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Southern and Eastern Scalefish and Shark Fishery Bycatch Utilisation Scoping Study

Report to the Department of Primary Industries Agribusiness Group

2006

Project No. 2006/XXX

Ian A. Knuckey

SESSF Bycatch scoping Study

DPI Project 2006/XXX

Southern and Eastern Scalefish and Shark Fishery – Bycatch Utilisation Scoping Study. Report to the Department of Primary Industries Agribusiness Group. Ian A. Knuckey Fishwell Consulting 22 Bridge St Queenscliff VIC, Australia.

ISBN:

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Copyright: Department of Primary Industries and Fishwell Consulting 2006

This work is copyright. Except as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968 (Cth), no part of this publication may be reproduced by any process, electronic or otherwise, without the specific written permission of the copyright owners. Neither may information be stored electronically in any form whatsoever without such permission. Requests and inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed to: Mr Brendan Larkin (Project Officer) Catchment and Agriculture Services, DPI PO Box 264 Woori Yallock VIC 3139 Tel: 03 5954 4021 Mob: 0417 387 362 Email: [email protected]

Preferred way to cite this publication: Knuckey, I.A. (2006) Southe rn and Eastern Scalefish and Shark Fishery – Bycatch Utilisation Scoping Study. Department of Primary Industries Agribusiness Group, Victoria. DISCLAIMER While every effort has been made to ensure accuracy and completeness of information in this report the consultant accepts no responsibility for losses, damage, costs or other consequences resulting directly or indirectly from its use. In some cases material may have incorporated or summarise views, standards or recommendations of a third party. Such material has been assembled in good faith but does not necessarily reflect the considered views of the consultant or indicate a commitment to a particular course of action.

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SESSF Bycatch scoping Study

DPI Project 2006/XXX

Table of Contents Table of Contents

3

Executive Summary

4

Background Southern and Eastern Scalefish and Shark Fishery The South East Trawl Fishery Great Australian Bight Trawl Fishery Fisheries Bycatch Previous bycatch utilisation project

6 6 7 9 11 11

Need

12

Objective

12

Characterisation of the bycatch resource South East Trawl Fishery Great Australian Bight Trawl Fishery Bycatch properties

13 13 17 18

Current industry and product value chains Major Victorian Ports Typical Supply Chain Map

19 19 21

Policy context for bycatch in the SESSF The National Policy on Fisheries Bycatch The Commonwealth Policy on Fisheries Bycatch Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act SESSF Management Plan and Management Regulations SESSF Bycatch Action Plan Future Operating Environment for the SESSF Policy Implications for bycatch

22 23 24 24 25 26 27 28

Potential bycatch products Fishmeal / protein source Fertiliser Surimi Whole fish / fillets Value adding Market Opportunities Strategy for improved bycatch utilisation

28 29 30 30 32 32 33 35

Industry Contacts Associations Catching Sector Processors Wholesalers

36 36 37 38 39

References

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SESSF Bycatch scoping Study

DPI Project 2006/XXX

Executive Summary The Southern and Eastern Scalefish and Shark Fishery (SESSF) is a major, commonwealth managed, wild-catch fishery based in waters off the southern coast of Australia. The fishery incorporates the South East Trawl Fishery (SETF) and the Great Australian Bight Trawl Fishery (GABTF) and other non-trawl sectors. The annual landed catch for the SESSF is around 30,000t with a value of about $70 million. Over 350 species are caught by SESSF trawlers of which only about 100 species have commercial value and are landed. The other species are discarded at sea as “bycatch” usually because they have little or no commercial value. Previous projects have investigated the potential of utilising bycatch for value -added seafood products but these have not lead to any commercial production. Before embarking on a project to demonstrate how the SESSF supply chain needs to operate to utilise the bycatch, DPI requested this small scoping study work to provide a succinct, up-to-date characterisation of the trawl sector of the SESSF, with a particular emphasis on the bycatch resource and associated market opportunities relevant to Victoria. Most of the information available on bycatch in the SESSF has been derived from scientific monitoring studies. These studies show that discarding practices are not uniform across the trawl fisheries. Target fisheries for single species may have bycatch levels of 80% of the SESSF quota. Through discussions with these associations and a number of the individual companies listed below I have already determined a willingness to explore commercial through-chain opportunities for value-adding trawl bycatch species. Potential contributions of product, machinery and human resources have been suggested by companies in the catch and processing sectors. Some of these companies also have well developed distribution and retail networks that will be valuable to a through-chain partnership. In fact, there are a number of projects already in place through the SESSF Industry Development Subprogram (funded by the Fisheries Research and Development) which will support this type of work. Examples include the development of bulk slurry ice system to improve product quality from trawlers in the SETF and development of ASCo to utilise fish processing wastes. These projects, of which the author is Principal Investigator, have accessed over $150,000 of industry funds (cash) and leveraged over $1 million in Government funding from various sources. There is significant potential to augment this industry development work in to demonstrate (for adoption) how the SESSF supply chain needs to work in Victoria to get bycatch back to port and then to the processors for market-ready production of differentiated value-added products. It is considered that investment by DPI in such a project would contribute valuable knowledge to assist industry to value-add their bycatch significantly and assist in securing additional market opportunities for trawl wild-capture fisheries in Victoria.

Industry Contacts Associations Australian Seafood Industry Council Address: PO Box 533 Curtin, ACT 2605 Contact: Richard Lindsay Phone: 02 6281 0383 Fax: 02 6281 0438 Email: [email protected] South East Trawl Fishing Industry Association Address: PO Box 69 Shearwater TAS 7307 Contact: Gail Richey Phone: 03 6428 7766 Fax: 03 6428 7755 Email: [email protected] The South East Trawl Fishing Industry Association was incorporated in 1990, although it had already existed for some years prior to that date. Membership is open to all trawl operators, marketers and processors, and current membership represents approximately 90% of quota holdings in the trawl sector of the SESSF. SETFIA represents the interests of all trawl operators, and promotes the consumption of quality trawl caught fish. Great Australian Bight Industry Association Address: PO Box 596 Ulladulla NSW 2539

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SESSF Bycatch scoping Study

Contact: Phone: Fax: Email:

DPI Project 2006/XXX

Jeff Moore 02 4455 5030 02 4455 5030 [email protected]

Catching Sector Sanfords Seafoods Australia Address: Contact: Angus Nicholls Phone: Fax: Email: Sanfords Seafoods Australia incorporates the processing arm of Racovolis Amalgamated Fish Agents and the catching sector of Ocean Fresh Fisheries. Australian Fishing Enterprises Address: Contact: Christian Pyke Phone: Fax: Email: Originally based on the tuna canning industry in South Australia, Australian Fishing Enterprises (AFE) is now the largest operator in the farming/Ranching of tuna for the Japanese Sashimi market. In the late 1980’s AFE became involved in the South East Trawl Fishery. Australian Fishing Enterprises now operates a fleet of 8 catching vessels in the South East Fishery, the Great Australian Bight, Southern Bluefin and small pelagic fisheries. Three of these vessels (two trawlers and a longline vessel) operate directly in the SESSF. They catch and sell fresh fish into the Australian domestic market and are pioneering the catching, processing and freezing of premium quality product onboard their vessels. This product is being successfully sold into both domestic and overseas markets. A. Raptis and Sons Address: Contact: Phone: Fax: Email:

PO Box 182 Hindmarsh, SA 5007 Jim Raptis 08-8346 8171 08 8340 2272

A Raptis & Sons Pty Ltd is amongst the largest privately owned fishing and seafood trading companies in Australia. Raptis is the largest operator in the GABTF with three licences and introduced fish freezing trawlers into this fishery. Their Adelaide premises have a large processing facility and a retail shop. The main processing facility encompass contract processing for a wide range of fresh fish and shellfish from an extensive array of agents in Australia. It also handles product from the company vessels in Australian and overseas fisheries. Fresh and live product from Queensland, South Australia and New Zealand is available at this site.

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SESSF Bycatch scoping Study

DPI Project 2006/XXX

Processors Austrimi Seafoods Pty Ltd Address: Contact: Phone: Fax: Email:

PO Box 182 Hindmarsh, SA 5007 Mark Gooley 03 5272 1690 03 5272 1725 [email protected]

Austrimi Seafoods Pty Ltd is a Geelong-based company supplying value -added seafood products to the domestic market as well as processing raw materials for export to Asia. Surimi is made from fresh fish and is the fish paste from which Austrimi’s products are made. The company has developed a number of Surimi based value added products which have seen it grow into one of Australia's largest seafood processing companies. Austrimi's main activities include manufacturing surimi products such as seafood highlighter (imitation crab meat), seafood sticks, calamari rings and other crumbed products. Currently, the company imports all of its fish paste. Austrimi supplies some of Australia's largest Retail Chains eg Coles, Woolworths and Franklins and is also a major exporter to Japan, New Zealand and Asia. Austrimi's aim for the future is to develop new products, that introduce a new style of seafood diet to the Australian life style. Fayman International Address: Contact: Phone: Fax: Email: Website

PO Box 165 Preston VIC 3072 Marvin Fayman 03 9480 6200 03 9480 4542 [email protected] www.jimjurie.com.au

Fayman International is a trader of general commodities and animal byproducts including fish products. The company has EU-approved facilities in India and trades to over 40 countries. Australian Gourmet Seafoods Address: 2 Aster Ave Carrum Downs VIC 3201 Contact: Jeremy Brooks Phone: 03 9775 0675 Fax: 03 9775 0069 Email: [email protected] Australian Gourmet Seafoods is a seafood processor and wholesaler. It produces sushi, pickled seafoods and seafood finger foods. Jack Miriklis Pty Ltd Address: Stalls 12-13 Melbourne Wholesale Fish Market 440 Footscray Rd West Melbourne VIC 3003 Contact: George Miriklis Phone: 03 9689 5306 Fax: 03 9687 5235 Email:

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SESSF Bycatch scoping Study

DPI Project 2006/XXX

Jack Miriklis is a wholesaler to the hospitality industry, the retail trade3 and other wholesalers and consolidators. The company handles most species from the SETF and had two vessels operating in the fishery. Clamms Seafood Pty Ltd Address: Contact: Phone: Fax: Email:

1/2 Somerville Road Yarraville VIC 3013 03 9689 6322 03 9689 4877 [email protected]

The company is a distributor of fish products in Victoria with a number of retail outlets. It includes Jim Jurie fish merchants which processes and supplies all kinds of seafood. It has a delivery service to supermarkets retailers and caterers. Mantzaris Fisheries Address: Contact: Phone: Fax: Email:

44-54 Corio Quay Rd Geelong North VIC 3215 Steven Mantzaris 03 5277 1766 03 5277 1767 [email protected]

Mantzaris Fisheries supplies seafood products to local markets and exports substantial quatities to the USA, Eurpoe, Japan, Hong Kong, China and other parts of Asia. It is the largest processor of arrow squid – a byproduct of the SESSF trawlers.

Wholesalers LEFCOL Pty Ltd Address: Contact: Phone: Fax: Email:

PO Box 154 Lakes Entrance VIC 3909 Jeff North 03 5155 1688 03 5155 2859 [email protected]

LEFCOL, Lakes Entrance Fishermen’s Cooperative Society Pty Ltd includes associated companies Leftrade Ltd, Consolidated Fishermen (Australia), RF McLaughlin & Consolidated Fishermen (Australia) Pty Ltd and Kai Fresh Fish. LEFCOL is the largest fish cooperative in Australia serving a fleet of around 70 vessels from six fisheries. It supplied fish to both domestic and international markets. It is the main wholesaler and processor of fish caught by the Danish seine fleet of the SESSF. Melbourne Wholesale Fish Markets Address: 440-468 Footscray Rd West Melbourne VIC 3003 Contact: Tim Rieniets Phone: 03 9687 2962 Fax: 03 9689 2252 Email:

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SESSF Bycatch scoping Study

DPI Project 2006/XXX

The Melbourne Wholesale Fish Markets is the main distribution point for fresh fish in south eastern Australia. Most of the fresh fish caught by SESSF vessels in Tasmania, Victoria and South Australia goes through this market. PFD Food Services Address: Contact: Phone: Fax: Email:

26 Rushdale St Knoxfield VIC 3180 David Wright 03 9763 9144 03 9763 2167 [email protected]

PFD Foods is a large national wholesale and distribution company operating out of 45 locations around Australia covering 90% of the country’s population. It is a major supplier of fish and other produce throughout Australia.

References AFMA (2000). Commonwealth Policy on Fisheries Bycatch. Australian Fisheries Management Authority, Canberra. AFMA (2006). Southern and Eastern Scalefish and Shark Fishery Bycatch Action Plan 2006 – 2008, DRAFT January 2006. Coutin, P. (Ed.) (2000). Port Phillip Bay Fin Fisheries – 1998. Compiled by the Bay and Inlet Fisheries and Stock Assessment Group. Fisheries Victoria Assessment Report No. 22. (Marine and Freshwater Resources Institute: Queenscliff). FAO (1986). The production of fish meal and oil. FAO FISHERIES TECHNICAL PAPER. Rome, FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS. FIN (2004). Fishmeal from sustainable stocks. Fishmeal Information Network Factsheet. Summer 2004. GLOBEFISH (2005). Market Report - Surimi January 2005. Rome, FAO. Kennelly, S.J. (1997). A framework for solving bycatch problems: examples from New South Wales, Australia, the Eastern Pacific and the Northwest Atlantic. In: Developing and sustaining world fisheries resources. Proceedings of the 2nd World Fisheries Congress (Hancock, D.A., Smith, D.C., Grant, A. and Beumer, J.P. Eds). CSIRO Publishing, Australia. Klaer, N.L. and Tilzey, R.D.J. (1994). The multispecies structure of the fishery. In: The South East Fishery (Tilzey, R.D.J. Ed). Bureau of Resource Sciences. Knuckey, I.A and Brown, L.P (2002). Assessment of Bycatch in the Great Australian Bight Trawl Fishery. FRDC Project 2000/169 Final Report. Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, Canberra. Knuckey, I.A. and Liggins, G.W. (1999). Focussing on bycatch issues in Australia’s South East Fishery. In: Buxton, C.D. and S.E. Eayrs (eds), Establishing meaningful targets for bycatch reduction in Australian fisheries. Australian

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SESSF Bycatch scoping Study

DPI Project 2006/XXX

Society for Fish Biology Workshop Proceedings, Hobart, September 1998. pp 46-55. Knuckey, I.A., Berrie, S.E. and Gason, A.S.H and Talman, S.G. (2002). South East Fishery Integrated Scientific Monitoring Program – 2001 Report to the South East Fishery Assessment Group. Australian Fisheries Management Authority, Canberra. Knuckey, I.A., Berrie, S.E. and Gason, A.S.H. (2000). South East Fishery Integrated Scientific Monitoring Program – 1999 Report to the South East Fishery Assessment Group. Australian Fisheries Management Authority, Canberra. 92pp. Knuckey, I.A., Berrie, S.E. and Gason, A.S.H. (2001). South East Fishery Integrated Scientific Monitoring Program – 2000 Report to the South East Fishery Assessment Group. Australian Fisheries Management Authority, Canberra. 114pp. Knuckey, I.A., Grieve, C. and Smith, D.C. (1999). Evolution of the integrated scientific monitoring programme in Australia's South East Fishery. In C.P. Nolan ed., Proceedings of the International Conference on Integrated Fisheries Monitoring, Sydney, Australia, 1-5 February 1999. FAO, Rome. pp 231 – 248. Koopman, M., Talman, S.G., and Gason, A.S.H. (2005). Integrated Scientific Monitoring Program - South East Trawl Fishery Annual Report 2004. Report to Australian Fisheries Management Authority Project No. R03/1551. Primary Industries Research Victoria, Queenscliff. Liggins, G.W. & Knuckey, I.A. (1999). Factors affecting discarding in the SEF – implications for stock assessment and by-catch reduction. Establishing meaningful targets for bycatch reduction in Australian fisheries, Australian Society for Fish Biology Workshop Proceedings, Hobart, pp. 46-55. Shepherd, C. J., I. H. Pike, et al. (2005). "Sustainable feed resources of marine origin." EUROPEAN AQUACULTURE SOCIETY SPECIAL PUBLICATION 35: 59-66. Smith A.D.M. and S.E. Wayte (eds) (2005). The Southern and Eastern Scalefish and Shark Fishery 2004, Fishery Assessment Report compiled by the Southern and Eastern Scalefish and Shark Fishery Assessment Group. Australian Fisheries Management Authority, Canberra. Street Ryan (2005). Food Cluster Feasibility Assessment: Geelong Region. Rdv Regional Cluster Innovation Program Tilzey, R.D.J. (1994). The South East Fishery (Tilzey, R.D.J. Ed). Bureau of Resource Sciences, 360 pp. Weerasinghe, J., Sanguansri, P., Vilkhu, K., and Marsh, R. (2000). Value-adding of bycatch for export. Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Melbourne.

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