The Lightning Thief By: Rick Riordan Anticipation Guide. Directions: Before
analyzing The Lightning Thief as a class, fill out the following anticipation guide.
Percy Jackson and the Olympians:
The Lightning Thief By: Rick Riordan
Image obtained from http://www.hellokids.com/r_2139/coloring-page/movie-coloring-pages/percy-jackson-coloring-pages
Name:______________________________________________ Class Period:__________ Ms. Grande Cedar Park Middle School Fall 2013
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief By: Rick Riordan Anticipation Guide Directions: Before analyzing The Lightning Thief as a class, fill out the following anticipation guide. Read the following statements, and circle the number that best correlates to your opinion on the topic; circling 1 indicates that you STRONGLY DISAGEE with the topic, 3 indicates that you BOTH AGREE AND DISAGREE with the topic, and 5 indicates that you STRONGLY AGREE. Prepare to discuss this worksheet when you're done. 1. It is okay to break the rules. 1 2 3 4 5 2. I would do anything to protect my family. 1 2 3 4 5 3. Family members are more important than friends. 1 2 3 4 5 4. My name defines my character, or “fits” me well. 1 2 3 4 5 5. Honor is more important to me than being right. 1 2 3 4 5 6. It’s hard to stand up for what’s right if no one is supporting you. 1 2 3 4 5 7. Rules exist to protect people. 1 2 3 4 5 8. I would do anything to protect my friends. 1 2 3 4 5 9. It is a parent’s responsibility to stay with AND protect his/her children. 1 2 3 4 5 10. It is a strong person’s job to protect weaker people. 1 2 3 4 5 11. Teachers frequently don’t understand my personal struggles/can’t identify with me. 1 2 3 4 5 12. Education/training is vital to be prepared for my future. 1 2 3 4 5 13. Sometimes giving up is necessary. 1 2 3 4 5 14. I would do anything to accomplish a goal I set for myself. 1 2 3 4 5 15. Fate, God, Destiny, or a “higher power” determines my future. 1 2 3 4 5 16. People are all power hungry, in one way or another. 1 2 3 4 5 17. Anyone can be a hero. 1 2 3 4 5 18. A single person can make a massive world-changing difference. 1 2 3 4 5 19. Leaving someone to fend for himself/herself can be the best thing for that person. 1 2 3 4 5 20. People who make negative choices will eventually get what they deserve. 1 2 3 4 5
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan HERO'S JOURNEY Directions: Fill out the following Hero's Journey graphic organizer for protagonist Percy Jackson. You must use text evidence to support your findings.
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan CHARACTER ANALYSIS Directions: Characterize the protagonist of this novel by listing 2 direct traits, 2 indirect traits, 3 examples of his internal conflicts, and 3 examples of his external conflicts in the spaces provided. We will be adding to this list and worksheet as we progress through the novel.
INTERNAL CONFLICTS (mental or emotional struggles within a character)
EXTERNAL CONFLICTS (struggles with outside forces, such as environments, fate, or other characters)
DIRECT TRAITS (characteristics the author TELLS us about the protagonist)
INDIRECT TRAITS (characteristics the author SHOWS us about the protagonist)
Adapted and used for educational purposes from the 2013 National Math + Science Initiative Dallas, Texas
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan Study Questions Chapter 1 1. In which person/perspective is this novel written? What are the benefits and drawbacks of this perspective on the reader?
2. Analyze the tone of the speaker using an example from the text (direct quote). What mood does this create in the audience/reader?
3. Chapter 1 functions as part of the exposition of this novel; as such it allows the audience to see the setting of the novel, among other aspects. Describe the setting of this novel using an example from the text. Why might Riordan choose a common metropolitan area as the setting?
4. What simile does Percy use to describe when his “brain falls asleep” with ADHD? A. “Her eyes began to glow like barbeque coals.” B. “as if somebody had spray-painted her face with liquid Cheetos” C. “this was part of the ADHD, my brain misinterpreting things” D. “as if a puzzle piece fell out of the universe” 5. Mr. Brunner, Percy’s Latin teacher, is an influential character in Percy’s life who pushes him to excel. He apparently lends Percy a pen that transforms into a sword; comment on the adage “the pen is mightier than the sword.” Do you think Mr. Brunner would find this statement true? Why or why not?
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan Study Questions Chapter 2 1. What conflict continues into Chapter 2 that causes Percy to question if he was hallucinating?
2. What mood does the “freak weather” create in the reader, and how is this connected to Percy’s behavior/performance at Yancy Academy as the year progresses?
3. Imagery is a powerful force in this novel; in particular, light and dark imagery/duality is utilized to represent understanding versus ignorance. Explain the dual meaning behind Percy’s statement, “I waited in the dark for what seemed like forever.”
4. What inciting incident occurs in Chapter 2?
5. Three is a powerful number in literature and art. Comment on Riordan’s use of the number 3 in this chapter and what its presence foreshadows for the protagonist (there are at least 2 instances where this number is referenced in this chapter).
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan Study Questions Chapter 3 1. Characterize Sally Jackson using examples from the text.
2. What simile does Riordan use to aptly characterize Gabe Ugliano? A. “Her smile was as warm as a quilt.” B. “like a tuskless walrus in thrift-store clothes” C. “Gabe’s smell was almost worse than the nightmares about Mrs. Dodds.” D. “a sudden chill rolled through me” 3. What external conflict exists between Sally, Gabe, and Percy? Add this to your characterization sheet. Why can’t Percy understand why Sally stays with him?
4. How does Percy feel about his father and why? Could this be considered a conflict? If so, is it an internal conflict, external conflict, or both?
5. Catalogue the “weird, scary things” that have happened to Percy since he was younger.
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan Study Questions Chapter 4 1. Reference the Hero’s Journey chart. After completing the chapter, make sure to add the following to the chart: the known, the call to adventure, the supernatural aid, and the threshold/guardians. You may have to reference previous chapters to complete these parts of the chart. In the future you will be expected to continue filling this chart out independently. 2. In mythology hero’s mothers are typically paradigms, or examples, of how a great woman or mother should behave. In what ways is Sally Jackson the paradigm of a great mother?
3. What does Grover want to assure Percy of in the car (“I wasn’t faking…”)? What is Grover’s defense for lying to Percy about Mrs. Dodds?
4. Percy is determined to not ____________. A. get beaten by the minotaur B. leave either Grover or his mother behind C. let his mother’s disappearance keep him from saving Grover D. get a “single scratch” on his stepfather’s favorite car 5. Characterize the Minotaur. Summarize the advice Sally gave Percy, as well as how Percy defeated this foe.
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan Study Questions Chapter 5 1. Usually when a hero crosses into the unknown, a literal vehicle must be used to get through that boundary. The hero is usually put through a great trial, whether mental or physical or both, at this time. He might even have a near death experience, which is necessary to begin his transformation and grow into a true hero. Describe the manner in which Percy “crosses over,” and his condition upon waking on the other side.
2. In this chapter the word reverently most closely means _____________. A. worriedly B. slowly C. respectfully D. holily 3. Describe the setting of Camp Half-Blood using examples from the text.
4. Riordan uses card games/games in general in this novel as a symbol to reference fate, divine influence, or an unavoidable predetermined future. When and where have you seen the image of cards being played in this novel thus far, and what do you think this could foreshadow for Percy?
5. Characterize Dionysus (Mr. D) using several adjectives. Why and how has he been punished?
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan Study Questions Chapter 6 1. What effect does Percy’s sense of humor have on you as a reader? Does this make him a more believable speaker, or does this take away from the story in some way? Explain.
2. Why does Percy feel uncomfortable? What name does Luke ascribe to campers like Percy?
3. Characterize Annabeth using an example from the text. You might wish to turn back to Chapter 5 for more detail/elaboration.
4. What does Annabeth “know” about Percy that’s inherent to all demigods? How does she know this?
5. What simile is used to describe Clarisse’s hands? A. “like iron” B. “like pieces of garbage being washed away” C. “like he’s ‘Big-Three’ material” D. “like Nancy Bobofit, only meaner”
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan Study Questions Chapter 7 1. With whom does Athena not get along? Why?
2. How does Percy identify with the campers from Cabin 11 who were “waiting for a call that would never come,” and what Annabeth reveals about the gods being “busy” and not caring about their kids?
3. Characterize Luke using examples from the text.
4. Why does Luke “hate prophecies”? What could Luke’s perspective reveal about the “fate vs. choice” debate regarding an individual’s future?
5. Which quote at the end of Chapter 7 best foreshadows the trials to come? Reproduce it below.
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan Study Questions Chapter 8 1. Describe Percy’s first few days at Camp Half-Blood. How does Percy begin to sympathize with Luke?
2. Blades are considered symbols of power and masculinity; why is it important Percy has not yet found a blade that “felt right in his hands”? What could this searching/lack of belonging reflect?
3. What does Grover reveal about the empty cabins? Who are the “Big Three” and why are their cabins empty?
4. What metaphor is used to describe the hellhound? A. “like forty pieces of paper being ripped one after the other” B. “with lava-red eyes and fangs like daggers” C. “soaking into the ground until it disappeared” D. “an enormous shadow with teeth” 5. Summarize the capture the flag game. How is water imagery employed throughout this game/training?
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan Study Questions Chapter 9 1. Why is Percy miserable? What two messages does the hellhound’s attack send the other campers?
2. Summarize the article by Eileen Smythe. What mood does that create within the reader?
3. Dreams are frequently used in this novel to represent or foreshadow events that are happening or will happen. Describe the dream Percy has. What can it mean metaphorically?
4. Playing cards are utilized again in this chapter in two particular instances; how is it meaningful that Chiron had “a winning hand he hadn’t gotten to use”? What can this mean? Why is it meaningful the oracle reveals Percy’s prophecy through the image of Gabe’s poker game?
5. What does Percy Jackson use to describe his emotions about Poseidon? A. “like bits of glass in a kaleidoscope” B. “a strange fire burned in my stomach” C. “He’d started eating pinochle cards like potato chips.” D. “The Lord of the Dead is the only possibility.”
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan Study Questions Chapter 10 1. What does Percy obtain from the camp store, and what magical gift does Luke give him? What does each member of the trio bring on the quest?
2. What pun is used to describe Argus’s job as the head of camp security? A. “Hey,” he panted. “Glad I caught you.” B. he “wore his fake feet and pants to pass as human” C. he will “drive you into the city” D. he will “keep an eye on things” 3. What gift does Chiron give Percy that was actually from Poseidon? How does this gift represent Percy growing into a hero and finding his identity/masculinity?
4. Names are powerful in this novel, as we have seen. What are the names of this object? Describe some of the characteristics of this object.
5. What unfortunate event(s) occur near the end of Chapter 10? How does light and dark imagery identify these events as unfortunate?
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan Study Questions Chapter 11 1. Comment on Riordan’s use of humor and conversational tone through Percy Jackson. Does this add to or take away from the novel for the reader/audience?
2. Which of the following are adjectives used to describe the forested setting? A. sloshed, mushy, nasty, smelled B. mushy, nasty, twisted trees, sour C. nasty, twisted trees, sour, laundry D. dark, sloshed, nasty, twisted trees 3. What is Grover’s initial reaction to “Aunty Em’s Garden Gnome Emporium”? How is it easy for Annabeth and Percy to ignore his instinct?
4. On occasion Percy addresses the reader directly with 2nd person perspective by saying, for example, “Plus, you’ve never smelled Aunty Em’s burgers.” What affect/mood does this use of perspective create?
5. What does Percy send to Mount Olympus, and why?
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan Study Questions Chapter 12 1. What makes Grover sad? What is his goal, and what does being a Searcher entail?
2. Summarize Percy’s dream.
3. What three adjectives are used to describe the voice in the pit? ____________________
4. What simile is used to describe the voice? How is this meaningful?
5. What special skills is Grover revealed to have in this chapter, and how do these skills help the trio?
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan Study Questions Chapter 13 1. What is the effect of citing newspaper articles?
2. What kinds of fantastical beings does Percy see while riding on the train? How does this blending of normal and fantastical sights represent Percy’s life as a demigod?
3. Summarize Annabeth’s story up to the point when she reached Camp Half-Blood at age 7.
4. What do Annabeth and Percy agree to do? A. go sightseeing B. spend time on the observation deck C. travel on the elevator car together D. work together 5. How is Percy’s action at the end of Chapter 13 incredibly significant in his growth as a hero and his identity as Poseidon’s son?
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan Study Questions Chapter 14 1. What “few things” does Percy realize upon hitting the water? What occurred soon after he went underwater?
2. Characterize the being what Percy meets in the Mississippi River. What important information does she tell Percy?
3. What or who do the reporters say has caused the damage to the St. Louis Arch? A. a huge fire-breathing Chihuahua B. a woman with a Chihuahua C. an adolescent boy D. a trio of teenagers 4. Where does Grover say they must go, and why?
5. What imagery is used in the end of Chapter 14, and how is this significant?
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan Study Questions Chapter 15 1. In what state do the trio arrive? A. Denver B. Colorado C. Kansas D. Missouri 2. What does Luke reveal that happened at Camp Half-Blood the year he and Annabeth arrived?
3. Characterize Ares using an example from the text. Why would Riordan choose this look for Ares, and what does this say about our society’s image of the “rebel” or “troublemaker”?
4. What 2 rewards does the war god offer the trio in exchange for returning his shield?
5. Describe in detail how Annabeth and Percy escape from the tunnel of love. What is significant about Percy’s direct address to the cameras?
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan Study Questions Chapter 16 1. Why and by whom is Sally Jackson being kept? 2. Percy says he has a feeling is quest is “being watched” for the “amusement of the gods.” Make a connection between the animals in the truck and the trio of adventurers; how are they alike?
3. Describe the setting of the Lotus Casino using an example from the text.
4. What sort of games does each member of the trio play, and what does this reveal about their individual characteristics? Character Name/Game
5. What does the trio notice about the weather upon leaving the Lotus Casino? How does this weather represent
the Gods’ emotions? Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan Study Questions Chapter 17 1. Whatever feelings Percy senses about “something else going on” and “something even more dangerous,” where does Annabeth say the answer can be found? A. Los Angeles B. the Mojave Desert C. Mount Olympus D. the Underworld 2. What simile does Percy use to describe where the shark “deposited” him where the “sand bank dropped off into a huge chasm”?
3. What is the Nereid reveal about Poseidon regarding Percy? What warning and gift does she give Percy?
4. Summarize the advice the Nereid gives Percy.
5. How does the trio escape Crusty’s Water Bed Palace? What do they discover about DOA Recording Studios?
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan Study Questions Chapter 18 1. Explain what kind of mood Annabeth and Percy’s sarcastic interactions/tones create for the reader.
2. What question does Charon ask, and what simile is used to describe how Percy responds?
3. Characterize Charon using examples from the text.
4. Explain what Charon means when he discusses the pollution of the River Styx and the “irresponsible waste management”?
5. Why does Annabeth cry when she leaves Cerberus? What deep connection does she feel with this dog, and why?
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan Study Questions Chapter 19 1. Characterize Hades using an example from the text. What does Hades reveal is missing in addition to the Master Bolt?
2. ____________ best describes Percy’s mood after being in the presence of his uncle, Hades. A. despondency B. acquiescence C. disgust D. ire 3. Why does Hades think Percy came to the Underworld with Zeus’s Master Bolt? What does he offer in exchange for his Helm of Darkness?
4. What argument does the trio have regarding the pearls?
5. Describe the setting the trio sees in the distance. How does this enhance or afect the mood?
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan Study Questions Chapter 20 1. Which word best describes Percy’s tone with Ares after defeating the boar? A. sarcastic B. humble C. nonchalant D. rough 2. What totems do Annabeth and Grover bequeath to Percy to protect him in his battle with Ares? How are these significant?
3. What simile is used to describe the tension built up by the sea when Percy holds it back? A. “sometimes it looked like a shotgun, sometimes a two-handed sword” B. “I felt the rhythm of the sea” C. “it was dark like midnight and flickering in the firelight” D. “like carbonation behind a cork” 4. List several examples of duality or light and dark imagery Riordan uses to show the theme of good overcoming evil.
5. What must the trio do to get back to New York in time, and how is this dangerous?
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan Study Questions Chapter 21 1. What story surfaces for the human population regarding Percy Jackson?
2. The use of color is very important in this novel. Comment on the use of at least 2 of the following colors in this chapter (for the purposes of ease, gray will be considered a color rather than a shade): REDGRAYGREEN3. Characterize Zeus. Describe his interaction with Percy.
4. Characterize Poseidon using examples from the text. Describe his interaction with his son.
5. What important life lesson did Sally Jackson learn? What did Percy learn about saving his mother?
Name:_________________________ Class Period:________ The Lightning Thief by: Rick Riordan Study Questions Chapter 22 1. Describe the trio’s return to Half-Blood Hill using text evidence.
2. Describe the end of summer bead and its significance. Comment on the use of color imagery and symbolism.
3. To what does Luke compare “Western civilization,” and what action is he now taking? What is the conflict that occurs with Luke?
4. How has each member of the trio matured by the end of the summer? List some characteristics that prove this. CHARACTER NAME CHARACTERISTICS/GROWTH
5. What italicized quote on the last page best captures Percy’s reasoning behind his decision to leave for the school year? Reproduce it below.