Teacher Education and Education Quality Improvement in Indonesia ...

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CONSERVATION BASE RESEARCH. Micro-Car ARINA. Karya Putra Terbaik. Unnes. Page 18. Conservation based community service. Desa Binaan Unnes.

Teacher Education and Education Quality Improvement in Indonesia: a Brief Introduction with reference to Semarang State University Experience by: Prof. Fathur Rokhman., M.Hum Vice Rector for Development and Partnership Semarang State University (SSU)

Points of Presentation 1. Three (3) big issues about teachers in Indonesia 2. Indonesian Government’s Endeavors to respond on the teacher issues 3. Teacher Education Models in Indonesia 4. Teacher Education Models at Semarang State University (Unnes)

1. Teacher Issues in Indonesia

Three big issues about teachers in Indonesia: a. Competence Issue b.Qualification Issue c. Mismatch Teachers

a. Competence Issue Research found that Indonesian teacher competence is still low In a competence test, some teachers got very low score on the subject of their expertise (Jalal, 2004)

b. Issue of Teacher Qualification Teacher distribution based on academic qualification

0.002% 0.411%

Sec. School 25.951%

37.091%

Diploma-1 Diploma-2 Diploma-3

3.464% 6.805%

26.277%

U.grad Master Ph.D

c. Mismatch Teachers Some teachers in Indonesia have been teaching for subjects other than their Expertise (especially in Elementary School). e.g. Social Science teachers teach Math, Physics, Biology, and probably English.

Diagram of Teachers and Their Subject to Teach Mismatch teachers 17.2%

Teachers based on their expertise 82.8%

2. Endeavors of Indonesian Government to solve the Problems about Teachers a. Teacher Qualification Improvement b. Professionalization for Indonesian Teachers c. Teacher Certification to improve teachers’ quality and prosperity

3. Teacher Education Models in Indonesia All higher education have the similar models, they are: a. Pre-Service Teacher b. In-Service Teacher

Pre-Service and In-Service Programs • The pre-service program It is the program for fresh-graduates senior high school, it is also well known as the regular program/bachelor education degree. • The in-service program. It is the program specifically designed for active teachers who wants to increase their qualification.

Pre-service Program • All Semarang State University teacher education courses are undergraduate-level programs. • Currently all faculties in Semarang State University but the Faculty Law offer pre-service teacher education courses. • In total currently there are 37 educational courses are offered at Semarang State University. • Until last year the total students enrolled in the educational courses was 19,064, and those enrolled in the non-educational courses was 7,146 (UPT Humas Unnes, 2012).

In-Service Program The in-service teacher education program in Higher Education: • Teacher Qualification Improvement (Program Peningkatan Kualifikasi Guru, PKG). • Professional Remedial Training (Pendidikan dan Latihan Profesi Guru, PLPG)

Model of Teacher Education at Semarang State University 1. Building Conservation-conscious Teachers (Physical Elements) 2. Building Conservation-conscious Teachers (Nonphysical Elements)

SEMARANG STATE UNIVERSITY CONSERVATION UNIVERSITY

CONSERVATION BASED TEACHING LEARNING

CONSERVATION BASE RESEARCH Micro-Car ARINA Karya Putra Terbaik Unnes

Conservation based community service Desa Binaan Unnes Kelurahan Kandri Kecamatan Gunungpati Kota Semarang

Building Conservation-Conscious Teachers (Physical Elements) 1. Tree planting program at campus 2. Tree planting program at teaching practice sites 3. Building polders at campus 4. Cycling at campus area 5. Paperless program at campus

Building Conservation-Conscious Teachers (Non-Physical Elements) 1. 2. 3. 4.

Annual puppet performances The use of local languages every thursday The conservation of arts and culture, Development of decent and profesional characters

COLLABORATION TAIWAN INDONESIA 1. ICT BASED INSTRUCTON 2. INSTRUCTION MEDIA DEVELOPMENT 3. E-LEARNING INTRUCTION STRATEGIES JOINT PROGRAM RESAECH COLLABORATION STUDENT EXCHANGE, DOBLE DEGREE

Concluding Remarks • All of higher education institutions in Indonesia which focus on education program have similar models, i.e. Pre-Service and InService Programs • Semarang State University does not only offer Pre-service and In-service Models but also integrate the programs with its vision as a Conservation University.

Terima Kasih Thank you