Applied Ichthyology J. Appl. Ichthyol. (2013), 1–2 © 2013 Blackwell Verlag GmbH ISSN 0175–8659
Received: September 25, 2012 Accepted: April 15, 2013 doi: 10.1111/jai.12252
Technical contribution Length–weight and length–length relationships of the vulnerable dark mahseer Puntius chelynoides (McClelland, 1839) from Garhwal Himalaya, India By J. I. Mir1, O. Gusain2, M. P. Gusain2, F. A. Mir3, U. K. Sarkar1 and A. Pandey1 1
National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, India; 2Department of Zoology and Biotechnology, Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University, Srinagar Garhwal, India; 3P. G. Department of Zoology, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, India
The present study describes the length–weight (LWR) and length–length relationships (LLR) of Puntius chelynoides (McClelland, 1839), commonly known as the dark mahseer, a coldwater ﬁsh species which inhabits fast-ﬂowing hillstreams of India and Nepal. A total of 422 specimens were collected between January and June 2010 from a spring-fed stream in Garhwal Himalaya, India. No information regarding LWRs, LLRs or K of this species was available in FishBase.
2010. Total length (TL) and fork length (FL) to the nearest 0.1 cm and body weight (BW) to the nearest 0.1 g were recorded for each individual. Identiﬁcation of ﬁshes was done following Day (1878) and Talwar and Jhingran (1991). Monthly LWRs were determined by the linear regression equation: log W = log a + b log TL, where W is the weight of the ﬁsh (g), TL is the total length (cm), a is the intercept and b the slope of the regression curve (Ruiz-Campos et al., 2010). Length–length relationships, i.e. TL–FL were calculated by linear regression (Hossain, 2010).
Results and discussion
The dark mahseer, Puntius chelynoides, is a commercially important freshwater ﬁsh of India, native to coldwater streams of Garhwal Himalaya. The male attains a maximum total length of 66 cm (Menon, 1999). This species is listed as vulnerable (VU) in the IUCN critically endangered category in IUCN (2012). Menon (1999) noted that this species was earlier known from Assam. Menon (2004) suggests that this species is probably extinct in Assam and thus is now conﬁned to the headwaters of the Ganges. According to Ranjan et al. (2007), P. chelynoides is found only in upstream but not in downstream regions.
Length–weight relationship statistics for P. chelynoides are presented in Table 1. The linear regressions were highly signiﬁcant (P < 0.001), with the coeﬃcient of determination (r2) values being >0.97. The length–length relationship was described by the equation, Log TL = 2.086 Log FL 1.170 (n = 422; r2 = 0.965). FishBase had no LWRs or LLR records for P. chelynoides as of March 2013 (Froese and Pauly, 2011). The values of b for this species however, were within the normal range of 2.5–3.5, as suggested by Froese (2006). In conclusion this study has provided ﬁrst basic information on the LWR and LLR of P. chelynoides that would be useful for ﬁshery biologists/managers.
Materials and methods Measurement of length and weight of 422 specimens of P. chelynoides from Bachchan Gad (30°15′N; 78°55′E), a spring-fed stream on the Alaknanda River (tributary of Ganges basin) India, were collected from January to June
Acknowledgements We wish to acknowledge the ﬁshermen for their cooperation in collecting specimens. We would also like to express our
Table 1 Monthly descriptive statistics and estimated length–weight relationship parameters of Puntius chelynoides in a spring-fed stream, Garhwal Himalaya (India), January to June 2010 Total length (cm)
Total body weight (g)
January February March April May June
77 72 67 73 68 65
10.0 9.5 7.5 6.5 6.0 5.8
37.5 38.5 32.5 41.0 38.5 36.8
18.5 15.7 15.3 12.2 13.8 10.8
800.6 910.4 730.5 950.6 810.5 670.3
0.0046 0.0118 0.0166 0.0155 0.0111 0.0056
2.75 2.86 2.89 2.94 2.88 2.60
0.03 0.01 0.01 0.04 0.01 0.02
95% Cl of a
95% Cl of b
0.0042–0.0049 0.0089–0.0136 0.0098–0.0173 0.0138–0.0175 0.0100–0.0115 0.0038–0.0069
2.69–2.86 2.84–2.86 2.86–2.91 2.92–2.96 2.84–2.92 2.56–2.68
0.99 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.98 0.98
N, total number of samples; a, intercept; b, slope; CL, Conﬁdence limits; r2, Coeﬃcient of determination. *Anti-log a.
gratitude to Dr. Froese and Prof. Rosenthal (Editor-in-Chief, J. Appl. Ichthyology.) for bringing forth such informative publications, especially that of Dr. Froese (2006). And lastly, thanks are also due to former HOD (Prof. J. P. Bhatt), Department of Zoology and Biotechnology, HNB Garhwal University Srinagar Garhwal, for providing the necessary facilities to carry out this work. References Day, F., 1878: The ﬁshes of India; being a natural history of the ﬁshes known to inhabit the seas and fresh waters of India, Burma and Ceylon, Vol. 1. Bernard Qualitch, London, pp. 529–533. Froese, R., 2006: Cube law, condition factor and weight length relationship: history, meta-analysis and recommendations. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 22, 241–253. Froese, R.; Pauly, D. (Eds), 2011: FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. Available at: http://www.ﬁshbase.org,Version 3 (accessed on 20 March 2012). Hossain, M. Y., 2010: Length-weight, length-length relationships and condition factors of three schibid catﬁshes from the Padma River, northwestern Bangladesh. Asian Fish. Sci. 23, 329–339.
J. I. Mir et al. IUCN, 2012: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1 Downloaded in June 2012. Menon, A. G. K., 1999: Checklist – Freshwater Fishes of India. Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Misc. Publ., Occas. Pap. No. 175, pp. 366. Menon, A. G. K., 2004: Threatened ﬁshes of India and their conservation. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, India. Ranjan, J. B.; Herwig, W.; Subodh, S.; Michael, S., 2007: Fish base study of the impacts of dams in diﬀerent rivers of Nepal and its seasonal variations. Int. J. Phys. Sci. 19, 27–44. Ruiz-Campos, G.; Ramirez-Valdez, A.; Gonzalez-Guzman, S.; Gonzalez-Acosta, A. F.; Acosta Zamorano, D., 2010: Length-weight and length-length relationships for nine rocky tidal pool ﬁshes along the Paciﬁc coast of the Baja California Peninsula, Mexico. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 26, 118–119. Talwar, P. K.; Jhingran, A. G., 1991: Inland ﬁshes of India and adjacent countries. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi. Author’s address: Omprakash Gusain, Departement of Zoology and Biotechnology, Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University, Srinagar Garhwal-246174, Uttarkhand, India. E-mails: [email protected]
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