Human Understanding Measured Across National (HUMAN) Surveys

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1. Human Understanding Measured. Across National (HUMAN) Surveys. Codebook for Respondent Data. Dataset Version 1.0. 6 March 2018. Version 1.0.

Human Understanding Measured Across National (HUMAN) Surveys

Codebook for Respondent Data

Dataset Version 1.0 6 March 2018 Version 1.0 Andrew James Klassen

[email protected]

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Table of Contents Table of Contents ............................................................................................................................... 2 Introduction ....................................................................................................................................... 3 Generalized Social Trust ..................................................................................................................... 5 Satisfaction with Democracy .............................................................................................................. 7 Support for Democracy ...................................................................................................................... 8 Perceived Electoral Integrity .............................................................................................................. 9 Country ............................................................................................................................................. 11 Year .................................................................................................................................................. 15 Survey ............................................................................................................................................... 16 Country-Year .................................................................................................................................... 25 Country-Survey ................................................................................................................................. 26 Age ................................................................................................................................................... 26 Gender .............................................................................................................................................. 28 Education ......................................................................................................................................... 28 Income .............................................................................................................................................. 40 Data Sources .................................................................................................................................... 42 Appendix A ....................................................................................................................................... 48 Appendix B ....................................................................................................................................... 60



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Introduction Human Understanding Measured Across National (HUMAN) Surveys combines multiple sources of public opinion data and creates commonly formatted variables. It does not conduct these surveys and using this data also requires citing the original sources and obtaining their permission. The data cannot be used for commercial purposes and attempts must not be made to identify individual respondents. The resource is being made available for replication studies and as a tool for other researchers. Analysing multiple data sources requires contending with different survey designs and methods. There are also some duplicated national surveys between the different sources because some national surveys share also release their data with cross-national surveys. Users should consult the original source technical documents and field reports. The data is being provided as close as possible to its original format and it is up to each user to decide on the most appropriate methods for analysing and using this resource.

Respondent Data This dataset provides respondent level data. This means each observation is an individual person answering questions on a survey. This makes the dataset very large and generating models with millions of respondents can take considerable time. For faster or exploratory analysis users may wish to download the Country-Survey Data, which retains scores for all surveys, or the Country-Year Data, which can be merged with other country-year datasets.

Included Variables Original variables have been recoded for consistency and included alongside common variables, enabling users to combine the data in different ways. This version of HUMAN Surveys focuses on a limited set of variables for generalized social trust, democracy, elections, respondent demographics, and data identification. This codebook explains the following common and recoded variables. • • • • • • • •

• • • • •

Satisfaction with Democracy Support for Democracy Perceived Electoral Integrity Generalized Social Trust Age Gender Education Income

Country Year Survey Country-Year Country-Survey

Survey Sources Analysing more respondents, countries, and surveys provides greater variation and enables answering new research questions. Combining data from multiple sources enables us to track trends over time, repeat models across different surveys, and increase both the reliability and generalisability of findings. HUMAN Surveys aims to make this kind of research a little bit easier for others to undertake. Version 1.0 of HUMAN Surveys combines data from the following sources.

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• • • • • • • • • • •

• • • •

Afrobarometer AmericasBarometer Arab Barometer Asia Barometer Asian Barometer Survey European Social Survey European Values Study Latinobarómetro World Values Survey International Social Survey Programme Comparative Study of Electoral Systems

• • • •

New Europe Barometer New Russia Barometer Voice of the People Series Consolidation of Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe Eurobarometer – Standard and Special Eurobarometer – Applicant and Candidate Countries Eurobarometer – Central and Eastern Australian Election Study

Naming Conventions Variable names try to follow some conventions for clarity and consistency. Prefixes with underscores are used to group variables by type or topic, as summarised in Table 1. These prefixes are then followed by a three-digit number. The first number groups variables by survey item, while the two remaining numbers indicate the response scale. If these last two numbers are 99, then it indicates the number of possible responses or the variable values are over 100. Finally, a letter is added at the end of recoded original variables to distinguish between different versions of survey items with the same number of responses. There is usually no logic or meaning to these suffix letters and they are used sequentially as needed. Suffix letters are not used with common variables. Some examples: all variables starting with ‘sd_1’ represent respondent age; the common age variable is ‘sd_103’ and it uses three age categories; ‘sd_106a’ is a recoded version of age with six categories, and ‘sd_199a’ is a recoded version of age in years. Table 1: Summary of variable prefixes and definitions Prefix Topic Examples at_ Attitudes Generalized Social Trust de_ Democracy Satisfaction with / Support for Democracy id_ Identification Country, Year, Survey Round sd_ Socio-Demographics Age, Education, Income

Missing Values All non-valid and unusable responses are recoded into four common missing values wherever possible, which are outlined with example responses in Table 2. The first two (.a = do not know, .b = refused) represent active replies from the respondents indicating that they were asked the question but did not provide a valid answer. The second two (.c = not applicable, . = missing) represent that the respondent was not asked the question or that it is not possible to otherwise classify the missing data.

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Table 2: Common recoded missing values, labels, and examples Value Label Examples .a do not know - does not understand question - does not remember or know - cannot choose or decide - hard to say .b refused - decline or refuse to answer - no response - no answer .c not applicable - not applicable - question not asked - item skipped . missing - unspecified missing data - no entry at all - unclear or illegible entry

Generalized Social Trust These survey items measure respondent trust of other people in their country.

at_002 | Generalized Social Trust (Common) This common variable distinguishes between respondents that generally trust most people and those that would be more careful. Most questions do not specify the population of other people, while some specify others in the same country. Some specify the neighbourhood or community. Responses that ‘it depends’ and midpoints on scales were recoded as ‘be careful’. Table 3 summarises how other variables were recoded. 0 = be careful, 1 = trust others Table 3: Recoding of values to create common generalized social trust variable Be Careful Trust Others at_002a 0 1 at_002b 0 1 at_003a 0 – 1 2 at_004a 0 – 1 2 – 3 at_004b 0 – 1 2 – 3 at_004c 0 – 1 2 – 3 at_004d 0 – 1 2 – 3 at_005a 0 – 2 3 – 4 at_007a 0 – 3 4 – 6 at_010a 0 – 5 6 – 9 at_010b 0 – 5 6 – 9 at_011a 0 – 5 6 – 10

at_002a | Generalized Social Trust Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted or that you can’t be too careful in dealing with people? 0 = you must be very careful, 1 = most people can be trusted 5

at_002b | Generalized Social Trust Generally speaking, do you think most people are trustworthy or not? 0 = most people are not trustworthy, 1 = most people are trustworthy

at_003a | Generalized Social Trust Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted, or that you can’t be too careful in dealing with people? 0 = you can‘t be too careful, 1 = it depends, 2 = most people can be trusted

at_004a | Generalized Social Trust How much do you trust each of the following types of people: other [country nationality]? 0 = not at all, 1 = just a little, 2 = I trust them somewhat, 3 = I trust them a lot

at_004b | Generalized Social Trust Now, speaking of the people from here, would you say that people in this community or people from around here are generally very trustworthy, somewhat trustworthy, not very trustworthy or untrustworthy? 0 = untrustworthy, 1 = not very trustworthy, 2 = somewhat trustworthy, 3 = very trustworthy

at_004c | Generalized Social Trust Generally speaking, would you say that people can be trusted or that you can’t be too careful in dealing with people? 0 = you almost always can’t be too careful in dealing with people, 1 = you usually can’t be too careful in dealing with people, 2 = people can usually be trusted, 3 = people can almost always be trusted

at_004d | Generalized Social Trust Would you say that most people can be trusted or you can't be too careful in dealing with people? 0 = usually need to be careful with people, 1 = sometimes need to be careful with people, 2 = sometimes can trust people, 3 = usually can trust people

at_005a | Generalized Social Trust Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted, or that you can’t be too careful in dealing with people? 0 = you can‘t be too careful, 1, 2, 3, 4 = most people can be trusted

at_007a | Generalized Social Trust To what extent do you trust: Most people in this country? 0 = no trust at all, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 = great trust

at_010a | Generalized Social Trust Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted, or that you can't be too careful in dealing with people? Uses a scale: 0 = you can't be too careful, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 = most people can be trusted

at_010b | Generalized Social Trust Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted or not? Please use a scale .… Recoded: 0 = most people cannot be trusted, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 = most people can be trusted

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at_011a | Generalized Social Trust Using this card, generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted, or that you can’t be too careful in dealing with people? Please tell me on a score of 0 to 10, where 0 means you can’t be too careful and 10 means that most people can be trusted.

Satisfaction with Democracy These variables measure respondent satisfaction with the way democracy works in their country.

de_102 | Satisfaction with Democracy (Common) This common variable indicates whether respondents are satisfied with the way their national democracy works. Neutral responses and midpoints on scales were recoded as ‘not satisfied’. Table 4 summarises how other variables were recoded. 0 = not satisfied, 1 = satisfied Table 4: Recoding of values to create common satisfaction with democracy variable Not Satisfied Satisfied de_103a 0 1 – 2 de_104a 0 – 1 2 – 3 de_104b 0 – 1 2 – 3 de_104c 0 – 1 2 – 3 de_104e 0 – 1 2 – 3 de_105a 0 – 2 3 – 4 de_105b 0 – 2 3 – 4 de_106a 0 – 3 4 – 5 de_110a 0 – 4 5 – 9 de_110b 0 – 4 5 – 9 de_111a 0 – 5 6 – 10 de_111b 0 – 5 6 – 10 de_111c 0 – 5 6 – 10

de_103a | Content with Democracy What is your opinion about the democracy in [Country] and our whole political system? 0 = not content, 1 = somewhat content, 2 = very content

de_104a | Satisfaction with Democracy In general, would you say you are very satisfied, satisfied, unsatisfied or very unsatisfied with the way democracy works in [Country]? 0 = very dissatisfied, 1 = dissatisfied, 2 = satisfied, 3 = very satisfied

de_104b | Satisfaction with Democracy On the whole, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with the way democracy works in [Country]. Are you ...? 0 = not at all satisfied, 1 = not very satisfied, 2 = fairly satisfied, 3 = very satisfied

de_104c | Satisfied with Democracy Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statement. Is that strongly or slightly? In general, I am satisfied with democracy. 0 = disagree strongly, 1 = disagree slightly, 2 = agree slightly, 3 = agree strongly 7

de_104d | Proud of Democracy How proud are you of [Country] in each of the following: The way democracy works? 0 = not proud at all, 1 = not very proud, 2 = Somewhat proud, 3 = very proud

de_105a | Satisfaction with Democracy Overall, how satisfied are you with the way democracy works in [Country]? 0 = [Country] is not a democracy, 1 = not at all satisfied, 2 = not very satisfied, 3 = fairly satisfied, 4 = very satisfied

de_105b | Satisfaction with Democracy Pease tell me how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with the following aspects of your life. The democratic system. 0 = very dissatisfied, 1 = somewhat dissatisfied, 2 = neither satisfied nor dissatisfied, 3 = somewhat satisfied, 4 = very satisfied

de_106a | Satisfaction with Democracy Overall, how satisfied are you with the way democracy works in [Country]? 0 = [Country] is not a democracy, 1 = very dissatisfied, 2 = somewhat dissatisfied, 3 = neutral, 4 = somewhat satisfied, 5 = very satisfied

de_110a | Satisfied with Democracy Are you completely satisfied or completely dissatisfied with the way in which democracy is working in [Country] today? 0 = completely dissatisfied, 9 = completely satisfied

de_110b | Democracy Satisfaction On the whole, to what extent would you say you are satisfied with the way democracy works in [Country]? 0 = completely dissatisfied, 9 = completely satisfied

de_111a | Satisfaction with Democracy And on the whole, how satisfied are you with the way democracy works in [Country]? 0 = extremely dissatisfied, 10 = extremely satisfied

de_111b | Functioning of Democracy On the whole, on a scale of 0 to 10 where 0 is very poorly and 10 is very well: How well does democracy work in [Country] today? 0 = very poorly, 10 = very well

de_111c | Democracy Satisfaction Now I would like you to indicate on this scale to what extent you are satisfied with your present situation in the following respects: The way democracy is functioning in (Country)? 0 = completely dissatisfied, 10 = completely satisfied

Support for Democracy These survey items measure respondent support for democracy as a form of government.

de_202 | Support for Democracy (Common) This common variable indicates when respondents find democracy preferable to other forms of government such an authoritarian or dictatorship governments. Responses indicating indifference 8

and midpoints on scales were recoded as democracy being ‘not always preferable’. Table 5 summarises how other variables were recoded. 0 = not always preferable, 1 = democracy preferable Table 5: Recoding of values to create common support for democracy variable Not Always Preferable Democracy Preferable de_202a 1 2 de_203a 1 – 2 3 de_203b 1 – 2 3 de_204a 1 – 2 3 – 4 de_205a 1 – 3 4 – 5 de_207a 1 – 4 5 – 7

de_202a | Support for Democracy Which kind of government do you prefer? 1 = dictatorship; 2 = democracy

de_203a | Support for Democracy Which of these three statements is closest to your own opinion? 1 = in some circumstances, a nondemocratic government can be preferable; 2 = for people like me, it doesn’t matter what kind of government we have; 3 = democracy is preferable to any other kind of government.

de_203b | Democracy Best Do you believe that democracy is the best form of government or is there another form of government which is better? 1 = other better, 2 = undecided, 3 = democracy best

de_204a | Support for Democracy To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Democracy may have problems, but it's better than any other form of government. Both question versions use the same answers: 1 = strongly disagree, 2 = disagree, 3 = agree, 4 = strongly agree

de_205a | Support for Democracy How strongly do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? Democracy may have problems but it's better than any other form of government. 1 = strongly disagree, 2 = disagree, 3 = neither agree nor disagree, 4 = agree, 5 = strongly agree

de_207a | Support for Democracy Democracy may have problems, but it is better than any other form of government. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? Scale: 1 = strongly disagree to 7 = strongly agree

Perceived Electoral Integrity These survey items measure respondent perceptions regarding the integrity of national elections.

de_302 | Perceived Electoral Integrity (Common) This common variable indicates when respondents generally approve electoral integrity in their country. Most questions refer to national or parliamentary elections, some do not specify the election type, and some specify presidential elections. Surveys use different wording when referring to elections, such as trustworthy, honest, fair, or clean. Midpoint values on answer scales were 9

recoded as ‘disapprove’. Table 6 summarises how other variables were recoded. 0 = disapprove, 1 = approve. Table 6: Recoding of values to create common perceived electoral integrity variable Disapprove Approve de_302a 0 1 de_302b 0 1 de_304a 0 1 – 3 de_304b 0 – 1 2 – 3 de_304c 0 – 1 2 – 3 de_305a 0 – 2 3 – 4 de_305b 0 – 2 3 – 4 de_305c 0 – 2 3 – 4 de_307a 0 – 3 4 – 6 de_311a 0 – 5 6 – 10 de_336t 0 – 1.6 1.6 – 3

de_302a | Clean Elections Speaking generally, do you think that the elections in this country are clean or rigged? 0 = rigged, 1 = clean

de_302b | Free and Fair Elections Do you feel that elections in this country are free and fair? 0 = no, 1 = yes

de_304a | Free and Fair Elections On the whole, how would you rate the freeness and fairness of the last national election, held in [year]? 0 = not free and fair, 1 = free and fair, with major problems, 2 = free and fair, but with minor problems, 3 = completely free and fair

de_304b | Clean Elections Do you believe that, generally speaking, elections are very clean, clean, fraudulent or very fraudulent? 0 = very fraudulent, 1 = fraudulent, 2 = clean, 3 = very clean

de_304c | Elections Conducted Fairly Would you say that the most recent national election was conducted fairly or not? 0 = not at all fair, 1 = not very fair, 2 = to some extent fair, 3 = it was a fair election

de_305a | Clean Elections In some countries people think that elections are clean; in other countries people think that elections are rigged. Thinking of the last elections, where would you place them in a five-step ladder, where 1 is clean and 5 is rigged? Recoded: 0 = rigged, 1, 2, 3, 4 = clean

de_305b | Fair Election Campaigning Thinking of the last national election in [country], how fair was it regarding the opportunities of the candidates and parties to campaign? 0 = very unfair, 1 = somewhat unfair, 2 = neither fair nor unfair, 3 = somewhat fair, 4 = very fair 10

de_305c | Election Conducted Fairly In some countries, people believe their elections are conducted fairly. In other countries, people believe that their elections are conducted unfairly. Thinking of the last election in [country], where would you place it on this scale of one to five where ONE means that the last election was conducted fairly and FIVE means that the last election was conducted unfairly? Recoded: 0 = last election was conducted unfairly, 1, 2, 3, 4 = last election was conducted fairly

de_307a | Trust Elections To what extent do you trust elections in this country? 0 = not at all, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 = a lot

de_311a | Free and Fair Elections Please tell me to what extent you think each of the following statements applies in [country]. National elections in [country] are free and fair. 0 = does not apply, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,7, 8, 9, 10 = applies completely

de_336t | Electoral Integrity Score In your view, how often do the following things occur in this country’s elections? Votes are counted fairly; opposition candidates are prevented from running; TV news favours the governing party; voters are bribed; journalists provide fair coverage of elections; election officials are fair; rich people buy elections; voters are threatened with violence at the polls; voters are offered a genuine choice in the elections. Original answers: 1 = very often, 2 = fairly often, 3 = not often, 4 = not at all often. All nine questions were recoded from 0 to 3 such that higher values consistently represented higher electoral integrity. Answers were then averaged to produce a scale ranging from 0 to 3, where 0 = lowest electoral integrity and 3 = highest electoral integrity.

Country These variables indicate the survey country, with the values of different types of country variables compared in Table 7.

id_100 | Country Code (Common) This common variable uses three-digit numerical codes to represent countries. Values come from the International Standards Organization (ISO) 3166-1 numeric standard.

id_101 | Country Name (Common) This common variable uses country names slightly modified from the English short names in the ISO 3166-2 standard.

id_103 | Country Alpha3 (Common) This common variable uses three-letter alphabetic codes to represent countries. Most values come from the ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 standard, but a few are supplemented using the Correlates of War (COW) alpha-3 standard. Table 7: Summary of country variables and values id_101 Afghanistan Albania 11

id_100 4 8

id_103 AFG ALB

Algeria Andorra Azerbaijan Argentina Australia Austria Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Armenia Belgium Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia & Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Belize Brunei Bulgaria Myanmar Burundi Belarus Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cabo Verde Sri Lanka Chile China Taiwan Colombia Congo, Dem. Rep. Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Benin Denmark Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Ethiopia

12 20 31 32 36 40 44 48 50 51 56 64 68 70 72 76 84 96 100 104 108 112 116 120 124 132 144 152 156 158 170 180 188 191 196 203 204 208 214 218 222 231 12



DZA AND AZE ARG AUS AUT BHS BHR BGD ARM BEL BTN BOL BIH BWA BRA BLZ BRN BGR MMR BDI BLR KHM CMR CAN CPV LKA CHL CHN TWN COL COD CRI HRV CYP CZE BEN DNK DOM ECU SLV ETH

Estonia Fiji Finland France Gabon Georgia Palestine Germany Germany, East Germany, West Ghana Greece Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Kosovo Cote d'Ivoire Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Jordan Kenya South Korea Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Lebanon Lesotho Latvia Liberia Libya

233 242 246 250 266 268 275 276 278 280 288 300 320 328 332 340 344 348 352 356 360 364 368 372 376 380 381 384 388 392 398 400 404 410 414 417 418 422 426 428 430 434 13



EST FJI FIN FRA GAB GEO PSE DEU GDR DDR GHA GRC GTM GUY HTI HND HKG HUN ISL IND IDN IRN IRQ IRL ISR ITA KOS CIV JAM JPN KAZ JOR KEN KOR KWT KGZ LAO LBN LSO LVA LBR LBY

Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Mauritius Mexico Mongolia Moldova Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Norway Pakistan Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda Sao Tome & Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia

440 442 450 454 458 462 466 470 480 484 496 498 499 504 508 516 524 528 554 558 562 566 578 586 591 600 604 608 616 620 630 634 642 643 646 678 682 686 688 694 702 703 14



LTU LUX MDG MWI MYS MDV MLI MLT MUS MEX MNG MDA MNE MAR MOZ NAM NPL NLD NZL NIC NER NGA NOR PAK PAN PRY PER PHL POL PRT PRI QAT ROU RUS RWA STP SAU SEN SRB SLE SGP SVK

Viet Nam Slovenia South Africa Zimbabwe Spain South Sudan Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Tajikistan Thailand Togo Trinidad & Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine Macedonia Egypt United Kingdom Tanzania United States Burkina Faso Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia

704 705 710 716 724 728 729 740 748 752 756 762 764 768 780 788 792 795 800 804 807 818 826 834 840 854 858 860 862 887 890 894

VNM SVN ZAF ZWE ESP SSD SDN SUR SWZ SWE CHE TJK THA TGO TTO TUN TUR TKM UGA UKR MKD EGY GBR TZA USA BFA URY UZB VEN YEM YUG ZMB

Year This variable provides the year of the survey. Note that national surveys and survey rounds sometimes span multiple years.

id_200 | Year (Common) This common variable provides the year that survey respondents were interviewed or when they otherwise completed surveys or survey data was collected. It provides a four-digit year. Values were sometimes extracted from date variables or manually coded from technical documents. 15

Survey These variables identify the public opinion survey.

id_300 | Survey Round (Common) This common variable assigns a unique numerical identification code to each survey round, wave, module, or year. Value labels use abbreviated round names, as displayed in Table 8. Table 8: Summary of survey rounds and year(s), labels, and values Survey Round and Year(s) Label Afrobarometer Round 1 (1999-2001) AfB 1 Afrobarometer Round 2 (2004) AfB 2 Afrobarometer Round 3 (2005-2006) AfB 3 Afrobarometer Round 4 (2008-2009) AfB 4 Afrobarometer Round 5 (2011-2013) AfB 5 Afrobarometer Round 6 (2014-2015) AfB 6 AmericasBarometer 2004 AmB 2004 AmericasBarometer 2005 AmB 2005 AmericasBarometer 2006 AmB 2006 AmericasBarometer 2007 AmB 2007 AmericasBarometer 2008 AmB 2008 AmericasBarometer 2009 AmB 2009 AmericasBarometer 2010 AmB 2010 AmericasBarometer 2011 AmB 2011 AmericasBarometer 2012 AmB 2012 AmericasBarometer 2013 AmB 2013 AmericasBarometer 2014 AmB 2014 Arab Barometer I (2006-2008) ArB I Arab Barometer II (2010-2011) ArB II Arab Barometer III (2013) ArB III AsiaBarometer 2003 AsB 2003 AsiaBarometer 2004 AsB 2004 AsiaBarometer 2005 AsB 2005 AsiaBarometer 2006 AsB 2006 AsiaBarometer 2007 AsB 2007 Asian Barometer Survey 1 (2001-2003) AsnB 1 Asian Barometer Survey 2 (2005-2008) AsnB 2 Asian Barometer Survey 3 (2010) AsnB 3 European Social Survey 1 (2002) ESS 1 European Social Survey 2 (2004) ESS 2 European Social Survey 3 (2006) ESS 3 European Social Survey 4 (2008) ESS 4 European Social Survey 5 (2010) ESS 5 European Social Survey 6 (2012-2013) ESS 6 European Social Survey 7 (2014-2015) ESS 7 European Values Survey 1 (1981) EVS 1 16

id_300 101 102 103 104 105 106 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 301 302 303 401 402 403 404 405 501 502 503 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 701

European Values Survey 2 (1990) European Values Survey 3 (1999) European Values Survey 4 (2008) Latinobarómetro 1995 Latinobarómetro 1996 Latinobarómetro 1997 Latinobarómetro 1998 Latinobarómetro 2000 Latinobarómetro 2001 Latinobarómetro 2002 Latinobarómetro 2003 Latinobarómetro 2004 Latinobarómetro 2005 Latinobarómetro 2006 Latinobarómetro 2007 Latinobarómetro 2008 Latinobarómetro 2009 Latinobarómetro 2010 Latinobarómetro 2011 Latinobarómetro 2012 Latinobarómetro 2013 Latinobarómetro 2014 Latinobarómetro 2015 World Values Survey 1 (1981-1984) World Values Survey 2 (1989-1993) World Values Survey 3 1994-1999 World Values Survey 4 (1999-2004) World Values Survey 5 2005-2007 World Values Survey 6 (2010-2014) ISSP Role of Government I (1985) ISSP Social Networks I (1986) ISSP Social Inequality I (1987) ISSP Family and Changing Gender Roles I (1988) ISSP Work Orientations I (1989) ISSP Role of Government II (1990) ISSP Religion I (1991) ISSP Social Inequality II (1992) ISSP Environment I (1993) ISSP Family and Changing Gender Roles II (1994) ISSP National Identity I (1995) ISSP Role of Government III (1996) ISSP Work Orientations II (1997) ISSP Religion II (1998) ISSP Social Inequality III (1999) 17

EVS 2 EVS 3 EVS 4 LB 1995 LB 1996 LB 1997 LB 1998 LB 2000 LB 2001 LB 2002 LB 2003 LB 2004 LB 2005 LB 2006 LB 2007 LB 2008 LB 2009 LB 2010 LB 2011 LB 2012 LB 2013 LB 2014 LB 2015 WVS 1 WVS 2 WVS 3 WVS 4 WVS 5 WVS 6 ISSP RoG 1 ISSP SN 1 ISSP SI 1 ISSP FaCGR 1 ISSP WO 1 ISSP RoG 2 ISSP R 1 ISSP SI 2 ISSP E 1 ISSP FaCGR 2 ISSP NI 1 ISSP RoG 3 ISSP WO 2 ISSP R 2 ISSP SI 3

702 703 704 801 802 803 804 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 901 902 903 904 905 906 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015

ISSP Environment II (2000) ISSP Social Networks II (2001) ISSP Family and Changing Gender Roles III (2002) ISSP National Identity II (2003) ISSP Citizenship (2004) ISSP Work Orientations III (2005) ISSP Role of Government IV (2006) ISSP Leisure Time and Sports (2007) ISSP Religion III (2008) ISSP Social Inequality IV (2009) ISSP Environment III (2010) ISSP Health (2011) ISSP Family and Changing Gender Roles IV (2012) ISSP National Identity (2013) ISSP Citizenship II (2014) ISSP Work Orientations IV (2015) ISSP Role of Government (2016) CSES Module 1 (1996-2002) CSES Module 2 (2001-2006) CSES Module 3 (2006-2011) CSES Module 4 (2011-2016) CDCEE Wave 1, 1990-1992 CDCEE Wave 2, 1991-2001 Voice of the People Series, 2000 Voice of the People Series, 2003 Voice of the People Series, 2004 Voice of the People Series, 2005 Voice of the People Series, 2006 Voice of the People Series, 2007 Voice of the People Series, 2009 Voice of the People Series, 2011 Voice of the People Series, 2012 Voice of the People Series, 2013 New Europe Barometer I, 1991 New Europe Barometer II, 1992 New Europe Barometer III, 1993-1994 New Europe Barometer IV, 1995 New Europe Barometer V, 1998 New Europe Barometer VI, 2001 New Europe Barometer VII, 2004-2005 New Russia Barometer I, 1992 New Russia Barometer II, 1993 New Russia Barometer III, 1994 New Russia Barometer IV, 1995 18

ISSP E 2 ISSP SN 2 ISSP FaCGR 3 ISSP NI 2 ISSP C 1 ISSP WO 3 ISSP RoG 4 ISSP LTS 1 ISSP R 3 ISSP SI 4 ISSP E 3 ISSP H 1 ISSP FaCGR 4 ISSP NI 3 ISSP C 2 ISSP WO 4 ISSP RoG 5 CSES 1 CSES 2 CSES 3 CSES 4 CDCEE 1 CDCEE 2 VPS 2000 VPS 2003 VPS 2004 VPS 2005 VPS 2006 VPS 2007 VPS 2009 VPS 2011 VPS 2012 VPS 2013 NEB 1 NEB 2 NEB 3 NEB 4 NEB 5 NEB 6 NEB 7 NRB 1 NRB 2 NRB 3 NRB 4

1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1101 1102 1103 1104 1201 1202 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1401 1402 1403 1404 1405 1406 1407 1501 1502 1503 1504

New Russia Barometer V, 1996 NRB 5 New Russia Barometer VI, 1996 NRB 6 New Russia Barometer VII, 1998 NRB 7 New Russia Barometer VIII, 2000 NRB 8 New Russia Barometer IX, 2000 NRB 9 New Russia Barometer X, 2001 NRB 10 New Russia Barometer XI, 2003 NRB 11 New Russia Barometer XII, 2003 NRB 12 New Russia Barometer XIII, 2004 NRB 13 New Russia Barometer XIV, 2005 NRB 14 New Russia Barometer XV, 2007 NRB 15 New Russia Barometer XVI, 2007 NRB 16 New Russia Barometer XVII, 2008 NRB 17 New Russia Barometer XVIII, 2009 NRB 18 New Russia Barometer XIX, 2011 NRB 19 New Russia Barometer XX, 2012 NRB 20 Australian Election Study 1987 AES 1987 Australian Election Study 1990 AES 1990 Australian Election Study 1993 AES 1993 Australian Election Study 1996 AES 1996 Australian Election Study 1998 AES 1998 Australian Election Study 2001 AES 2001 Australian Election Study 2004 AES 2004 Australian Election Study 2007 AES 2007 Australian Election Study 2010 AES 2010 Australian Election Study 2013 AES 2013 Australian Election Study 2016 AES 2016 Eurobarometer - Central and Eastern 1 EB-CE 1 Eurobarometer - Central and Eastern 2 EB-CE 2 Eurobarometer - Central and Eastern 3 EB-CE 3 Eurobarometer - Central and Eastern 4 EB-CE 4 Eurobarometer - Central and Eastern 5 EB-CE 5 Eurobarometer - Central and Eastern 6 EB-CE 6 Eurobarometer - Central and Eastern 7 EB-CE 7 Eurobarometer - Central and Eastern 8 EB-CE 8 Eurobarometer - Applicant and Candidate Countries 2000 EB-ACC 2000 Eurobarometer - Applicant and Candidate Countries 2001.1 EB-ACC 2001.1 Eurobarometer - Applicant and Candidate Countries 2002.1 EB-ACC 2002.1 Eurobarometer - Applicant and Candidate Countries 2002.2 EB-ACC 2002.2 Eurobarometer - Applicant and Candidate Countries 2002.3 EB-ACC 2002.3 Eurobarometer - Applicant and Candidate Countries 2003.1 EB-ACC 2003.1 Eurobarometer - Applicant and Candidate Countries 2003.1 OVR EB-ACC 2003.1 OVR Eurobarometer - Applicant and Candidate Countries 2003.2 EB-ACC 2003.2 Eurobarometer - Applicant and Candidate Countries 2003.3 EB-ACC 2003.3 19

1505 1506 1507 1508 1509 1510 1511 1512 1513 1514 1515 1516 1517 1518 1519 1520 1601 1602 1603 1604 1605 1606 1607 1608 1609 1610 1611 1701 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 1707 1708 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809

Eurobarometer - Applicant and Candidate Countries 2003.4 Eurobarometer - Applicant and Candidate Countries 2003.5 Eurobarometer - Applicant and Candidate Countries 2004.1 Attitudes Towards Europe 1962 European Communities Study 1970 European Communities Study - Great Britain 1970 European Communities Study 1971 European Communities Study 1973 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 2 1974 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 3 1975 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 4 1975 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 5 1976 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 6 1976 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 7 1977 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 8 1977 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 9 1978 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 10 1978 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 10 A 1978 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 11 1979 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 12 1979 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 13 1980 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 14 1980 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 15 1981 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 16 1981 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 17 1982 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 18 1982 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 19 1983 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 20 1983 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 21 1984 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 22 1984 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 23 1985 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 24 1985 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 25 1986 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 26 1986 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 27 1987 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 28 1987 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 28.1 1987 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 29 1988 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 30 1988 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 31 1989 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 31 A 1989 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 32 1989 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 33 1990 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 34 1990 20

EB-ACC 2003.4 EB-ACC 2003.5 EB-ACC 2004.1 EB-SS 1962 EB-SS 1970 EB-SS 1970 EB-SS 1971 EB-SS 1973 EB-SS 2 EB-SS 3 EB-SS 4 EB-SS 5 EB-SS 6 EB-SS 7 EB-SS 8 EB-SS 9 EB-SS 10 EB-SS 10 A EB-SS 11 EB-SS 12 EB-SS 13 EB-SS 14 EB-SS 15 EB-SS 16 EB-SS 17 EB-SS 18 EB-SS 19 EB-SS 20 EB-SS 21 EB-SS 22 EB-SS 23 EB-SS 24 EB-SS 25 EB-SS 26 EB-SS 27 EB-SS 28 EB-SS 28.1 EB-SS 29 EB-SS 30 EB-SS 31 EB-SS 31 A EB-SS 32 EB-SS 33 EB-SS 34

1810 1811 1812 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941

Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 34.1 1990 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 34.2 1990 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 35 1991 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 35 A 1991 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 35.1 1991 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 36 1991 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 37 1992 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 37.1 1992 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 37.2 1992 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 38 1992 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 38.1 1992 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 39 1993 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 39.1 1993 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 39 A 1993 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 40 1993 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 41 1994 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 41.1 1994 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 42 1994 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 43 1995 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 43.1 1995 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 43.1 BIS 1995 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 44 1995 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 44.1 1995 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 44.2 1995-1996 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 44.2 BIS 1996 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 44.3 1996 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 44.3 OVR 1996 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 45.1 1996 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 46 1996 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 46.1 1996 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 47 1997 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 47.1 1997 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 47.2 1997 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 47.2 OVR 1997 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 48 1997 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 49 1998 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 50 1998 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 50.1 1998 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 51 1999 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 51.1 1999 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 52 1999 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 52.1 1999 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 53 2000 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 54 2000 21

EB-SS 34.1 EB-SS 34.2 EB-SS 35 EB-SS 35 A EB-SS 35.1 EB-SS 36 EB-SS 37 EB-SS 37.1 EB-SS 37.2 EB-SS 38 EB-SS 38.1 EB-SS 39 EB-SS 39.1 EB-SS 39 A EB-SS 40 EB-SS 41 EB-SS 41.1 EB-SS 42 EB-SS 43 EB-SS 43.1 EB-SS 43.1 BIS EB-SS 44 EB-SS 44.1 EB-SS 44.2 EB-SS 44.2 BIS EB-SS 44.3 EB-SS 44.3 OVR EB-SS 45.1 EB-SS 46 EB-SS 46.1 EB-SS 47 EB-SS 47.1 EB-SS 47.2 EB-SS 47.2 OVR EB-SS 48 EB-SS 49 EB-SS 50 EB-SS 50.1 EB-SS 51 EB-SS 51.1 EB-SS 52 EB-SS 52.1 EB-SS 53 EB-SS 54

1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985

Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 54 LAN 2000 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 54.1 2000 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 54.2 2001 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 55 2001 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 55.1 2001 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 55.1 OVR 2001 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 55.2 2001 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 56 2001 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 56.1 2001 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 56.2 2001 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 56.3 2002 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 57 2002 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 57.1 2002 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 57.2 2002 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 57.2 2002 OVR Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 58 2002 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 58.1 2002 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 58.2 2002 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 59 2003 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 59.1 2003 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 59.2 2003 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 60 2003 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 60.1 2003 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 60.2 2003 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 60.3 2003 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 61 2004 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 62 2004 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 62.1 2004 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 62.2 2004 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 63.1 2005 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 63.2 2005 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 63.3 2005 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 63.4 2005 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 63.5 2005 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 64.1 2005 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 64.2 2005 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 64.3 2005 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 64.4 2005-2006 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 65.1 2006 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 65.2 2006 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 65.3 2006 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 65.4 2006 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 66.1 2006 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 66.2 2006 22

EB-SS 54 LAN EB-SS 54.1 EB-SS 54.2 EB-SS 55 EB-SS 55.1 EB-SS 55.1 OVR EB-SS 55.2 EB-SS 56 EB-SS 56.1 EB-SS 56.2 EB-SS 56.3 EB-SS 57 EB-SS 57.1 EB-SS 57.2 EB-SS 57.2 OVR EB-SS 58 EB-SS 58.1 EB-SS 58.2 EB-SS 59 EB-SS 59.1 EB-SS 59.2 EB-SS 60 EB-SS 60.1 EB-SS 60.2 EB-SS 60.3 EB-SS 61 EB-SS 62 EB-SS 62.1 EB-SS 62.2 EB-SS 63.1 EB-SS 63.2 EB-SS 63.3 EB-SS 63.4 EB-SS 63.5 EB-SS 64.1 EB-SS 64.2 EB-SS 64.3 EB-SS 64.4 EB-SS 65.1 EB-SS 65.2 EB-SS 65.3 EB-SS 65.4 EB-SS 66.1 EB-SS 66.2

1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029

Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 66.3 2006 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 67.1 2007 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 67.2 2007 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 67.3 2007 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 68.1 2007 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 68.2 2007 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 69.1 2008 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 69.2 2008 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 70.1 2008 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 71.1 2009 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 71.2 2009 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 71.3 2009 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 72.1 2009 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 72.2 2009 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 72.3 2009 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 72.4 2009 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 72.5 2009 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 73.1 2010 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 73.2 2010 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 73.3 2010 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 73.4 2010 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 73.5 2010 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 74.1 2010 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 74.2 2010 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 74.3 2010 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 75.1 2011 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 75.1 2011 EP Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 75.2 2011 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 75.3 2011 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 75.4 2011 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 76.1 2011 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 76.2 2011 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 76.3 2011 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 76.4 2011 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 77.1 2012 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 77.2 2012 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 77.3 2012 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 77.4 2012 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 78.1 2012 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 78.2 2012 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 79.1 2013 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 79.2 2013 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 79.3 2013 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 79.4 2013 23

EB-SS 66.3 EB-SS 67.1 EB-SS 67.2 EB-SS 67.3 EB-SS 68.1 EB-SS 68.2 EB-SS 69.1 EB-SS 69.2 EB-SS 70.1 EB-SS 71.1 EB-SS 71.2 EB-SS 71.3 EB-SS 72.1 EB-SS 72.2 EB-SS 72.3 EB-SS 72.4 EB-SS 72.5 EB-SS 73.1 EB-SS 73.2 EB-SS 73.3 EB-SS 73.4 EB-SS 73.5 EB-SS 74.1 EB-SS 74.2 EB-SS 74.3 EB-SS 75.1 EB-SS 75.1 EP EB-SS 75.2 EB-SS 75.3 EB-SS 75.4 EB-SS 76.1 EB-SS 76.2 EB-SS 76.3 EB-SS 76.4 EB-SS 77.1 EB-SS 77.2 EB-SS 77.3 EB-SS 77.4 EB-SS 78.1 EB-SS 78.2 EB-SS 79.1 EB-SS 79.2 EB-SS 79.3 EB-SS 79.4

2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 2073

Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 79.5 2013 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 80.1 2013 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 80.2 2013 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 81.1 2014 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 81.2 2014 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 81.3 2014 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 81.4 2014 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 81.5 2014 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 82.1 2014 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 82.2 2014 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 82.3 2014 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 82.4 2014 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 83.1 2015 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 83.2 2015 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 83.3 2015 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 83.4 2015 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 84.1 2015 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 84.2 2015 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 84.3 2015 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 84.4 2015 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 85.1 2016 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 85.1 OVR 2016 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 85.2 2016 Eurobarometer - Standard and Special 85.3 2016 Eurobarometer – Standard and Special 86.1 2017

EB-SS 79.5 EB-SS 80.1 EB-SS 80.2 EB-SS 81.1 EB-SS 81.2 EB-SS 81.3 EB-SS 81.4 EB-SS 81.5 EB-SS 82.1 EB-SS 82.2 EB-SS 82.3 EB-SS 82.4 EB-SS 83.1 EB-SS 83.2 EB-SS 83.3 EB-SS 83.4 EB-SS 84.1 EB-SS 84.2 EB-SS 84.3 EB-SS 84.4 EB-SS 85.1 EB-SS 85.1 OVR EB-SS 85.2 EB-SS 85.3 EB-SS 86.1

2074 2075 2076 2077 2078 2079 2080 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085 2086 2087 2088 2089 2090 2091 2092 2093 2094 2095 2096 2097 2098

id_310 | Survey Source (Common) This common variable assigns a unique numerical code to each survey source. Values labels use abbreviated source names, as displayed in Table 9.

24

Table 9: Summary of survey sources, labels, and values Survey Source Afrobarometer AmericasBarometer Arab Barometer AsiaBarometer Asian Barometer Survey European Social Survey European Values Study Latinobarómetro World Values Survey International Social Survey Programme Comparative Study of Electoral Systems Consolidation of Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe Voice of the People Series New Europe Barometer New Russia Barometer Australian Election Study Eurobarometer – Central and Eastern Eurobarometer – Applicant and Candidate Countries Eurobarometer – Standard and Special

Label AfB AmB ArB AsB ABS ESS EVS LB WVS ISSP CSES CDCEE VPS NEB NRB AES EB-CE EB-ACC EB-SS

id_310 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

id_320 | Survey Type (Common) This common variable distinguishes between standard nationally-representative surveys and other kinds of surveys, such as those oversampling demographic groups. 1 = standard, 2 = youth, 3 = employed, 4 = unemployed

Country-Year Variables combining different country variables with the survey year variable (id_200) are provided to facilitate data management and analysis.

id_400 | Country Code and Year This variable combines the numeric country code (id_100) value and year, separated by a decimal place. This is a numeric variable so years ending in 0s are truncated.

id_401 | Country Name and Year This variable combines the short country name (id_101) and year, separated by a space.

id_403 | Country Alpha3 and Year This variable combines the three-letter country alpha3 (id_103) code and year, separated by a space.

25

Country-Survey Variables combining different country variables with the survey round variable (id_300) are provided to facilitate data management and analysis.

id_500 | Country Code and Survey Round This variable combines the numeric country code (id_100) value and survey round, separated by a decimal place. This is a numeric variable so years ending in 0s are truncated.

id_501 | Country Name and Survey Round This variable combines the short country name (id_101) and survey round, separated by a space.

id_503 | Country Alpha3 and Survey Round This variable combines the three-letter country alpha3 (id_103) code and survey round, separated by a space.

Age These survey items measure respondent age.

sd_100 | Age in Years (Common) How old are you? Responses in years. Some surveys use year of birth, so values are calculated by subtracting this year from the interview or data collection year.

sd_103 | Age Categories (Common) This common variable represents age using three categories: 1 = under 30, 2 = 30 to 50, 3 = over 50. Category groupings are not always perfect because some surveys use different age divisions, meaning that some values may represent close approximations within a few years. Table 10 summarises how other variables were recoded. Table 10: Recoding of values to create common age category variable under 30 30 to 50 sd_100 0 – 29.99 30 – 50.99 sd_103a 1 2 sd_104a 1 2 sd_104b 1 2 – 3 sd_104c 1 2 sd_105a 1 2 – 3 sd_106a 1 – 2 3 – 4 sd_106b 1 – 2 3 – 4 sd_106c 1 – 2 3 – 4 sd_107a 1 – 3 4 – 5 sd_107b 1 – 3 4 – 5 sd_107c 1 – 2 3 – 4 sd_108a 1 – 3 4 – 6 sd_108b 1 – 3 4 – 6 sd_110a 1 – 3 4 – 7 26

over 50 51+ 3 3 – 4 4 3 – 4 4 – 5 5 – 6 5 – 6 5 – 6 6 – 7 6 – 7 5 – 7 7 – 8 7 – 8 8 – 10

sd_111a

1 – 3

4 – 7

8 – 11

sd_103a | Age Categories Age of respondent: 3 categories. 1 = under 30, 2 = 30 – 50, 3 = over 50

sd_104a | Age Categories Age of respondent: 4 categories. 1 = under 35, 2 = 35 – 49, 3 = 50 - 64, 4 = over 64

sd_104b | Age Categories Age of respondent: 4 categories. 1 = under 25, 2 = 25 - 39, 3 = 40 - 59, 4 = over 59

sd_104c | Age Categories Age of respondent: 4 categories. 1 = under 30, 2 = 30 – 50, 3 = 51 – 65, 4 = over 65

sd_105a | Age Categories Age of respondent: 5 categories. 1 = under 30, 2 = 30 - 44, 3 = 45 - 59, 4 = 60 - 74, 5 = over 74

sd_106a | Age Categories Age of respondent: 6 categories. 1 = under 20, 2 = 20 - 29, 3 = 30 - 39, 4 = 40 - 49, 5 = 50 - 59, 6 = over 60

sd_106b | Age Categories Age of respondent: 6 categories. 1 = under 18, 2 = 18 - 30, 3 = 31 - 40, 4 = 41 - 50, 5 = 51 - 60, 6 = over 60

sd_106c | Age Categories Age of respondent: 6 categories. 1 = under 25, 2 = 25 - 34, 3 = 35 - 44, 4 = 45 - 54, 5 = 55 - 64, 6 = over 64

sd_107a | Age Categories Age of respondent: 7 categories. 1 = under 20, 2 = 20 - 29, 3 = 30 - 39, 4 = 44 - 49, 5 = 50 - 59, 6 = 60 - 69, 7 = over 69

sd_107b | Age Categories Age of respondent: 7 categories. 1 = under 18, 2 = 18 - 24, 3 = 25 - 34, 4 = 35 - 44, 5 = 45 - 54, 6 = 55 – 64, 7 = over 64

sd_107c | Age Categories Age of respondent: 7 categories. 1 = under 25, 2 = 25 - 34, 3 = 35 - 44, 4 = 45 - 54, 5 = 55 - 64, 6 = 65 - 74, 7 = over 74

sd_108a | Age Categories Age of respondent: 8 categories. 1 = under 20, 2 = 20 - 24, 3 = 25 - 29, 4 = 30 - 34, 5 = 35 - 44, 6 = 45 - 54, 7 = 55 - 64, 8 = over 64

27

sd_108b | Age Categories Age of respondent: 8 categories. 1 = under 20, 2 = 20 - 24, 3 = 25 - 29, 4 = 30 - 34, 5 = 35 - 39, 6 = 40 - 49, 7 = 50 - 59, 8 = over 59

sd_110a | Age Categories Age of respondent: 10 categories. 1 = under 21, 2 = 21 - 24, 3 = 25 - 29, 4 = 30 - 34, 5 = 35 - 39, 6 = 40 - 44, 7 = 45 - 49, 8 = 50 - 54, 9 = 55 - 64, 10 = over 64

sd_111a | Age Categories Age of respondent: 11 categories. 1 = under 20, 2 = 20 - 24, 3 = 25 - 29, 4 = 30 - 34, 5 = 35 - 39, 6 = 40 - 44, 7 = 45 - 49, 8 = 50 - 54, 9 = 55 - 59, 10 = 60 - 64, 11 = over 64

sd_199 | Age in Years (Common)

Gender sd_202 | Gender (Common) This variable indicates whether survey respondents are male or female. This common variable indicates whether respondents are male or female. The same or very similar question is used in all sources. 1 = male, 2 = female

Education sd_303 | Education Level (Common) This common variable categorises respondents within three educational levels. These were estimated based on the age respondents stopped their education or the total years of education respondents indicated they had completed. The education levels of respondents still studying were estimated using age variables if available. The variable thus may not always be completely accurate where these estimates were necessary. Table 11 summarises how other variables were recoded. 1 = primary or lower, 2 = secondary or vocational, 3 = tertiary or higher. Table 11: Recoding of values to create common education level variable primary or lower secondary or vocational tertiary or higher sd_303a 1 2 3 sd_303b 1 2 3 sd_303c 1 2 3 sd_304a 1 2 – 3 4 sd_304b 1 2 – 3 4 sd_304c 1 2 – 3 4 sd_304e 1 2 3 – 4 sd_304f 0 – 1 2 3 sd_305a 1 2 – 3 4 sd_305b 0 – 1 2 – 3 4 sd_305c 0 – 1 2 – 3 4 28

sd_305d sd_305e sd_306a sd_306b sd_306c sd_306d sd_306e sd_306f sd_306g sd_306h sd_306i sd_306j sd_306k sd_306l sd_306m sd_306n sd_306t sd_307a sd_307b sd_307c sd_307d sd_307e sd_307f sd_307g sd_307h sd_307i sd_307j sd_307k sd_307s sd_307t sd_308a sd_308b sd_308c sd_308d sd_308e sd_308f sd_308g sd_308h sd_308i sd_308j sd_308k sd_308l sd_308t sd_309a sd_309b

1 1 0 – 2 0 – 1 1 0 – 1 0 – 1 1 – 2 0 – 1 0 – 1 1 1 – 2 1 1 0 – 1 1 . 0 – 1 1 0 – 1 0 – 2 1 1 0 – 1 1 0 – 1 0 – 2 0 – 1 0 . 0 – 4 0 – 2 1 – 2 1 1 – 2 0 – 2 0 – 2 0 – 1 0 – 2 0 – 1 0 – 2 1 – 2 . 0 – 1 0 – 2

2 – 3 2 – 3 3 – 4 2 – 3 2 – 3 2 – 4 2 – 3 3 – 5 2 – 3 2 – 3 2 – 4 3 – 5 2 – 4 2 – 4 2 – 3 2 – 3 1 – 3 2 – 5 2 – 5 2 – 4 3 – 4 2 – 5 2 – 4 2 – 4 2 – 5 2 – 4 3 – 4 2 – 4 1 - 6 0 – 3 5 – 6 3 – 5 3 – 7 2 – 6 3 – 6 3 – 5 3 – 5 2 – 5 3 – 5 2 – 5 3 – 4 3 – 5 1 – 3 2 – 5 3 – 6 29



4 – 5 4 – 5 5 4 – 5 4 – 6 5 4 – 5 6 4 – 5 4 – 5 5 – 6 6 5 – 6 5 – 6 4 – 5 4 – 6 4 – 6 6 6 – 7 5 – 6 5 – 6 6 – 7 5 – 7 5 – 6 6 – 7 5 – 6 5 – 6 5 – 6 . 4 – 7 7 6 – 7 7 – 8 7 – 8 7 – 8 6 – 7 6 – 7 6 – 7 6 – 7 6 – 7 5 – 7 6 – 8 4 – 8 6 – 8 7 – 8

sd_309c sd_309d sd_309e sd_309f sd_309g sd_309h sd_309i sd_309j sd_309k sd_310a sd_310b sd_310c sd_311a sd_311b sd_381a sd_382a sd_383a sd_390a sd_390b1 sd_390b2 sd_390b3 sd_390c1 sd_390c2 sd_390c3 sd_390c4 sd_390d sd_390s sd_399a sd_399b sd_399c sd_399d sd_399e sd_399f sd_399s sd_399s2 sd_399t1 sd_399t2

0 – 2 0 – 1 0 – 2 0 – 2 0 – 1 0 – 2 0 – 1 1 1 – 2 0 – 2 0 – 2 0 – 3 0 – 2 1 1 – 3 0 – 20 0 – 209 1 – 12 1 – 14 1 – 13 1 – 14 1 – 15 1 – 15 1 – 12 1 – 12 1 – 15 1 – 12 0 – 6 0 – 6 0 – 6 0 – 6 0 – 6 0 – 6 0 – 6 0 – 6 . .

3 – 6 2 – 5 3 – 5 3 – 7 2 – 5 3 – 6 2 – 5 2 – 7 3 – 5 3 – 5 3 – 6 4 – 6 3 – 8 2 – 8 4 – 7 21 – 50 210 – 509 13 – 18 15 – 18 14 – 18 15 – 18 16 – 19 16 – 19 13 – 19 13 – 19 16 – 18 13 – 19 7 – 12 7 – 14 7 – 12 7 – 12 7 – 12 7 – 12 7 – 12 7 – 12 0 – 2 0 – 2

7 – 9 6 – 8 6 – 8 8 – 9 6 – 8 7 – 8 6 – 8 8 – 9 6 – 8 6 – 9 7 – 9 7 – 9 9 – 10 9 – 11 8 – 13 51 – 60 510 – 800 19 – 130 19 – 22 19 – 31 19 – 24 20 20 20 – 21 20 19 . 13 – 130 15 – 130 13 – 130 13 – 19 13 – 130 13 – 130 . . 3 – 30 3 – 30

sd_303a | Education Level What is the highest level of education that you have attained? 1 = primary or lower, 2 = secondary or incomplete higher, 3 = higher completed

sd_303b | Education Level What is the highest level you have reached in your education? Recoded in source. 1 = lower, 2 = middle, 3 = upper 30

sd_303c | Education Level Education: Highest attained. 1 = primary or lower, 2 = secondary, 3 = university or higher

sd_304a | Education Level What is your highest finished education level? 1 = primary or lower, 2 = secondary incomplete, 3 = secondary completed, 4 = university or college

sd_304b | Education Level Educational qualification. 1 = primary or lower, 2 = secondary vocational, 3 = secondary academic, 4 = university or college

sd_304c | Education Level What is your education? 1 = primary or lower, 2 = secondary (junior or lower), 3 = secondary (high school or upper), 4 = college or university

sd_304d | Education Level Highest education attained. Recoded in source. 1 = none or basic, 2 = secondary completed, 3 = university degree completed, 4 = university postgraduate completed

sd_304e | Education Level What was the highest grade, standard, or form you completed? 0 = none, 1 = primary, 2 = secondary, 3 = post-secondary or university

sd_305a | Education Level What is the highest level of education you have completed? 1 = primary or junior high, 2 = secondary or high school, 3 = technical school, 4 = college, 5 = university or post-graduate

sd_305b | Education Level What is the highest level of education you have completed? 0 = none, 1 = primary or junior high, 2 = secondary or high school, 3 = vocational or professional, 4 = university or post-graduate

sd_305c | Education Level Recoding frame based on ISCED-97. 1 = primary or lower, 2 = lower secondary completed, 3 = upper secondary completed, 4 = post-secondary non-tertiary completed, 5 = tertiary completed

sd_305d | Education Level What is the highest level of education you have completed? 1 = elementary, 2 = middle, 3 = high school, 4 = college or university, 5 = university graduate or above

sd_305e | Education Level What is your educational background? 1= secondary incomplete, 2 = secondary complete, 3 = vocational school, 4 = technical college, 5 = some university or higher

sd_306a | Education Level Highest educational qualifications obtained. 0 = none, 1 = primary incomplete, 2 = primary completed, 3 = secondary incomplete, 4 = secondary completed, 5 = university 31

sd_306b | Education Level Level of education. 0 = none, 1 = primary, 2 = preparatory or basic, 3 = secondary, 4 = BA, 5 = MA and above

sd_306c | Education Level What is the highest level of education you have completed? 1 = primary or lower, 2 = junior high or middle, 3 = high school or vocational, 4 = college, 5 = university bachelor, 6 = graduate or above

sd_306d | Education Level What is the highest level of education you have completed? 0 = none, 1 = primary, 2 = lower secondary, 3 = senior secondary, 4 = matriculation, 5 = college or university

sd_306e | Education Level What is the highest level of education you have completed? 0 = none, 1 = elementary or junior high or middle, 2 = high school, 3 = high-school-level vocational or technical, 4 = professional or technical college, 5 = university or graduate

sd_306f | Education Level Highest educational qualifications obtained. 1 = compulsory, 2 = compulsory with vocational, 3 = middle or vocational, 4 = secondary gymnasium completed, 5 = secondary vocational completed, 6 = university

sd_306g | Education Level What is the highest level of education you have completed? 0 = none, 1 = primary, 2 = secondary or O level, 3 = post-secondary technical, 4 = diploma or A level, 5 = university or graduate school

sd_306h | Education Level What is the highest level of education you have completed? 0 = none, 1 = elementary, 2 = junior high or middle, 3 = high school or vocational, 4 = college, 5 = university or postgraduate

sd_306i | Education Level What is your highest level of education? 1 = elementary or lower, 2 = secondary incomplete, 3 = secondary academic complete, 4 = secondary vocational complete, 5 = higher incomplete, 6 = university degree

sd_306j | Education Level What is the highest level of education that you have obtained? 1 = primary or lower, 2 = primary completed or secondary incomplete, 3 = vocational without secondary, 4 = vocational with secondary, 5 = secondary, 6 = higher education

sd_306k | Education Level What is the highest level of education that you have obtained? 1 = primary, 2 = vocational, 3 = technical, 4 = secondary, 5 = college, 6 = university

sd_306l | Education Level Education categories. 1 = primary, 2 = secondary, 3 = high school vocational, 4 = high school academic, 5 = college, 6 = university 32

sd_306m | Education Level What is your highest achieved level of education? 0 = none, 1 = lowest formal qualification, 2 = above lowest qualification, 3 = higher secondary completed, 4 = above higher secondary, 5 = university degree completed

sd_306n | Education Level What was the last year of education you completed? Recoded in source. 1 = no high school, 2 = high school completed, 3 = college incomplete, 4 = tertiary two-year, 5 = tertiary four-year, 6 = tertiary postgraduate

sd_306t | Tertiary Level Have you obtained a trade qualification, a degree or a diploma, or any other qualification since leaving school? What is your highest qualification? 1 = no tertiary, 2 = trade certificate, 3 = professional training, 4 = diploma, 5 = degree, 2 = higher degree

sd_307a | Education Level Highest educational qualifications obtained. 0 = none, 1 = primary, 2 = lower middle, 3 = upper middle vocational, 4 = secondary vocational, 5 = secondary academic, 6 = university degree

sd_307b | Education Level Recoded to European survey version of ISCED. 1 = primary or lower, 2 = lower secondary, 3 = upper secondary (lower tier), 4 = upper secondary (upper tier), 5 = advanced vocational (sub-degree), 6 = tertiary lower (BA), 7 = tertiary higher (MA or higher)

sd_307c | Education Level What was the last educational establishment you attended or are now attending? 0 = none, 1 = primary, 2 = lower middle, 3 = upper middle vocational, 4 = secondary or high school, 5 = gymnasium or university, 6 = other

sd_307d | Education Level Respondent Education. 0 = none, 1 = primary incomplete, 2 = primary completed, 3 = secondary vocational incomplete, 4 = secondary vocational completed, 5 = higher incomplete, 6 = higher completed

sd_307e | Education Level What is your highest level of education? 1 = primary or lower, 2 = secondary incomplete, 3 = vocational without secondary, 4 = secondary, 5 = vocational with secondary, 6 = higher incomplete, 7 = higher completed

sd_307f | Education Level Highest educational qualifications obtained. 1 = primary or less, 2 = trade apprenticeship completed (CSE grades 2-5), 3 = school certificate (O level or CSE grade 1), 4 = higher certificate (A level or matriculation), 5 = higher education below degree, 6 = university degree or diploma, 7 = foreign and other

33

sd_307g | Education Level What is the highest level you have completed in your education? ISCED code. 0 = none or preprimary, 1 = primary completed, 2 = secondary lower, 3 = secondary upper, 4 = post-secondary nontertiary, 5 = tertiary first stage, 6 = tertiary second stage

sd_307h | Education Level What is the highest level of education that you have attained? 1 = primary, 2 = secondary incomplete, 3 = secondary completed, 4 = special secondary incomplete, 5 = special secondary completed, 6 = higher incomplete, 7 = higher completed

sd_307i | Education Level Highest level of formal education. 0 = none, 1 = primary, 2 = secondary lower, 3 = secondary upper, 4 = some tertiary, 5 = trade certificate, 6 = university degree

sd_307j | Education Level Highest educational qualifications obtained. 0 = none or still at school, 1 = primary incomplete, 2 = primary completed, 3 = secondary incomplete, 4 = secondary completed, 5 = university incomplete, 6 = university degree

sd_307k | Education Level Level of education. 0 = none, 1 = primary, 2 = lower secondary, 3= upper secondary, 4 diploma nontertiary, 5 = lower level tertiary (BA), 6 = MA and above

sd_307s | School Level What kind of a complete general school-education do you have? 0 = none or still at school, 1 = school without qualification, 2 = lower secondary, 3 = middle school qualification, 4 = secondary vocational, 5 = secondary academic, 6 = other school qualification

sd_307t | Tertiary Level Have you obtained a trade qualification, a degree or a diploma, or any other qualification since leaving school? 1 = no tertiary, 2 = non-trade qualification, 3 = trade qualification, 4 = associates diploma, 5 = undergraduate diploma, 6 = bachelor degree, 7 = postgraduate degree

sd_308a | Education Level Educational level last followed. 0 = none, 1 = primary, 2 = primary with vocational, 3 = extended, 4 = extended and vocational, 5 = secondary, 6 = secondary with vocational, 7 = university

sd_308b | Education Level Highest education of respondent. 0 = none, 1 = primary incomplete, 2 = primary completed, 3 = secondary incomplete, 4 = secondary completed, 5 = post-secondary vocational, 6 = university incomplete, 7 = university completed

sd_308c | Education Level What is the highest level you have reached in your education? 1 = elementary incomplete, 2 = elementary completed, 3 = secondary vocational incomplete, 4 = secondary vocational completed, 5 = secondary academic incomplete, 6 = secondary academic completed, 7 = university incomplete, 8 = university completed or higher 34

sd_308d | Education Level What is your highest level of education? 1 = primary or lower, 2 = secondary vocational incomplete, 3 = secondary academic incomplete, 4 = secondary vocational completed, 5 = secondary academic completed, 6 = technical college, 7 = university incomplete, 8 = university completed

sd_308e | Education Level Last graduated school. 1 = four classes or lower, 2 = five to eight classes, 3 = nine to ten classes, 4 = vocational school, 5 = high school or post-high school, 6 = college, 7 = university incomplete, 8 = university completed

sd_308f | Education Level What is the highest level you have reached in your education? 0 = none, 1 = elementary, 2 = preparatory or basic, 3 = pre-high school diploma, 4 = secondary, 5 = diploma non-tertiary, 6 = BA, 7 = MA

sd_308g | Education Level What is the highest level of education that you have obtained? 0 = none, 1 = elementary, 2 = primary, 3 = vocational, 4 = secondary, 5 = college, 6 = higher, 7 = above higher

sd_308h | Education Level What is the highest level of education that you have attained? 0 = none, 1 = primary completed, 2 = secondary vocational incomplete, 3 = secondary vocational completed, 4 = secondary academic incomplete, 5 = secondary academic completed, 6 = university incomplete, 7 = university completed

sd_308i | Education Level Completed school grades. 0 = none, 1 = primary incomplete, 2 = primary completed, 3 = secondary vocational, 4 = post-secondary vocational, 5 = secondary academic, 6 = university incomplete, 7 = university completed

sd_308j | Education Level How far did you go in school? 0 = none, 1 = primary, 2 = secondary incomplete, 3 = secondary completed, 4 = college incomplete, 5 = college completed, 6 = university completed, 7 = graduate school

sd_308k | Education Level Education categories. Aggregated scale. 0 = none, 1 = primary incomplete, 2 = primary completed, 3 = secondary incomplete, 4 = secondary completed, 5 = university incomplete, 6 = university completed, 7 = other

sd_308l | Education Level What was the last year of education you completed? 1 = primary incomplete, 2 = primary completed, 3 = secondary incomplete, 4 = secondary completed, 5 = technical college, 6 = university incomplete, 7 = university completed, 8 = university postgraduate

sd_308t | Tertiary Level Have you obtained a trade qualification, a degree or a diploma, or any other qualification since leaving school? What is your highest qualification? 1 = no tertiary, 2 = non-trade qualification, 3 = 35

trade qualification, 4 = associates diploma, 5 = undergraduate diploma, 6= bachelor degree, 7 = postgraduate diploma, 8 = higher degree (MA or PhD)

sd_309a | Education Level What is the highest level of education you have completed? 0 = none, 1 = grades one to five, 2 = grades six to nine, 3 = grades ten to twelve, 4 = college incomplete, 5 = college completed, 6 = university incomplete, 7 = university completed, 8 = university postgraduate

sd_309b | Education Level Highest educational qualifications obtained. 0 = none, 1 = primary incomplete, 2 = primary completed, 3 = lower secondary incomplete, 4 = lower secondary completed, 5 = upper secondary incomplete, 6 = upper secondary completed, 7 = university incomplete, 8 = university completed

sd_309c | Education Level Highest educational qualifications obtained. 0 = none or still at school, 1 = school without qualification, 2 = lower secondary completed, 3 = middle qualification and vocational, 4 = secondary vocational completed, 5 = abitur, 6 = other school qualification, 7 = higher degree below university, 8 = university degree

sd_309d | Education Level Highest educational qualifications obtained. 1 = none or primary incomplete, 2 = primary completed, 3 = secondary incomplete, 4 = trade or other certificate, 5 = secondary completed, 6 = secondary and trade certificate, 7 = diploma, 8 = bachelor, 9 = higher degree

sd_309e | Education Level What is your highest level of education? 1 = primary incomplete, 2 = primary completed, 3 = basic vocational, 4 = secondary vocational incomplete, 5 = secondary vocational completed, 6 = secondary academic completed, 7 = college two years, 8 = bachelor incomplete, 9 = university degree completed

sd_309f | Education Level What is your highest level of education? 1 = primary incomplete, 2 = primary completed, 3 = secondary vocational incomplete, 4 = secondary academic incomplete, 5 = secondary vocational completed, 6 = secondary academic completed, 7 = post-secondary vocational, 8 = university incomplete, 9 = university completed

sd_309g | Education Level What kind of highest school qualification do you have? 0 = none or still at school, 1 = primary, 2 = secondary, 3 = middle school incomplete, 4 = technical qualification, 5 = middle school completed, 6 = teachers training, 7 = university incomplete, 8 = university completed

sd_309h | Education Level What is the highest level of education that you have attained? 0 = none, 1 = primary incomplete, 2 = primary complete, 3 = vocational incomplete, 4 = vocational completed, 5 = secondary incomplete, 6 = secondary completed, 7 = tertiary incomplete, 8 = tertiary completed

36

sd_309i | Education Level Name the school you completed, regularly or while working. 1 = primary four years or lower, 2 = primary four to eight years, 3 = vocational incomplete, 4 = vocational completed, 5 = middle school incomplete, 6 = middle school completed, 7 = university or higher degree incomplete, 8 = higher degree, 9 = university completed

sd_309j | Education Level Education categories. 1 = primary or lower, 2 = secondary incomplete, 3 = secondary incomplete and professional, 4 = secondary completed and professional, 5 = secondary completed, 6 = secondary and elementary vocational, 7 = secondary and extended vocational, 8 = university incomplete, 9 = university completed

sd_309k | Education Level Education categories. 0 = none, 1 = primary incomplete, 2 = primary completed, 3 = secondary incomplete, 4 = secondary completed, 5 = vocational, 6 = college incomplete, 7 = college completed, 8 = post-graduate

sd_310a | Education Level What is your highest level of education? 0 = none, 1 = pre-primary, 2 = primary, 3 = lower secondary, 4 = upper secondary, 5 = post-secondary non-tertiary, 6 = tertiary diploma, 7 = tertiary bachelor, 8 = tertiary masters, 9 = tertiary doctoral

sd_310b | Education Level What is your highest level of education? 0 = none, 1 = primary incomplete, 2 = primary completed, 3 = secondary vocational incomplete, 4 = secondary vocational completed, 5 = secondary academic incomplete, 6 = secondary academic completed, 7 = tertiary diploma, 8 = tertiary bachelor, 9 = tertiary post-graduate

sd_310c | Education Level What is the highest level of education you have completed? 0 = none, 1 = informal schooling, 2 = primary incomplete, 3 = primary completed, 4 = secondary incomplete, 5 = secondary completed, 6 = post-secondary non-university, 7 = university incomplete, 8 = university completed, 9 = postgraduate

sd_311a | Education Level What is the highest level of education that you have obtained? 0 = none, 1 = primary incomplete, 2 = primary completed, 3 = vocational incomplete, 4 = vocational completed, 5 = secondary incomplete, 6 = secondary completed, 7 = secondary vocational, 8 = post-secondary non-tertiary, 9 = tertiary incomplete, 10 = tertiary completed

sd_311b | Education Level What is your highest level of education? 1 = primary or lower, 2 = secondary incomplete, 3 = secondary no certificate, 4 = secondary vocational incomplete, 5 = secondary academic or vocational, 6 = secondary academic, 7 = vocational and secondary, 8 = technical college, 9 = university incomplete, 10 = university completed, 11 = university postgraduate

37

sd_381a | Education Recoded What is the highest level you have completed in your education? 1 = 1a incomplete general; 2 = 1b general elementary; 3 = 1c basic vocational qualification or general elementary and vocational qualification; 4 = 2a intermediate vocational qualification or intermediate general qualification and vocational qualification; 5 = 2b intermediate general qualification; 6 = 2c_gen general maturity certificate; 7 = 2c_voc vocational maturity certificate, general maturity certificate and vocational qualification; 8 = 3a lower tertiary; 9 = 3a_gen lower tertiary general diplomas; 10 = 3a_voc lower tertiary diplomas with vocational emphasis; 11 = 3b higher tertiary; 12 = 3b_low higher tertiary lower level; 13 = 3b_high higher tertiary higher level

sd_382a | Education Recoded ISCED Recoding (two digits). 0 = pre-primary or none; 10 = primary or first stage basic; 11 = primary or first stage basic; 21 = general lower secondary or second stage basic; 22 = pre-vocational lower secondary or second stage basic; 23 = vocational lower secondary or second stage basic; 31 = general (upper) secondary; 32 = pre-vocational (upper) secondary; 33 = vocational (upper) secondary; 40 = post-secondary non-tertiary; 41 = post-secondary non-tertiary; 42 = post-secondary non-tertiary; 43 = post-secondary non-tertiary; 51 = first stage of tertiary (general); 52 = first stage of tertiary (vocational); 60 = second stage of tertiary

sd_383a | Education Recoded ISCED Recoding (three digits). 0 = ISCED level 1 incomplete; 100 = primary or first stage of basic; 110 = primary or first stage of basic; 113 = ISCED 1, primary completed; 129 = vocational ISCED 2C less than 2 years, no access ISCED 3; 210 = 2A general lower secondary or second stage basic; 212 = general/pre-vocational ISCED 2A/2B, access ISCED 3 vocational; 213 = general ISCED 2A, access ISCED 3A general; 220 = 2B pre-vocational lower secondary or second stage basic; 221 = vocational ISCED 2C two or more years, no access ISCED 3; 222 = vocational ISCED 2A/2B, access ISCED 3 vocational; 223 = vocational ISCED 2, access ISCED 3 general; 229 = vocational ISCED 3C less than 2 years, no access ISCED 5; 230 = 2C vocational lower secondary or second stage basic; 310 = 3A general (upper) secondary; 311 = general ISCED 3 two or more years, no access ISCED 5; 312 = general ISCED 3A/3B, access ISCED 5B/lower tier 5A; 313 general ISCED 3A, access upper tier ISCED 5A general; 320 = 3B pre-vocational (upper) secondary; 321 = vocational ISCED 3C >= 2 years, no access ISCED 5; 322 = vocational ISCED 3A, access ISCED 5B/ lower tier 5A; 323 = vocational ISCED 3A, access upper tier ISCED 5A general; 330 = 3C vocational or technical (upper) secondary; 400 = 4 post-secondary non-tertiary; 410 = 4A post-secondary non-tertiary; 420 = 4B post-secondary nontertiary; 412 = general ISCED 4A/4B, access ISCED 5B/lower tier 5A; 413 = general ISCED 4A, access upper tier ISCED 5A general; 421 = ISCED 4 programmes without access ISCED 5; 422 = vocational ISCED 4A/4B, access ISCED 5B/lower tier 5A; 423 = vocational ISCED 4A, access upper tier ISCED 5A general; 430 = 4C post-secondary non-tertiary; 510 = ISCED 5A short, intermediate/academic/general tertiary below; 511 = 5A first degree, first stage tertiary general; 512 = 5A second degree, first stage tertiary general; 513 = 5A third degree, first stage tertiary general; 520 = ISCED 5B short, advanced vocational qualifications, first stage tertiary vocational; 600 = 6 second stage tertiary; 601 = 6 first degree, second stage tertiary; 603 = 6 second degree, second stage tertiary; 610 = ISCED 5A medium, bachelor/equivalent lower tier tertiary; 620 = ISCED 5A medium, bachelor/equivalent upper/single tier; 710 = ISCED 5A long, master/equivalent lower tier tertiary; 720 = ISCED 5A long, master/equivalent upper/single tier tertiary; 800 = ISCED 6, doctoral degree 38

sd_390a | Age Stopped Education How old were you when you stopped full-time education? 0 = still studying, 1 = no education, AGE

sd_390b1 | Age Stopped Education How old were you when you finished your full-time education? 0 = still studying, 1 = no education, 14 = fourteen or lower, AGE, 22 = twenty-two and older

sd_390b2 | Age Stopped Education How old were you when you finished your full-time education? 13 = thirteen or younger, AGE, 22 = twenty-two to twenty-five, 26 = twenty-six to thirty, 31 = thirty-one or older

sd_390b3 | Age Stopped Education At what age did you leave school or university? 0 = still studying, 1 = no education, 14 = fourteen or lower, AGE, 22 = twenty-two or twenty-three, 24 = over twenty-three

sd_390c1 | Age Stopped Education Age of completing full-time education. 0 = still studying, AGE, 15 = fifteen or lower, 16 = sixteen to nineteen, 20 = twenty or older

sd_390c2 | Age Stopped Education Age of completing full-time education. AGE, 15 = fifteen or lower, 16 = sixteen to nineteen, 20 = twenty or older

sd_390c3 | Age Stopped Education And what age did you (will you) complete your full-time education? 0 = still studying, 1 = no education, 12 = twelve or lower, AGE, 21 = twenty-one and older

sd_390c4 | Age Stopped Education Age when finished education. AGE, 20 = twenty and older

sd_390d | Age Stopped Education Age of completing full-time education. 0 = still studying, 15 = fifteen or lower, 16 = sixteen, 17 = seventeen or eighteen, 19 = nineteen or older

sd_390s | Age Stopped School How old were you when you left secondary school? 0 = still studying, AGE

sd_399a | Years of Education Recoded variable. -1 = still at school, -2 = still at college, 0 = no education, YEARS

sd_399b | Years of Education What level of education do you have? What was the last year you completed? -1 = still studying, 0 = no education, YEARS, 13 = secondary or vocational incomplete, 14 = secondary or vocational completed, 15 = university incomplete, 16 = university completed,

39

sd_399c | Years of Education How many years of schooling have you completed? 0 = none, 1-6 = primary, 7-12 = secondary, 1318 = tertiary, 19+ = tertiary postgraduate

sd_399d | Years of Education How many years in general have you studied? (Consider years at primary school to university). 5 = five or fewer, 6 = six or seven, 8 = eight, 9 = nine to eleven, 12 = twelve or thirteen, 14 = fourteen to sixteen, 17 = seventeen or eighteen, 19 = nineteen or more

sd_399e | Years of Education Years in school. Incomplete education and other than full time schooling also included. -1 = still at school, -2 = still at college, 0 = no education, 1 = only compulsory, YEARS

sd_399f | Years of Education How many years of formal education you have received? YEARS

sd_399s | Years of School What is the highest grade or year of (primary and secondary) school you have completed? 0 = none, 1-6 = primary, 7-12 = secondary

sd_399s2 | Years of Secondary How many years have you been in secondary school? YEARS

sd_399t1 | Years of Tertiary In all, how many years of tertiary education have you completed since you left secondary school? Count universities, CAE’s and such but not apprenticeships. If your tertiary education was part-time give the number of years of full-time study that would be the equivalent. YEARS

sd_399t2 | Years of Tertiary In all, how many years of tertiary education have you completed since you left secondary school? Count universities, CAE’s and such but not apprenticeships. If your tertiary education was part-time give the number of years of full-time study that would be the equivalent. YEARS, 9 = nine or more

Income These survey items measure respondent income. Most measure household income.

sd_403 | Income Groups (Common) This common variable categorises respondents into three income groups. It was created by supplementing a three-category variable (sd_403a) with the common income quartile variable (sd_404) using merged middle quartiles, as outlined in Table 12. This variable merges values from two other variables to produce a widely available income variable. It includes the three categories of household income (sd_403a). It also includes the merged income quartiles (sd_404) by combining the middle two quartiles. The values thus approximate the lowest 25%, middle 50%, and highest 25% within each country-survey observation. These exact percentages are difficult to achieve, so the variable represents an approximate income grouping. 1 = lower Income, 2 = middle income, 3 = higher income 40

Table 12: Recoding of values to create common income group variable Lower Middle sd_403a 1 2 sd_404 1 2 – 3

Higher 3 4

sd_403a | Income Categories Household income. 1 = low or medium low, 2 = middle or medium high, 3 = high

sd_404 | Income Quartiles (Common) This common variable combines other income variables by dividing them into quartiles within country-survey observations. This means respondents’ quartiles represent their position relative to other respondents within the same country within the same survey round. This process was applied to variables with answer scales over four and the values are often estimates of quartiles. 1 = lowest quartile, 2 = middle lowest, 3 = middle highest, 4 = highest quartile

sd_404a | Income Quartiles A harmonised variable constructed to approximate quartiles. 1 = lowest quartile, 2 = second lowest, 3 = second highest, 4 = highest quartile

sd_404b | Without Cash Income In the past twelve months, how often have you or your family: gone without a cash income? 1 = always, 2 = frequently, 3 = occasionally, 4 = never

sd_404c | Subjective Income Does the salary you receive and your total family income allow you to satisfactorily cover your needs? Which of the following situations do you find yourself in? 1 = does not cover them, there are great difficulties; 2 = does not cover them, there are difficulties; 3 = covers them alright, without great difficulty; 4 = covers them well, I can save

sd_405a | Income Quintiles Household income quintile appropriate to the respondent. 1 = lowest 20%, 2 = second lowest 20%, 3 = middle 20%, 4 = second highest 20%, 5 = highest 20%. Alternative in income levels: 1 = low, 2 = medium low, 3 = medium, 4 = medium high, 5 = high

sd_405b | Without Cash Income Over the past year, how often, if ever, have you or anyone in your family gone without: A cash income? 1 = always, 2 = many times, 3 = several times, 4 = just once or twice, 5 = never

sd_490a | Income Categories Categories of income. Values represent different amount ranges depending on the survey round and county. See original survey documentation for specific details. 0 = no income or lowest category

sd_499a | Income Amount Amount in currency. Currencies and timeframes differ between country and survey round. See original survey documentation for specific details. 0 = no income or lowest amount 41

Data Sources The following is a list of the original sources of public opinion data. For brevity one reference is provided per source and access dates are omitted. There are almost four hundred survey rounds from these sources. A list of source datasets is available in Appendix A. For full citations and bibliographic information please visit the websites listed with each source below. Authors are listed as the survey source acronyms, which were previously defined on page 25. A list of original variables is available in Appendix B. ABS (2001-2010). Asian Barometer Survey Data, Waves 1 - 3, www.asianbarometer.org. AES (1987-2016). Australian Election Study, Voter Studies 1987-2016, www.australianelectionstudy.org. AfB (1999-2015). Afrobarometer Data, Rounds 1-6. www.afrobarometer.org. AmB (2004-2014). The AmericasBarometer, 2004 - 2014. Latin American Public Opinion Project (LAPOP). www.lapopsurveys.org. ArB (2006-2014). Arab Barometer Data. Waves I - III, www.arabbarometer.org. AsB (2003-2007). AsiaBarometer Survey Data, 2003 - 2007. www.asiabarometer.org. CDCEE (1990-2001). Consolidation of Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe, Cumulation PCP I and II, www.gesis.org. CSES (1996-2013). Comparative Study of Electoral Systems, Modules 1 - 4, www.cses.org. EB-ACC (2000-2004). Applicant and Candidate Countries Eurobarometer, Studies 00 - 2004.1. European Commission, www.gesis.org. EB-CE (1990-1997). Central and Eastern Eurobarometer, Studies 1 - 8. European Commission, www.gesis.org. EB-SS (1962-2016). Standard and Special Eurobarometer, Waves 0 - 86.1. European Commission. Brussels, www.gesis.org. ESS (2002-2015). European Social Survey Data, Rounds 1-7. Norwegian Centre for Research Data. Norway, www.europeansocialsurvey.org. EVS (1981-2009). European Values Study, Integrated Datasets for Waves 1-4. www.europeanvaluesstudy.eu. ISSP (1985-2015). International Social Survey Programme, all topic datasets for 1985-2015. www.issp.org, GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. Klassen, A. (2018). Human Understanding Measured Across National (HUMAN) Surveys: Respondent Data, Harvard Dataverse. LB (1995-2015). Latinobarómetro, Surveys 1995 - 2015. www.latinobarometro.org. 42

NEB (1991-2005). New Europe Barometer Surveys, Rounds I - VII. Centre for the Study of Public Policy. Glasgow, Scotland, www.cspp.strath.ac.uk. NRB (1992-2009). New Russia Barometer, Rounds I - XVIII. Centre for the Study of Public Policy. Glasgow, Scotland www.cspp.strath.ac.uk. VPS (2000-2012). Voice of the People Series, Annual and End of Year Surveys 2000 - 2012. Gallup International Association, www.icpsr.umich.edu. WVS (1981-2014). World Values Survey Data, Waves 1-6. www.worldvaluessurvey.org.



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Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Azerbaijan Argentina Australia Austria Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Armenia Belgium Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia & Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Belize Brunei Bulgaria Myanmar Burundi Belarus Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cabo Verde Sri Lanka Chile China Taiwan Colombia Congo, Dem. Rep. Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Benin Denmark Dominican Republic

id_100 4 8 12 20 31 32 36 40 44 48 50 51 56 64 68 70 72 76 84 96 100 104 108 112 116 120 124 132 144 152 156 158 170 180 188 191 196 203 204 208 214

id_100b 700 339 615 232 373 160 900 305 31 692 771 371 211 760 145 346 571 140 80 835 355 775 516 370 811 471 20 402 780 155 710 713 100 490 94 344 352 316 434 390 42 44



id_103 AFG ALB DZA AND AZE ARG AUS AUT BHS BHR BGD ARM BEL BTN BOL BIH BWA BRA BLZ BRN BGR MMR BDI BLR KHM CMR CAN CPV LKA CHL CHN TWN COL COD CRI HRV CYP CZE BEN DNK DOM

id_103a AFG ALB DZA AND AZE ARG AUS AUT BHS BHR BGD ARM BEL BTN BOL BIH BWA BRA BLZ BRN BGR MMR BDI BLR KHM CMR CAN CPV LKA CHL CHN TWN COL COD CRI HRV CYP CZE BEN DNK DOM

id_103b AFG ALB ALG AND AZE ARG AUL AUS BHM BAH BNG ARM BEL BHU BOL BOS BOT BRA BLZ BRU BUL MYA BUI BLR CAM CAO CAN CAP SRI CHL CHN TAW COL DRC COS CRO CYP CZR BEN DEN DOM

Ecuador El Salvador Ethiopia Estonia Fiji Finland France Gabon Georgia Palestine Germany Germany, East Germany, West Ghana Greece Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Kosovo Cote d'Ivoire Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Jordan Kenya South Korea Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Lebanon Lesotho

218 222 231 233 242 246 250 266 268 275 276 278 280 288 300 320 328 332 340 344 348 352 356 360 364 368 372 376 380 381 384 388 392 398 400 404 410 414 417 418 422 426

130 92 530 366 950 375 220 481 372 . 255 265 260 452 350 90 110 41 91 . 310 395 750 850 630 645 205 666 325 347 437 51 740 705 663 501 732 690 703 812 660 570

ECU SLV ETH EST FJI FIN FRA GAB GEO PSE DEU GDR DDR GHA GRC GTM GUY HTI HND HKG HUN ISL IND IDN IRN IRQ IRL ISR ITA KOS CIV JAM JPN KAZ JOR KEN KOR KWT KGZ LAO LBN LSO 45



ECU SLV ETH EST FJI FIN FRA GAB GEO PSE DEU . DDR GHA GRC GTM GUY HTI HND HKG HUN ISL IND IDN IRN IRQ IRL ISR ITA KOS CIV JAM JPN KAZ JOR KEN KOR KWT KGZ LAO LBN LSO

ECU SAL ETH EST FIJ FIN FRN GAB GRG . GMY GDR GFR GHA GRC GUA GUY HAI HON . HUN ICE IND INS IRN IRQ IRE ISR ITA KOS CDI JAM JPN KZK JOR KEN ROK KUW KYR LAO LEB LES

Latvia Liberia Libya Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Mauritius Mexico Mongolia Moldova Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Norway Pakistan Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda Sao Tome & Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia

428 430 434 440 442 450 454 458 462 466 470 480 484 496 498 499 504 508 516 524 528 554 558 562 566 578 586 591 600 604 608 616 620 630 634 642 643 646 678 682 686 688

367 450 620 368 212 580 553 820 781 432 338 590 70 712 359 341 600 541 565 790 210 920 93 436 475 385 770 95 150 135 840 290 235 . 694 360 365 517 403 670 433 .

LVA LBR LBY LTU LUX MDG MWI MYS MDV MLI MLT MUS MEX MNG MDA MNE MAR MOZ NAM NPL NLD NZL NIC NER NGA NOR PAK PAN PRY PER PHL POL PRT PRI QAT ROU RUS RWA STP SAU SEN SRB 46



LVA LBR LBY LTU LUX MDG MWI MYS MDV MLI MLT MUS MEX MNG MDA MNE MAR MOZ NAM NPL NLD NZL NIC NER NGA NOR PAK PAN PRY PER PHL POL PRT PRI QAT ROU RUS RWA STP SAU SEN SRB

LAT LBR LIB LIT LUX MAG MAW MAL MAD MLI MLT MAS MEX MON MLD MNG MOR MZM NAM NEP NTH NEW NIC NIR NIG NOR PAK PAN PAR PER PHI POL POR . QAT ROM RUS RWA STP SAU SEN .

Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Viet Nam Slovenia South Africa Zimbabwe Spain South Sudan Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Tajikistan Thailand Togo Trinidad & Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine Macedonia Egypt United Kingdom Tanzania United States Burkina Faso Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia

694 702 703 704 705 710 716 724 728 729 740 748 752 756 762 764 768 780 788 792 795 800 804 807 818 826 834 840 854 858 860 862 887 890 894

451 830 317 816 349 560 552 230 626 625 115 572 380 225 702 800 461 52 616 640 701 500 369 343 651 200 510 2 439 165 704 101 679 345 551

SLE SGP SVK VNM SVN ZAF ZWE ESP SSD SDN SUR SWZ SWE CHE TJK THA TGO TTO TUN TUR TKM UGA UKR MKD EGY GBR TZA USA BFA URY UZB VEN YEM YUB ZMB



47

SLE SGP SVK VNM SVN ZAF ZWE ESP SSD SDN SUR SWZ SWE CHE TJK THA TGO TTO TUN TUR TKM UGA UKR MKD EGY GBR TZA USA BFA URY UZB VEN YEM . ZMB

SIE SIN SLO DRV SLV SAF ZIM SPN SSD SUD SUR SWA SWD SWZ TAJ THI TOG TRI TUN TUR TKM UGA UKR MAC EGY UKG TAZ USA BFO URU UZB VEN YEM YUG ZAM

Appendix A Table 13 lists the source datasets used to create HUMAN Surveys. Files have ‘.dta’ extensions, but some datasets were converted from other file formats (for example, SPSS). For brevity, survey sources are listed by their acronyms as defined on page 25. Table 13: Source dataset files by survey round Survey Source Dataset AfB 1 merged_r1a_data.dta AfB 2 merged_r2_data.dta AfB 3 merged_r3_data.dta AfB 4 merged_r4_data.dta AfB 5 merged_r5_data_0.dta AfB 6 merged_r6_data_2016_36countries2.dta AmB 2004 Bolivia 1850392185Bolivia 2004 Export Version.dta AmB 2004 Colombia 1646122709Colombia2004_Rev1_W.dta AmB 2004 Costa Rica 40983343costa rica 2004 export version.dta AmB 2004 Dominican 791545326dominican_republic_2004_export_version.dta Republic AmB 2004 Ecuador 659211609ecuador 2004 corrected version 07252007.dta AmB 2004 El Salvador 1762554388el salvador 2004 export version.dta AmB 2004 Guatemala 1111117573guatemala 2004 export version.dta AmB 2004 Honduras 1997861390honduras 2004 export version.dta AmB 2004 Mexico 642348348mexico 2004 export version.dta AmB 2004 Nicaragua 391078924nicaragua 2004 full and export version.dta AmB 2004 Panama 1842129152panama 2004 export version.dta AmB 2005 Colombia 84187789Colombia2005_Rev1_W.dta AmB 2006 Bolivia 2058884692bolivia_lapop_2006_national_only_v5_3_final.dta AmB 2006 Brazil 2138048899brazil_lapop_dims final 2007 v5.dta AmB 2006 Canada 1404159570final canada dataset n=601.dta AmB 2006 Chile 711355408chile_lapop_final 2006 data set 092906.dta AmB 2006 Colombia 1015072250Colombia2006_Rev1_W.dta AmB 2006 Costa Rica 763300781costa rica_lapop_final 2006 data set v2.dta AmB 2006 Dominican 1564237303dr_lapop_final 2006 data set v2.dta Republic AmB 2006 Ecuador 931118920ecuador national 2006.dta AmB 2006 El Salvador 223466081el salvador_lapop_final 2006 data set 092906.dta AmB 2006 Guatemala 784250406guatemala_ lapop_final 2006 data set 092906.dta AmB 2006 Guyana 1945935370guyana_lapop_final_data_set_01172007_v2.dta AmB 2006 Haiti 20498087haiti_lapop_final 2006 data set 10162006 english.dta AmB 2006 Honduras 1631591650honduras_lapop_final 2006 data set 092906.dta AmB 2006 Jamaica 403941382jamaica_lapop_final 2006 data set 092906.dta AmB 2006 Mexico 518939279mexico_lapop_final 2006 data set 092906 AmB 2006 Nicaragua 701391122nicaragua_lapop_final 2006 data set 092906.dta AmB 2006 Panama 2003364147panama_lapop_final 2006 data set 092906.dta AmB 2006 Paraguay 815063198paraguay_lapop_dims_ 2006 final data set 121806 v 2.dta 48

AmB 2006 Peru AmB 2006 USA AmB 2006 Uruguay AmB 2006 Venezuela AmB 2007 Colombia AmB 2008 Argentina AmB 2008 Belize AmB 2008 Bolivia AmB 2008 Brazil AmB 2008 Canada AmB 2008 Chile AmB 2008 Colombia AmB 2008 Costa Rica AmB 2008 Dominican Republic AmB 2008 Ecuador AmB 2008 El Salvador AmB 2008 Guatemala AmB 2008 Guyana AmB 2008 Haiti AmB 2008 Honduras AmB 2008 Jamaica AmB 2008 Mexico AmB 2008 Nicaragua AmB 2008 Panama AmB 2008 Paraguay AmB 2008 Peru AmB 2008 USA AmB 2008 Uruguay AmB 2008 Venezuela AmB 2009 Colombia AmB 2010 Argentina AmB 2010 Belize AmB 2010 Bolivia AmB 2010 Brazil AmB 2010 Chile AmB 2010 Colombia AmB 2010 Costa Rica AmB 2010 Dominican Republic

1850500294peru_lapop_final 2006 national data set 092906.dta 238891401usa final dataset.dta 1120958680uruguay_lapop_dims_2007 data set.dta 1380933774venezuela_lapop_dims 2007 data set.dta 274715745Colombia2007_Rev1_W.dta 445129548argentina_lapop_dims_2008_final_data_set_v10.dta 1620598704belize_lapop_dims_2008_final_data_set_v2.dta 714146726bolivia_lapop_dims_2008_v11.dta 30541815brazil_lapop_dims_2008_final_data_set_v10.dta 31086009canada_lapop_dims_2008_data_set_v10.dta 2104586384chile_lapop_final_2008_final_data_set_v11.dta 1747696808Colombia2008_Rev1_W.dta 182993535costa_rica_lapop_dims_2008_final_data_set_v10.dta" 574037720republica_dominicana_lapop_dims_2008_v11.dta 600372706ecuador_lapop_dims_2008_final_data_set_v10.dta 1698154699el_salvador_lapop_dims_2008_final_lapop08_v10.dta 130872853guatemala_lapop_dims_2008_final_data_set_v10.dta 996997807guyana_lapop_2008_final_data_set_v3.dta 1206410363haiti_lapop_dims_2008_data_set_v10.dta 1645121539honduras_lapop_dims_2008_final_data_set_v10.dta 483150809jamaica_lapop_dims_data_set_national_only_v11.dta 886309252Mexico_2008_LAPOP_DIMS final data set v10.dta 1140403949nicaragua_lapop_dims_2008_final_data_set_v10.dta 1964581143panama_lapop_dims_2008_final_data_set_v10.dta 1810845452paraguay_lapop_dims_2008_final_datas_set_v10.dta 341893243peru_lapop_dims_2008_final_data_set_v10.dta 1854332915usa_lapop_2008_final_dataset_v10.dta 164821281uruguay_lapop_dims_2008_final_data_set_v10.dta 682717176venezuela_lapop_dims_2008_final_data_set_v10.dta 754888614Colombia2009_Rev1_W.dta 924077670Argentina_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set approved v3.dta 1332767016Belice_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set approved v3.dta 1748144313Bolivia_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set approved v3.dta 7948266051039660950Brazil_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set approved v4.dta 1217681709Chile_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set approved v4.dta 1827093199Colombia2010_Rev1_W.dta 1053578213Costa Rica_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set revised V4.dta 381781810Dominican Rep_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set approved v3.dta 49



AmB 2010 Ecuador AmB 2010 El Salvador AmB 2010 Guatemala AmB 2010 Guyana AmB 2010 Haiti AmB 2010 Honduras AmB 2010 Jamaica AmB 2010 Mexico AmB 2010 Nicaragua AmB 2010 Panama AmB 2010 Paraguay AmB 2010 Peru AmB 2010 Suriname AmB 2010 Trinidad AmB 2010 USA AmB 2010 Uruguay AmB 2010 Venezuela AmB 2011 Colombia AmB 2012 Argentina AmB 2012 Belize AmB 2012 Bolivia AmB 2012 Brazil AmB 2012 Canada AmB 2012 Chile AmB 2012 Colombia AmB 2012 Costa Rica AmB 2012 Dominican Republic AmB 2012 Ecuador

152597287Ecuador_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set approved v3.dta 316969358El Salvador_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set approved v3.dta 305797627Guatemala_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set approved V3.dta 2094321522Guyana_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set approved_V3.dta 1934955590Haiti_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set original v1 English.dta 1418722138Honduras_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set approved v3.dta 1813458450Jamaica_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set approved v3.dta 2054050000Mexico_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set approved V5.dta 1020120195Nicaragua_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set revised V3 approved.dta 1390794604Panama LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2010 V3 APPROVED FEB 17.dta 988869591Paraguay_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set approved v4.dta 856894271Peru_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set approved V3.dta 132981347Suriname_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set original v1.dta 464873967Trinidad_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set approved V3.dta 1954363083US_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set original V1.dta 1109346770Uruguay_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set APPROVED V3.dta 1451946926Venezuela_LAPOP_AmericasBarometer 2010 data set APPROVED v3.dta 1329454000Colombia2011_Rev1_W.dta 1240357522Argentina LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 201493230Belize LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 1852710534Bolivia LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 54861031Brazil LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 1921596816Canada LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 420502678Chile LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 1553850479Colombia LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 2054788361CostaRica LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 1076064826DomRep LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 1782383684Ecuador LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 50



AmB 2012 El Salvador AmB 2012 Guatemala AmB 2012 Guyana AmB 2012 Haiti AmB 2012 Honduras AmB 2012 Jamaica AmB 2012 Mexico AmB 2012 Nicaragua AmB 2012 Panama AmB 2012 Paraguay AmB 2012 Peru AmB 2012 Suriname AmB 2012 Trinidad & Tobago AmB 2012 USA AmB 2012 Uruguay AmB 2012 Venezuela AmB 2013 Colombia AmB 2014 Argentina AmB 2014 Bahamas AmB 2014 Belize AmB 2014 Bolivia AmB 2014 Brazil AmB 2014 Canada AmB 2014 Chile AmB 2014 Colombia AmB 2014 Costa Rica AmB 2014 Dominican Republic AmB 2014 Ecuador AmB 2014 El Salvador AmB 2014 Guatemala AmB 2014 Guyana AmB 2014 Haiti AmB 2014 Honduras AmB 2014 Jamaica AmB 2014 Mexico AmB 2014 Nicaragua AmB 2014 Panama AmB 2014 Paraguay AmB 2014 Peru AmB 2014 Suriname AmB 2014 Trinidad & Tobago AmB 2014 USA AmB 2014 Uruguay

1126250629ElSalvador LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 2041873797Guatemala LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 389696727Guyana LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 895963730Haiti LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 42768395Honduras LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 2063856507Jamaica LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 641926122Mexico LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 860821151Nicaragua LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 1012668426Panama LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 1346923279Paraguay LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 1347834535Peru LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 108630764Suriname LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 1496679067TrinandTob LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 241473079UnitedStates LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 878322670Uruguay LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 256579462Venezuela LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2012 Rev1_W.dta 1734936926Colombia LAPOP 2013_W.dta 748817148Argentina LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 1835739868Bahamas LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 697148659Belize LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 1998518191Bolivia LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 523605379Brazil LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 534957053Canada LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 2099463997Chile LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 348631535Colombia LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 855715949CostaRica LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 1187204190Dominican Republic LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 1811300143Ecuador LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 1197024678ElSalvador LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 1129312189Guatemala LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 1857469231Guyana LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 103360760Haiti LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 1729948515Honduras LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 1921052749Jamaica LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 307158358Mexico LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 655809018Nicaragua LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 356601958Panama LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 1968349953Paraguay LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 946511159Peru LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 1865612187Suriname LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 907340794Trinidad&Tobago LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 68493109UnitedStates LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 2111629599Uruguay LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta 51

AmB 2014 Venezuela ArB I ArB II ArB III AsB 2003 AsB 2004 AsB 2005 AsB 2006 AsB 2007 AsnB 1 AsnB 2 AsnB 3 ESS 1 ESS 2 ESS 3 ESS 4 ESS 5 ESS 6 ESS 7 EVS 1 EVS 2 EVS 3 EVS 4 LB 1995 LB 1996 LB 1997 LB 1998 LB 2000 LB 2001 LB 2002 LB 2003 LB 2004 LB 2005 LB 2006 LB 2007 LB 2008 LB 2009 LB 2010 LB 2011 LB 2013 LB 2015 WVS 1 WVS 2 WVS 3 WVS 4

1634858047Venezuela LAPOP AmericasBarometer 2014 v1_W.dta AB1 10-23-2009 (Eng) for deposit.dta ADBII Merged Data_file English FINAL_0.dta Arab Barometer Third Wave English Data Set v1.dta AsiaBarometer2003.dta AsiaBarometer2004.dta AsiaBarometer2005.dta AsiaBarometer2006.dta AsiaBarometer2007.dta merge v4.2.dta ABSII_merge13_v20100810.dta ABS3_merge6_20120628.dta ESS1e06_3.dta ESS2e03_3.dta ESS3e03_4.dta ESS4e04_1.dta ESS5e03.dta ESS6e01.dta ESS7e02.dta ZA4438_v3-0-0.dta ZA4460_v3-0-0.dta ZA3811_v3-0-0.dta ZA4800_v3-0-0.dta Latinobarometro_1995_data_english_v2014_06_27.dta Latinobarometro_1996_datos_english_v2014_06_27.dta Latinobarometro_1997_datos_english_v2014_06_27.dta Latinobarometro_1998_datos_english_v2014_06_27.dta Latinobarometro_2000_datos_eng_v2014_06_27.dta Latinobarometro_2001_datos_english_v2014_06_27.dta Latinobarometro_2002_datos_eng_v2014_06_27.dta Latinobarometro_2003_datos_eng_v2014_06_27.dta Latinobarometro_2004_datos_eng_v2014_06_27.dta Latinobarometro_2005_datos_eng_v2014_06_27.dta Latinobarometro_2006_datos_eng_v2014_06_27.dta Latinobarometro_2007_datos_eng_v2014_06_27.dta Latinobarometro_2008_datos_eng_v2014_06_27.dta Latinobarometro_2009_datos_eng_v2014_06_27.dta Latinobarometro_2010_datos_eng_v2014_06_27.dta Latinobarometro_2011_eng.dta Latinobarometro2013Eng.dta Latinobarometro_2015_Eng.dta WV1_IntegratedData_stata_dta_v_2014_06_17.dta WV2_IntegratedData_stata_dta_v_2014_06_17.dta WV3_IntegratedData_stata_dta_v_2014_06_17.dta WV4_IntegratedData_stata_dta_v_2014_06_17.dta 52



WVS 5 WVS 6 ISSP RoG 1 ISSP SN 1 ISSP SI 1 ISSP FaCGR 1 ISSP WO 1 ISSP RoG 2 ISSP R 1 ISSP SI 2 ISSP E 1 ISSP FaCGR 2 ISSP NI 1 ISSP RoG 3 ISSP WO 2 ISSP R 2 ISSP SI 3 ISSP E 2 ISSP SN 2 ISSP FaCGR 3 ISSP NI 2 ISSP C 1 ISSP WO 3 ISSP RoG 4 ISSP LTS 1 ISSP R 3 ISSP SI 4 ISSP E 3 ISSP H 1 ISSP FaCGR 4 ISSP NI 3 ISSP C 2 ISSP WO 4 CSES 1 CSES 2 CSES 3 CSES 4 NEB 1 NEB 2 NEB 3 NEB 4 NEB 5 NEB 6 NEB 7 NRB 1 - 18

WV5_IntegratedData_stata_dta_v_2014_06_17.dta WV6_IntegratedData_stata_dta_v_2014_06_17.dta ZA1490.dta ZA1620.dta ZA1680.dta ZA1700.dta ZA1840.dta ZA1950.dta ZA2150.dta ZA2310.dta ZA2450.dta ZA2620.dta ZA2880.dta ZA2900.dta ZA3090.dta ZA3190.dta ZA3430.dta ZA3440.dta ZA3880_v1-1-0.dta ZA3910_v2-1-0.dta ZA3950_v1-3-0.dta ZA4350_v2-0-0.dta ZA4700.dta ZA4850_v2-0-0.dta ZA4950_v2-2-0.dta ZA5400_v3-0-0.dta ZA5500_v2-0-0.dta ZA5800_v3-0-0.dta ZA5900_v3-0-0.dta ZA5950_v2-0-0.dta ZA6670_v2-0-0.dta ZA6770_v1-0-0.dta csesmod1.dta cses2_dataset.dta cses3.dta cses4.dta multnd91.dta multnd92.dta multnd93.dta multnd95.dta multnd98.dta multne01.dta multne04.dta rustr2.dta 53



VP 2000 VP 2003 VP 2004 VP 2005 VP 2006 VP 2007 VP 2009 VP 2011 VP 2012 CDCEE 1 & 2 ATE 1962 ECS 1970 ECS 1970 (GB) ECS 1971 ECS 1973 EB 2 EB 3 EB 4 EB 5 EB 6 EB 7 EB 8 EB 9 EB 10 EB 10 A EB 11 EB 12 EB 13 EB 14 EB 15 EB 16 EB 17 EB 18 EB 19 EB 20 EB 21 EB 22 EB 23 EB 24 EB 25 EB 26 EB 27 EB 28 EB 29 EB 30

24661-0001-Data.dta 24482-0001-Data.dta 24681-0001-Data.dta VP 2004.dta 21380-0001-Data.dta 21441-0001-Data.dta 28101-0001-Data.dta 33504-0001-Data.dta 35201-0001-Data.dta ZA4054.dta ZA0078_v1-0-1.dta ZA0626_v1-0-1.dta ZA3651_v1-0-1.dta ZA0627_v1-0-1.dta ZA0628_v1-0-1.dta ZA0986_v1-0-1.dta ZA0987_v1-0-1.dta ZA0988_v1-0-1.dta ZA0989_v1-0-1.dta ZA0990_v1-0-1.dta ZA0991_v1-0-1.dta ZA0992_v1-0-1.dta ZA0993_v1-0-1.dta ZA0994_v1-0-1.dta ZA0995_v1-0-1.dta ZA1036_v1-0-1.dta ZA1037_v1-0-1.dta ZA1038_v1-0-1.dta ZA1039_v1-0-1.dta ZA1206_v1-1-0.dta ZA1207_v1-0-1.dta ZA1208_v1-0-1.dta ZA1209_v1-0-1.dta ZA1318_v1-0-1.dta ZA1319_v1-0-1.dta ZA1320_v1-0-1.dta ZA1321_v1-0-1.dta ZA1541_v1-0-1.dta ZA1542_v1-0-1.dta ZA1543_v1-0-1.dta ZA1544_v1-0-1.dta ZA1712_v1-0-1.dta ZA1713_v1-1-0.dta ZA1714_v1-0-1.dta ZA1715_v1-0-1.dta 54



EB 31 EB 31 A EB 32 EB 33 EB 34 EB 34.1 EB 34.2 EB 35 EB 35.1 EB 35 A EB 28.1 EB 36 EB 37 EB 37.1 EB 37.2 EB 38 EB 38.1 EB 39 EB 39.1 EB 39 A EB 40 EB 41 EB 41.1 EB 42 EB 43 EB 43.1 EB 43.1 BIS EB 44 EB 44.1 EB 44.2 EB 44.2 BIS EB 44.3 EB 44.3 OVR EB 45.1 EB 46 EB 46.1 EB 47 EB 47.1 EB 47.2 EB 47.2 OVR EB 48 EB 49 EB 50 EB 50.1 EB 51

ZA1750_v1-0-1.dta ZA1751_v1-0-1.dta ZA1752_v1-1-0.dta ZA1753_v1-1-0.dta ZA1960_v1-0-1.dta ZA1961_v1-0-1.dta ZA1962_v1-0-1.dta ZA2031_v1-1-0.dta ZA2032_v1-0-1.dta ZA2033_v1-0-1.dta ZA2041_v1-0-1.dta ZA2081_v1-1-0.dta ZA2141_v1-1-0.dta ZA2241_v1-0-1.dta ZA2242_v1-0-1.dta ZA2294_v1-1-0.dta ZA2295_v1-0-1.dta ZA2346_v1-1-0.dta ZA2347_v1-1-0.dta ZA2348_v1-0-1.dta ZA2459_v1-1-0.dta ZA2490_v1-1-0.dta ZA2491_v1-1-0.dta ZA2563_v1-0-1.dta ZA2636_v1-0-1.dta ZA2637_v1-0-1.dta ZA2639_v1-1-1.dta ZA2689_v1-0-1.dta ZA2690_v1-0-1.dta ZA2789_v1-0-1.dta ZA2828_v1-0-1.dta ZA2829_v1-0-1.dta ZA2830_v1-0-1.dta ZA2831_v1-0-1.dta ZA2898_v1-0-1.dta ZA2899_v1-1-0.dta ZA2935_v1-1-0.dta ZA2936_v1-0-1.dta ZA2937_v1-0-1.dta ZA2938_v1-0-1.dta ZA2959_v1-0-1.dta ZA3052_v1-1-0.dta ZA3085_v1-1-0.dta ZA3086_v1-0-1.dta ZA3171_v1-0-1.dta 55



EB 51.1 EB 52 EB 52.1 EB 53 EB 54 EB 54.1 EB 54.2 EB 54 LAN EB 55 EB 55.1 EB 55.1 OVR EB 55.2 EB 56 EB 56.1 EB 56.2 EB 56.3 EB 57 EB 57.1 EB 57.2 EB 57.2 OVR EB 58 EB 58.1 EB 58.2 EB 59 EB 59.1 EB 59.2 EB 60 EB 60.1 EB 60.2 EB 60.3 EB 61 EB 62 EB 62.1 EB 62.2 EB 63.1 EB 63.2 EB 63.3 EB 63.4 EB 63.5 EB 64.1 EB 64.2 EB 64.3 EB 64.4 EB 65.1 EB 65.2

ZA3172_v1-0-1.dta ZA3204_v1-0-1.dta ZA3205_v2-0-0.dta ZA3296_v1-0-1.dta ZA3386_v1-0-1.dta ZA3387_v1-1-0.dta ZA3388_v1-1-0.dta ZA3389_v1-0-1.dta ZA3506_v1-0-1.dta ZA3507_v1-0-1.dta ZA3508_v1-0-1.dta ZA3509_v1-0-1.dta ZA3625_v1-0-1.dta ZA3626_v2-0-0.dta ZA3627_v1-0-1.dta ZA3635_v1-0-1.dta ZA3638_v1-0-1.dta ZA3639_v1-0-1.dta ZA3640_v1-0-1.dta ZA3641_v1-0-1.dta ZA3692_v1-0-1.dta ZA3693_v1-0-1.dta ZA3886_v1-0-1.dta ZA3903_v1-0-1.dta ZA3904_v1-0-1.dta ZA3905_v1-0-1.dta ZA3937_v1-0-1.dta ZA3938_v1-0-1.dta ZA3939_v1-0-1.dta ZA3940_v1-0-1.dta ZA4056_v1-0-1.dt ZA4229_v1-1-0.dta ZA4230_v1-1-0.dta ZA4231_v1-1-0.dta ZA4233_v1-1-0.dta ZA4234_v1-1-0.dta ZA4410_v1-0-1.dta ZA4411_v1-1-0.dta ZA4412_v2-0-0.dta ZA4413_v1-1-0.dta ZA4414_v1-1-0.dta ZA4415_v1-0-1.dta ZA4416_v1-0-1.dta ZA4505_v1-0-1.dta ZA4506_v1-0-1.dta 56



EB 65.3 EB 65.4 EB 66.1 EB 66.2 EB 66.3 EB 67.1 EB 67.2 EB 67.3 EB 68.1 EB 68.2 EB 69.1 EB 69.2 EB 70.1 EB 71.1 EB 71.2 EB 71.3 EB 72.1 EB 72.2 EB 72.3 EB 72.4 EB 72.5 EB 73.1 EB 73.2 EB 73.3 EB 73.4 EB 73.5 EB 74.1 EB 74.2 EB 74.3 EB 75.1 EB 75.2 EB 75.3 EB 75.1 EP EB 75.4 EB 76.1 EB 76.2 EB 76.3 EB 76.4 EB 77.1 EB 77.2 EB 77.3 EB 77.4 EB 78.1 EB 78.2 EB 79.1

ZA4507_v1-1-0.dta ZA4508_v1-1-2.dta ZA4526_v1-0-1.dta ZA4527_v1-0-1.dta ZA4528_v2-0-1.dta ZA4529_v3-0-1.dta ZA4530_v2-1-0.dta ZA4561_v2-1-0.dta ZA4565_v4-0-1.dta ZA4742_v4-0-1.dta ZA4743_v3-0-1.dta ZA4744_v5-0-0.dta ZA4819_v3-0-2.dta ZA4971_v4-0-0.dta ZA4972_v3-0-2.dta ZA4973_v3-0-0.dta ZA4975_v3-0-0.dta ZA4976_v3-0-0.dta ZA4977_v2-0-0.dta ZA4994_v3-0-0.dta ZA4999_v5-1-0.dta ZA5000_v4-0-0.dta ZA5232_v3-0-0.dta ZA5233_v3-0-0.dta ZA5234_v2-0-1.dta ZA5235_v4-0-0.dta ZA5237_v4-2-0.dta ZA5449_v2-2-0.dta ZA5450_v5-2-0.dta ZA5479_v6-0-0.dta ZA5480_v4-0-1.dta ZA5481_v2-0-1.dta ZA5526_v2-0-0.dta ZA5564_v3-0-1.dta ZA5565_v4-0-0.dta ZA5566_v2-0-1.dta ZA5567_v2-0-1.dta ZA5596_v3-0-0.dta ZA5597_v3-0-0.dta ZA5598_v4-0-0.dta ZA5612_v2-0-0.dta ZA5613_v3-0-0.dta ZA5685_v2-0-0.dta ZA5686_v3-0-0.dta ZA5687_v3-0-0.dta 57



EB 79.2 EB 79.3 EB 79.4 EB 79.5 EB 80.1 EB 80.2 EB 81.1 EB 81.2 EB 81.3 EB 81.4 EB 81.5 EB 82.1 EB 82.2 EB 82.3 EB 82.4 EB 83.1 EB 83.2 EB 83.3 EB 83.4 EB 84.1 EB 84.2 EB 84.3 EB 84.4 EB 85.1 EB 85.2 EB 85.3 EB 85.1 OVR EB 86.1 ACEB 2000 CCEB 2001.1 CCEB 2002.1 CCEB 2002.2 CCEB 2002.3 CCEB 2003.1 OVR CCEB 2003.1 CCEB 2003.2 CCEB 2003.3 CCEB 2003.4 CCEB 2003.5 CCEB 2004.1 CEEB 1 - 8 AES 1987 AES 1990 AES 1993 AES 1996

ZA5688_v5-0-0.dta ZA5689_v1-1-0.dta ZA5852_v3-1-0.dta ZA5875_v1-0-0.dta ZA5876_v1-0-0.dta ZA5877_v1-0-0.dta ZA5878_v1-0-0.dta ZA5913_v1-0-0.dta ZA5914_v2-0-0.dta ZA5928_v2-0-0.dta ZA5929_v2-0-0.dta ZA5930_v1-0-0.dta ZA5931_v2-0-0.dta ZA5932_v2-0-1.dta ZA5933_v5-0-0.dta ZA5964_v1-0-0.dta ZA5965_v1-0-0.dta ZA5998_v1-0-0.dta ZA6595_v2-0-0.dta ZA6596_v1-0-0.dta ZA6642_v1-0-0.dta ZA6643_v2-0-0.dta ZA6644_v1-0-0.dta ZA6693_v1-0-0.dta ZA6694_v1-0-0.dta ZA6695_v1-0-0.dta ZA6696_v1-0-0.dta ZA6697_v1-0-0.dta ZA3977_v2-0-0.dta ZA3978.dta ZA3978.dta ZA3979.dta ZA4235.dta ZA3982.dta ZA4159_v1-0-1.dta ZA3983.dta ZA3984.dta ZA3986.dta ZA4240_v1-0-1.dta ZA4246_v1-0-1.dta ZA3648.dta aes_1987_00445.dta aes_1990_00570.dta aes_1993_00763.dta aes_1996_00943.dta 58



AES 1998 AES 2001 AES 2004 AES 2007 AES 2010 AES 2013 AES 2016

aes_1998_01001.dta aes_2001_01052-c.dta aes_2004_01079.dta aes_2007_01120.dta aes_2010_01228.dta aes_2013_01259.dta aes_2016_01365.dta

59

Appendix B Table 14 provides the names of original source variables that were used to create common variables. Wildcards (*) indicate multiple variables with the same prefix or suffix. The ‘[coded]’ entries indicate that variable values were defined manually with details from field reports or technical documents. For brevity, surveys are listed by their acronyms as defined on page 25. Some longer variable names extend over multiple rows. Table 14: Source variable names by survey round

Survey

Country

Year

Age

Gender

Education Income

Satisfaction Perceived with Support for Electoral Generalized Democracy Democracy Integrity Social Trust

AfB 1 AfB 2 AfB 3 AfB 4 AfB 5 AfB 6 AmB 2004 Bolivia

country country country country COUNTRY COUNTRY [coded]

[coded] dateintr dateintr dateintr DATEINTR DATEINTR [coded]

age q80 q1 q1 Q1 Q1 edad

gender q96 q101 q101 Q101 Q101 q1

educ q111 q90 q89 Q97 Q97 ed

povinc q9f q8e q8e Q8E Q8E q10

dmpsat q40 q47 q43 Q43 Q41 pn4

supdem q38 q37 q30 Q32 Q30 jc15

pfrele . q45 q71 Q28 Q22 .

sctrust . q83 q84c Q87 . it1

AmB 2004 Colombia [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2004 Costa Rica [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2004 Dominican [coded] Republic

[coded]

q002

q001

q007c

q116a

q014

q019

.

.

AmB 2004 Ecuador

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b35

it1

AmB 2004 El Salvador [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2004 Guatemala [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2004 Honduras [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2004 Mexico

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2004 Nicaragua [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2004 Panama

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2005 Colombia [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2006 Bolivia

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

.

it1

AmB 2006 Brazil

[coded]

year

Q2

Q1

VS2

VS13

PN4

DEM2

.

BRAIT1

AmB 2006 Canada

[coded]

[coded]

Q2

Q1

ED

Q10

PN4

DEM2

.

IT1

AmB 2006 Chile

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

.

it1

AmB 2006 Colombia [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2006 Costa Rica [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2006 Dominican [coded] Republic

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

.

it1

AmB 2006 Ecuador

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2006 El Salvador [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2006 Guatemala [coded]

year

Q2

Q1

ED

Q10

PN4

DEM2

B47

IT1

AmB 2006 Guyana

[coded]

[coded]

Q2

Q1

ED

Q10

PN4

DEM2

B47

IT1

AmB 2006 Haiti

[coded]

[coded]

Q2

Q1

ED

Q10

PN4

DEM2

.

IT1

[coded]

61

AmB 2006 Honduras [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2006 Jamaica

[coded]

[coded]

Q2

Q1

ED

Q10

PN4

DEM2

B47

IT1

AmB 2006 Mexico

[coded]

[coded]

Q2

Q1

ED

Q10

PN4

DEM2

.

IT1

AmB 2006 Nicaragua [coded]

[coded]

Q2

Q1

ED

Q10

PN4

DEM2

B47

IT1

AmB 2006 Panama

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2006 Paraguay [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2006 Peru

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2006 USA

[coded]

[coded]

Q2

Q1

ED

Q10

PN4

DEM2

.

IT1

AmB 2006 Uruguay

[coded]

year

Q2

Q1

ED

Q10

PN4

DEM2

B47

IT1

AmB 2006 Venezuela [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2007 Colombia [coded]

year

Q2

Q1

ED

Q10

PN4

DEM2

B47

IT1

AmB 2008 Argentina [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2008 Belize

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2008 Bolivia

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2008 Brazil

[coded]

data

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2008 Canada

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

ing4

.

it1

[coded]

62

AmB 2008 Chile

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2008 Colombia [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2008 Costa Rica [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2008 Dominican [coded] Republic

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2008 Ecuador

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2008 El Salvador [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2008 Guatemala [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2008 Guyana

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2008 Haiti

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2008 Honduras [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2008 Jamaica

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2008 Mexico

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2008 Nicaragua [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2008 Panama

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2008 Paraguay [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2008 Peru

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

[coded]

63

AmB 2008 USA

[coded]

year

birthyr

q1

ed, educ

income

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2008 Uruguay

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2008 Venezuela [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2009 Colombia [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 Argentina [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 Belize

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 Bolivia

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 Brazil

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 Chile

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 Colombia [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 Costa Rica [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 Dominican [coded] Republic

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 Ecuador

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 El Salvador [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 Guatemala [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 Guyana

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

[coded]

64

AmB 2010 Haiti

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 Honduras [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 Jamaica

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 Mexico

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 Nicaragua [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 Panama

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 Paraguay [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 Peru

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 Suriname [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 Trinidad

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 USA

[coded]

year

q2

q1

educ

q10

pn4

dem2

.

it1

AmB 2010 Uruguay

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2010 Venezuela [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2011 Colombia [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2012 Argentina [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2012 Belize

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

[coded]

[coded]

65

AmB 2012 Bolivia

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2012 Brazil

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2012 Canada

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

.

it1

AmB 2012 Chile

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2012 Colombia [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2012 Costa Rica [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2012 Dominican [coded] Republic

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2012 Ecuador

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2012 El Salvador [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2012 Guatemala [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2012 Guyana

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2012 Haiti

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2012 Honduras [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2012 Jamaica

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2012 Mexico

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2012 Nicaragua [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

66

AmB 2012 Panama

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2012 Paraguay [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2012 Peru

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2012 Suriname [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2012 Trinidad & [coded] Tobago

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2012 USA

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

.

it1

AmB 2012 Uruguay

[coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2012 Venezuela [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2013 Colombia [coded]

year

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

.

b47

it1

AmB 2014 Argentina [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2014 Bahamas [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

.

it1

AmB 2014 Belize

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2014 Bolivia

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2014 Brazil

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2014 Canada

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

edcan

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2014 Chile

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

67

AmB 2014 Colombia [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2014 Costa Rica [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2014 Dominican [coded] Republic

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2014 Ecuador

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2014 El Salvador [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2014 Guatemala [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2014 Guyana

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2014 Haiti

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2014 Honduras [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2014 Jamaica

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2014 Mexico

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2014 Nicaragua [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2014 Panama

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2014 Paraguay [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2014 Peru

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2014 Suriname [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

.

it1

68

AmB 2014 Trinidad & [coded] Tobago

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

.

it1

AmB 2014 USA

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

used

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2014 Uruguay

[coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

AmB 2014 Venezuela [coded]

[coded]

q2

q1

ed

q10new

pn4

dem2

b47

it1

ArB I

country

[coded]

q703

q716income q242 deciles

q2324

q211

q204

ArB II

country

[coded]

q701, q702 q701agecat egories q1001 q1002

q1015

.

q5164

q303, sa303 q103

ArB III

country

date

q1001

q1002

q1015

q504

q5164

q303, q304 q103

AsB 2003 AsB 2004 AsB 2005 AsB 2006 AsB 2007 AsnB 1 AsnB 2 AsnB 3 ESS 1

Country COUNTRY country Country Country country country country cntry

[coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] yrsurvey ir007_3 ir9 inwyr

F2 F2 F2 F2 F2 se003a se003a se3a agea

F1 F1 F1 F1 F1 se002 se002 se2 gndr

q1003, t1003 q1003, q1003t, q1003yem F3 F3 F3 F3_** F3 se005 se005 se5, se5a edulvla, eisced, edulvla, edulvlb

F8_** F8_** F8** F8_** F8_** se009 se009 se13 hinctnt

Q5_m Q5m Q6m Q7m Q8m q098 q098 q89 stfdem

Q27_d Q32d Q34d Q38d Q39d q117 q117 q124 .

. . . . . . qII43 q37 fairelcc

69

Q9 Q9 Q10 Q11 Q12 q024 q024 q23 ppltrst

ESS 2

cntry

inwyr

agea

gndr

ESS 3

cntry

inwyr

agea

gndr

ESS 4

cntry

inwyr

agea

gndr

ESS 5

cntry

inwyr

agea

gndr

ESS 6

cntry

inwyr

agea

gndr

ESS 7

cntry

inwyr

agea

gndr

EVS 1 EVS 2

country country

year year

age q719b

v567 q716

edulvla, eisced, edulvla, edulvlb edulvla, eisced, edulvla, edulvlb edulvla, eisced, edulvla, edulvlb edulvla, eisced, edulvla, edulvlb edulvla, eisced, edulvla, edulvlb edulvla, eisced, edulvla, edulvlb v551 q721, q721_r

70

hinctnt

stfdem

.

fairelcc

ppltrst

hinctnt

stfdem

.

fairelcc

ppltrst

hinctnt

stfdem

.

fairelcc

ppltrst

hinctnt

stfdem

.

fairelcc

ppltrst

hinctnt

stfdem

.

fairelcc

ppltrst

hinctnt

stfdem

.

fairelcc

ppltrst

v570 q731

. .

. .

. .

v208 q241

EVS 3

country

year

age

v291

v213

v220

.

v66

v223

v229

.

v62

p21

p20

p23

.

s1

v304, v320 v304_r, v303, v303_r v335, v336, v353Y_cs v336_* s7a, s20, s7, p76 s17 s16a, s6, s14 p78

EVS 4

country

year

age

v302

LB 1995

pais

[coded]

s2

s1

LB 1996

pais

[coded]

s2

p20

p19

p29

p12

LB 1997

idenpa

[coded]

s2

s1

s12a, s6, s10 sp87

sp32

sp31

sp35

sp21

LB 1998

idenpa

[coded]

s2

s1

s14a, s6, s11 sp83

sp29

sp28

sp32

sp20

LB 2000

idenpa

[coded]

S2

S1

P30ST

P29ST

P32N

P17ST

LB 2001

idenpa

[coded]

s2

s1

p45st

p46st

.

p42st

LB 2002

idenpa

[coded]

s2

s1

p33st

p32st

.

p29st

LB 2003 LB 2004

idenpa idenpa

[coded] [coded]

s2 s2

s1 s1

p15st p14st

p14st p13st

. .

p20st p43st

LB 2005

idenpa

[coded]

s7

s6

p18st

p16st

p51st

p14st

LB 2006

idenpa

[coded]

s7

s6

p21st

p17st

p39st

p45st

LB 2007

idenpa

[coded]

s11

s10

reeduc1, S5, P78ST S6, reeduc1, s5, p88st s6 reeduc1, s5, p67st s6 s18, s5, s6 p90st reeduc1, s5, p89st s6 reeduc1, s1 s10, s11 reeduc1, s1 s10, s11 reeduc1, s2 s14, s15

p12st

p9st

p66n

p23st

71

LB 2008

idenpa

[coded]

s9

s8

p22st_a

p13st

.

p21wvsst

p12st_a

p10st

p39st

p58st

P11ST_A

P10ST

.

P55ST

P14ST_A

P13ST

.

P25ST

V118 v81 v83 v65

reeduc1, s2 s14, s15 reeduc1, s2 s11, s12 REEDUC1, S4 S13, S14 REEDUC1, S10ICC12 S20, S21 REEDUC_1, S6 S16, S17 REEDUC_1, S4 S18, S19 X025, X023, X047 X023R X025, X023, X047 X023R X025, X023, X047 X023R X025, X023, X047 X023R X025, X023, X047 X023R X025, X023, X047 X023R V122, V123, V128 v85, v86 v91 v87, v88 v93 v69 v104

LB 2009

idenpa

[coded]

s6

s5

LB 2010

idenpa

[coded]

S8

S7

LB 2011

idenpa

[coded]

S17

S16

LB 2013

idenpa

[coded]

S11

S10

LB 2015

idenpa

[coded]

S13

S12

WVS 1

S003

S020

X003

X001

WVS 2

S003

S020

X003

X001

WVS 3

S003

S020

X003

X001

WVS 4

S003

S020

X003

X001

WVS 5

S003

S020

X003

X001

WVS 6

S003

S020

X003

X001

ISSP RoG 1 ISSP SN 1 ISSP SI 1 ISSP FaCGR 1

V3 v3 v3 v3

[coded] [coded] [coded] [coded]

V117 v80 v82 v66

ISSP WO 1

v3

[coded]

v86

v85

v100 72



v121

P13TGB_A P12STGBS .

P29STGBS

P12TG_A

P11STGBS P26STM

P15STGBS

E110

E123

E265_**

A165

E110

E123

E265_**

A165

E110

E123

E265_**

A165

E110

E123

E265_**

A165

E110

E123

E265_**

A165

E110

E123

E265_**

A165

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

.

.

.

.

ISSP RoG 2 ISSP R 1 ISSP SI 2

v3 v3 v3

[coded] [coded] [coded]

v60 v59 v78 v77 v100, i100 v99

ISSP E 1

v3

[coded]

v201

v200

ISSP FaCGR 2

v3

[coded]

v201

ISSP NI 1 ISSP RoG 3 ISSP WO 2 ISSP R 2 ISSP SI 3 ISSP E 2 ISSP SN 2 ISSP FaCGR 3

v3 v3 v3 v3 v3 v3 V3 COUNTRY

[coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded]

ISSP NI 2

. . .

. . .

. . .

.

.

.

v200

v100 . v118 . ***115, . ***116 v253, v255, . v257, v259, v260, v261, v263, v264, v265, v266, v267, v268, v269, v270, v275 v204, v205 v218 .

.

.

.

v201 v201 age v201 age v201 age v201

v200 v200 sex v200 sex v200 sex v200

v204, v205 v204, v205 degree v204, v205 degree v204, v205 educyrs v204, v205

v241, v242 v218 ***_incm v216 income v241 ***_INCO v250

v28 v55 . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . v19 . . . .

COUNTRY [coded]

age

sex

income

v26

.

.

.

ISSP C 1 ISSP WO 3

COUNTRY [coded] COUNTRY [coded]

v201 AGE

v200 SEX

v255 **_INC

V60 .

. .

. .

V46 .

ISSP RoG 4

V3

age

sex

degree, educyrs v204, v205 DEGREE, EDUCYRS **_DEGR

**_INC

.

.

.

.

[coded]

v80 v98 v103, ***103 v205

73

ISSP LTS 1

V5

[coded]

age

sex

ISSP R 3 ISSP SI 4

V5 V5

[coded] [coded]

AGE AGE

SEX SEX

ISSP E 3

V4

[coded]

AGE

SEX

ISSP H 1

V4

DATEYR

AGE

SEX

ISSP FaCGR 4

V4

DATEYR

AGE

SEX

ISSP NI 3

V4

DATEYR

AGE

SEX

ISSP C 2

V4

DATEYR

AGE

SEX

ISSP WO 4

country

DATEYR

SEX

CSES 1 CSES 2 CSES 3 CSES 4 NEB 1 NEB 2 NEB 3 NEB 4 NEB 5 NEB 6

A1006 B1003 C1003 D1003 country country country country country country

A1028 B1028 C1028 D1028 [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded]

AGE, DK_AGE A2001 B2001 C2001 D2001_Y s7 s3 s3, s3rom s2, s2col s2, s2col d2

NEB 7

country

[coded]

g1

g2

A2002 B2002 C2002 D2002 s8 s1 s1 s1 s1 d1

degree, **_INC educyrs **_DEGR **_INC DEGREE, **_INC EDUCYRS DEGREE, **_INC EDUCYRS DEGREE, **_INC EDUCYRS DEGREE, **_INC EDUCYRS DEGREE, **_INC EDUCYRS DEGREE, **_INC EDUCYRS DEGREE, **_INC EDUCYRS A2003 A2012 B2003 B2020 C2003 C2020 D2003 D2020 s10, s11 s30* s18, s19 s6*** s18, s19 s6*** s5, s4, s4sve s10*** s6, s18 s9*** d3 d8*** d8a*** g5*** g7*** 74



.

.

.

V57

. .

. .

. .

V13 .

.

.

.

V11

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

V25

.

.

.

V62

.

.

V52

.

.

.

.

A3001 B3012 C3019 D3017 . f42 . . qc4 a2

. B3015 . . . f43 f6 . . .

A3002 . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . q27q a5f

e2

d7

b9

d4i

NRB 1 - 18

[coded]

VP 2000 VP 2003 VP 2004 VP 2005 VP 2006 VP 2007 VP 2009 VP 2011

D2 D2 D2 AGE2 D2 D2 D2_GR D2, D2_GR

CDCEE 1 & 2

COUNTRY [coded] COUNTRY [coded] COUNTRY [coded] COUNTRY [coded] COUNTRY [coded] COUNTRY [coded] COUNTRY [coded] COUNTRY_C [coded] ODE COUNTRY_C [coded] ODE V3 V666

ATE 1962 ECS 1970 ECS 1970 (GB)

v3 v3 [coded]

ECS 1971 ECS 1973 EB 2 EB 3 EB 4 EB 5 EB 6

v3 v3 v5 v4 v4 v4 v4

VP 2012



year

ss2, ss2col ss1

qui

.

pv75a

.

PV47, PV47

D1 D1 D1 SEX D1 D1 D1 D1

SS7, SS7A, SS7AGCOL D3 D3 D4 EDUCATIO D4 D4 D4 D4

. D6 D3 INGRE D3 D3 D3 D3

. . . Q6A6 . Q3B . .

. . Q2D Q6A1 . Q3A . .

Q6 Q10 Q9 Q5 . Q2 . .

. . . . . . . .

D2A, D2B

D1

D4

D3

.

.

.

.

V580

V578

V173

V40

.

.

[coded] [coded] [coded]

v9 v5 v7

v8 v4 v5

V593, V597, V619 V598, V599, V600, V601, V602, V603, V604, V605, V592 v6 v18 v10 v114 v9 .

. . .

. . .

. . .

. . .

[coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded]

v72 v109, v110 v39 v93 v148 v227 v170

v71 v108 v38 v92 v147 v226 v169

v79 v121, v120 v36 v89 v144 v222 v165 75

. v15 . v85 . v89 v20, v119

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

v80 v126 v40 v97 v152 . v174

EB 7 EB 8 EB 9 EB 10 EB 10 A EB 11 EB 12 EB 13 EB 14 EB 15 EB 16 EB 17 EB 18 EB 19 EB 20 EB 21 EB 22 EB 23 EB 24 EB 25 EB 26 EB 27 EB 28 EB 29 EB 30 EB 31 EB 31 A EB 32 EB 33

v7 v8 v8 v8 v8 v8 v8 v5 v5 v5 v5 v5 v5 v5 v5 v5 v5 v5 v5 v5 v5 v5 v5 v5 v5 v5 v5 v5 v5

[coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded]

v105 v128 v75 v92 v74 v121 v41 v70 v53 v56 v78 v243 v67 v256 v446 v240 v172 v152 v77 v291 v209 v373 v470 v427 v690 v484 v658 v1312 v234

v104 v127 v74 v91 v73 v120 v40 v69 v52 v55 v77 v247 v66 v255 v445 v239 v171 v151 v76 v290 v208 v372 v469 v426 v689 v483 v657 v1311 v233

v101 v124 v71 v89 v71 v118 v38 v68 v51 v54 v76 v238 v62 v249 v439 v233 v166 v145 v71 v284 v202 v366 v463 v420 v685 v479 v654 v1309 v231 76



v109 v132 v79 v96 v78 v125 v45 v84 v57 v60 v83 v246 v71 v267 v451 v245 v177 v157 v82 v296 v214 v378 v475 v432 v694 v488 v662 v1316 v241

v12 v13 v13 v12 . v65 v11 . v13 . v48 v55 v34 v11 v36 v12 v125 v12 v18 v12 v18 v12 v18 v12 v19 v12 v16 v13 v13

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v18 . . . . . . . . .

EB 34 EB 34.1 EB 34.2 EB 35 EB 35.1 EB 35 A EB 28.1 EB 36 EB 37 EB 37.1 EB 37.2 EB 38 EB 38.1 EB 39 EB 39.1 EB 39 A EB 40 EB 41 EB 41.1 EB 42

v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v9 v6 v6 v5 v6 v9 v5 v5 v5 v6 v6 v5 v5 v5 v5

[coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded]

v297 v254 v471 v250 v284 v149 v416 v408 v616 v419 v149 v718 v355 v687 v467 v72 v560 v431 v326 v470

v296 v296 v478 v249 v283 v148 v415 v407 v615 v418 v148 v717 v354 v686 v466 v71 v559 v430 v325 v469

EB 43 EB 43.1 EB 43.1 BIS EB 44 EB 44.1

v5 v5 v5 v5 v5

[coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded]

v137 v442 v345 v584 v1008

v136 v441 v344 v583 v1007

EB 44.2

v9

[coded]

v13

v12

v496 v302 v252 v241 v477 v355, v356 v248 v255 v282 v289 v147 v155 v392 v433 v406 v413 v611, v612 v649 v416, v417 v446 v150, v151 v177 v713, v714 v751 v350, v351 v384 v683 v729 v460, v461 v498 v67, v68 v106 v555, v556 v597 v427 v463 v323, v324 v351 v517, v502, . v500, v465, v466 v135 v149 v438 . v343 v355 v580 v611 v1003, v1036 v1004 v159 77



v24 . v18 v19 . . v12 v20 v19 . . v19 v25 v21 . . v20 v37 v54 v58

. . . . . . . . v27 . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. v44 . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

.

.

.

.

EB 44.2 BIS EB 44.3 EB 44.3 OVR EB 45.1 EB 46 EB 46.1 EB 47 EB 47.1 EB 47.2 EB 47.2 OVR EB 48 EB 49 EB 50 EB 50.1 EB 51 EB 51.1 EB 52 EB 52.1 EB 53 EB 54 EB 54.1 EB 54.2 EB 54 LAN EB 55 EB 55.1 EB 55.1 OVR EB 55.2 EB 56 EB 56.1

v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6

[coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded]

v554 v194 v513 v413 v622 v292 v524 v448 v253 v329 v970 v575 v367 v688 v457 v738 v804 v588 v595 v294 v351 v299 v499 v823 v359 v342 v522 v388 v432

v553 v193 v512 v412 v621 v291 v523 v447 v252 v328 v969 v574 v366 v687 v456 v737 v803 v587 v594 v293 v350 v298 v498 v822 v358 v341 v521 v387 v431

v551, v552 v191, v192 v510, v511 v410, v411 v619, v620 v276, v277 v521, v522 v445, v446 v250, v251 v326, v327 v967, v968 v572, v573 v364, v365 v685, v686 v454, v455 v735, v736 v801, v802 v585, v586 v592, v593 v291, v292 v348, v349 v296, v297 v496, v497 v820, v821 v356, v357 v339, v340 v519, v520 v385, v386 v429, v430 78



v591 v210 v529 v423 v646 v305 v535 v464 v282 v247 v981 v603 v398 v716 v485 v767 v832 v631 v623 v316 v379 v323 v850 v385 v225 v548 v412 v457

. . v479 . . . . v255 . . v44 v43 . . v106 . v89 v708 v85 . v53 . . . . . . . v289

. . . . . . . v313 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

EB 56.2 EB 56.3

v6 v6

[coded] [coded]

v362 v1868

v391 v1867

EB 57 EB 57.1 EB 57.2 EB 57.2 OVR EB 58 EB 58.1 EB 58.2 EB 59 EB 59.1 EB 59.2 EB 60 EB 60.1 EB 60.2 EB 60.3 EB 61 EB 62 EB 62.1 EB 62.2 EB 63.1 EB 63.2 EB 63.3 EB 63.4 EB 63.5 EB 64.1 EB 64.2

v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v9 v9 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6

[coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded]

v513 v376 v247 v247 v702 v420 v356 v506 v449 v493 v522 v598 v501 v227 v331 v429 v58 v471 v671 v368 v337 v411 v125 v536 v440

v512 v375 v246 v246 v701 v419 v355 v502 v448 v492 v521 v597 v500 v329 v330 v428 v585 v470 v670 v367 v336 v410 v124 v535 v439

v389, v390 v1865, v1866 v510, v511 v373, v374 v244, v245 v244, v245 v699, v700 v417, v418 v353, v354 v501, v500 v505, v506 v490, v491 v519, v520 v595, v596 v498, v499 v327, v328 v328, v329 v426, v427 v583, v584 v468, v469 v668, v669 v365, v366 v334, v335 v408, v409 v122, v123 v533 v437 79



v416 v1894

v49 .

. .

. .

. .

v539 v402 v276, v273 v276, v273 v727 v446 v382 v518-v536 v528 v519 v548 v624 v527 v351 v357 . . . . . . . . v534 v438

. . . . . v131 . . v161 . . v152 . . v247 v354 . v231 . . . v257 . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v244 v315 . . . . . .

EB 64.3

v6

[coded]

v1059

v807

EB 64.4

v6

[coded]

v1925

v1924

EB 65.1 EB 65.2

v6 v6

[coded] [coded]

v461 v3311

v460 v3310

EB 65.3 EB 65.4 EB 66.1 EB 66.2 EB 66.3

v6 v6 v6 v6 v6

[coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded]

v580 v353 v463 v124 v2013

v579 v352 v462 v123 v2012

EB 67.1 EB 67.2 EB 67.3 EB 68.1 EB 68.2 EB 69.1 EB 69.2 EB 70.1 EB 71.1 EB 71.2 EB 71.3 EB 72.1 EB 72.2 EB 72.3 EB 72.4 EB 72.5

v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6

[coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded]

v727 v549 v584 v421 v619 v390 v768 v671 v645 v428 v666 v442 v480 v331 v585 v630

v726 v548 v583 v420 v618 v389 v767 v670 v644 v427 v665 v441 v479 v330 v584 v629

v1057, v1058 v1922, v1923 v631, v632 v3308, v3309 v656, v657 v350, v351 v460, v461 v330, v331 v2010, v2011 v724, v725 v546, v547 v581, v582 v418, v419 v616, v617 v387, v388 v765, v766 v668, v669 v642, v643 v425, v426 v663, v664 v439, v440 v477, v478 v328, v329 v582, v583 v627, v628 80



.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. .

. v3104

. .

. .

. .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . v418 . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . v173 . . . . . . . . . . v271 .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . v170 . . . .

EB 73.1 EB 73.2 EB 73.3 EB 73.4 EB 73.5 EB 74.1 EB 74.2 EB 74.3 EB 75.1 EB 75.2 EB 75.3 EB 75.1 EP EB 75.4 EB 76.1 EB 76.2 EB 76.3 EB 76.4 EB 77.1 EB 77.2 EB 77.3 EB 77.4 EB 78.1 EB 78.2 EB 79.1 EB 79.2 EB 79.3 EB 79.4 EB 79.5 EB 80.1

v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 v6 country country country country country country country country country country country country country country country country

[coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded]

v424 v77 v74 v556 v386 v507 v603 v497 v522 v602 v616 v162 v595 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11

v423 v218 v503 v555 v385 v506 v602 v496 v496 v601 v615 v82 v594 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10

v421, v422 v216, v217 v501, v502 v553, v554 v383, v384 v504, v505 v600, v601 v494, v495 v520, v521 v599, v600 v613, v614 v160, v161 v592, v593 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 81



. . . . . v281 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . v359 . . . . . . . . . qa18a . . . qa20a . qa19a . . . qa21a . qp30a qa18a

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . v172 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

EB 80.2 EB 81.1 EB 81.2 EB 81.3 EB 81.4 EB 81.5 EB 82.1 EB 82.2 EB 82.3 EB 82.4 EB 83.1 EB 83.2 EB 83.3 EB 83.4 EB 84.1 EB 84.2 EB 84.3 EB 84.4 EB 85.1 EB 85.2 EB 85.3 EB 85.1 OVR EB 86.1 ACEB 2000 CCEB 2001.1

country country country country country country country country country country country country country country country country country country country country country country country country country

[coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded]

d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 d11 age age

d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d10 d13 d14

d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d8, d8r1 d3 d3_a

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . d12 d12

. . qa12a . qa18a . . . qa20a . . . qa20a . . . qa17a . . qa18a . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . qa8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CCEB 2002.1

country

[coded]

age

d14

d3_a

d12

.

.

.

.

CCEB 2002.2

country

[coded]

age

d14

d3_a

d12

q49

.

.

.

82

CCEB 2002.3

country

[coded]

age

d14

d3_a

d12

.

.

.

.

CCEB 2003.1 OVR

country

[coded]

age

d14

d3_a

d12

.

.

.

.

CCEB 2003.1

country

[coded]

age

d14

d3_a

d12

.

.

.

.

CCEB 2003.2

country

[coded]

age

d14

d3_a

d12

q59

.

.

.

CCEB 2003.3

country

[coded]

age

d14

d3_a

d12

.

.

.

.

CCEB 2003.4

country

[coded]

age

d14

d3_a

d12

q66a

.

.

.

CCEB 2003.5

country

[coded]

age

d14

d3_a

d29

.

.

.

.

CCEB 2004.1

country

[coded]

age

d14

d3_a

d29

q39a

.

.

.

CEEB 1 - 8 AES 1987

V3 [coded]

V4 [coded]

V120 - V124 V119 q74 q71

V134 - V206 V19 . .

. .

. .

. .

AES 1990 AES 1993 AES 1996 AES 1998 AES 2001 AES 2004 AES 2007 AES 2010

[coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded]

[coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded] [coded]

j2 j2 j2 i2 age i2 h2 age

j1 j1 j1 i1 i1 i1 h1 h1

. j14 j12 i14 income i18 h16 h15

. . a12 b9 satdemoc c7 c7 c7

. . . . c15p1 c11 . .

. . . . . . . .

g7public . . . e17, trust g2 f15 .

AES 2013

[coded]

[coded]

age

h1

V127, V128 q60, q61, q63, q64 i1, i3, i4 i1, i3, i4 h1, h2, h3 h1, h2, h3 h1, h2, h3 h1, h2, h3 g1, g2, g3 g1age, g2, g3 g1age, g2, g3

h15

c4

.

.

.

83

AES 2016

[coded]

[coded]

H2

H1

G1_Age, G2, H17 G3

C5

.

.

E10

The Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (www.cses.org). CSES MODULE 4. FOURTH ADVANCE RELEASE [dataset]. April 11, 2017 version. (doi:10.7804/cses.module4.2017)-04-11 The Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (www.cses.org). CSESMODULE 2FULL RELEASE [dataset]. December 15, 2015 version.doi:10.7804/cses.module2.2015-12-15 The Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (www.cses.org). CSES MODULE 3FULL RELEASE [dataset]. December 15, 2015 version.doi:10.7804/cses.module3.2015-12-15 The Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (www.cses.org). CSES MODULE 1FULL RELEASE [dataset]. December 15, 2015 version.doi:10.7804/cses.module1.2015-12-15

84