Rediscovering the Warrior Within

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Moore, R. & Gillette, D. 2013, King, Warrior, Magician, Lover: Rediscovering the Archetypes of the Mature Masculine, Harper One, San Francisco. 2.

Rediscovering the Warrior Within: The Warrior Archetype in Elite English Football Academies Nicholas A. Zuch with: Clive Palmer, Stuart Wilkinson, & Cliff Olsson University of Central Lancashire

1.

Introduction

3.

This poster explores the unconscious mind through a Post-Jungian perspective to propose an alternative theory to define successful and unsuccessful psychosocial talent development in elite English football academies. Archetypes, according to Jungian/Post-Jungian theory, are part of an impersonal unconscious system, inherited through ancestry, and innate to all. Individuation, or the bridging of the conscious and unconscious, is understood to be a complex process underpinned by numerous psychosocial, biological, cultural, and environmental factors, which are believed to either facilitate or impede psychic maturation1. The Warrior, the Hero archetype, and their bipolar forms, situated within the animus in the collective unconscious of the human psyche, have been suggested to have the potential to positively or negatively influence talent development depending upon which archetype is manifested into the individual’s consciousness2. It is the researcher’s aim to investigate this hypothesis in the context of football.

2. The Immature, Mature, & Bipolar Warrior in Sport Warrior

Hero

Grandstander Bully Warrior Sadist Masochist

Data Analysis

Inter-rater reliability questionnaire’s were used to increase validity of the inferences used to establish these themes.

Results

5a.

Profiles of the Warrior Archetype in English Football Academies

Ares

Athena

Paris Primary

Hero

Coward

Heracules

Tertiary

Tertiary

Gr. Bully

Coward

Morata5 Rashford6 Neymar7 Balotelli8

(Jastrow, 2006)10

Orestes

Gr. Bully

(Pederson, 2006)11

Jason

Primary

Secondary

Secondary

Secondary

Hero

Masochist

Tertiary

Tertiary

Gr. Bully

Hero

Gr. Bully

(Stevenson,

Hero

2009)12

(maicar.com,

2006)13

Conclusions/ Recommendations

Summary of findings In this exploratory study, the researcher found that • 9-10 year old’s in English academies appeared to display multiple variations of the warrior within English football academies with some potentially aiding talent development more than others. • Supportive paternal figures, ‘tribal’ club culture, games-based practices with individual-specific interventions and systematic ‘planned trauma’s could facilitate access to the warrior archetype Recommendations Further research studies around both proposals are needed before any definitive claims can be made.

Coward

Primary

Tertiary

Keane4

Secondary

Primary

Moore & Gillette, 20131

Gr. Bully

Masochist

Secondary

Tertiary

Warrior

Puyol3

Sadist

Secondary

(theoi.com, 2017)9

Primary

Warrior Archetype

Games-based practices with individual specific interventions

‘Tribal’ Club Culture

6.

Thematic analysis of observations and interviews was utilized to establish major and minor themes of observations and interviews.

Masochist

Hero

Use of Systematic ‘Planned Trauma's’

Stage 2 – Stage 2 comprised of 3 semi-structured interviews with pivotal academy staff members which included the head of coaching, the lead foundation phase coach, and an under 9’s coach who had coached the majority of both age groups.

Primary

Coward

Supportive Paternal Figures

Stage 1 – Stage 1 consisted of 8 field observations of training sessions and matches of the under 9 and under 10 age groups. Observations were equally distributed.

4.

Results

Mediators of the Warrior Archetype in the Foundation Phase of English Football Academies

A two stage ethnographic study that adopted an interpretivist approach was conducted within a category 3 English football academy.

Warrior

Sadist

5b.

Methods

Coward

Gr. Bully

Coward

(Thorvaldsen, 2008)14

7.

References

1. Moore, R. & Gillette, D. 2013, King, Warrior, Magician, Lover: Rediscovering the Archetypes of the Mature Masculine, Harper One, San Francisco. 2. Papadopoulos, R.K. 2012, "Jung's epistemology and methodology" in The Handbook of Jungian Psychology: Theory, Practice, and Applications, ed. R.K. Papadopoulos, 1st edn, Routledge, London, pp. 7-53. *3 to 14 listed in additional information*

Zuch, N.A., Palmer, C., Wilkinson, C. and Olsson, C. (2017) Rediscovering the warrior within: the warrior archetype in elite english football academies. Presentation at the BASES – FEPSAC Conference, University of Nottingham, UK. 29th November. Contact Details: [email protected]