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my name is

ITALIA

In alcuni casi i loro pregiudizi sono basati su errati dati statistici.

L'Italia viene spesso citata come un esempio negativo, un Paese più vicino al terzo mondo che all'Europa.

I dati qui raccolti dimostrano che l'Italia è tra le prime nazioni se non la prima, in molti campi.

Nelle pagine internet sono numerosi i commenti di apprezzamento ma anche di disprezzo; l'Italia viene raccontata come un Paese

Spesso però queste informazioni sono difficili da reperire o non

arretrato e ridicolo. Perché è vista in questo modo? Probabilmente

adeguatamente divulgate, con il risultato che gli stessi italiani

molti di quelli che esprimono opinioni negative, oltre ad avere vecchi

cominciano a credere ai commenti negativi.

pregiudizi contro gli italiani, si basano solo su quello che leggono, selezionato ed amplificato, da una cattiva stampa estera, che non

Gli italiani sono i peggior critici del loro Paese, più di quanto facciano

perde un'occasione per denigrare l'Italia.

gli stranieri.

Eppure è uno dei paesi più avanzati, la cui influenza cuturale nel mondo

Questo documento, mostrando alcuni punti di forza del nostro Paese,

è iniziata ben 2000 anni fa.

vuole dare anche un aiuto agli italiani che si trovano in difficoltà quando devono rispondere a commenti denigratori sul loro Paese.

Un Paese ricchissimo di storia, arte, tradizioni ma anche di ricerche scientifiche e tecnologiche molto avanzate; conosciuto per i rapporti

Speriamo che le informazioni fornite possano anche contribuire a

umani, familiari e di aiuto ai bisognosi, oltre che per il mantenimento

modificare la percezione, che si ha nel mondo, dell'Italia

della buona salute dei suoi cittadini. Non è un Paese perfetto, ma quale lo è? I Paesi che si vantano, con ingiustificata arroganza, di essere migliori, in realtà nascondo problemi anche peggiori e globalmente sono dietro a noi.

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Italy is often cited as a negative example, as an underdeveloped

The data collected here show that Italy is among the top countries,

country.

if not the first, in many fields.

On the internet pages there are numerous comments of appreciation

Often, however, these information are difficult to find or not

but also of contempt; Italy is told as a backward and ridiculous country.

adequately disclosed, with the result that Italians themselves begin

Why is it seen this way? Probably many of those who express negative

to believe to the negative comments.

opinions, as well as having old prejudices against the Italians, are based only on what they read, selected and amplified, by a bad foreign

This document, showing some strengths of our country, also wants

press, which does not lose an opportunity to denigrate Italy.

to help Italians who find themselves in difficulty when they have to respond to derogatory comments on their country.

Yet it is one of the most advanced countries, whose cutural influence

We hope that the information provided can also contribute to delete

in the world began more than 2000 years ago.

some fake news and change the perception of Italia in the world.

A country rich in history, art, traditions but also in scientific and technological research, always known for his traditions, lifestyle and for maintaining the health of its citizens. No, it's not perfect but what country really is? The countries that boast, with unjustified arrogance, to be better, in reality hide problems even worse and globally are behind us. In some case their prejudice is based only on not correct statistical data.

3

Country name conventional short form: local short form: conventional long form: Italian Republic local long form: Repubblica Italiana Government type: parliamentary republic Official language: Italian Capital: Rome (

)

Geographic coordinates: 41 54 N, 12 29 E Area: 301,340 sq km Population: 62,137,802 (July 2017 est.) Land boundaries: 1,836.4 km Border countries (6): Austria 404 km, France 476 km, Holy See (Vatican City) 3.4 km, San Marino 37 km, Slovenia 218 km, Switzerland 698 km Coastline: 7,600 km Time difference: UTC+1 daylight saving time: UTC+2hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October National holiday:Republic Day, 2 June (1946) National symbol(s): white, five-pointed star (Stella d'Italia); national colors: red, white, green National anthem: "Il Canto degli Italiani" (The Song of the Italians) lyrics/music: Goffredo Mameli/Michele Novaro note: adopted 1946; the anthem, originally written in 1847, is also known as "L'Inno di Mameli" (Mameli's Hymn), and "Fratelli D'Italia" (Brothers of Italy)

4

Flag colors

Flag size

National symbol

The color of the textile fabric, according to the Pantone scale: Description

Number

Fern Green

17-6153 TCX

Bright White

11-0601 TCX

Flame Scarlet

18-1662 TCX

Proportions 2: 3

  Inside 150x100 cm Protocol - Arrangement of colors

  Exterior 450x300 cm or: 300x200 cm

 - Horizontal banner

Source:

green, white, red, with green adjacent to the auction

http://www.radiomarconi.com/marconi/bandiere/tricolore.html

http://www.radiomarconi.com/marconi/bandiere/

- Vertical banner green, white, red, with red at the bottom

How to bend the Italian Flag

5

Fern Green

Bright White

Flame Scarlet

Verde felce

Bianco acceso

Rosso scarlatto

Light blue Azzurro Italia

Color values

Color values

Pantone (17-6153)

(11-0601)

(18-1662)

HEX

#4B61D1

CMYK (C:100 M:0 Y:100 K:0)

(C:0 M:0 Y:0 K:5)

(C:0 M:100 Y:100 K:0)

RGB1

(r; g; b) (75; 97; 209)

RGB (R:0 G:146 B:70)

(R:255 G:255 B:255)

(R:206 G:43 B:55)

CMYK2 (c; m; y; k) HSV

Italian Flag

(77; 66; 0; 0)

(h; s; v) (230°; 64%; 82%)

Italian National Soccer Team t-shirt

6

Titilium Web The font Titillium has been designed inside the Accademia di Belle Arti

by Accademia di Belle Arti di Urbino and students of MA course of

di Urbino as a didactic project Course Type design of the Master of

Visual design

Visual Design Campi Visivi. The Titillium was chosen as an official font for the online public administration of the Italian government. Source: https://fonts.google.com/specimen/Titillium+Web http://nta.accademiadiurbino.it/titillium.html http://www.fontspace.com/accademia-di-belle-arti-di-urbino/titillium-web

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Foods

maraschino

zabaglione

mandola

Science Terms

ciao

affogato

marinara

zucchini

mandolin

algebra

donna

al dente

panettone

Music

obbligato

breccia

festa

al fresco

panini

alto

oboe

gonzo

fiasco

amaretto

pasta

arpeggio

ocarina

influenza

finale

antipasto

pepperoni

attacca

opera

lava

giro

barista

pesto

basso

operetta

lazaretto

gondola

biscotti

pistachio

bel canto

oratorio

malaria

gran turismo

bologna

pizza

bravura

orchestra

medico

impresa

broccoli

pizzeria

cadenza

piano

neutrino

impresario

calamari

polenta

cantata

pianoforte

pellagra

innamorato

cappuccino

prosciutto

canzone

piccolo

peperino

inferno

carpaccio

provolone

capo

presto

pozzolana

lotto

ciabatta

radicchio

capriccio

rondo

torso

magnifico

confetti

ravioli

cavatina

segue

volcano

mamma mia

cotechino

salami

concert

sinfonia

Other Words

marina

espresso

scampi

diva

solo

agio

paparazzo

fettuccine

semolina

divertimento

sonata

autostrada

riviera

focaccia

soda

folio

soprano

ballerina

simpatico

gelato

spaghetti

fantasia

sordino

bambino

stiletto

grappa

spumante

forte

tempo

bella figura

tifoso

gusto

spumoni

harmonica

tessitura

ben trovato

tombola

lasagna

tiramisu

intermedio

timpani

bimbo

valuta

latte

tortellini

intermezzo

trombone

biretta

vendetta

linguine

trattoria

libretto

tuba

bocce

vista

macaroni

tutti-frutti

madrigal

viola

bravo

viva

macchiato

vermicelli

maestro

violin

catenaccio

zero

http://www.translationdirectory.com/glossaries/glossary171.htm

8

Cultural Influence Cultural influence

Italy France

Countries that command cultural influence are often synonymous with fine food, fashion and easy living. They are trendsetters – the

United States

country equivalent of the cooler, older sibling. Their products have that certain “je ne sais quoi” that makes them fly a little faster off the shelves. Their music, television and movies are absorbed by other cultures, becoming part of a wider global conversation. The 2018 Best Countries rankings, formed in partnership with global marketing communications company Y&R's brand strategy firm, BAV Group, and the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, are based on a survey that asked more than 21,000 people from four regions to associate 80 countries with specific characteristics. Source: https://www.usnews.com/news/best-countries/influence-rankings

9

1 2 3

Spain

4

United Kingdom

5

Japan

6

Switzerland

7

Brazil

8

Australia

9

Sweden

10

Italy has 54 heritage sites The Criteria for Selection

Countries Italy

To be included on the World Heritage List, sites must be of

54 53

China

outstanding universal value and meet at least one out of ten selection

Spain

criteria. As of 2017, there are 54 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Italy, more than any other country. Of these 54 sites, 49 are cultural and 5 are

47

France

44

Germany

44

India

natural.

37

Mexico

35

United Kingdom

Source: https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/stat

31

Russian Federation

.everything-everywhere.com/unesco-world-heritage-sites-italy

23

United States 0

10

20

28 30

40

50

Number of sites

Source:

https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/stat/ https://everything-everywhere.com/unesco-world-heritage-sites-italy

10

60

Italy has won 11 Oscar Number of Oscar winners in the category "Best Foreign Language Film" from 1948 to 2018, by country

Countries 11 10

The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of 25 awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry,

9

given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences assessed by the Academy's voting membership.

Source: https://www.statista.com/statistics/266537/oscars-in-the-category-best-foreign-language-film-by-country/

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West Germany

Taiwan

South Africa

Russia

Poland

Japan

Ivory Coast

Switzerland

Iran

Hungary

Germany

Czechoslovakia

Austria

Argentina

The Netherlands

Sweden

Soviet Union

Denmark

Spain

France

Italy

0

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Czech Republic

2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Chile

3 3 3 3

Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academy_Awards

Canada

4

Bosnia-Herzegovina

5

Algeria

Oscar

(AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as

In Top 20, Italy has

World's Most Famous

Paintings Top 100 Masterpieces Despite the huge number of paintings that viewers have seen in museums and art galleries across the world, only a relatively miniscule number has been universally recognized as being classic. Timeless in their beauty and execution, these artworks have transcended time and artistic concepts to create history. These paintings are familiar to people of all ages and cultures as being representative of the greatest works of art ever created and will continue to resonate in the minds of art lovers for many centuries to come. Source: https://www.brushwiz.com/most-famous-paintings

World's Most Famous Paintings Title Caravaggio

Musicians

Claude Monet

Impression, Sunrise

Diego Velazquez

Las Meninas

Edvard Munch

The Scream

Eugene Delacroix

The Liberty Leading The People

Georges Seurat

Sunday Afternoon On The Island Of La Grande Jatte

Grant Wood

American Gothic

Gustav Klimt

The Kiss

Henri Rousseau

The Sleeping Gypsy

Jacques Louis David

Napoleon Crossing The Alps

Jan van Eyck

The Arnolfini Portrait

Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres

The Grand Odalisque

Jean Honore Fragonard

The Swing

Johannes Vermeer

The Girl With A Pearl Earring

Leonardo Da Vinci

Mona Lisa

Michelangelo

The Creation Of Adam

Pierre Auguste Renoir

Luncheon Of The Boating Party

Rembrandt

The Night Watch

Sandro Botticelli

The Birth Of Venus

Vincent Van Gogh

The Starry Night

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In a list of 10, Italy has

famous sculptures

Famous sculptures of all time From pre-history and the Renaissance to 20th-century Modernism and the present, we rank the top sculptures of all time. Source: Howard Halle https://www.timeout.com/newyork/art/top-famous-sculptures-of-all-time

Sculptures

Artist

Year

Statue Of Liberty

Frederic Auguste Bartholdi

1886

David

Michelangelo

1504

Venus De Milo

probably Alexandros of Antioch

between 130 BCE and 100 BCE

The Thinker

Auguste Rodin

1904

Manneken Pis

Hieronymus Duquesnoy the Elder 1619

Christ The Redeemer

Paul Landowski

1931

The Great Sphinx

/

/

Bronze statue of David

Donatello

c1440-43

Pietà

Michelangelo

1499

Ecstasy Of Saint Teresa Gian Lorenzo Bernini

13

1652

Italy has

among greatest painters and sculptors

Best artists of all time An abbreviated list of the finest artists from the Italian quattrocento to the 20th century. Source: Neil Collins - Editor of Visuals-Arts-Cork.com http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/best-artists-of-all-time.htm#top10

14

The World's Top 20 Greatest Artists

Years

1. Michelangelo Buonarroti

(1475-1564)

2. Rembrandt van Rijn

(1606-1669)

3. Pablo Picasso

(1881-1973)

4. Leonardo Da Vinci

(1452-1519)

5. JMW Turner

(1775-1851)

6. Donatello

(1386-1466)

7. Claude Monet

(1840-1926)

8. Auguste Rodin

(1840-1917)

9. Jan Van Eyck

(1390-1441)

10.Peter Paul Rubens

(1577-1640)

11. Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio)

(1483-1520)

12. Diego Velazquez

(1599-1660)

13. Jan Vermeer

(1632-1675)

14. Caravaggio

(1573-1610)

15. Giambologna

(1529-1608)

16. Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)

(1488-1576)

17. John Constable

(1776-1837)

18. Nicolas Poussin

(1594-1665)

19. Edgar Degas

(1834-1917)

20. Amedeo Modigliani

(1884-1920)

2015

2015

Building of the Year

The most beautiful building in the world

Turin , The Number 6 / Gruppo Building

Bosco Verticale. The Italian forest skyscraper / Stefano Boeri Architetti

The Number 6, the renovation of Palazzo Valperga Galleani, is one of the best representations of architectural salvage, respect for cultural

Vertical Forest is a model for a sustainable residential building, a

heritage, technology, elegance and sense of beauty. The restoration

project for metropolitan reforestation that contributes to the

and development, carried out by Building Engineering, intended to

regeneration of the environment and urban biodiversity without urban

dramatically re-functionalize an important historical and architectonic

sprawl putting more pressure on the surrounding territory. The two

property, that in spite of its disfiguration during the last century that

residential towers of 110 and 76 metres in height host 900 trees (each

led to the loss of its original residential aim.

3, 6 or 9 metres tall) and over 2000 plants, a wide range of shrubs and floral species, distributed along the building's facades in relation

Source: https://www.archdaily.com/472320/the-number-6-building

to the sun. The buildings will also become an ever changing landmark for Milan since their exterior will gradually renew their colour with the passing of the seasons. Source: https://www.lifegate.com/people/lifestyle/bosco-verticale-boeri-most-beautifulbuilding-2015

15

Source: https://archiobjects.org/vertical-forest-in-milan-boeri-studio/

2016

2016

The 10 most beautiful skyscrapers in the world

The 25 most beautiful buildings in the world

Milan; architects Arata Isozaki & Andrea Maffei Associati

Villa Malaparte in Capri, Italy architect: Adalberto Libera.

In 2016, Il Dritto was nominated by Emporis as the third-best

Built in 1938 by the Rationalist architect Adalberto Libera in Punta

skyscraper that was completed in 2015.

Massullo on the Isle of Capri, is considered to be one of the best

Il Dritto (The Straight One in English) or Allianz Tower is currently one

examples of Modern Italian architecture. The house, a red structure

of the tallest buildings in Italy at 209 m (686 ft)—249 m (817 ft) with

with inverted pyramid stairs, sits 32 meters over a cliff on the Gulf of

broadcast antenna—and with its 50 floors is the tallest to the roof.

Salerno. It is completely isolated from civilization, only accessible by foot or by boat.

Source: http://uk.businessinsider.com/the-most-beautiful-skyscrapers-in-the-world-2016-

Source:https://www.waldrealestate.com/the-25-most-beautiful-buildings-in-the-world-

11?IR=T

according-to-architects/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allianz_Tower

https://en.wikiarquitectura.com/building/malaparte-house/

http://www.skyscrapercenter.com/building/allianz-tower/1295

16

The Italian Paradox

● Scimago Institutions Rankings

Statistics on scientific research in Italy reveal a striking contradiction.

● Young University Rankings 2018

While the country's R&D resources significantly lag behind those of other major economies, its output, in terms of scientific publications,

● The world’s best small universities 2018

is not only one of the most prolific in the world, but also highly

● Nature Index 2018 - High-quality research outputs

recognized in several fields. Source: http://www2.cnrs.fr/en/1588.htm

17

Number of documents published Scimago Institutions Rankings

Country United States China

Scimago Institutions Rankings is a science evaluation resource to

United Kingdom

assess worldwide universities and research-focused institutions.

170.114

India

147.537

Japan

123.043

France

indicator that combines three different sets of indicators based on

115.747

Italy

110.402

Canada

research performance, innovation outputs and societal impact.

100.810

Australia

94.065

Spain

90.082

Russian Federation

83.358

South Korea

80.743

Brazil

It is interesting to observe how strong is the quality of Italian research, capable of competing with the world’s largest players.

73.697

Netherlands

57.503

Iran

54.388

Switzerland

45.532

Sweden

39.976

Belgium

Source: http://eventi.ambrosetti.eu/technologyforum-2018/wp-

32.181 27.010

Denmark

content/uploads/sites/65/2018/05/Paper_TF_2018_sito.pdf

626.403

191.830

Germany

Academic and research-related institutions are ranked by a composite

Source: https://www.scimagoir.com/

508.654

0K

100K

200K

300K

400K

500K

600K

700K

Documents

Number of documents published during the selected year. It is usually called the country's scientific output.

18

Number of citations

Documents published on Medicine - Aging Country

Country United States Italy

15.231

5.077

United Kingdom

United States China United Kingdom

4.457

Germany

2.630

Spain

2.630

Canada China

2.282

France

2.076

Japan Australia

852

Switzerland

847

South Korea

838

Israel

694

Belgium

672

Finland

649

Denmark

613 606

India 0K

France

80.203

Canada

74.108

Australia

71.194 62.455 59.523

India

54.669

Netherlands

1.046

Brazil

84.096

Spain

1.531 1.375

Sweden

124.526

Italy

Japan

1.858

Netherlands

144.860

Germany

2.454

52.345

Switzerland

44.666

South Korea

43.632

Sweden

33.053

Brazil

30.544

Iran

28.813

Belgium

28.363

Russian Federation

25.830 24.661

Denmark 2K

4K

6K

8K

10K

12K

14K

16K

0K

Citable documents

426.316

265.803

100K

200K

300K

400K

500K

Citations

Number of citations by the documents published during the period 1996-2017, all published documents during this period are considered.

19

Young University Rankings 2018 There are two Italian universities among the first top 25 universities in the world under fifty years old: they are the Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna of Pisa and Vita-Salute San Raffaele. Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna placed 9 in global rankings and ranks first in Italy. Source: https://www.timeshighereducation.com/student/best-universities/best-younguniversities-world

Name

Country

Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

Hong Kong

École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Switzerland

Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Singapore

Paris Sciences et Lettres – PSL Research University Paris

France

Maastricht University

Netherlands

Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)

South Korea

City University of Hong Kong

Hong Kong

Pohang University of Science and Technology

South Korea

Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna

Italy

University of Alabama at Birmingham

United States

Pompeu Fabra University

Spain

University of Luxembourg

Luxembourg

Autonomous University of Barcelona

Spain

Pierre and Marie Curie University

France

University of Antwerp

Belgium

University of Technology, Sydney

Australia

University of Potsdam

Germany

Hong Kong Polytechnic University

Hong Kong

University of Duisburg-Essen

Germany

Queensland University of Technology

Australia

Paris-Sud University

France

Aalto University

Finland

Vita-Salute San Raffaele University

Italy

Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology

South Korea

Aalborg University

Denmark

20

Best small universities The world’s best small universities 2018 Times Higher Education has once again revealed the best small universities across the globe, and heard directly from the students at some of those institutions about what they love most about attending a small college. To be eligible for the ranking, universities must appear in Times Higher Education’s World University Rankings 2018, teach more than four subjects, and have fewer than 5,000 students.

The world’s best small universities 2018

Country

1. California Institute of Technology (Caltech)

United States

2. École Polytechnique

France

3. Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna

Italy

4. University of Luxembourg

Luxembourg

5. École Normale Supérieure de Lyon

France

6. Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology

South Korea

7. Clark University

United States

8. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Sweden

9. Free University of Bozen-Bolzano

Italy

10. University of Alaska Fairbanks

United States

Source: https://www.timeshighereducation.com/student/best-universities/worlds-best-smalluniversities

21

High-quality research outputs

2018 tables: Institutions - government Institution

Country

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)

China

French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS)

France

National Institutes of Health (NIH)

USA

Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)

India

Spanish Nationa lResearch Council (CSIC)

Spain

Lawrence Berkeley Nationa lLaboratory (LBNL)

USA

RIKEN

Japan

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

USA

Argonne Nationa lLaboratory (ANL)

USA

article corrections.

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

USA

National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN)

Italy

Source:

Council of Scientific and Industria lResearch (CSIR)

India

National Research Council (CNR)

Italy

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)

USA

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

USA

Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA)

France

National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM)

France

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

USA

Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (ASCR)

CzechRepublic

U.S. Department of Defense (DoD)

USA

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are nonnormalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). The tables were last updated on 7 June 2018 with the most recent institution and

https://www.natureindex.com/annual-tables/2018/institution/government/all

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1/01/2017 to 31/12/2017

22

2018

2018

iCub

Robotc Hand

Humanoid robot

Italian researchers develop lighter, cheaper robotic hand.

The iCub is the humanoid robot developed at IIT as part of the EU

Italian researchers unveiled a new robotic hand they say allows users

project RobotCub and subsequently adopted by more than 20

to grip objects more naturally and features a design that will lower

laboratories worldwide. It has 53 motors that move the head, arms

the price significantly.

& hands, waist, and legs. It can see and hear, it has the sense of proprioception

(body

configuration)

and

movement

The Hennes robotic hand has a simpler mechanical design compared

(using

with other such myoelectric prosthetics, characterized by sensors that

accelerometers and gyroscopes).

react to electrical signals from the brain to the muscles. He helped

Source: http://icub.org/index.php

develop the hand in a lab backed by the Italian Institute of Technology

http://www.iit.it/

and the INAIL state workers' compensation prosthetic center. The Hennes has only one motor that controls all five fingers, making it lighter, cheaper and more able to adapt to the shape of objects. Source: https://phys.org/news/2018-05-italian-lighter-cheaper-robotic.html

23

2018

2017

Genome editing

Virgo

Italian researchers develop a precision weapon to repair

LIGO and Virgo make first detection of gravitational waves

faulty DNA.

produced by colliding neutron stars.

Italian research sharpens the molecular scissors of CRISPR/Cas9, i.e.

Virgo is a giant laser interferometer designed to detect gravitational

the genetic editing technique used to repair DNA defects by cutting

waves for the first time. It is now operated and improved in Cascina,

and pasting single nitrogen bases.

near Pisa on the site of the European Gravitational Observatory (EGO), by an international collaboration of scientists from France, Italy, the

A team of researchers from CIBIO of the University of Trento has

Netherlands, Poland, and Hungary

recently developed an extremely precise new technique to repair DNA,

Source: http://www.virgo-gw.eu/

to be used to correct alterations found in genetic diseases or tumours. Source:

https://www.researchitaly.it/en/news/genome-editing-italian-researchers-

develop-a-precision-weapon-to-repair-faulty-dna/

24

2018

2018

Missing mass in the Universe

Nuclear fusion

Mystery of the missing mass in the Universe solved, an

International fusion research centre

Italian success.

Frascati will host the Divertor Tokamak Test facility-DTT, the international centre of excellence for nuclear fusion research. This was

One of the greatest mysteries of modern astrophysics could be solved.

established by ENEA’s Board of Directors, which approved the final

The big mass of the Universe apparently missing, composed of

shortlist of the nine Italian sites nominated to host the research

subatomic particles called baryons, actually exists and is located

facility, which aims to provide important answers for the construction

exactly where anticipated by scientific theories.

of the first demonstration fusion reactor DEMO.

The important discovery, published in Nature, was made by a team

Source: https://www.researchitaly.it/en/projects/energy-frascati-to-host-international-

of international researchers led by Fabrizio Nicastro from INAF-

fusion-research-centre/

National Institute for Astrophysics, at the completion of the longest

http://eai.enea.it/archivio/astana-italy/divertor-test-tokamak-an-italian-proposal-to-

observation ever performed on a single quasar through the XMM-

pave-the-path-to-nuclear-fusion-resource

Newton telescope of the European Space Agency. Source: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/06/180620150053.htm http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/XMMNewton_finds_missing_intergalactic_material

25

2015

2018

Two Italian researchers among the most brilliant scientists

The world at their feet

are the two Italian researchers

From cutting the cost of solar electricity to reducing the risk of ovarian

included in the list of the most brilliant scientists in 2015 by RoboHub,

cancer, the 11 early- to mid-career scientists profiled here are

the international community of experts in robotics, in the ranking

emerging as leaders in their fields.

presented during the world conference on robotics and automation

They stood out from among 500 scientists assessed using the power

(Icra). They were selected because of their geniality and their decisive

of the Nature Index and the League of Scholars Whole-of-Web (WoW)

contribution to the development of robotics.

rankings.

and

Source:

: Mini-molecule manipulator

https://www.researchitaly.it/en/success-stories/two-italian-researchers-

An organic chemist creates hydrogels made of cost-effective, self-

among-the-most-brilliant-scientists-in-2015/

assembling proteins.

http://robotics.sciencemag.org/content/1/1/eaah3690

: Forest modeller An ecologist applies mathematical modelling to forest management. Source: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-06622-8

Cecilia Laschi con Octopus (Foto: Jennie Hills, The London Science Museum)

26

(Credit: Paddy Mills, Nature) ©

Countries Who Spend The Most On Space Exploration

Country United States

Some of these figures may seem mind-blowing, especially at a time

China

of tighter budgets. But as a 2015 Forum report showed, space

6.111

Russia

spending has directly contributed to several useful spin-offs down

5.265

Japan

here on Earth, including cancer-detecting technology.

3.597

France

Source: https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/01/which-countries-spend-the-moston-space-exploration

39.332

2.713

Germany

1.687

Italy

1.223

India

1.159

Canada 474 United Kingdom 367 0K

10K

20K

30K

Million U.S. Dollars

27

40K

50K

International Space Station

Iperdrone

The Italian significant contribution to the ISS

The “made in Italy” drone that will supply the International

Italy is making a significant contribution to the International Space Station

Space Station ISS.

thanks to its role in the development of ESA elements, such as the Columbus

It was designed to re-enter from low orbit through the Earth’s atmosphere

Laboratory, the Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV), the Cupola and the

and will operate as a space “messenger”, bringing back to Earth the materials

scientific payloads: Fluid Science Laboratory (FSL) and the European Drawer

of the scientific experiments conducted on the International Space Station.

Rack (EDR).

We are talking about IPERDRONE, a “made in Italy” project funded by the

The Multi-Purpose Logistics Modules (MPLM) Leonardo, Raffaello and

Italian Space Agency (ASI) involving the Temporary Business Partnership led

Donatello – the names of which allow for no mistake regarding their country

by the Italian Aerospace Research Centre (CIRA) in Capua, with the

of origin – have been contributed by Italy directly to the Space Station

participation of the companies Tyvak International and Kayser Italia.

programme through a bilateral agreement between ASI and NASA. Their development is a tribute to the expertise of Italy’s technology industry,

Source:

a fact confirmed by an NASA/ESA agreement to produce other European

https://www.researchitaly.it/en/projects/iperdrone-the-made-in-italy-drone-that-will-supply-

elements of the Space Station (Nodes 2 and 3) in Italy in exchange for NASA’s

the-international-space-station/

launch of the Columbus Laboratory on the Space Shuttle. Source: https://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Human_Spaceflight/Astronauts/Italy_supports_European _ambitions_for_International_Space_Station https://www.asi.it/en/flash/living/italy-and-international-space-station

Credit: Nasa

Credit: https://spaceflight.nasa.gov

28

2018

2018

VEGA (rocket)

BepiColombo satellites

VEGA: twelfth consecutive success

BepiColombo will provide the best understanding of Mercury to date. It

Vega, the European launcher designed, developed and constructed in

to map the planet, and the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) to

consists of two individual orbiters: the Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO)

Italy by Avio, has successfully concluded its first mission of 2018,

investigate its magnetosphere.

correctly placing in orbit the ESA’s Aeolus satellite.

The Italian scientific community with ASI's support, supplies a relevant

This represents Vega’s twelfth consecutive success since its first

contribution to the mission, with four experiments:

mission of February 2012. The European launcher again demonstrates its major reliability: for the first time in fact, a new

ISA: Italian Spring Accelerometer

launcher has had its first 12 launches without issue or anomaly.

MORE: Mercury Orbiter Radio science Experiment

“Yet another success for Vega, the European launcher largely

SERENA: Search for Exosphere Refilling and Emitted Neutral Abundances

constructed in Colleferro, Italy – stated Giulio Ranzo, Chief Executive

SIMBIO-SYS: Spectrometers and Imagers

Officer of Avio. Twelve consecutive launches is a world reliability record and confirms our European space launchers leadership.

Source: http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/BepiColombo_overview2 https://esamultimedia.esa.int/multimedia/publications/BR-335/offline/download.pdf

Source: http://www.avio.com/en/press-release/vega-twelfth-consecutive-success-withlaunch-of-aeolus/ http://www.russianspaceweb.com/vega_lv.html

29

Credit: ESA/ATG medialab; Mercury: NASA/JPL

ESA solar system insignia for BepiColombo

2018 Italian Spaceport

2018 MARSIS

Virgin space companies sign new agreements with Italy

Radar evidence of subglacial liquid water on Mars

Virgin Galactic and Virgin Orbit announced a set of agreements July

The MARSIS instrument and experiment were funded by the Italian

6 with Italian companies and the Italian Space Agency that could lead

Space Agency and NASA and developed by the University of Rome,

to suborbital and orbital launches from a proposed Italian spaceport.

Italy, in partnership with NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Pasadena, CA. Alenia Spazio (now Thales Alenia Space, Italy) provided

Under one “framework agreement” signed by Virgin Galactic and

the instrument’s digital processing system and integrated the parts

Italian companies Altec and Sitael, the companies will continue

and now operates the instrument and experiment.

planning for potential flights of Virgin Galactic’s SpaceShipTwo from

Source: https://greatsport.info/radar-evidence-of-subglacial-liquid-water-on-mars/

the Taranto-Grottaglie Airport in the southern part of Italy. Source: https://spacenews.com/virgin-space-companies-sign-new-agreements-with-italy/ https://www.asi.it/en/news/italian-space-agency-and-virgin-galactic-sign-a-jointdeclaration-0

30

Credit: ESA

Credit: ASI agenzia spaziale italiana

Number of Gold medals Country

Most successful countries at The World Games as of 2017,

Italy

by number of medals

153 142

United States

The World Games, first held in 1981, are an international multi-sport event, meant for sports, or disciplines or events within a sport, that

Germany

137

Russia

136

France

are not contested in the Olympic Games. The World Games are

101

China

organised and governed by the International World Games Association

67

Great Britain

(IWGA), recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The

59

Japan

World Games are held every four years, one year after the Summer Olympic Games. Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Games

55

Ukraine

44

Spain

42

North Korea

41

Sweden

40

Netherlands

39

Australia

32

Chinese Taipei

31

Belgium

28

Colombia

28

Canada

21

Denmark

20 20

Switzerland 0

50

100 Gold medals

31

150

Country United States Soviet Union

Olympic Games medals

Great Britain

882

Germany

855

France

840

Italy

All-time medal table for all Olympic Games from 1896 to 2018,

701

Sweden

including Summer Olympic Games, Winter Olympic Games, and a

652

China

combined total of both. These Olympic medal counts do not include the 1906 Intercalated Games which are no longer recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) as official Games. Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/All-time_Olympic_Games_medal_table

2.827

1.204

608

Russia

546

Norway

520

East Germany

519

Australia

512

Canada

501

Hungary

498

Japan

497

Finland

470

Netherlands

415

Switzerland

345

South Korea

337

Austria

319

Romania

307

Poland

306 243

West Germany 0K

1K

2K Combined Total

32

3K

Soccer World Cup titles won by country from 1930 to 2018

Country Brasile

The graph depicts the number of soccer World Cup titles won by country since the inaugural World Cup in 1930. Source: https://www.statista.com/statistics/266464/number-of-world-cup-titles-wonby-country-since-1930

Germania

4

Italia

4

Argentina

2

Francia

2

Uruguay

2

Inghilterra

1 1

Spagna 0

1

2

3

4

Number of World Cup titles

33

5

5

6

Healthiest Country The healthiest countries on Earth The Bloomberg Global Health Index is calculated taking into account

Italy

1

Iceland

2

Switzerland

3

Singapore

4

Australia

5

Spain

6

Japan

7

data to be included in the final outcome.

Sweden

8

Italy got the highest score and Iceland, Switzerland, Singapore and

Israel

9

Luxembourg

10

Norway

11

Austria

12

Netherlands

13

France

14

Finland

15

https://www.igeahub.com/2017/08/02/the-worlds-healthiest-countries-2017/

Germany

16

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-03-20/italy-s-struggling-economy-

Canada

17

Cyprus

18

New Zealand

19

Greece

20

variables such as life expectancy, causes of death, incidence of high blood pressure, high blood glucose, tobacco use, and physical inactivity. Other parameters taken into account are childhood malnutrition, mental health, vaccination coverage, greenhouse gas emissions. More than 200 countries have been evaluated and 163 had enough

Australia complete the list of the top 5. The U.S. placed 34th with a health index negatively impacted by the high prevalence of overweight people. Source:

has-world-s-healthiest-people

34

Population coverage for health care Health at a Glance 2017 presents the latest comparable data and trends on key indicators of health outcomes and health systems across the 35 OECD member countries. These indicators shed light on the performance of health systems, with indicators reflecting health outcomes, non-medical determinants of health, the degree of access to care, the quality of care provided, and the financial and material resources devoted to health. Country

Source: https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/social-issues-migration-health/health-at-a-glance-

United States

Chile

Greece

Germany

Poland

Mexico

Lithuania

Slovak Republic

Estonia

Hungary

Luxembourg

Turkey

35

Colombia

Belgium

Spain

Iceland

Netherlands

France

Austria

United Kingdom

Sweden

Switzerland

Slovenia

Russian Fed.

Portugal

Norway

New Zealand

Korea

Japan

Italy

Israel

Ireland

Finland

Denmark

Czech Republic

Canada

Australia

36

73

86

89

91

92

92

94

94

95

95

97

98

99

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

2017_health_glance-2017-en

Total public coverage

Italy is the most sought-after destination by foreign tourists If tomorrow you win a prize holiday abroad, where would you like to go? Country Italy United States

From the research “Be-Italy” conducted by Ipsos for Enit with the aim

32

Australia

of investigating the brand Italy in 18 countries, it emerges that 37%

31

France

of respondents answered “Italy” to the question “Where would you

20

Japan

go on vacation if you win a travel?” This is a large percentage that puts Italy in first place, ahead of the United States and Australia (chosen 32% and 31% respectively), which once more demonstrates how Italy

19

Spain

16

United Kingdom

16

Germany

has a unique charm on foreign travelers.

12

Polynesia

11

China

10

Brazil

Source: https://www.eturbonews.com/170072/italy-tourism-desired-country

9

Mexico

8 8

South Africa 0

10

20

30

Preferences

36

37

40

Why would you make a trip to Italy? According to research Ipsos “Be-Italy,” foreign tourists put Italy at the

Motivations

forefront of quality of life, creativity, and inventiveness, while the wine

Art cities

and food supply is now a primary motivation for travel (as cited by

Arts / Monuments

48% of respondents), and on the same level as art cities and

Wine and Food

monuments (chosen respectively from 49 and 48% respectively).

48

Sea

Cooking, in fact, is the first aspect associated with Italy (according to 23% of respondents), followed by monuments and fashion (both at 16%) – a result confirmed by

49 48

, according to which

25

Cultural events

19

Shopping

19

Mountain

Italy is the first place in the world as a food and wine destination.

15

Lake

Source: https://www.eturbonews.com/170072/italy-tourism-desired-country

13

Fashion events

10

Business

6

Sport events

6

Study reasons

4 3

Playing sports 0

20

40

Preferences

37

Foreigners looking for their home in Italy Country Germany

15,92 14,81

USA United Kingdom

14,69 14,54

13,18

Italy

13,11

6,70 6,51

France 0

10

20 0

5

their home in Italy, continued to register the positive sign: + 17.1% compared to the same period of 2017.

The average value of the property requested is € 362.053. In most cases (32.4%) must have at least 2 rooms and preferably with garden (57.38%). Source: https://it.gate-away.com/blogs/it/2018/09/01/primo-semestre-2018sempre-in-crescita-la-domanda-dall-estero/

38

10

22,66%

4,72% 15

20 0,0

Purchase request 2016 (%)

Italy = foreigners resident in Italy

the period between January 1 and June 30 by foreigners looking for

24,31%

6,75 7,69

Purchase request 2017 (%)

According to the 2018 report of Gate-away.com, requests sent in

34,04% 25,99%

0,2 Performance

0,4

8 Ways the Italian Lifestyle Teaches You to Appreciate Life More

10 Reasons to Live in Italy

10 Reasons to Live in Italy

8 Ways the Italian Lifestyle Teach..

Climate

Being Proud of the Local Culture

Community

Celebrating Beauty

Culture

Drinking a Lot of Coffee

Diversity of Nature

Eating a Mediterranean Diet

Gateway to the rest of Europe

Taking a Proper Lunch Break

Italy is still affordable

Taking an Evening Passeggiata

La Dolce Vita

Talking, Talking, Talking

Renting in the countryside is still affordable

Valuing Family Time

The food The wine

Source: https://www.flavoursholidays.co.uk/blog/8-ways-the-italian-lifestyle-

Source: https://internationalliving.com/countries/italy/live

teaches-you-to-appreciate-life-more

39

Countries with the hottest men

Countries with the most beautiful women

The .. Country 1

Italy

2

United States

3

Russia

4

Brazil

Italian women are always ranked in the Top 10 Country Argentina

Italians are considered the most handsome men in the world while

Australia

men who are balding and aging do not necessarily lose their looks,

Brazil

according to an international survey on what makes men attractive.

Canada Colombia

A “Male Beauty” survey of nearly 10,000 men and women in 12

Denmark

countries conducted by market research firm Synovate (acquired by Ipsos

Italy

in 2011 ) found that good hygiene was actually the top requirement for

Netherlands

men to being considered handsome.

Philippines Russia

The survey, conducted in October in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China,

Sweden

France, Greece, Malaysia, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Britain and the

Ukraine

United States, found Italian men were considered to be the most

United Kingdom

handsome — even though Italy was not one of the countries where

United States of America

people were polled.

Venezuela

Source: https://www.webwire.com/ViewPressRel.asp?aId=81261 https://www.reuters.com/article/us-men-beauty/italians-voted-best-looking-butbald-old-are-ok-too-idUSTRE4AS0NN20081129 This list is based on Internet polls. There is no accurate measure for beauty.

https://womens24x7.com/top-10-countries-with-the-most-beautiful-men-in-theworld/

40

Italy accounts for 24 of top 100 global companies Luxury goods: number of companies The report examines and lists the 100 largest luxury goods companies globally, based on the consolidated sales of luxury goods in FY2016 (which we define as financial years ending within the 12 months to

Country

30 June 2017). It also discusses the key trends shaping the luxury

Italy

market and provides a global economic outlook.

Other countries

17

United States

Italy was again the leading luxury goods country in terms of number

13

United Kingdom

of companies, with 24 companies in the Top 100. Deloitte, Analytics Source:

10

China

9

France

9

Switzerland

9

Germany

https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/mx/Documents/consumer-

4

Spain

business/2018/Global-Power-of-Luxury-Goods-2018.pdf

24

0

5

5 10

15

20

Number of companies

41

25

The most valuable apparel brands of 2018 Brand

Country

Nike

United States

H&M

Sweden

Zara

Spain

Adidas

Germany

Hermès

France

Louis Vuitton

France

Cartier

France

Gucci

Italy

UNIQLO

Japan

Rolex

Switzerland

Coach

United States

Victoria's Secret

United States

Chow Tai Fook

China

Tiffany & Co.

United States

Burberry

United Kingdom

Christian Dior

France

Polo Ralph Lauren

United States

Prada

Italy

Under Armour

United States

Armani

Italy

PUMA

Germany

Ray-Ban

Italy

Omega

Switzerland

The North Face

United States

Pandora

Denmark

Michael Kors

United States

Tommy Hilfiger

United States

Anta

China

Old Navy

United States

Bulgari

Italy

Bershka

Spain

Calvin Klein

United States

Levi's

United States

Primark

Ireland

Moncler

Italy

HUGO BOSS

Germany

GAP

United States

Ferragamo

Italy

Saint Laurent

France

Bottega Veneta

Italy

Valentino

Italy

Top 10 Best Selling Clothing Brands In The World Top 10 .. F2

F3

1

Louis Vuitton

$28.1 Billion

2

Gucci

$12.4 billion

3

Hermes

$10.6 billion

4

Prada

$7.3 billion

5

Chanel

$6.8 billion

6

Ralph Lauren

$6.6 billion

7

Burberry

$5.87 billion

8

Versace

$5.5 billion

9

Fendi

$3.5 billion

10

Armani

$3.1 billion

Source: http://cordmagazine.com/fashion/top-10-best-selling-clothing-brands-world

42

Best country for luxury Which country of manufacturing do you consider the best for luxury?

F1 Accessories Clothing Jewelry Cars Watches

Italy

1 1 1 2 2

France

2 2 2 5 4

Germany

4 4 4 1 3

Switzerland

Source: http://www.luxesf.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/BCG-AltagammaTrue-Luxury.pdf

43

7 8 3 8 1

Top 10 UHNW countries

Wealth-X

Country

The latest edition of the Wealth-X World Ultra Wealth Report provides

United States

an in-depth analysis of the world’s ultra high net worth (UHNW) population, an xclusive group of wealthy individuals located across the globe, each with a net worth of $30m or more. In 2017, the world’s ultra high net worth (UHNW) population – individuals with a net worth of $30m or more – rose by 12.9% to 255,810 people, a sharp acceleration from a year earlier.

Japan

17.915

China

16.875

Germany

15.080

Canada

10.840

France

10.120

Hong Kong

10.010

United Kingdom

Source: https://www.wealthx.com/report/world-ultra-wealth-report-2018

Switzerland Italy

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/u/ultra-high-net-worth-individuals-uhnwi.asp

79.595

9.370 6.400 5.960 0K

50K Population 2017

44

100K

Gold reserves Countries with the largest gold reserves

Country United States

This statistic presents the gold reserves of largest gold holding

Germany

countries worldwide as of November 2017. In that time, the central

Italy

bank of the United States held approximately 8133.5 metric tons of

2.452

France

gold.

2.436

China

1.843

Russia

1.829

Switzerland

(Metric Tons (or Tonnes)

1.040

Japan

A unit of weight equal to 1,000 kilograms, or approximately 2,204.6 pounds.) Source: https://www.statista.com/statistics/267998/countries-with-the-largestgold-reserves/ IMF; World Gold Council

765

Netherlands

613

India

558

Turkey*

526

Taiwan

424

Portugal

383

Saudi Arabia

323

United Kingdom

310

Kazakhstan

296

Lebanon

287 282

Spain

8.134

3.374

0K

2K

4K

6K

Gold reserves in metric tons

45

8K

Top 20 export countries worldwide in 2017 (in billion U.S. Dollars) China leads the world in exports in 2017. China was followed by the

Leading export countries .. China

United States and Germany.

United States

1.547

Germany

1.448

Japan

Source: wto.org

698

Netherlands

652

Korea, Republic of

574

Hong Kong, China

550

France

535

Italy

506

United Kingdom

445

Belgium

430

Canada

421

Mexico

410

Singapore

373

United Arab Emirates

360

Russian Federation

353

Spain

321

Chinese Taipei

317

Switzerland

300 298

India 0

500

1000

1500

Exports in billion U.S. dollars

46

2.263

2000

2500

Country USA

80.664 78.765

ITA DEU

68.810

NLD

65.500

ESP

38.161

GBR

34.341

CAN

31.678

KOR

28.985

FRA AUT

enterprises. Business size is measured by the number of employees

17.252 14.701

POL

14.198

SWE

and exports are measured in trade value in millions of USD. SMEs employ fewer than 250 people, with further subdivision into micro

12.002

ISR

9.023

CZE

8.829

IRL

enterprises (fewer than 10 employees), small enterprises (10 to 49 employees), medium-sized enterprises (50 to 249 employees). Large

8.305

PRT

7.412

NOR

enterprises employ 250 or more people.

7.091

HUN

5.969

FIN

5.193

ROU

4.300

SVK

4.242

GRC

4.100

SVN

3.446

LTU

3.439

BGR

Source: https://data.oecd.org/trade/exports-by-business-size.htm#indicator-chart OECD (2018), Exports by business size (indicator). doi: 10.1787/54d56e8b-en (Accessed on 15 October 2018)

3.398

LVA

2.296

LUX

2.160

EST

2.098

HRV

1.742

ISL

This indicator shows the contribution to exports by different sized

24.747

DNK

MEX

Exports by business size

33.597

BEL

1.221 965

CYP 681 MLT 297 0K

10K

20K

30K

40K

50K

60K

70K

80K

90K

Milions of US$

47

Eurostat Entrepreneurship (all-size)

Italy is first in the world for number of enterprises

Country ITA

389.317 341.912

USA TUR

335.311

FRA

This indicator is measured as the number of employees in the

213.303

DEU

205.028

POL

manufacturing sector. An enterprise is defined as a legal entity

187.374

CZE

172.054

ESP

possessing the right to conduct business on its own, for example to

166.936

AUS

enter into contracts, own property, incur liabilities and establish bank

123.328

PRT

66.729

SVK

63.969

accounts. An enterprise may be a corporation, a quasi- corporation, a

GRC

63.890

non-profit institution, or an unincorporated enterprise. Enterprises

NLD

63.337

HUN

49.310

CAN

48.730

can be classified in different categories according to their size; for this

ROU

purpose, different criteria may be used, but the most common is

BGR

number of people employed. In small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) employ fewer than 250 people. SMEs are further subdivided into micro enterprises (fewer than 10 employees), small enterprises (10 to 49 employees), medium-sized enterprises (50 to 249 employees). Large enterprises employ 250 or more people. Source: https://data.oecd.org/entrepreneur/enterprises-by-business-size.htm

AUT

25.323

ISR

23.917

FIN

20.768

CHE

20.598

HRV

19.716

LTU

19.398

SVN

18.853

NOR

17.141

IRL

15.242

DNK

14.832

NZL

11.811

LVA

OECD (2018), Starting a business (indicator). doi: 10.1787/a22da914-en (Accessed on

MKD

15 September 2018)

48.405 30.879

10.523 7.362

EST

7.053

CYP

5.019

MLT 2.076 ISL 1.934 LUX 786

48

Hours worked

According to the OECD, Italians work more than

Average annual hours worked is defined as the total number of hours

Germans, French and English

actually worked per year divided by the average number of people in employment per year. Source: https://data.oecd.org/emp/hours-worked.htm OECD (2018), Hours worked (indicator). doi: 10.1787/47be1c78-en (Accessed on 07

2.024,0

2.018,0

1.980,0

1.954,0

1.895,0

1.885,0

1.875,0

1.863,0

1.857,0

1.844,0

1.780,0

1.776,0

1.753,0

1.740,4

1.738,0

1.722,6

1.714,0

1.710,0

1.695,0

1.686,5

1.681,0

1.675,9

1.655,1

1.628,0

1.613,1

1.609,0

1.570,0

1.518,0

1.514,0

1.433,0

1.419,1

1.408,0

1500

1.356,0

2000

1000

500

49

MEX

CRI

KOR

GRC

RUS

CHL

POL

ISR

LVA

PRT

EST

LTU

USA

CZE

NZL

HUN

IRL

ITA

SVK

JPN

CAN

ESP

GBR

AUS

SVN

FIN

AUT

SWE

CHE

LUX

FRA

NLD

NOR

DNK

0 DEU

Average annual hours actually worked

2500

2.178,9 2.257,4

October 2018) (Accessed on 08 October 2018)

Gross domestic product (GDP)

Country United States

Gross domestic product (GDP) at market prices is the expenditure on

China

12.237.700

Japan

final goods and services minus imports: final consumption

4.872.137

Germany

expenditures, gross capital formation, and exports less imports. "Gross" signifies that no deduction has been made for the depreciation of machinery, buildings and other capital products used in production. "Domestic" means that it is production by the resident institutional units of the country. The products refer to final goods and services, that is, those that are purchased, imputed or otherwise, as: final consumption of households, non-profit institutions serving households and government; fixed assets; and exports (minus imports). (In Italian: PIL Prodotto Interno Lordo)

2.622.434

India

2.597.491

France

2.582.501

Brazil

2.055.506

Italy

1.934.798

Canada

1.653.043

Russian Federation

1.577.524

Korea, Rep.

1.530.751

Australia

1.323.421

Spain

1.311.320

Mexico

1.149.919

Turkey

OECD (2018), Gross domestic product (GDP) (indicator). doi: 10.1787/dc2f7aec-en (Accessed on 15 September 2018)

3.677.439

United Kingdom

Indonesia

Source: https://data.oecd.org/gdp/gross-domestic-product-gdp.htm

1.015.539 851.102

Netherlands

826.200

Saudi Arabia

683.827 678.887

Switzerland

0M

5M

10M

15M

GDP 2017 (million US dollars)

50

19.390.604

20M

25M

Top 20 countries by GDP (PPP) in 2017 GDP-PPP makes for a better comparison of living standards, because

Country China

PPP takes into account cost of living and inflation rates, rather than

23.300.783 19.390.604

United States

just exchange rates, which may distort the real differences in income.

India

This is the measure most economists prefer for comparing living

9.448.659

Japan

5.487.161

Germany

conditions and economic strength across countries.

4.187.583

Russian Federation

3.817.201

Indonesia

3.242.769

Brazil

3.240.524

France

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_GDP_(PPP)

2.876.060

United Kingdom

2.856.703

Italy

2.387.357

Mexico

2.358.276

Turkey

2.140.142

Korea, Rep.

1.972.971

Saudi Arabia

1.773.549

Spain

1.769.637

Canada

1.714.447

Iran, Islamic Rep.

1.700.356

Thailand

1.233.736 1.192.066

Australia 0M

5M

10M

15M

20M

25M

GDP-PPP 2017 (million US dollars)

Source: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.PP.CD?end=2017&start=2016&y

51

ear_high_desc=true

Country NLD

10,47 9,80

CHE IRL

8,47

DEU

8,00

DNK

7,63

SVN

7,12

NOR

Current Account (% of GDP)

5,51

KOR

5,14

LUX

4,94

JPN

The current account is one of the two components of a country's

4,03

ISL

3,34

SWE

balance of payments, the other being the capital account. It consists

3,32

EST

3,04

HUN

2,96

ISR

2,87

ITA

2,75

RUS

2,24

SAU

2,22

AUT

1,88

ESP

1,88

CHN

of the trade balance (the difference between the total value of exports of goods and services and the total value of imports of goods and

Positive

services), the net factor income (difference between the return on investments generated by citizens abroad and payments made to foreign investors domestically) and net cash transfers, where all these

1,35

CZE

elements are measured in the domestic currency.

1,08

LVA

0,57

PRT

0,45

LTU

0,38

POL

When a country's current account balance is positive (also known as

0,20

BEL

-0,17

BRA

-0,47

FRA

-0,57

FIN

-0,68

GRC

incurring a surplus), the country is a net lender to the rest of the world. When a country's current account balance is negative (also known as running a deficit), the country is a net borrower from the rest of the

-0,80

CHL

-1,50

IND

-1,51

MEX

-1,68

IDN

world. Negative:

-1,70

SVK

-2,11

USA

international competitiveness

-2,31

ZAF

-2,45

AUS

Source:

-2,61

NZL

-2,86

CRI

-2,94

CAN

-2,95

COL

https://www.focus-economics.com/economic-indicator/current-account-balance https://data.oecd.org/trade/current-account-balance.htm

-3,37

GBR

-3,87

ARG

OECD (2018), Current account balance (indicator). doi: 10.1787/b2f74f3a-en (Accessed

-4,91 -5,52

TUR -8

-6

-4

-2

0

2

4

6

8

10

on 15 September 2018)

12

% of GDP

52

Regional gross domestic product (GDP) per inhabitant Chart presents information for regional GDP per capita across regions: values in PPS terms are expressed as a percentage of the EU-28 average which is set equal to 100 %. Regions which may be considered

GDP per inhabitant, by regions, 2016

as relatively ‘rich’ — with GDP per capita above the EU-28 average — are shown in blue. The relatively rich regions were largely found in a band that ran from northern Italy, up through Austria and Germany... GDP per capita was lower than the EU-28 average in a majority of the regions in Spain, France and the United Kingdom. Source: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statisticsexplained/index.php?title=GDP_at_regional_leve Eurostatl

53

(% of the EU average)

General government deficit G20, 2017 Countries

General government deficit

Germany

General government deficit is defined as the fiscal position of

Switzerland

1,30 1,20

Netherlands

1,10

government after accounting for capital expenditures.

Singapore Canada

-0,90

This indicator is measured as a percentage of GDP.

Euro Area

-0,90

Source: https://tradingeconomics.com/country-list/governmentbudget?continent=g20 https://data.oecd.org/gga/general-government-deficit.htm OECD (2018), General government deficit (indicator). doi: 10.1787/77079edb-en (Accessed on 21 October 2018)

0,30

Russia

-1,50

Turkey

-1,50

Australia

-1,90

South Korea

-2,00

Italy

-2,30

United Kingdom

-2,30

Indonesia

-2,50

France

-2,60

Mexico

-2,90

Spain

-3,10

China

-3,50

United States

-3,50

India

-3,53

Argentina

-3,90

Japan

-4,50

South Africa

-4,60

Brazil Saudi Arabia

-7,80 -8,90 % of GDP

54

55,80 55,00 53,70 52,00 51,60 50,00 48,78 48,00 48,00 47,50

Denmark Austria Belgium Netherlands Finland Israel Luxembourg Ireland Portugal Germany

55

35,88 35,00 35,00 35,00 35,00

India Argentina Malta Mexico Turkey

15,00

Hungary

Cayman Islands 0,00 Saudi Arabia 0,00

Brunei 0,00

Bermuda 0,00

Romania

10,00

13,00

15,00 Russia

25,00

27,50

30,00

22,00 Hong Kong

Singapore

Panama

Brazil

Indonesia

33,00

37,00

United States

Canada

38,00

Morocco

40,00

45,00

United Kingdom

Switzerland

45,00

Taiwan

40,00

45,00

Spain

South Korea

45,00

South Africa

41,50

45,00

Greece

Euro area

45,00

France

43,00

45,00

China

Italy

45,00

Australia

Japan

61,85 55,95

Sweden

Countries

Taxes on personal income, 2018

Source: https://tradingeconomics.com/country-list/personal-income-tax-rate

http://nomadcapitalist.com/2017/08/07/countries-with-the-highest-tax/

National wealth

Top 20 countries by National wealth in 2017 Country

National net wealth, also known as national net worth, is the total

United States

sum of the value of a nation's assets minus its liabilities. It refers to the total value of net wealth possessed by the citizens of a nation at a set point in time.

China Japan

23,68

United Kingdom

14,07

Germany

13,71

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_total_wealth

France

https://www.credit-suisse.com/corporate/en/research/research-institute/global-

Canada

12,97

Italy

10,85 7,41

Australia

wealth-report/tables.html

93,56

29,00

7,33

South Korea

6,59

India

4,99

Spain

4,85

Switzerland

3,63

Taiwan

3,57

Netherlands

2,69

Brazil

2,55

Belgium

2,45

Sweden

1,99

Russia

1,89 1,84

Indonesia 0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

Total Wealth (billions USD)

56

80

90

100

Currency and deposits, % of total financial assets, 2016 Country TUR SVK

Household financial assets

RUS

61,22

GRC

60,93

CZE

51,97

JPN

51,55

SVN

50,06

POL

Household financial assets include: currency and deposits securities other than shares loans shares and other equity net equity of

47,35

LUX

44,59

PRT

44,21

KOR

43,12

AUT

households in life insurance reserves net equity of households in

41,20

ESP

39,82

pension funds prepayments of premiums and reserves against

DEU

outstanding claims, and other accounts receivable. Financial assets

LTU

39,25

held by households form an important part of overall wealth and are

CHE

an important source of revenue, either through the sale of those

EST

30,04

FIN

29,82

IRL

37,30 37,24

LVA

34,16 32,38

ITA

assets or refinancing, or as a source of property income (such as

30,88

BEL

29,57

FRA

interest and dividends). It is measured as a percentage of the total financial assets held by households.

28,04

NOR

27,68

HUN

27,19

GBR

23,87

AUS

21,70

ISR

Source: https://data.oecd.org/hha/household-financial-assets.htm

21,05

COL

https://stats.oecd.org/ (National Accounts at a Glance/Household)

20,98

CAN

20,34

NZL

19,16

NLD

16,82

OECD (2018), Household financial assets (indicator). doi: 10.1787/7519b9dc-en

DNK

(Accessed on 26 September 2018)

SWE

13,82

ZAF

13,69

CHL

13,11 12,89

15,77

ISL

14,05

USA 0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Currency and deposits, % of total financial assets

57

76,27

61,32

70

80

Household net worth The value of the things you own. “Net” simply refers to the fact that you need to subtract the amount you owe others. Therefore, your net worth is the value of everything you own once you deduct your loans, mortgages and other debts. The total net worth is measured as a percentage of net disposable income.

Source: https://www.forbes.com/sites/camilomaldonado/2018/08/15/is-your-net-worthhigher-than-average/#27defe4e6f88 https://data.oecd.org/hha/household-financial-assets.htm https://stats.oecd.org/ (National Accounts at a Glance/Household) OECD (2018), Household net worth (indicator). doi: 10.1787/2cc2469a-en (Accessed on 17 September 2018)

World

2017

Europe Country

Country Netherlands

Netherlands

748,1 716,8

Belgium Japan

601,6

United States

592,6

Canada Sweden

563,5 556,6

Italy

552,7

France

Austria

Finland

360,1

Czech Republic

349,9

Slovenia 0

200

400

434,3

Portugal

405,0

Greece

398,3

Latvia

384,7

Hungary

384,4

Finland

360,1

Czech Republic

349,9

Estonia

305,3

Slovenia

295,9 224,8

Slovakia

452,0

Austria

434,3 365,5

521,9 457,9

Luxembourg

420,7

Korea, Republic of

556,6 537,7

Germany

452,0

Australia

560,4

United Kingdom

521,9

Luxembourg

565,1

Italy France

537,7

United Kingdom

Sweden Denmark

571,7

Denmark

748,1 716,8

Belgium

295,9

Slovakia

224,8

Lithuania

219,4 162,2

Poland

600

800

0

% of net disposable income

200

400

600

% of net disposable income

58

800

Household debt Household debt is defined as the combined debt of all people in a household. It includes consumer debt and mortgage loans. A significant rise in the level of this debt coincides historically with many severe economic crises

Europe

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Household_debt

2017

Countries

https://data.oecd.org/hha/household-debt.htm OECD (2018), Household debt (indicator). doi: 10.1787/f03b6469-en (Accessed on 26

Netherlands

October 2018) (Accessed on 27 October 2018)

Luxembourg

254,5 184,4

Ireland

170,5

Finland

135,1

Portugal

135,1

Spain

118,0

Belgium

116,7

France

115,7

Greece

111,6

Germany

93,4

Austria

92,4

Italy

86,8

Estonia

80,2

Slovakia

73,5 56,3

Slovenia 0

50

100

150

200

% of net disposable income

59

250

300

Italy granted one of the lowest amount of aid in

Total State aid expenditure as % of GDP in 2016, less railways

relation to its GDP of all of the European States

Countries Hungary

2,100

Latvia

1,530

Czech Republic

State aid

1,440

Germany

1,310

Croatia

State aid means action by a (national, regional or local) public authority, using

1,150

Poland

public resources, to favour certain undertakings or the production of certain

1,080

Finland

goods. A business that benefits from such aid thus enjoys an advantage over its competitors. Aid granted selectively by EU countries or through state resources and which may affect trade between EU countries or distort competition is prohibited

0,930

Lithuania

0,870

Estonia

0,860

Sweden

0,780

Slovenia

0,760

Bulgaria

under Article 107 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union

0,740

Cyprus

(TFEU).

0,710

France

Aid may be permitted if justified by objectives of general interest: aid to

0,650

Romania

promote the development of disadvantaged areas or for services of general economic interest, small and medium-sized enterprises, research and

0,610

Belgium

0,580

Austria

0,560

Malta

development, environmental protection, training, employment and culture.

0,550

United Kingdom

EU countries must notify the European Commission of the aids that they

0,490

Slovakia

grant - except in certain specified instances.

0,470

Greece

0,410

Portugal

Under Article 108 TFEU, the European Commission has the task of keeping

0,360

Netherlands

under review state aid granted by EU countries, whether planned or already

0,330

Luxembourg

operational, so as to ensure that it does not distort competition.

0,280

Spain

Source: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/summary/glossary/state_aid.html http://ec.europa.eu/competition/state_aid/scoreboard/state_aid_scoreboard_%202

0,250

Italy

0,220

Ireland

0,200 0,0

017.pdf

0,5

1,0

1,5 %

60

2,0

Bank NRW.BANK

Country DE

N.V. Bank Nederlandse Gemeenten

NL

Swedbank - group

SE

Svenska Handelsbanken - group

SE

Nordea Bank - group

SE

16,68%

Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken - group

SE

16,47%

Powszechna Kasa Oszczednosci Bank Polski SA

PL

15,93%

Nykredit Realkredit

DK

15,63%

Bank Polska Kasa Opieki SA

PL

15,47%

OP Financial Group

FI

15,28%

DNB Bank Group

NO

15,03%

ABN AMRO Group N.V.

NL

14,85%

Allied Irish Banks Group plc

IE

14,81%

KBC Group NV

BE

13,60%

Group Crédit Mutuel

FR

13,26%

Belfius Banque SA

BE

13,21%

OTP Bank Nyrt.

HU

13,03%

Danske Bank

DK

Jyske Bank

DK

11,69%

Coöperatieve Rabobank U.A.

NL

11,44%

Bank of Ireland Group plc

IE

11,15%

ING Groep N.V.

NL

10,70%

Landesbank Baden - Württemberg

DE

10,69%

Groupe BPCE

FR

10,69%

Intesa Sanpaolo S.p.A.

IT

10,40%

Groupe Crédit Agricole

FR

33,96% 22,33% 21,98% 19,53%

Italy’s banks performed better than UK Lloyds and Barclays in EU stress test

12,77%

A bank stress test is an analysis conducted under hypothetical unfavorable economic scenarios, such as a deep recession or financial crisis, designed to determine whether a bank has enough capital to withstand the impact of adverse economic developments.

10,21%

Landesbank Hessen- Thüringen Girozentrale AdöR DE

9,96%

The Royal Bank of Scotland Group Plc

GB

9,93%

Commerzbank AG

DE

9,93%

Raiffeisen Bank International AG

AT

9,73%

Banco Santander S.A.

ES

9,72%

Bayerische Landesbank

DE

9,44%

HSBC Holdings Plc

GB

9,42%

UniCredit S.p.A.

IT

9,34%

Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria S.A.

ES

9,25%

CaixaBank, S.A.

ES

9,11%

DZ BANK AG Deutsche Zentral- Genossenschafts.. DE

8,97%

BNP Paribas

FR

8,64%

Erste Group Bank AG

AT

8,56%

Lloyds Banking Group Plc

GB

8,55%

Banco BPM S.p.A.

IT

8,47%

Banco de Sabadell S.A.

ES

8,40%

Unione di Banche Italiane Società Per Azioni

IT

8,32%

La Banque Postale

FR

8,22%

Deutsche Bank AG

DE

8,14%

Société Générale S.A.

FR

7,61%

Barclays Plc

GB

7,28%

Norddeutsche Landesbank - Girozentrale -

DE

7,07%

The  most  important  shocks of the EU adverse scenario would lead to: - Cumulative fall in GDP over 3 years by 2.7%; - Unemployment reaches in 2020 by 9.7%; - Cumulative inflation over 3 years stands at 1.7%;  Cumulative fall in residential and  commercial real estate prices over 3 years  of 19.1%  and 20%  respectively.

Common Equity Tier 1 (CET1) is a component of Tier 1 capital that consists mostly of common stock held by a bank or other financial institution. CET1 is a measure of bank solvency that gauges a bank’s capital strength. This measure is better captured by the CET1 ratio, which measures a bank’s capital against its assets. Source: European Banking Authority (EBA) https://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/common-equity-tier-1-cet1.asp

61

Member States' share of budget contributions 2016 Source: HM Treasury; GOV.UK https://www.ons.gov.uk/economy/governmentpublicsectorandtaxes/publicsectorfinan ce/articles/theukcontributiontotheeubudget/2017-10-31 https://www.statista.com/statistics/316691/european-union-eu-budget-share-ofcontributions/ http://ec.europa.eu/budget/figures/interactive/index_en.cfm

Country

%

Germany

19

France

16.63

United Kingdom

13.45

Italy

12.49

Spain

8.55

Belgium

4.47

Netherlands

3.71

Poland

3.26

Sweden

2.45

Austria

2.36

Denmark

1.83

Ireland

1.61

Finland

1.56

Portugal

1.35

Czech Republic

1.3

Greece

1.29

Romania

1.15

Hungary

0.82

Slovakia

0.58

Bulgaria

0.34

Croatia

0.33

Slovenia

0.32

Lithuania

0.31

Luxembourg

0.25

Latvia

0.19

Estonia

0.16

Cyprus

0.14

Malta

0.07 0

5

10

15

Share of total contributions ( % )

62

Italy’s world record in the number of PDO and PGI Wine with a protected geographical indication (PDO-PGI)

Food with a protected geographical indication (PDO -PGI)

Italy’s world record in the number of PDO and PGI Food & Wine

PDO: Protected Designation of Origin PGI: Protected Geographical Indication

products is strengthening, with 897 protected Geographical Indications registered in Europe. Country

Country

Italy France

380

Spain

Italy

474

France Spain

102

Hungary Bulgaria

38

Greece

33

Austria

26

Germany

26 18

Slovakia

64

United Kingdom

46

Romania

76

Portugal

52

Portugal

102

Greece

56

12

Austria

10

Croatia

10 8

Poland

0

100

200

300

400

0

500

167

104

50

100

150

Count of Food with a protected geographical indication (PDO)

Wine with a protected designation of origin (PDO) Country

Country

Italy Greece

116

France

France

129

Italy

75

Spain

Spain

45

Germany Netherlands Portugal

United Kingdom

12

Greece

10

Hungary

4

Cyprus 0

78

Portugal

13

74 41 30

Poland

8

22

Croatia

9 6

Austria 20

40

60

80

100

120

140

0

Wine with a protected geographical indication (PGI)

143

89

Germany

26

Romania

127

50

100

150

Count of Food with a protected geographical indication (PGI)

Source: E-Bacchus - https://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/wine/e-bacchus_en

Source: Door - http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/quality/door/list.html

63

Number of organic producers in Europe The World of Organic Agriculture 2018

Number of organic producers in Europe -2016

Data on organic agriculture world-wide The ten countries with the largest numbers of organic producers 2016 Country

Source: https://statistics.fibl.org/world.html

India Uganda

210.352

Mexico

210.000

Ethiopia

203.602

Philippines United Republic of Tanzania Peru

165.994 148.610 91.771

Turkey

67.879

Italy

64.210 58.258

Paraguay

835.000

0K 100K 200K 300K 400K 500K 600K 700K 800K 900K Organic producers

64

Number of areas of organic agricultural land The World of Organic Agriculture 2018

Areas of organic agricultural land

Data on organic agriculture world-wide The ten countries with the largest areas of organic agricultural land 2016

Country Australia Argentina

Source: https://statistics.fibl.org/world.html

China

2,28M

United States of America

2,03M

Spain

2,02M

Italy

1,80M

Uruguay

1,66M

France

1,54M

India

1,49M 1,25M

Germany

27,15M

3,01M

0M

5M

10M

15M

20M

Organic area (farmland) (ha)

65

25M

30M

World wine production Top wine producing regions in the world Leading the world in wine production is Italy, which endured tough wine conditions last year, but still produced more wine than its closest rivals, France and Spain, to propel it to the top of the charts. Source: www.oiv.it International Organisation of Vine and Wine

Top Wine-Producing Countries

https://www.fdfworld.com/drink/top-10-wine-producing-regions-world

Volume in thousands of hectoliters (mhl)

Country Italy France Spain United States Australia Argentina South Africa China Chile Germany Portugal

50.000

50.900

42.500

47.000

45.400

36.700

37.700

40.000

32.100

21.700

23.600

23.300

11.900

13.000

13.700

13.400

9.400

11.800

11.200

10.500

10.800

11.500

11.400

10.800

12.900

10.100

9.500

8.900

9.000

7.700

7.000

6.000

6.600

2015

2016

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2017

Note: 2017 data are estimated

Least accurate

Country India

1

China Taiwan

2 3

South Africa

4

US

5

Brazil

6

Thailand

7

Singapore

8

Turkey

9

Indonesia

10

Mexico

11

Canada

Perils of Perception - 2016

12

Montenegro

13

Russia

14

Serbia

Across all 40 countries in the 2016 study, each population gets a lot

15

Philippines

16

Hong Kong

wrong, such as the proportion of our population that are Muslims and

17

Israel

wealth inequality. We also show that we’re often unduly pessimistic

18

Denmark

19

Argentina

about how happy people are and our tolerance on controversial issues

20

France

such as homosexuality, sex before marriage and abortion.

21

Vietnam

22

Peru

23

Spain

Source: http://perils.ipsos.com/

24

Chile

25

Hungary

26

Japan

27

Belgium

28

Poland

29

Colombia

30

Sweden

31

Norway

32

Italy

33

Germany

34

Australia

35

Malaysia

36

Czech Republic

Most accurate

37

South Korea

38

Great Britain

39 40

Netherlands 0

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

Position

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Country

GAI Rank..

United states

1

Germany

2

China

3

Japan

4

Singapore

5

Canada

6

France

7

United Kingdom

8

Netherlands

9

Korea, rep.

10

Australia

11

Switzerland

12

Hong Kong

13

Austria

14

Belgium

15

Italy

16

Ireland

17

Denmark

18

Sweden

19

Luxembourg

20

Iceland

21

New Zealand

22

Czech Republic

23

Norway

24

Spain

25

Finland

26

India

27

Russia

28

Brazil

29

United Arab Emirates

30

Poland

31

Estonia

32

Qatar

33

Hungary

34

Global Attractivness Index

The true measure of a Country’s attractiveness The strategic management of a 'pro-business' country-image and the positioning of a country in international competitiveness rankings, are key issues for development and growth. In 2016 the European House - Ambrosetti in conjunction with ABB, Toyota Material Handling Europe and Unilever,

launched the initiative titled "Global

Attractiveness Index" with a view to providing Italian and international decision-makers with an innovative and reliable index of attractiveness. The index would offer a well-defined representation of a country's attractiveness and sustainability, while at the same time providing reliable information regarding the choices in terms of attractiveness, growth and the enhancement of a pro-business environment. Source: https://www.ambrosetti.eu/en/global-attractiveness-index

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The World’s Most Reputable Countries

Ranking Country RepTrak® 2018

Country

To determine the Country RepTrak, the institute surveyed more than

Sweden

58,000 individuals in Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States during the period from March to April 2018. The 55 countries considered were those with the greatest gross domestic product and familiarity with at least 51% of the G8 general population. Source: Ranking Country RepTrak® 2018 - www.reputationinstitute.com

Finland

81,70 81,60

Switzerland

81,30

Norway

81,10

New Zealand

79,70

Australia

79,60

Canada

79,20

Japan

77,90

Denmark

77,70

Netherlands

76,70

Ireland

76,10

Austria

75,60

Italy

75,00

Spain

73,10

Belgium

72,60

United Kingdom

72,00

Portugal

71,90

France

69,30

Germany

68,50 68,50

Singapore 0

50 Reputation Index

69

100

Ranking Country RepTrak® 2018 A country’s reputation has a relevant impact on its economy: increasing one additional Pulse point in a particular market entails an average increase of +3.1% in the arrival of visitors from that market and +1.7% of exports to that market. Source: https://www.reputationinstitute.com/sites/default/files/pdfs/2017-CountryRepTrak.pdf

Country RepTrak®: Three factors drive national reputations Advanced economy:

Appealing enviroment:

Effective government:

●High quality products and services

● Beautiful country

● Business enviroment

●Well-know brands

● Enjoyable country

● Institutional enviroment

●Contribution to global culture

● Appealing lifestyle

● Social and Economics policies

●Technology

● Friendly and Welcoming people

● International participation

●Well-educated and Reliable workforce

● Safety

●Values education

● Efficient use of public resources ● Ethical country

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What gives a nation a great reputation?

How Country Reputation affects investment attraction

Reputation has an unquestionable economic value to countries. It is

Effective government is the key-driver in boosting Italy reputation

based on emotion and reason, the product of our impressions of a

and the increasing perception of Italy’s Government effectiveness will

nation’s actions and its communications, as well as our deep-seated

affect the investment attraction:

perceptions, stereotypes, influences and direct experiences. In an age

+5pt in Effective Government perception = +8,7% in propensity to

of empowered, networked publics, the value of a country’s reputation

invest in Italy

is rising — as is the importance of managing it as one of its greatest Source: http://www.febaf.it/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Ventoruzzo.pdf

assets. Strong reputations create economic opportunities. Respondents who perceive a country as having a strong reputation state a greater willingness to visit it for business or leisure, or to recommend living in, working in, investing in, studying in, or buying products from, that country. Reputation is both internal and external — and big gaps mean big blind spots. Source: http://policyoptions.irpp.org/magazines/july-2017/what-gives-a-nation-agreat-reputation

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Reputation difference between internal and external valuation Country

Least self-critical countries

Russia United States of America

23,40

Turkey

18,80

Peru

17,30

Colombia

12,40

Morocco

Italy is very self-critical

11,50

Mexique

9,50

Chile

9,20

Germany

8,10

United Kingdom

8,10

Argentina

7,40

Canada

5,00

Portugal

4,30

France

2,60

Japan

0,80

Spain

-6,70

Italy South Africa Most self-critical countries

Brazil

40,80

-10,20 -11,80 -12,00 -20

-10

0

10

20 Value

Source: Country RepTrak® 2017 - www.reputationinstitute.com

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30

40

Italian-American stereotyping According to the Italic Institute of America:

Since the early decades of the 20th century, Italian Americans have been portrayed with stereotypical characterizations. Italian Americans in

The mass media has consistently ignored five centuries of Italian

contemporary U.S. society have actively objected to pervasive negative

American history, and has elevated what was never more than a minute

stereotyping in the mass media. Stereotyping of Italian-Americans as

subculture to the dominant Italian American culture.

being associated with organized crime has been a consistent feature of movies, such as The Godfather (all three works in the series), GoodFellas

According to recent FBI statistics, Italian-American organized crime

and Casino, and TV programs such as The Sopranos. Such stereotypes

members and associates number approximately 3,000. Given an Italian-

of Italian Americans are reinforced by the frequent replay of these

American population estimated to be approximately 18 million, the study

movies and series on cable and network TV. Video and board games, and TV and radio commercials with

concludes that only one in 6,000 has any involvement with organized

themes also reinforce this

crime.

stereotype. The entertainment media has stereotyped the Italian

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-Italianism

American community as tolerant of violent, sociopathic gangsters. Other stereotypes portray Italian Americans as overly aggressive and prone to violence. MTV's series Jersey Shore was considered offensive by the

Today there are over 26 million Americans of Italian descent in the

Italian-American group UNICO.

United States,

A comprehensive study of Italian-American culture on film, conducted

Source: https://italialiving.com/articles/lifestyle/national-italian-american-heritage-month

from 1996 to 2001, by the Italic Institute of America, revealed the extent

The article What do you know about Reality? Says “The U.S. Department

of stereotyping in media. More than two-thirds of the 2,000 films

of Justice estimates that less than .0025 percent of the 26 million

assessed in the study portray Italian Americans in a negative light. Nearly 300 films featuring Italian Americans as mobsters have been produced

Americans of Italian descent are involved in organized crime.”

since The Godfather (1972), an average of nine per year.

Source: http://uhaweb.hartford.edu/LOTARDO

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Italians are all mafiosi Italians don’t like working Italians are not smart Italians don’t do scientific research Italians are poor Italians are underdeveloped Learn more http://bit.ly/italyreputation 74

Dictionary / Terms

Icons: https://www.flaticon.com

75

my name is

ITALIA Massimo N. Marrazzo linkedin.com/in/marrazzomassimo [email protected] You can suggest other positive elements about Italy to compare with other countries.

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