the legs. This motion should be done rapidly. Repeat 10 times.

Side to Side

This drill is the same as front to back but with one hand holding the ball in front and one hand holding the ball behind. The player should drop the ball and switch hands so that he/she is in the opposite position. Repeat 10 times.

Wall Dribbles

Use a cement wall for this drill. The player should dribble against the wall with one hand using just the fingertips. The player should go as fast as he/she can, but controlling the ball as well. Do this for one minute then switch hands.

V Dribbles (Side and Front)

Have the player dribble the ball on his/her right side, keeping it low to the ground. The player should bounce the ball back and forward, making a V shape. After doing 10 V’s with one hand, switch to the other hand and repeat.

Right Hand around Right Leg

Have the player spread his/her legs and dribble the ball with only the right hand around the right leg 10 times. Make sure the ball stays low the whole time. The player should do the same thing in the opposite direction, and then switch hands.

Spider Dribble

The player should drop the ball between his/her legs and hit the ball once with each hand. The ball should be kept in the center of the body. Next, the player should hit the ball with each hand behind the legs, again keeping the ball in

the center of the body. This drill should be done rapidly and repeated twice for 30 seconds.

Cross-over dribble

The player should be in a low stance, crossing the ball over from hand to hand as fast as he/ she can. The ball should be below the knee at all times. The player must snap his/her wrists in order to move the ball faster. Each cross-over should go wider and farther; then bringing it back to the normal cross. Do this drill twice for 30 seconds.

Between the Legs Dribble

The player should stand with his or her legs spread apart. With one hand in front and one hand in back, dribble the ball between the legs. Make sure the ball is staying low. This should be done for 30 seconds in one direction then switch legs and do it the opposite way.

Behind the Back

The player should be in a low stance, dribbling the ball in the right hand. The player should then take one dribble behind the back to the left hand. He/she should do this continually for 30 seconds then repeat.

Dribbling Figure Eight’s

The player should start with a wide base and the ball in front of the right leg. The player should use a low dribble to carry the ball around the right leg to the middle of the body. Then, switching to the left hand, the player should keep the dribble around the left leg and back to the middle where the right hand will pick it up again. Do this 10 times and then go the opposite direction.




The player should jump straight up in the air and dribble the ball between their legs, from right hand in front to left hand behind the leg. Next, the player should jump again and dribble the ball from the left to right hand in front. This drill should be done quickly with at least two sets of 30 seconds each.

Crab Dribble

While running down the court, the player passes the ball between his/her legs in the figure eight motion. The player should start slow and gradually increase speed. Each player should do this drill down the court and back.

Zigzag Cross-over

Each player should start in triple threat position and jab-step. Then they should take a couple of quick hard dribbles at an angle to the right, then cross the ball from the right hand to the left quickly and below the knee. Next, the player will take a couple of dribbles to the left with the left hand and cross the ball back over to the right hand. Each player should do the drill down the court and back.

Zigzag Behind the Back

This is another variation of the same drill, but instead of dribbling between the legs, the player dribbles behind the back. As the player repeats this drill up and down the court, make sure he/ she doesn’t look at the ball.

Zigzag Jump Stop

The player should start in triple threat position and jab step to begin this drill. The player takes a couple of hard dribbles at an angle and jump stops; making sure to stay low, on balance and in a triple threat stance. Next, the player should pivot on the inside foot and step with the opposite foot to seal the defense. While doing this, the player should be dribbling with his/ her outside hand, keeping the ball away from the defense. Then the player should dribble the ball a couple more times and jump stop again, holding the position for two seconds. This time the player should pivot with the opposite outside foot and dribble with the opposite outside hand. Have each player do this drill down and back.

Zigzag Between the Legs

This drill is the same as above, but instead of the cross-over, the player will dribble once between his/her legs to change direction. Have the player move the ball from the right hand

between the legs to the left hand, dribble a couple of times and change direction by doing the opposite. Players should go up and down the court repeating these steps.


Basketball provides the opportunity to spend time with friends, to get a good physical workout, to improve social interactions, and to accomplish goals. Through it all, basketball is an enjoyable and fun experience. Whether the outcome is victory or defeat, the process should be fun and provide memories that will last a lifetime.


Good sportsmanship comes down to a single word - respect. If you want to be respected, then you need to respect those around you. This includes your coach, your teammates, the opposing team, the referee, the fans, and your family. Good sportsmanship also includes playing by the rules, keeping a good attitude, showing grace in losing and humbleness in victory. Whether during a game, during practice, while you are sitting on the bench or watching in the stands, it is important to always demonstrate good sportsmanship.


The great players don’t simply hope to score; they use their minds to create advantages for themselves and their teammates. All players can accomplish this by listening to their coaches, sizing up opponents, reading defenses, exploiting weaknesses, and knowing the tendencies of the opposing team and their own teammates. It is also extremely important to be “situationally aware,” which means knowing how much time is left on the clock, knowing the score, knowing how many fouls you and your opponents have and how many time outs you have remaining. Paying attention in school is extremely important for developing both as a player and as a person. The discipline and focus needed in any classroom is also needed on the basketball court. There are benefits to be gained from science, history, literature, and almost every subject taught in school. Skill will only get you so far in basketball; to truly excel you must have a strong mind in unison with a strong body.




Place 5 cones 1½ feet from each other starting in the center of the key back. Go through the cones 5 times each using the crossover, between the legs, behind the back, and the double crossover moves. Once through the cones, the player should explode out and make a lay-up. Next, move the cones to the start of the foul line and make the same moves but shoot the basketball at the end of the last cone (instead of driving and taking a lay up).

Diamond Drill

Put one cone by 3-point line at the top of the arc, another cone on the elbow, another cone on the other elbow, and another cone in the lane in-line with first cone. The player starts at the top of the arc and attacks the cone on the right elbow, crosses over left to right, attacks the left elbow cone right to left. Next, the player attacks the cone in the lane with a left to right cross over, then explodes up and makes a lay-up. Following this, the drill is repeated in the opposite direction (i.e.- attack the left elbow, cross over in the opposite direction, etc.). Run through the drill using cross over a couple times, then repeat using behind the back, between the legs, and hesitation fake cross over moves. Once the player is comfortable with these different styles, he/she can mix a different move at every cone. This drill can be utilized for ball handling and shooting off the dribble. To increase the difficulty, move the cones back and have the player pull up for a shot right before the last cone or after it.

X-out lay-ups

Player starts underneath the basket with 30 seconds on the clock. Player dribbles to elbow touches elbow with foot, dribbles back and makes a lay-up. Player gets rebound and repeats the same on the other elbow. For high school players, the goal is 8 lay-ups in 30 seconds. Important - The less dribbles you take, the quicker you are. Keep dribbles low and take big steps.

Form shooting

Take your time and work on your form. Pick a spot close to the basket. Using proper form, shoot until you make 5 in a row, then take a step back and repeat until you are warmed up and your form feels good. Form is key! Do the same thing on every shot and remember BEEF: Balance, Elbow, Eyes and Follow through!

5 point shooting

Shoot 5 shots from the baseline, wing, top wing, and the other base line and repeat back. Start at distance comfortable then move back. Add a shot fake and one dribble to the left and right, and then shoot.

Beat the pro

Have the player pick his favorite pro to play. Every time the player shoots and misses the pro gets two points. Every time the player makes he gets one point. First to 20 points win. Player will pick where to shoot from, 8-12 feet or 15-20 feet, off the dribble, off movement, or stationary.

35 (for older players)

There are 5 spots on the floor (corners, wings, and the top of the key). At each spot the player will start behind the 3 point line, and take the following shots: 3 pointers worth (3), shot fake one dribble shot worth (2) then a shot fake one or two dribble lay-up worth (1). There is a total of 6 points available at each spot and a possible total of 30 points if all shots are successful. Once the shots from the spots are completed, the player will shoot 5 free throws. This brings the total amount of points possible to 35. Push yourself to get the most points and set a goal each time before you start.



PROPER GAME PREPARATION Eating right before games and practice

One of the most important ways to prepare for a game or practice is to eat properly. In order to move well on the court, you need to eat well off the court. That means eating lighter foods that don’t slow you down. Try to stay away from dairy products close to playing time. Another tip is to remain consistent; if you find something that you like and your body responds well after you eat it, stay with that same meal each time you eat before playing. When you finally need a change, try and find a new favorite pre-game or prepractice meal. Finally, eat at least a few hours before you take the court so your body can digest the meal properly.

Proper hydration

Athletes can have the best coaching and equipment available and still fall short of their potential due to poor nutrition and inadequate hydration. There are a number of signs that can alert coaches to a player’s nutrition and hydration during practice and games. Dehydration is the most common cause of early fatigue during exercise. While water is a good fluid, many research studies show sports drinks are optimal for rapid delivery of energy and absorption of fluids. The carbohydrates in sports drinks are important not just for endurance sports, but for sports such as basketball. Look for these warning signs of dehydration: loss of energy and performance, muscle-cramping, light-headedness, and dizziness.

Feet first

In basketball more than any other team sport, a number of injuries, near and long term, can be traced back to the sneakers players wear. The demands of the sport – extreme linear and lateral movements – put particular pressure on the feet that in turn can affect ankles, knees and the lower back. Indeed, if one or more of your players experiences foot pain, multiple ankle turns or sprains, pain or pressure in and around the knee, or complains of lower back pain, it’s possible his/her sneakers are responsible. Blisters on the feet are also an indication the player’s shoes are too big, too small or have insufficient support around the foot and ankle.

Dealing with bumps and bruises

For the vast majority of bumps, scrapes, and so on, ice is always the best approach. Ice the injury immediately for 15 minutes, and if necessary, keep using the ice sporadically over the next day or two. The RICE approach is the best: R for Rest; I for Ice; C for Compression — that is, wrap the injury with an Ace bandage overnight (snug but not too tight); and E for Elevation. That means you want to lift the injured limb higher than your heart. For example, you want to prop up your ankle so that it’s higher than your heart. For most of the common basketball injuries such as jammed fingers or turned ankles you’ll find that 24 hours after the injury will usually tell the truth as to whether they are getting better. In other words, if you are still in pain a day after the injury, then call the doctor.

Respect your opponent

If you’re playing the best team in the league, then you already know you’re in for a battle. It’s easy to respect that team. But you should have the same level of respect for a team that may not be as good. Once you start taking teams for granted, you have laid the foundation for a loss.

Preparing your mind

The key to giving your best physical effort is your mental preparation. Preparing yourself mentally is like going through a pre-game check list. Virtually every NBA and WNBA player goes through a mental and physical routine prior to a game. Skipping that preparation process is like walking into a classroom for an exam that you haven’t studied for.

Visualize your success on the court

Lay down in a quiet space and close your eyes. Imagine a highlight reel of your performance. See yourself making shots, grabbing rebounds, executing the offense, playing good defense. See yourself in the game as though you were watching yourself on television. While this “visualization” process might seem strange, many NBA and WNBA players practice visualization techniques before playing games. By seeing yourself doing well over and over, you’re forcing your brain to respond to certain physical and psychological cues – all of them positive. Also, after a 15 minute visualization session, you’ll find yourself refreshed and refocused.



Prepare for the crowd

The crowd usually consists of eager parents who want to see their son or daughter perform well. That’s fine. Occasionally, however, a parent or two might become loud enough to affect the game. Prepare yourself to stay focused on what you are doing on the court, no matter what is said from the stands. While you will no doubt be aware of the crowd, it’s usually not difficult to ignore sounds coming out of the stands, if you have prepared beforehand for what to expect.

Prepare your body

A proper warm-up routine is one way to reduce injuries such as pulled or torn muscles. Warming up is designed to raise the body temperature and induce a slight sweat. A short jog around the floor, or some of the full-court passing drills can suffice. However, the warm-up should include stretching, particularly stretches that concentrate on the Achilles, groin, hamstring and quadriceps.

Quad Stretch

Face down on the floor with the right hand under the right ear, take the left hand and reach back to lift the left leg. The foot of the leg should pull back towards the left buttocks. Repeat with the opposite leg by turning the head to the right and placing the left hand under the left ear. Reach back with the right arm to grab the ankle of the right leg and pull toward the right buttocks.

Hamstring Stretch

Lie on your back with one knee bent and your foot on the floor. While keeping the other leg straight, lift the leg into the air. Reaching up with both hands, grab the back of the knee and slowly pull the leg toward the body as far as possible without straining. Repeat with the opposite leg.

Groin Stretch

Sitting down on the floor, bring the bottoms of your feet together. To the extent possible, bring your knees down toward to the floor. As with all stretches, never force the knees to the floor or use quick movements. The idea is to slowly stretch the inside of the legs near the groin.

Calf Stretch

Facing a wall, lean forward placing the palms of both hands on the ball. Put right foot slightly in front of the left shoulder length apart. Lean into the wall keeping the right foot flat. The heel of the left foot should be slightly raised, which allows the thick band behind the ankle – the Achilles tendon – to stretch. Repeat stretch with the other foot.




A pass that immediately precedes and sets up a scored basket.



A made basket or free throw.

Crossover dribble

The rectangular or fan-shaped board behind the basket.

A dribble in which the ball is moved from one hand to the other while the dribbler changes directions.



A team’s backcourt consists of the entire midcourt line and the rest of the court to include the opponent’s basket and inbounds part of the backboard.

Carrying the ball

Also called “palming;” a violation committed by a dribbler that involves placing the dribbling hand under the ball and momentarily holding or carrying it while dribbling.


Also called the “pivot player;” an offensive position typically played by a tall player who plays mainly in the key areas (at the post).


A personal foul committed when an offensive player illegally contacts a defensive player who has established position or is stationary.

Chest pass

A two-handed pass thrown from the passer’s chest in a straight line to the chest area of the receiver.

Controlling the boards

Securing a majority of the rebounds.

A quick movement by an offensive player to elude an opponent or to receive the ball.

Dead ball

Occurs whenever the whistle blows to stop play and after a field goal, but before the opponent gains possession of the ball.


The team not in possession of the ball whose objective is to keep the opponent from scoring; also a specific pattern of play used by a defending team.

Double dribble

A violation that occurs when a player dribbles the ball with two hands simultaneously or stops dribbling and then dribbles again.


A quick dribble directly to the basket in an effort to score.


A dunk is the spectacular scoring maneuver when a player jumps high, reaches above the ring, and stuffs the ball down through the hoop.


Also called the “junction;” a term often used to indicate the area of the court where the freethrow line and side of the key meet.


An offensive strategy in which a team attempts to move the ball up court and into scoring position as quickly as possible so that the defense is outnumbered and does not have time to set up.

Field goal

A basket scored on any shot other than a free throw, worth two or three points depending on the distance of the attempt from the basket. (See “Three-point field goal” for qualification.)


Double team

A defensive tactic in which two defenders temporarily guard one player.

An offensive position played to the sides of the basket near the key area and out toward the sideline along the baseline.



Process by which a player repeatedly bounces the ball off the floor so that it returns to his/her possession. It’s the only legal means by which a player may move the ball across the court.

A common personal foul is illegal physical contact which occurs with an opponent after the ball has become live.



Free throw

A free throw is the privilege given to a player to score one point by an unhindered attempt for the goal from a position directly behind the free throw line. This attempt must be made within 10 seconds.

Jump ball


A shot that is released after the shooter has jumped into the air.

Pivoting is used for a variety of different reasons in basketball: to shield the defense, to gain space, to release pressure, to create an open shot, or to create an open passing lane. Pivoting is a very important skill and needs to be practiced. A good player can pivot (in a triple threat position) both forward and backward comfortably with either foot. To avoid traveling, the ball must be dribbled before the player picks up the pivot foot.


Player-to-player defense

Free-throw line

A 12 foot long line that is parallel to and 15 feet from the backboard.

Also called the “free-throw lane” or “lane;” the area measuring 12 feet in width and extending from the free-throw line to the end line.

Front court


Point guard

Free-throw lane

The procedure for starting play at the beginning of a game or an overtime period. The official tosses the ball into the air between the two opponents positioned at the center-court circle; the two players jump up and try to tap the ball to a teammate.

Also called the “key” or “lane;” a 12 foot wide area extending from the baseline to the freethrow line. Players may not be in this area during a free-throw attempt.

Jump shot

A team’s frontcourt consists of that part of the court between its end-line and the nearer edge of the mid-court line, including the basket and inbounds part of the backboard.

Full–court press

A defensive tactic in which a team guards the opponents closely the full length of the court.


An offensive position played primarily at the perimeter, or away from the basket.

Held ball

Formerly called a “jump ball.” When two players on opposite teams are in joint control of the ball.

Intentional foul

A personal foul that the official judges to be premeditated.

In the paint

In the “key” area, so named because this area of the floor is painted.


A jab step is used to fake out a defender by taking a short step in one direction then quickly reversing and going another direction. A good jab-step will keep the defense guessing and off balance. Make sure the player does not have the ball out in front (this is easy for the defense to take). It is important to practice and be comfortable with the jab-step.

A shot taken close to the basket that is usually banked off the backboard towards the basket.


The team that has possession of the basketball. Also, a structured pattern of play that a team uses while attempting to score.


Also “man-to-man defense;” a team defense in which each player is assigned to guard a particular opponent.

An offensive position played by a guard who usually brings the ball up the court and initiates the offense.


An offensive position played close to the basket along the key.

The “bonus” free-throw situation awarded for non-shooting fouls after the opposing team exceeds a certain number of team fouls in a half. The person fouled shoots one free throw; if successful, the shooter takes a second shot.


Overhead pass


Over-and-back violation


Over the back violation


A two-handed pass thrown from above the forehead.

A violation that occurs when the offensive team returns the ball into the backcourt once it has positioned itself in the front court.

A personal foul where a player makes illegal contact while jumping over another player to get a rebound.


An extra period played to break a tie score at the end of a regulation game.


An intentional throw to a teammate.

An aggressive defense that attempts to force the opponents to make errors by guarding them closely from either half court, three-quarter court or full court.

The act of gaining possession of the ball after a missed shot.

An unofficial game between two teams or fiveon-five play between team members in a practice situation.

A screen is the legal action of a player who, without causing undue contact, delays or prevents an opponent from reaching a desired position.

Technical foul

A technical foul is the penalty for unsportsmanlike conduct or violations by team members on the floor or seated on the bench. It may be assessed for illegal contact which occurs with an opponent before the ball becomes live.



Three-point field goal

A made basket from a distance greater than 19 feet and nine inches during a high school or college game.


A common fast-break situation in which three offensive players attempt to score on two defenders.

Three seconds

A violation in which an offensive player remains within the key for more than three seconds at a time.


A violation occurring when a player with the ball takes a step without dribbling (moving the established pivot foot).

Triple Threat

The Triple Threat Stance is when a player receives the ball with bent knees and the ball in the shooting pocket or a little below. The ball should not be directly in front. Make sure you are balanced and able to pass, shoot and dribble easily from this position. Every time you catch the ball, you should be in the Triple Threat position.


A loss of possession of the ball by means of an error or violation.


An infringement of the rules that’s not a foul. The penalty for a violation is the awarding of the ball to the opponent.

Zone defense

A team defense in which each player is responsible for defending an area of the court and the opponents within that area.

Zone offense

An offensive pattern of play designed to attack (score against) a particular zone defense.





Touching the basketball when it is on the rim or in the imaginary cylinder above the rim.



Illegal contact that impedes the progress of an opponent.


To disallow the proceding basket or play.

An offensive foul that occurs when a player runs into a stationary defender who has position.



The number of the player called for a foul or violation to the official scorer.

The direction of the basket of the team awarded possession.




When two opposing players commit personal or technical fouls against each other at approximately the same time.


Illegal physical contact that impedes the progress of an opponent.


A player illegally leaving the playing floor on the endline in the frontcourt for the purpose of setting a screen.


To put the ball in play with a jump.


Illegal physical contact with an opponent when the ball is live.


An offensive or defensive violation in which a player interferes with a shot ball while it is on a downward arc to the basket.


When a player runs with the ball without dribbling, or dribbles a second time after he has voluntarily ended his first dribble.


Illegal hand contact of “hand-checking” of an opponent.


Illegal contact after the ball is live when team possession does not exist.


Personal contact such as bumping an opponent.




A penalty for unsportsmanlike conduct or violations by team members on the floor or seated on the bench. It may also be assessed for illegal contact that occurs with an opponent before the ball become live.


Signals to the timer when to start and stop, respectively, the official game clock.


Signals the granting of a team’s request for a 20-second time out. (one per half)


A violation in which the offensive players stands in the freethrow lane for three seconds or more without commencing a shot.


Illegal movement in which a player in possession of the ball pivots, jumps, or shuffles the feet improperly.


A violation in which the offensive team fails to attempt a field goal within 24-seconds after gaining possession.



STRIVE TO ACHIEVE ARE YOU READY TO TAKE YOUR GAME TO THE NEXT LEVEL Playing basketball is a privilege. Being a member of a basketball team requires a commitment on your part. You have to want to play. But it’s not hard to play hard. By not being afraid to fail, you will improve. By trying your best, you will never let yourself or your teammates down. By keeping a smile on your face, you will always have fun. Basketball is a game of emotions. Lacing up your sneakers and heading onto the basketball court is exciting. Working together as a team creates confidence. Running, jumping and shooting gets your body revved up. Making a shot with the defense all over you... feeding the perfect pass... grabbing an important rebound... coming up with a game saving steal — this is basketball at its best.

There’s no game like it, and it belongs to you Take control and assume the responsibility

Give your best and enjoy it