Research Article CODEN: IJPRNK ISSN: 2277-8713 - IJPRBS

34 downloads 0 Views 1MB Size Report
Jun 27, 2015 - Guha Bakshi, D.N.1984. Flora of Murshidabad District, West Bengal, India. Scientific publishers, Jodhpur, India.pp.289-290. 4. Mebberley, D. J. ...

Research Article CODEN: IJPRNK Ashmin Sultana, IJPRBS, 2015; Volume 4(3): 291-309

ISSN: 2277-8713 IJPRBS

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH AND BIO-SCIENCE USEFULLNESS OF ANGIOSPERMIC PLANTS IN HOMEOPATHY SYSTEM OF MEDICINE ASHMIN SULTANA, SOBHAN KR. MUKHERJEE Taxonomy of Angiosperms and Biosystematics Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Kalyani, Kalyani -741235, West Bengal, India

Accepted Date: 14/06/2015; Published Date: 27/06/2015 Abstract: Homeopathy is becoming legitimate medical system than conventional system of medicine by it’s two principle-“Similia Similibus Curantur” and “Law of minimum dose”. The treatment of disease is primarily based on characteristic symptoms of patient. About 2500 plant species are known to be useful for medicinal preparation of different kinds. Over 300 plants are now traditionally used drug sources in homeopathy. A checklist of 107 plants species belonging to 51 families and 102 genera used in homeopathic medicine is described and discussed. Maximum number of plants have been recorded from the family Asteraceae (19 species) followed by Acanthaceae (6 species), Cucurbitaceae( 6 species), Apocyanaceae (5 species), Solanaceae (5 species), Ranunculaceae (4 species), Apiaceae( 4 species) and rest of the studied families contains 1 – 3 species each. Some important angiosperms in

homeopathy system of medicine are-1. Allium cepa L.; 2. Arnica montana L.; 3. Anemone pulsatilla Stoerch.; 4. Bryonia alba Bull.; 5. Calendula officinalis L.; 6. Cephaelis ipecacuanha (Bort.) A. Rich.; 7. Ignatia amara L.f.; 8. Rhus toxicodendron L.; 9. Symphytum officinale L.; 10. Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader. Keywords: Homeopathy, Angiospermic plants.

Corresponding Author: MS. ASHMIN SULTANA Access Online On: www.ijprbs.com How to Cite This Article: PAPER-QR CODE

Ashmin Sultana, IJPRBS, 2015; Volume 4(3): 291-309

Available Online at www.ijprbs.com

291

Research Article CODEN: IJPRNK Ashmin Sultana, IJPRBS, 2015; Volume 4(3): 291-309

ISSN: 2277-8713 IJPRBS

INTRODUCTION Now-a-days there are several systems of medicines in world-wide such as Allopathic medicine system, homeopathic medicine system, modern medicine, Ayurvedic medicine system etc., but homeopathy is most legitimate system of medicine in diagnosis and treating medical problems harmlessly. A German doctor, Dr. Samuel Hahnemann, the father of homeopathy, was first person who established it’s the therapeutic science through his continued observation of homeopathic drug application on ailing patients and tried to provide cures on the basis of the overall disease rather than focusing on individual diseases. Homeopathy system of medicine is based on two basic natural principle, first in latin – “ similiasimilibus” or like with like that means a drug can only cure that which it can produce in a healthy human body and second- “law of minimum dose”- the notion that lower the dose of the medication, the greater it’s effectiveness. Homeopathic doctor should consider all mental, physical and emotional aspects of the patient. Homeopathic sources remedies are derived mainly from six source like-(1) plants, (2) animals, (3) minerals (natural salts), (4) diseased tissues or secretions containing bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms, (5) hormones and healthy tissues, (6) imponderables (such as magnetism x-ray, radiation) etc. Out of above six sources of homeopathic medicines, the project has been dealing with the plant kingdom specially some important Angiospermic plants. In India considerable period, homeopathy become a popular therapy for several acute and chronic diseases. More than 30,000 plants specimen of medicinal importance are grown all over the world, but only around 2,500 plants species are known to be useful for medicine preparation. Over 300 plants are now traditionally used as drug source in homeopathy. In India for considerable period, homeopathy became a popular therapy for several acute and chronic diseases. In India agro-climatic diverse plant types are unique source of homeopathic drugs. Many such drug yielding plants currently cultivated in India and a good quality of drug materials or crude extracts are imported from outside the country. Homeopathic medicine is very essentially an individualistic treatment than the other systems of medicines due to the following reasons – i)

Drug requirement is minimum. Available Online at www.ijprbs.com

292

Research Article CODEN: IJPRNK Ashmin Sultana, IJPRBS, 2015; Volume 4(3): 291-309

ISSN: 2277-8713 IJPRBS

ii)

Homeopathic remedies are highly diluted.

iii)

It has no side effects.

iv)

Cure a disease from its root point.

v)

Less expensive than other medicine system so, affordable for all.

vi)

The medicines are mostly sugar based so that it is very easy to eat for children.

METHODOLOGY To acquire the knowledge about contribution of medicinal plants in Homeopathy, a large number of literatures have been consulted. The name of homeopathic plants are taken from different literature such as Prain1(1903); Hooker2(1887); Guha Bakshi3(1984); Mabberly4(2008); Udayan and Balachandan5(2009) and valid author citation of these plants has been checked from IPNI6 website. The information about common name, chemical constituents and medicinal value of these plants have been obtained or gathered from different literature such as Lal and Singh 7(2009); Panigrahi and Shahu8(2000); Dharma and dharma9(1994); Ghani10(2003); Paranjpe11(2001); Joshi12(2003);Prajapati et.al.13(2003);Bharatan et.al.14(2002); Brummitt15(1992); Stearn16(1992); vanZandvoort17(1994-1996) and IK18(1997). For information interviews of well-known homeopathic doctors like Dr. Ananda Mohan Ganguly; Dr. Samar Paul; Lokhnath Dutta has also been consulted and recorded their valuable advice. OBSERVATIONS DICOTS SL. NO (1)

SCIENTIFIC NAME (2)

ACANTHACEAE Andrographis paniculata 1. (Burm.f.)Wallich Nees. 2.

3.

Berberis Pursh.

ex

aquifolium

Justicia adhatoda L.

COMMON NAME/COMMERCIAL NAME 0F HOMEOPATHIC DRUG (3)

CHEMICAL CONSTITUENT (4)

Kalmegh.

Andrographolide andrographin.

Rocky mountain Organ grape.

Berberine, berbadine, hydrastine.

Vasaka, Adusa, Justicia.

Vasicine, vasicinone, deoxyvasicine, vasicol, vasicinolone, kaempferol.

(glycosides),

USES (5)

The drug is useful in cold and cough, dysentery, dyspepsia, infantile liver and jaundice. The plant is febrifuge, tonic, anthelminthic. A great remedy for skincare such as pimply, dry, rough, scaly skin, eruption on scalp extending and soriasis, acne, eczema, pruritus. It is very effective in whooping cough of children with gagging after coughing and also used in bronchitis and bronchial asthma.

ADOXACEAE 4.

Viburnum opulus L.

Canberry tree Viburnum.

bush,

Glycoside, esculetin, scopoletin

Remedy for cramps, colicky pains in pelvic organs, spasmodic and congestive affections of ovarian and uterian origin.

Available Online at www.ijprbs.com

293

Research Article CODEN: IJPRNK Ashmin Sultana, IJPRBS, 2015; Volume 4(3): 291-309 AMARANTHACEAE Achyranthes 5. aspera L.

ISSN: 2277-8713 IJPRBS

Prickly chaff flower, Chirchira, Apang

Terpenoids, saponins, betaine, achyranthin

Used as anti-inflammatory and uterine stimulant, rheumatism, lumbago, dysuria.

6.

Anacardium occidentale L.

Cashewnut tree, Kaju, Anacard.

Polyphenols-catechin, ethylgallate, epicatechinete. Essential amino acid are as follows Aeginine, Histidine, Lysine, Threonine etc.

Useful in skin disease dysentry, hemorrhoids, and anorexia also for preventing hair loss.

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

7.

Mangifera indica L.

Mango tree, Aam.

Beta-carotene, xanthophylls, limonene, dipentene, mangeferol, sesquiterpene.

8.

Rhus toxicodendron L.

Poison ivy.

Fenoprofen, rhus-tannic acid, toxicodendrol, toxicodendric acid.

Metrorrhagia, colonorrhagia, pneumorrhagia, leucorrhoea, wounds, ulcers, vomiting, diarrohoea, dysentery. Used to treat skin rashes, cramps, strains, sprains, flu, viral infection, arthritis, pains worse from being still. It also used as first aid in case of heart attack. Used as carminative, stomachic, anodyne, nerve tonic, stomach trouble. For complaints of depression and sleeplessness. The whole plant possesses antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, diuretic activity.

ANACARDIACEAE

APIACEAE 9.

Apium graveolens L.

Celery, Ajmod.

Choline, myristic acid, apiin, isoquercitrin, apigenin, oleoresin.

10.

Centella asiatica (L.) Urban

Indian pennywort, Brahmamanduki, Thankuni.

Asiaticoside, brahmoside, centelloside, centellic acid, vitamin c, terpenoid.

In extremely small quantities, used as sedative analgesic. For the treatment of Parkinson’s disease and Sydenham’s chorea and also used to treat acute cystitis. Seeds used in ability to reduce wind and bloating. They are commonly given to infants and children to relieve colic and to ease nausea and indigestion. Seeds antispasmodic properties, whooping cough and bronchitis.

Conium maculatum L.

Hemlock, Conixm mac.

Alkaloids mainly conning and a volatile oil.

Pimpinella anisum L.

Anise, Saunt, Mitha-jira, Muhuri.

Volatile oil, furanoco umarins, flavonoids, fatty acid, phenylpropanoids, sterols and proteins.

Devil tree, Chattiyan, Saittanka jat, Saptaparna.

Alkaloids like echitenine, ditamine, triterpenes.

(3)

(4)

Used in abdominal disorders, diarrhoea, dysentry and dyspepsia. Its milky juice is applied locally to ulcers and rheumatic pains. (5)

Conessi bark, Karra, Kura, Kurchi

Alkaloids mainly kurchicine and conesimine, holarrhenine, holarrhimine.

Useful as anti-amoebicide and used in amoebic dysentery and diarrhoea. Decoction of bark or leaves cures scabies.

15.

Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz

Serpentine root, Chota chand, Sarpagandha, Rouwolfia.

Reserpine, reserpinine, serpentine, serpentinine

16.

Strophanthus hispidus DC.

Strophanthus.

Glycosides

17.

Vinca minor Sm.

Lesser periwinkle.

Indole alkaloids, bisindol alkaloids, tannins, vicamine.

Holly.

Illicin, ilexanthin, theobromine,

11.

12.

APOCYNACEAE 13. (1) 14.

Alstonia R.Br.

scholaris

(2) Holarrhena pubescens (Buch.Ham.) Wallich ex Don

AQUIFOLILACEAE 18. Ilex

aquifolium

Most important remedy to cure high blood pressure. The drug used in insanity and madness. It also useful for hypertonic, sexual weakness. In small doses, it prescribed in the treatment of heart disease, useful in failing compensation dependent upon fatty heart. Useful in mouth wash for sore throats, gingivitis and mouth ulcers. Internal bellding, heavy menstrual bleeding and nose bleeds. Vicamine increases blood flow and oxygen supply to the brain. Its leaves used as diuretic, fever reducing

Available Online at www.ijprbs.com

294

Research Article CODEN: IJPRNK Ashmin Sultana, IJPRBS, 2015; Volume 4(3): 291-309 Marsh.

caffeic acid.

ISSN: 2277-8713 IJPRBS and laxative. They also used to treat fever jaundice and rheumatism.

ARALIACEAE 19.

Hedera C.B.Clarke

helix

Lablab.

Arsenic, alpha-hedrin, helixin.

Used for delirium, chronic convulsions. It also acts on blood vessel. In Indian medicine, it is recognised as stimulants, purgative, diaphoretic.

ASCLEPIADACEAE tuberosa

Glycosides: viz-Asclepiadin, Asclepin, Catachin, Calotropin etc. (4)

20.

Asclepias L.

(1)

(2)

(3)

21.

Gymnema sylvestre R.Br.

Periploca of the woods, Merasimgi, Madhunasini

Gymnema saponins, Gymnemic acid, Gymnemasides, Gypenosides

Adam's Needle, Common Yucca, Spanish Bayonet,[4]Bear-Grass, Needle-Palm, Silk-Grass, And Spoon-Leaf Yucca.[

Methyl 2,3,6-Tri-O-Methyl-Β-DGlucopyranoside, Progenin, Sarsasapogenin

Gandana.

Alkaloids, achilleine, essential oil known as oil of it foil, salicylic acid, inositol, mannitol, choline etc.

Pleurisy root.

It used as expectorant, diaphoretic, useful in bronchitis, pleurisy, catarrhal states from cold. (5) Useful in inflammations, Constipation, dyspepsia, jaundice, liver tonic, emetic, digestive, stomachic, stimulant.

ASPARAGACEAE

22.

Yucca Wood

filamentosa

Used in bilious symptoms, with headache.

ASTERACEAE

23.

Achillea millefolium

24.

Arctium lappa L.

Jangli kuth, Burdock.

25.

Arnica montana L.

Arnica

26.

Artemisia absinthium L.

Worm wood, Damara, Vilayatiajsanthin, Mastaru.

(1)

(2)

(3)

27.

Bellis perennis L. Daisy, Bruisewort, Woundwort

28.

Blumea lacera DC.

Kukaraundha, Jangli muli.

29.

Calendula officinalis L.

Marigold, Calendula.

30.

Cichorium intybus L.

Chicory, Kasni.

31.

Echinacea angustifolia DC.

Purple Echinacea.

Zergul,

Coneflower,

Hexasaccharide, arctose, tannin, volatile oil, stigmasterol and sitosterol, arctic acid. Sesquiterpene lactones, flavonoids and a volatile oil containing thymol, mucilage and polysaccharides Essential oil – absinth or wormwood oil, artemisetin, absinthin, artabasin, thujyl alcohol, thujyl acetate. (4)

Methyl Deca-4,6-Diynoate And Deca-4,6-Diynoic Acid, 5 hydroxy- 3,6,7, 3.4- pentame thoxyflavone, 5, 3 4 trihydroxy 3,6,7 trimethoxy flavones, a thiopene derivatives, a diester of coniferyl alcohol, an acetylonic compound, hentriacontane, hentriacontanol, alpha-amyrin, lupeol. Calendulin, triterpene, resins, bitter glycosides, volatile oil etc. Sesquiterpene lactones, lactucin, cichoriolide chicoric acids. Alkamides like isobutylamide, ethanacoside, cynarin, ethinilone, humulene, polysaccharides achinolone, volatile oil, betaine etc.

It is diuretic, stimulant & haemostatic. Leaves & flower tip decoction is useful as a carminative, tonic & aromatic stimulant. Due to the presence of choline it has hypotensive effect. Used as diuretic cutaneous eruption, rheumatism, cystitis, gout and specially for eczema and psoriasis. It is an effective ointment for compressing bruises, also used in Sprains and muscle pain by improving the local blood supply. Also act as antiflammatory. Used as tonic, stomachic, febrifuge and anthelmintic, useful for inflammation of liver and menstrual disorders. (5) It acts upon the muscular fibers of the blood vessels. 1st remedy in injuries to the dipper tissue after major surgical work and also for sprains and bruises. Externally used in acne and boils all over. Used as astringent, acrid, thermogenic, anti-inflammatory, styptic, ophthalmic, digestive, anthelmenthic, liver tonic, diuretic, bruises, wounds, intestinal worm, liver disorders, cough, bronchitis etc.

Used as greatest healing agent locally for all wounds, ulcers etc. Also act as inflammatory, astringent prevents muscle spasms. Used as bitter liver tonic, stomachic, stimulant for liver and digestive tract. Used as immune stimulant, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory, detoxifying, wound healing drug.

Available Online at www.ijprbs.com

295

Research Article CODEN: IJPRNK Ashmin Sultana, IJPRBS, 2015; Volume 4(3): 291-309

Useful in hemorrhage, epistaxis, hemorrhage from any part, specially lungs, excitement of the circulation.

32.

Erechtites hieracifolia L.

American burnweed

(1)

(2)

(3)

33.

Erigeron canadensis Tenore

Canadian fleabane.

Volatile oil, flavonoids, tannins, terpenes etc.

34.

Eupatorium perfoliatum L.

Bone-set, per.

Eupatorin, lannic acid, gallic acid, polysaccharides, volatile oil, bitter glycosides, diterpenes etc.

35.

Eupatorium purpureum L.

Queen of the meadow root.

Alkaloid – echinatine, euparin, eupatorin, resin, volatile oil.

36.

Helianthus annuus L.

Common Sun flower, Surajmukhi, Suryamukhi.

Albumin, globulin, glutelin, chlorogenic acid, carotin, lutein, vitamin-c, amino acids etc.

37.

Inula helenium L.

Elecampane.

Alatolactone, Sesquiterpene, Isoalantolictone, helenine, alantic acid, alantopicrin.

38.

Senecio aureus Wall.

Swuaw weed life root.

Volatile oil, pyrrolizidin, alkaloids, tannins, resin etc.

39.

Solidago virga-aurea Auct.

Goldenrod.

Saponins, diterpenes, phenolic glycosides, acetylenes, cinnamates, tannins, flavonoids, hydroxyl benzoate and inulin.

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

40.

Taraxacum officinale Wiggers

Dendolion, Dudhal.

Vitamins A,B,C,D, triterpenes, coumarins, taraxacosides, phenolic acids.

41.

Tussilago farfara L.

Celtsfoot.

Pyrrolizidine alkaloids, tannins, mucilage, ferulic acid, triterpene etc.

May-apple, Podophyllum.

Podophyllin, podophyllotoxin, quercetin, alphe and beta – peltatin.

Prescribed for complaints mainly of rectum and liver, useful for gastroenteritis, diarrohoea, used as painkiller during dentition.

Brazilian Caroba-tree

Jacaranone

Used for venereal diseases, rheumatism and morning sickness. Also used in urinary and sexual symptoms arising out of infection or inflammation.

Muli, Mula.

Raphanin, glycosinolates, enzymes, aldehydes, anthocyanin, pectin etc.

Used as diuretic, carminative, digestive, useful in indigestion, oedema, skin infection etc.

Common non-prickly comfrey, Comfery.

Symphytin,allantoin,echinidine,co nsolidine,cynoglossine etc.

Allantoin stimulates cell proliferation.Thereby accelerating wound healing both internally and externally.It also acts to join breaks and fractures.

Eupatorium

α-pinene, myrcene, (E)-βocimene, (E)-caryophyllene and germacrene D (4)

ISSN: 2277-8713 IJPRBS

(5) Used as astringent, gastro-intestinal problem such as diarrohoea, dysentry, occasionally used as a diuretic and in rheumatic conditions. Used as stimulant for common cold, herpes, ring-worm, wounds, gout etc. Also used for relieving pains in limbs and muscles during malaria and influenza. Used in albuminuria, strangury, diabetis, enlarged prostates, renal dropsy, impotency and sterility. Also used for preventing formation and diminishing existing stone in kidney and bladders. Useful in lumlago malarian fever, ulcers, wounds, bunning sensation, catarrh, nasal hemorrhage and thick scabs in nose. The seeds used as expectorant, diuretic and useful in cough, pneumonosis. It increases peristalsis of large intestine, hypotensive, allergenic, used in bronchitis, diarrohoea, whooping cough and in muscle relaxation. Used to induce menstrual periods and to bring relief to menopausal complaints. Recently, used for excessive vaginal discharge. Used as antiseptic, diuretic, antioxidant, carminative, for stones in kidney and bladder, and also in repeated colds and tuberculosis. It may be used as a mouthwash. (5) Plants acts as diuretic, tonic, febrifuge, depurative, anti –bacterial stimulant etc. It is used as remedy for chronic disorders of kidney and liver and also in case of cancer in bladder. It is indicated in cough, bronchitis, and asthma etc, also used as an intercurrent medicine in case of phthisis pnmonalis.

BERBERIDACEAE 42.

Podophyllum peltatum L.

BIGNONIACEAE 43.

Jacaranda DC.

caroba

BRASSICACEAE 44.

Raphanus sativus L.

BORAGINACEAE 45.

Symphytum officinale L.

Available Online at www.ijprbs.com

296

Research Article CODEN: IJPRNK Ashmin Sultana, IJPRBS, 2015; Volume 4(3): 291-309 CAESALPINIACEAE (1) (2)

(3)

(4)

ISSN: 2277-8713 IJPRBS (5) Used as febrifuge, expectorant, anthelminthic, stomachic, digestive, liver tonic, depurative, antipyretic etc, also used in fever, cough, asthma, intestinal worm, skin disease, dyspepsia, dysentery etc. It acts as refrigerant, anthelmintic, stomachic, febrifuge, demulcent. Also used in fever, dyspepsia, hyperdipsia, burning sensation, colic, ulcers, diabetes etc.

46.

Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb.

Fever nut, Kantkarej.

Alpha, beta, gama, delta, E caesalpins, caesalpin F, homoisoflavone, bonducellin.

47.

Saraca asoca (Roxb.) de Wilde

Ashoka, Asok.

Catechol, tannins, haematoxylene, glycosides, glucose, galactose, mannose.

Cannabinols, alkaloids, capparine, phthalic acid and sterols.

Used as tonic, intoxicant, for stomachic, antispasmodic, analgesic, anodyne and sedative. Acts as antibacterial and hallucinogen. The seed oil used to treat leprosy.

CANNABINACEAE 48.

Cannabis sativa L.

True hemp, Bhang, Ganja, Cannabis.

49.

Humulus lupulus L.

Common Hop or Hop

Hydnocarpic, chaulmoogric, alepric, aleprylic, aleprestic, gorlic etc.

CAPRIFOLIACEAE

50.

Symphoricarpus racemosus Michx.

Satavar, Shatavar, Shatamu.

Steroidalsaponins( shatavaroside A, shatavaroside B etc) Saponin,Ffiliasparoside C, Shatavarins etc.

51.

Valeriana officinalis L.

Heal-all valerian.

Alkaloids, viz-Actinidine, valerianine, valerian, bornyl acetate, betacaryphyllene, iridoids.

Papaya, Pepe

Papain, carpaine, carposide, tetraric, citric and malic acid, pectins.

Specific remedy to check morning sickness and distressing vomiting during pregnancy. Useful for Gastric distribution, fickle appetite, nausea during menstruation. Used for complaints of hysteria, oversensitiveness, nervous affections, in hysterical spasms and also in improving sleep quality.

CARICACEAE 52.

Carica papaya L.

CHENOPODIACEAE (1) (2)

53.

Chelidonium Lour.f

majus

Pappaya,

(3)

(4)

Chelidonium.

Isoquinoline, alkaloids vizallocryptopine, berberine, chelidonine and sparteine.

Used as aphrodisiac, stomachic, appetizer, diuretic, digestive, carminative etc. Also used in dyspepsia, Latex useful for tumour, warts and cancer growth. (5) Prescribed for complaints of liver, paralytic drawing, for bilious complications during gestation. Also used as analgesic, antipyretic, antispasmodic and hypotensive.

CLUSIACEAE

54.

Garcinia morella (Gaertn.) Desr.

Kankustha, Tamal, Svarnaksiri.

Morellin, neo-morellin, guttiferin

Cures hydrogogue, dropsy, drastic cathartic, constipation, rheumatism. The golden yellow juice used for treating blisters, indolent ulcers, leprosy and other skin infections.

Arjun, Kahu

Arjunolic acid, tomentosic, ellagic acid, saponin, leucodelphinidin, essential oil etc.

Used as astringent, aphrodisiac, cardio tonic, styptic etc. Mainly used in fractures, ulcers, diabetes, leucorrhoea, anemia, asthma etc.

Indian jolap, Nisoth

Glycosidic resin, alpha & beta – turpethein, turpethin.

Used as thermogenic, carminative, purgative, anthelmintic, antipyretic, expectorant and stimulant. Also useful in dropsy, colic, paralysis, bronchitis, ulcers etc.

Goldmoss Stonecro, Mossy Stonecro, Goldmoss Sedum, Biting Stonecrop

Volatile oils, phytochemicals.

Mainly used for haemorrhoidal pains, like those of anal fissures, constricting pains etc.

COMBRETACEAE 55.

Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.) Wight & Arn.

CONVOLVULACEAE 56.

Operculina turpethum Manso

(L.)

S.

CRASSULACEAE 57.

Sedum acre L.

tannins

and

Available Online at www.ijprbs.com

297

Research Article CODEN: IJPRNK Ashmin Sultana, IJPRBS, 2015; Volume 4(3): 291-309

ISSN: 2277-8713 IJPRBS

(1) (2) CUCURBITACEAE

(3)

(4)

(5)

58.

Bryonia alba Bull.

Bramhi.

Cucurbitans, glycosides, Volatile oils, tannins

59.

Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt

Luy gourd, Bimb.

Triterpene, cycloartonol acetone, alpha and beta-amyrin, quercitin, kaemferol etc.

60.

Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader

Colocynth, apple, indrayan, colocynthis.

Citrulluene, citrulluic acid, alphaelaterin, citbittol etc.

Used as anti –rheumatic & anti- asthmatic Cucurbitans kill cells so they act on tumour. Used as aphrodisiac, astringent, depurative, antipyretic and expectorant. Also useful remedy for buring sensation, vomiting, skin diseases, intermittent fever, asthma, cough, bronchitis and jaundice. The roots used for the treatment of uteralgia, rheumatalgia, opthalmia, jaundice etc. Fruits used as carminative, purgative anthelminthic and useful in tumours, ulcers. It also useful in colic,stomach pains, flatulence etc.

61.

Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb.

Ridged gound, Tori, Thinga.

62.

Momordica balsamina Wall.

Bitter melon/gourd,

Bitter Badi

Argentine, glycine, threonine, leucines, serine, glutamic acid, alanine, butyric acid, pipecolic acid, oleic etc Diosgenin Jasmonic acid and Salicylic acid 5-hydroxytryotamine

Useful in haemorrhoids, leprosy, granular conjunctivitis, enlarged spleen. Also used in skin problem.

Used for back pain, griping colic, hypogastrium with painful and excessive menses.

DIOSCOREACEAE Wild yam.

Steroidal saponins, phytosterol, alkaloids, starch, tannins.

64.

Gaultheria procumbens L.

Checker berry, Winter green.

Volatile oil, indole alkaloids, gaultherine, gaultherilene, coumarins and tannins.

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

65.

Ledum palustre L.

Wild Ledum.

63.

Dioscoria villosa L.

Used as anti-inflammatory, antirheumatic, antispasmodic. Also remedy for all kind of pain specially colic, abdominal pain etc.

ERICACEAE

rosemany,

Volatile oil viz-ledum camphor, palustrol, stearopten, valeric acid, ericolin and ericinol etc.

Used in inflammatory, pleurodynia, sciatica and other neuralgias. Also used for cystic, prostatic irritation, undue sexual excitement and renal inflammation. (5) Used for the complaints of contusion of eyes, eyelids and conjuctive. Also used in gout pain, punctured wounds, twisting of muscles near wounds, red pimples on forehead.

ERYTHROXYLACEAE 66.

Erythroxylum Lam.

coca

Cocaine, alkaloids, Volatile oil, flavonoids, vitamin A, B2 etc.

Coca

Leaves extract acts as a tonic and help block the effects of cold, exhaustion and poor nutrition. Also used to treat nausea, vomiting, asthma etc.

EUPHORBIACEAE 67.

Acalypha indica L.

Indian acalypha, Khokli, Muktojhuri, Acalypha.

68.

Croton tiglium L.

Purging-croton, Jamalgota, Jayapala

69.

Jatropha curcas L.

Purging nut, Jungli

Acalyphus, acalyphin, acalyphamide, alkaloids, cyanogenic, glycosides. Stearin, palmitin, glycerides of crotonic and tiglic acids, proteins, glucosides etc. Fatty acids composition of oil vizmyristic, palmitic, strearic, olaic and linoleic acid.

Used mainly for incipient phthisis, dry cough with blood, tuberculosis of lungs. Mainly used in treating flatulence, dyspepsia, colic, constipation, oedema etc. The latex used as purgative and useful remedy for ulcers and wounds. The seeds also useful in haemorrhoids, splenomegaly and skin disease.

GELSEMIACEAE

70.

Gelsemium semepervirens Ait.

(1) (2) GERENIACEAE 71.

Geranium maculatum L.

(3)

9-Hydroxysemperoside , Brasoside, Emodin-monomethylether, Fabiatin, Gelsedine, Ipuranol, n-Pentatriacontane, Scopoletin (4)

American cranesbill.

Tannins are about 30%.

Gelsemium, Carolina yellow jasmine.

Used in cases of dizziness, drowsiness, dullness and trembling. Most commonly used remedy for migraine and also used in general depression. (5) Used for profuse haemorrhages from different organs vomiting blood, ulcers, heavy menstrual bleeding.

HYDRANGEACEAE

Available Online at www.ijprbs.com

298

Research Article CODEN: IJPRNK Ashmin Sultana, IJPRBS, 2015; Volume 4(3): 291-309 72.

Hydrangea arborescens L.

Seven hydrangea.

bark

St. John’s Hypericum.

wort,

ISSN: 2277-8713 IJPRBS

Hydrangin, hydrangenol, flavonoids like kaempferol, rutin, saponins, volatile oil etc.

Used in renal calculi, renal colic, bloody urine and bladder stone. It covers frequents urination, enlarged prostrate, urethritis.

Hypericin, pseudohypericin, volatile oil, flavonoids etc.

Great remedy for injuries to nerves, specially of fingers, toes and nails. Also used as antidspasmodic, astringent, sedative etc.

HYPERICACEAE 73.

Hypericum perforatum L.

LAMIACEAE

74.

Mentha Stokes

piperita

75.

Thymus serpyllum L.

LOGANIACEAE Spigelia marilandica 76. L. 77.

Wild Banajwain

Volatile oil including menthol, luteolin, menthoside, phenolic acids, triterpenes.

thyme,

Thymol, carvacrol, linalool, flavonoids, caffeic acid, tannins and resins.

Useful as antifungal, antiseptic, antispasmodic and cooling agents. Also useful in gastrodyning flatulent colic. Also used for relieving muscle spam, stimulant for sweat glands and gall bladders. Prescribed in pharyngitis, whooping cough, asthma of nervous origin, suppression of wine and pin in urethra. Also used in pain in shoulders, respiratory infection of children.

Pink root, Spigelia.

Alkaloids, volatile oil, tannins and resins.

Ignatius bean

Strychnine, brucine.

(3)

(4)

Neem tree, Nimb, Nim

Azadiradione, neembidin etc.

Tinospora, Gulancha.

Berberina, tinosporon, tinosporin and other bitter substances.

Mainly having astringent properties and normally used for sore throat. Also used for bleeding heamorrhoides and used as cardiotonic.

fragrans

Nutmeg tree, Japatri, Jaiphal.

Pinene, sofrole, acetate.

used as febrifuge, expectorant and useful in cough bronchitis, fever sore and burning sensation.

Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston

Rose apple, Gulabjamun.

Riboflavin, thiamine, nicotine acid, vitamin-C, folic acid, other amino acid etc.

Used as astringent, depurative, haemostatic & anthelminthic.

arbor-

Night jasmine, Harsimgar

Nyctanthin, Alkaloids, glucoside and peppermint.

Used in constipation of children, fever, rheumatism and as a remedy for intestinal worms to children.

Papaver somniferum L.

Opium poppy, Afim, Pasto

Alkaloids, morphine, codeine, nacrocotine, narcine, papaverine etc.

Used as hypotonic, analgesic, anti diarrhocal agent. Also used to treat chronic cough.

Ignatia amara L.f.

(1) (2) MELIACEAE 78.

Peppermingl, Paperaminta, Pudina.

Azadirachta indica A. Juss.

azadirone,

Mainly prescribed to expel intestinal worm particularly tapeworms and round worms. Used to treat anxiety symptoms like grief and depression .It also used in situational anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorders. (5) Useful for chronic malarial fever, enlarged liver and spleen, bilious complaints with cough and buring of eye. Also used in skin diseases.

MENISPERMACEAE 79.

Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Hook.f. & Thoms.

MYRISTICACEAE 80.

Myristica Houtt.

myristicin, dipentene,

linalool, linalyl

MYRTACEAE 81.

NYCTAGINACEAE 82.

Nyctanthes tristis L.

PAPAVERACEAE 83.

PAPILIONACEAE 84.

Medicago sativa L.

Alfalfa.

(1)

(2)

(3)

85.

Psoralea corylifolia L.

Malay tea scur pea, Babchi, Latakasturi.

Isoflavones, coumarins, alkaloids, vitamin and prophyrins (4) Essential oil, raffinose, psoralen, isopsoralen, carylifolean, carylifolin etc.

Used to treat menstruation and menopause. Also used as tonic. (5) Mainly used in leprosy, leucoderma, other skin diseases and for scorpion string and snake bite.

PASSIFLORACEAE 86.

Passiflora incarnata L.

Maypop, Passiflora.

Alkaloids, vitexin, isovitexin, apigenin, orientin, lucenin, passicol, oleic acid, formic acids etc.

Used for neuralgia, insomnia, dysmenorrhoea. Also antispasmodic and anodyne.

Cubebs, Kababcini.

Cubebin, Cubebol, Cubebic acid

Used as thermogenic, aromatic, stimulant, antiinflammatory and anthelmintic.

PIPERACEAE 87.

Piper cubeba L. f.

Available Online at www.ijprbs.com

299

Research Article CODEN: IJPRNK Ashmin Sultana, IJPRBS, 2015; Volume 4(3): 291-309

ISSN: 2277-8713 IJPRBS

PLANTAGINACEAE 88.

Plantago major L.

Great plantain, Plantago.

Alkaloids, iridoids, viz- aucubin, flavonoids, tannins, acids and mucilage.

Mainly prescribed for the complaints of toothache, earache, reflese from decayed teeth, pains plays between teeth and ears.

Sheeps serrol, Rumex.

Oxalates, anthraquinones.

A detoxifying herb, having a pronounced diuretic effect and also indicated in long term complaints of gastrointestinal tract.

Aconitine, mesaconitine, neotine, songoramine, hypaconitine etc.

Used in collapse, irregular beats, restlessnsee, rheumatic fever. Externally used for pain.

POLYGONACEAE 89.

Rumex acetosa L.

RANUNCULACEAE 90.

Indian Aconitum napellus L. Bachnog, nap.

aconite, Aconite

Pasque flower.

Lactone protoanemonin, triterpenoid, saponins, tannins and volatile oil.

(2)

(3)

(4)

Hydrastis canandensis Poir.

Golden seal, Hydrastis.

Isoquinoline, alkaloids vizhydrastine, berberine, canadine, volatile oil and resins.

91.

Anemone Stoerch.

(1) 92.

pulsatilla

Indicated for cramping pain, menstrual problems, emotional distress and spasmodic pain of the reproductive system both male and female. (5) Acts specially for the complaints like thick, yellowish, ropy secretion of catarrh from throat, stomach, uterus, urethra and also for cancerous condition.

RUBIACEAE 93.

Cinchona L.

officinalis

Cephalis ipecacuanha (Bort.)A. rich. RUTACEAE Aegle marmelos (L.) 95. Correa ex. Schultz. 94.

Quinine, China.

Ipecac

Holy fruit Sinphal, Bel.

tree,

Chinchonidine, cinchonine, javanine, quinamine, quinidine, quinine. Emetine, cephaeline, psychotrine, saponins, emetamine, ipecamine etc.

Used as thermogenic, febrifugu and, antibacterial. Also used in malarian and inter mitten fever. Mainly used for the complaints of continuous nausea with saliva, vomiting of white, glairy mucus in large quantities without relief.

Marmalosin, caumarin umbelliferone.

Used in case of dysentary, fever with dropsy and impotency. Effectively used in profuse, debilitating sweet in phthisis. Act as a powerful glandular stimulant, diaphoretic. Mainly used to promote hair growth. Mainly stimulates muscles of the uterus and promotes menstrual blood flow. Also used in rheumatism, pains, hysteria, worms and colic.

and

96.

Pilocarpus jaborandi Holmes

Jaborandi.

Pilocarpine,Jaborandi,Coumarins (scopolentin, xantyletin, bergapten), Pilocarpine

97.

Ruta graveolens L.

Rue.

Rutin, Volatile Oil, Flavonoids, Furanocoumarins, Furoquinoline, Alkaloids.

Common fox glove, Purple fox glove, Digitalis.

Glycosides, anthraquinones, flavonoids and saponins.

SCROPHULARIACEAE

98.

99.

Digitalis purpurea L.

Euphrasia officinalis L.

(1) (2) SOLANACEAE

Acts as a tonic on diseased heart such as when heart’s ability to maintain normal circulation decreases. Glycosides enable the heart to beat more strongly and also stimulate urine production, which lowers the value of heart.

Aucubin Quercetin Apigenin Thromboxane Alpha-amanitin

Prescribed in acute eye affections, traumatic conjunctivitis, blepharitis, corneal ulcers. Also used to remove spots, vesicles, ulcers on cornea.

(3)

(4)

(5) Used in the treatment of intestinal and biliary colic. Also used in asthma, whooping cough, bladder and ureteral spasms. Used in the treatment of asthma. Whooping cough, muscle spasm. Also relaxes the muscle of the gastro-intestinal, bronchial and urinary tract. Useful remedy in gastric or intestinal cramps, diarrohoea, neuralgia, cough, mains, skin inflammation and boils, pains due to dental caries etc. Used in odontalgia, dental caries,

Euphrasia.

100.

Atropa belladonna L.

Belladonna, Angurshefa, Yebruj.

Starch, tannins, cholone, asparagine, succinic acid, flavonoids etc.

101.

Datura stramonium L.

Thorn apple.

Tropane alkaloids, flavonoids, caumarins and tannins.

102.

Hyoscyamus niger L.

Black henbane, Khurasania Javayan, Hyocyamus.

Alkaloids hyoscine.

103.

Nicotiana tabacum L.

Tobacco,

Nicotine, anabasine, nicotoine,

Tamaku,

viz-hyoscyamine,

Available Online at www.ijprbs.com

300

Research Article CODEN: IJPRNK Ashmin Sultana, IJPRBS, 2015; Volume 4(3): 291-309 Tamak

105.

Withania somnifera Dunal

necotoine, myasmine etc.

Winter Asgandh.

Alkaloids like withasomnine, steroidal lactones, starch, reducing sugar, glycosides etc.

oherry

ISSN: 2277-8713 IJPRBS inflammations, dyspepsia, flatulence, haemorrhages, bronchitis, asthma, scabis skin, diseases, ulcers, painful tumours etc. Great mental tonic. It also used in general weakness, sterility, leucorrhoea, menstrual disorders, haemorrhage in women etc.

URTICACEAE 106.

Urtica dioica L.

Nettle, Bicchu Booti, Urtica.

Flavonoids, quercitin, choline, acetyl-choline, glucoquinone, phenols and plant sterols.

Used for prevention of calculus, gout, erythema and vasicular eruption.

Land-caltrops, Chlorogenin, Ruscogenin etc

Saponins, Diogenin, Gitogenin, Chlorogenin, Ruscogenin Etc

Useful remedy for fever, especially in intermittent fevers, jaundice, splenic affection, leucorrhoea, leprosy, skin diseases, gonorrhea and dysuria etc.

ZYGOPHYLLACEAE 107.

Tribulus terrestris L.

MONOCOTS

SL. NO (1)

SCIENTIFIC NAME (2)

COMMON NAME (3)

CHEMICAL CONSTITUENT/COMMERCIAL NAME OF HOMEOPATHIC DRUG (4)

USES (5)

Wild daffodil or Lent lily

Narcitine, Narcissine, Pseudonarcissine

A remedy for cough, bronchitis and frontal headache. Also used for treatment of skin ailments.

Glucosides, Saponins.

Diaphoretic, expetorant, sudorific. Excellent for paralysis. Good remedy for pharyngitis with sores, inflammation and ulceration of mucosa membrane.

AMARYLLIDACEAE

1.

Narcissus pseudo-narcissus L.

ARACEAE

2.

Arum maculatumAll.

3.

Caladium seguinumVent.

Cuckoo pint

Ca-oxalate, Poison American arum

L- asparagine,

Mainly used for prurigo, dumbness, rheumatism. Juice used as a contraceptive, aphrodisiac, dysmenorrhoea.

Dumbcaain. ARECACEAE

4.

Areca catechu L.

Areca Supari,

Nut,

Taeniacide (confined to veterinary medicine), astringent,stimulant.

Used in Flatulene, Oedoma, dysuria, leucorrhoea and vaginal laxity.

LILIACEAE Hypolipidemic and 5.

6.

Allium cepa L.

Allium sativum L.

Onion, pyaj

Allicin, alline. Hypocholesterolem-ic.

Garlic, rasun

lashun,

Hypocholesterolem-ic Allicin, diallyldisulfide

Available Online at www.ijprbs.com

Antirheumatic.

301

Research Article CODEN: IJPRNK Ashmin Sultana, IJPRBS, 2015; Volume 4(3): 291-309

7.

Colchicum autumnaleL.

Meadow saffron

Alkaloid and flavonoid

ISSN: 2277-8713 IJPRBS

Remedy for acute gout pain, Leukemia and ulcers.

Used as a cardiac

8.

Lilium tigrinumKer-Gawl.

Tiger Lily, Crumple Lily.

Rutin, Narcissin, Vitamin C, ΒCarotin. Riboflavin, Vitamin B2, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, Choline.

Tonic, for ovarian neuralgia, externally for ulcers.

9.

Paris quadrifoliaL.

Crow’s eye, Herba peredis.

Steroidal Saponin, Pennogenin etc.

Used as a substitute for Hemidesmus indicus. Rutin has been isolated as a major flavonoid from the plant.

Banana, Plantain, Kadali, Rambhaa, Mochaa,Kelaa.

24-Trimethyl-5-Cholesta8,25(27)-Dien-3β-Ol, Dephinidin, Pelargonidin, Peonidine and Malvidin.

Used as mild laxative, combats diarrhoea and dysentery and promotes healing of intestinallesions in ulcerative colitis, as a food.supplement in sprue and otherintestinal disorders, anthelmintic.

Lady’s slipper

Volatile oil, resin, glucosides and tannins

It treats anxiety, stress-related disorders such as-palpitations, headachs, muscular tension, panic attacks etc

Couch grass

Polysaccharides,volatile oil,mucilage and nutrients.

Most commonly used for urinary tract infection such as cystitis and urethritis.

Tryptamine,Bufotenidine,Grami ne, Isoprene, Cyclic Dehydrobufotenidine.

Sudorific,emollient, diuretic,antilactant,antidropsical;uterine stimulant(stimulates menstrual discharge),hypotensive.Including bufotenidineand dehydro-bufontenine.The leavesyield sterols and triterpenoids.Bufotenidine possesses antiacetylcholineproperties, histamine release

Saponins,alkaloids,sterols,iodine ,vitamins.

Nervine tonic (usedin spermatorrhoea, palpitation,sleeplessness), cardiac tonic (used in debility), stimulant, antispasmodic,thymoleptic, antidepressant (usedin menopausal phase). Also used in diarrhoea,dysentery, colitis.Externally, emollient.

Derivatives of benzoic acid,2propionic acid,glucosides,saponins,tannins

Remarkable remedy for hemorrhage,dysentry,dropsy,leucorrhoea,

MUSACEAE

10.

Musa paradisiaca L.

ORCHIDACEAE

11.

Cypripedium pubescens Willd.

POACEAE

12.

13.

14.

15.

Agropyron repens Beauv.

Arundo donaxL.

Avena sativaL.

Cynodon dactylon(L.) Pers.

Great Reed, SpanishBamboo-Reed, Giant-BambooReed.Nala, Potgala, Shuunyamadhya, Dhamana.Korukk ai. Oat, Common oat.Yavikaa. (Indian sp. Isequated with A. byzantina C. Koch.)Sult (Silt), Birahnaa, JaoGandum. Dhub grass, Durba ghas.

Available Online at www.ijprbs.com

302

Research Article CODEN: IJPRNK Ashmin Sultana, IJPRBS, 2015; Volume 4(3): 291-309

16.

17.

Lolium temulentumL.

Saccharum officinarum L.

18.

Vetiveria zizanioides(L.) Nash

19.

Zea maysL.

ISSN: 2277-8713 IJPRBS

,carbohydrates,flavonoids.

burning sensation,haematuria,fresh cuts.

Darnel, Taumelloolch.M ochani.Mostaki, Visha-ghaasa.

Tocopherol 1-Pantene, 2,4Dimethyl, Gramine Alkaloid

Sedative.

Sugarcane,ganna

Abscisic acid,apigenin and its glucosides,fructose,galactose,xyl ose.

The leaf ash is use to treat sore eyes,the stem juice is use to treat sore throats.

Vetiver, Khas.

Vetivone,isobisabolene,khusol and azuline.

Blood purifier, bechic,anticholerin, emmenagogue,febrifuge, antirheumatic (also usedin gout).Styptic, Essentialoil— antimicrobial.

Maize, Makai.

Starch,glucose,fructose,sucrose, raffinose,vitamins-E,C,K,Bcarotene

Used as a diuretic to treat heart diseases,hypertension,cystitis,urethritis,he patitis,rheumatism and diabetes mellitus.

Curcumin,Curcuminoids Atlantone, Bisdemethoxycurcumin, Demethoxycurcumin, Diaryl Heptanoids, And Tumerone.

Anti-Inflammatory, antioxidant, antitumour, antibacterial and antiviral activities, Alzheimer's disease.

Bhutta,

ZINGIBERACEAE

20.

21.

Curcuma longaL.

Zingiber officinaleRosc.

Turmeric, Haldi, Holud.

Ginger. Aardraka, Ada.

Zingerone, Shogaols, Gingerols, Sesquiterpenoids, ΒPhelladrene, Cineol, Citral

Antiemetic,antiflatulent, hypocholesterolaemic,anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic,expectorant, circulatory stimulant,diaphoretic, increases bioavailabilityof prescription drugs. Used for irritable bowel and diarrhoea,colds and influenza. Showedencouraging results in migraineand cluster headache. TheAyurvedic Pharmacopoeia of Indiarecommends dried rhizomes in dyspepsia, loss of appetite, tympanitis,anaemia, rheumatism, coughand dyspnoea,constipation, colic, oedema andthroat infections.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION India is has seven national medical systems (Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Allopathy, Homoeopathy) of which one of India's oldest health therapies from the south is Homoeopathy. The alternative medical system of homeopathy was developed in Germany at the end of the 18th century. In India, homoeopathy is one of the important systems of medicine. The market is growing at 25% a year, and more than 100 million people depend solely on this form of therapy Available Online at www.ijprbs.com

303

Research Article CODEN: IJPRNK Ashmin Sultana, IJPRBS, 2015; Volume 4(3): 291-309

ISSN: 2277-8713 IJPRBS

for their health care. Around 10% of India's population depends solely on homoeopathy for their health care. Homeopathic remedies are derived from 6 major sources such as plants, minerals, animals, diseased tissues, hormones and healthy tissues and imponderables. Present topic deals only with some Angiospermic plants, a part of plant kingdom. About 2,500 plant species are known to be useful for medicinal preparation of different kinds. Over 300 plants are now traditionally used drug sources in homoeopathy. Many of the drug yielding plants are currently cultivated is India as well as some are procuring from wild sources also. A checklist of 107 plant species used in homeopathic medicine is described and discussed. These plants are belonging to 51 families and 102 genera. Maximum number of plants have been recorded from the family Asteraceae (19 species) followed by Acanthaceae (6 species), Cucurbitaceae( 6 species), Apocyanaceae (5 species), Solanaceae (5 species), Ranunculaceae (4 species) and Apiaceae( 4 species). Rest of the studied families contains 1 – 3 species each. But the drug adulteration is now a great concern of homoeopathic therapy in future. Some of the potential plants which are significant for production of important medicines in Homoeopathic therapy. These are as follows: Some Fast – Aid medicines in Homoeopathy of Plant Origin from this study • Puncture Wounds, Stings, Bites -Ledum ,Hypericum ,Thuja • Cuts, Bruises, Scrapes- Arnica, Calendula, Hypericum , Ledum , RutaGraveolens, Staphisagria • Sprains and Strains –Arnica, Bellisperennis, Bryonia, Ledum, RhusTox, Ruta Graveolens • Burns - Calendula, Cantharis, Causticum, Hypericum ,UrticaUrens • Sunburn - Causticum, Cantharis, Calendula • Ear problems - Aconite, Chamomilla, belladonna, Calendula • Heatstroke - Belladonna, Gelsemium, Veratrum Album • Bone Bruises, Sprains - RutaGrav, BellisPerennis, Arnica, Bryonia, RhusTox • Hay fever - Allium Cepa • First Signs of Flu Take Aconite at the first sign of a cold or flu (within first 24hours) • Influenza- Baptistia, Bryonia, Eupatorium, Gelsemium , Nux Vomica , RhusTox • Colds and Coughs- Aconite, Allium Cepa, Gelsemium , Pulsatilla , Spongia, Rumex , • Dental Problems - Aconite , Arnica , Hypericum , Nux Vomica , RutaGrav Available Online at www.ijprbs.com

304

Research Article CODEN: IJPRNK Ashmin Sultana, IJPRBS, 2015; Volume 4(3): 291-309

ISSN: 2277-8713 IJPRBS

Homeopathic remedies in different diseases of plant origin from this study Common diseases and remedies Abscesses: Red with swelling – Belladonna Abdominal pain: With gas - Carbo Veg Allergy: Watery, itchy eyes – Allium Cepa Runny nose- Gelsemium Burning eyes- Euphrasia Sun - Hypericum Anger: Pushes himself and others too hard Nux Vomica Anxiety: Aconite Gelsemium Arthritis: Worse end of dayBryonia Worse am, better after warming up joints with gentle motion- Rhustox Asthma: Nux Vomica Gelsemium Backache: Arnica RhusTox RutaGrav From nerve injury – Hypericum Bedwetting: Pulsatilla Bladder Irritation: Aconite Bleeding, gums: Arnica Blisters: Calendula Bloating: After overeatingNux Vomica After eating- Carbo Veg Bones: Injury – RutaGrav Aching – RhusTox

Common diseases and remedies Bruising: From injuries - Arnica Easily bruises- Ledum Burping: Gas or indigestion - Carbo Veg Burns: With nerve pain - Hypericum Chicken Pox: With body aches- Byronia Intense itching – RhusTox Children ill : Pulsatilla Suddenly ill - Aconite Rashes - Calendula ointment, Spray, oil or soap. Chilblains: For skin inflammation due to poor circulation - Pulsatilla Choking: Persons feels weak, coughing up of mucous - Carbo Veg Choking coughs - Ipecac Colds: Head cold with nasal dischargePulsatilla Head cold with chest congestionBryonia Alba In eyes Allium Cepa 3 Runny nose with yellow mucousPulsatilla Runny nose, aches -Gelsemium Colic: For colic a few hours after eating- Nux Vomica With legs drawn up - Pulsatilla Afer overeating, sensitive stomach Lycopodium Constipation: Alternating with diarrhea- Nux Vomica With gas - Lycopodium Dry painful elimination - Bryonia

Common diseases and remedies Eyes: Eyestrain – RutaGrav Injury- Aconite

Common diseases and remedies Hayfever: Watery eyes - Allium Cepa Headache:

Common diseases and remedies Cough: Dry barking cough - Bryonia First sign - Aconite Dental surgery: Before and after - Arnica Before - Hypericum Depression: Emotional, tearful - Pulsatilla With health problems -Staphysagria Diaper Rash: Calendula Ointment Calendula Spray Diarrhea: Spicy food - Nux Vomica Indigestion - Podophyllum Discharge: Clear nasal - Allium Cepa Watery - Gelsemium Yellow - Pulsatilla Dizziness: Sudden illness - Aconite Illness - Gelsemium Dry: General Dryness- Bryonia Dry Mouth- Bryonia Earache: First signs of earache - Aconite Red and burning- Belladonna Painful -Plantago Eardrops Children - Pulsatilla Rightsided - Belladonna Ears: Roaring- Aconite Eczema: Topical - Calendula ointment Emotional strain: Exhaustion: With illness or flu - Gelsemium

Common diseases and remedies Sleepless - Gelsemium Sleepy, cannot sleep- Belladonna Irritability:

Available Online at www.ijprbs.com

305

Research Article CODEN: IJPRNK Ashmin Sultana, IJPRBS, 2015; Volume 4(3): 291-309 Inflammation, swelling, rednessEuphrasia Pain - Hypericum Injury-black eye - Ledum Sticky discharge - Pulsatilla Eyestrain: RutaGrav Fainting: Pulsatilla Fear: Trauma - Aconite Fever: Sudden - Aconite High fevers - Belladonna With paleness- Bryonia Children - Chamomilla With flu - Gelsemium Restlessness- Pulsatilla Flatulence: Shortly after eating-Nux- Vomica With heartburn - Carbo Veg Flu: With aches, bone and muscle- Bryonia With cold - Gelsemium With aches, bone and muscle- RhusTox Fractures: Broken - Eupatorium Perf Fright: Aconite Gall Stones: Chelidonium Hair Loss: Lycopodium Hangover: Nux Vomica

Band around head- Aconite From sinus congestion- Belladonna Worse in the evening - Bryonia Alba Mental and eye strain -RutaGrav Dull, heaviness, muscular soreness of shoulders- Gelsemium Frontal, splitting - Nux Vomica Heartburn: All ages- Carbo Veg Over ate, different foods- Nux Vomica Heat exhaustion: Aching, headache - Gelsemium Hives: Tendency to have hives RhusTox Hoarseness: Beginning of laryngitis -Allium Cepa Illness: Gradual onset -Gelsemium Sudden- Aconite Impatient: Men - Nux Vomica Indigestion: Also may have heartburn and stomach bloating - Carbo Veg With burping, bloating a few hours after eating - Nux Vomica In children - Pulsatilla Injury: Bones – RutaGrav Eye, nerve, tailbone -Hypericum Falls, general injury - Arnica Insect bite: RhusTox Insomnia: Insomnia at 3 am - Nux Vomica Pulsatilla , Passiflora

Common diseases and remedies

Common diseases and remedies

Pupils dilated: Belladonna

Strains: RhusTox Surgery: Aconite Arnica Dental - Hypericum Swallowing: Swallowing difficulty -Gelsemium Tailbone: Injury -Hypericum Tendon: Injury -Arnica

Red: Face Belladonna Restless: Aconite Belladonna RhusTox Shock: Arnica To muscles, sprains, bruised bones

ISSN: 2277-8713 IJPRBS Bryonia Alba Nux Vomica Joint pain: Worse in evening -Bryonia Alba Measles: Byronia Moodiness: Changeable - Pulsatilla Muscle spasms: RhusTox Nasal discharge: Allium Cepa Nausea: Nux Vomica Nerve Pain from Illness or Injury: Hypericum Nervousness: Gelsemium Nose-bleed: Arnica Over-exertion: Arnica Over-sensitivity: To noise, light, music - Nux Vomica Pain: Aching, arthritic -Bryonia Alba Arthritic - RhusTox Bursting, frantic from pain -Aconite Cramping - Belladonna Postoperative - Hypericum Poison ivy: RhusTox Puncture wounds: Hypericum Ledum Calendula

Available Online at www.ijprbs.com

306

Research Article CODEN: IJPRNK Ashmin Sultana, IJPRBS, 2015; Volume 4(3): 291-309 RutaGrav Collapse Aconite Skin: Hot dry skin Belladonna Sneezing: Aconite Allium Sore: Muscles RhusTox Sore muscles Arnica Sore Throat: Aconite Allium Cepa Belladonna Gelsemium Nux Vomica Splinters: Hypericum Sprains: Worse on initial motion RhusTox Ligaments RutaGrav Ankle, cold, swollen Ledum Stage Fright: Gelsemium Stiffness: Bryonia RhusTox Stings: Ledum Stomach: Stomachache Bryonia

ISSN: 2277-8713 IJPRBS

Tendonitis: RutaGrav Thirst: Aconite Bryonia Thirstlesse: Gelsemium Toothache: Belladonna Plantago liquid RutaGrav Urinary Infection: Aconite Urination: Painful, retention, scant urination Aconite Vision: Blurred - Gelsemium Loss of - Carbo Veg Vomiting: Bryonia Alba Nux Vomica Weakness: Carbo Veg During flu - Gelsemium Wounds: Bruising from bumps - Ledum Puncture - Hypericum Pain, shock – Arnica

Homoeopathic therapy is very popular among the people of India and abroad, because it is very cost effective and curative treatment from their origin and it has no side effect in human body. Therefore, this therapy is gradually increasing throughout the world including both developing and developed countries. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS First author is grateful to the Prof. Sudipta Roy, Head of the Department, University of Kalyani, for his encouragement during the period of study. First author is also express her thanks to the research scholar, Bidyut Kr. Jana, and to all classmates of Taxonomy special paper, of the departmentof Botany for their unstinted help to complete this work.

Available Online at www.ijprbs.com

307

Research Article CODEN: IJPRNK Ashmin Sultana, IJPRBS, 2015; Volume 4(3): 291-309

ISSN: 2277-8713 IJPRBS

REFERCNCES 1. Prain,D.1903.Bengal Plants.2:705.Botanical Survey of India,Calcutta(1963-Rep.ed.). 2. Hooker,J.D.1887.Euphorbiaceae(Jatropha 384.L.Reeve &Co.,Kent.

L.)in

Hook.f,Flora

of

British

India,5:382-

3. Guha Bakshi, D.N.1984. Flora of Murshidabad District, West Bengal, India. Scientific publishers, Jodhpur, India.pp.289-290. 4. Mebberley, D. J. 2008. Mebberley’s Plant-Book. 3rd Ed., Cambridge University, Cambridge, U.K.pp.119-120. 5. Udayan,P.S. and Balachandran,I.2009.Medicinal Plants of Aryavaidyasala Herb. The Plant Names Index 1999 - IPNI. 6. Lal,S.N. and Singh,M.2009.Medicinal Agency,Delhi.Kolkata.Pune.Ernakulam,India.

Plants

of

India.

New

Central

Book

7. Panigrahi,A.K. and Sahu,A.2000.Glossary of Useful and Economically Important Plants.New Central Book Agency (P)Ltd.,Kolkata,India. 8. Dhama,K.P.S. and Dhama,S.1994.Homeopathy the Complete Handbook.UBS Publisher’s Distributors Ltd.,New Delhi,India. 9. Ghani,2003.A.Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh with Chemical Constituents and Uses.Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.Dhaka,Bangladesh,Vol.I & II 10. Paranjpe,P.2001.Indian Medicinal Plants.Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratisthan,Delhi. 11. Joshi,S. G.2003.Medicinal Plants.Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt.Ltd.,New Delhi. 12. Prajapati,N. D.,Purohit,S.S.,Sharma,A. K. And Kumar,T.2003. A Handbook of Medicinal Plants-A Complete Source Book.Agrobios,Jodhpur. 13. Bharatan,V.,Humphries,C.J.,Barnett,J.R.2002.Piants Names in Homeopathy.An Annotated Checklist of Currently Accepted Names in Common Use.The Natural History Museum.London. 14. Brummitt,R.K.1992.Vascular Plant Families and Genera. Royal Botanic Gardens,Kew. 15. Stearn,W.T.1992.Botanical Latin:History, Grammar, Syntax, Terminology and Vocabulary.4 th ed.David and Charles.London.

Available Online at www.ijprbs.com

308

Research Article CODEN: IJPRNK Ashmin Sultana, IJPRBS, 2015; Volume 4(3): 291-309

ISSN: 2277-8713 IJPRBS

16. VanZandvoort,R.1994-96.The Complete Repertory:Mind – Generalities.Institute for Research in Homeopathic Information and Symptomatology.The Netherlands. 17. IK:Index Kewensis.2.0.1997.CD-ROM

Available Online at www.ijprbs.com

309