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The Relationship of Big Five Personality Traits on ... › publication › fulltext › 28071574... › publication › fulltext › 28071574...by INAMF Kozako · 2013 · Cited by 99 — International Conference on Economics and Business Research 2013 (ICEBR 2013) ... Ke

ScienceDirect Procedia Economics and Finance 7 (2013) 181 – 187

International Conference on Economics and Business Research 2013 (ICEBR 2013)

The Relationship of Big Five Personality Traits on Counterproductive Work Behaviour among Hotel Employees: An Exploratory Study Intan Nurul ‘Ain Mohd Firdaus Kozakoa*, Siti Zaharah Safinb, Abdul Rahman Abdul Rahimc a

Faculty of Business Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis Campus, 02600 Arau, Perlis Malaysia b Faculty of Business Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 08400 Merbok, Malaysia c Faculty of Business Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40000 Shah Alam, Malaysia

Abstract This study investigated the influence of Big Five personality traits towards counterproductive work behaviour (CWB), specifically focuses on organizational (CWB-O) and individual (CWB-I). The results were analyzed from a sample of 178 hotel employees from various departments. For CWB-O, the result showed positive relationship between employees with high neuroticism and openness to experience, whereas negative relationship with agreeableness. As for CWB-I, the result showed positive relationship between employees with high neuroticism and openness to experience, whereas negative relationship with extraversion and agreeableness. On the other hand, extraversion showed no relationship with CWB-O, and conscientiousness has been found to have no relationship with both CWB-O and CWB-I. 2013 The TheAuthors. Authors.Published Published Elsevier B.V. © Open access under CC BY-NC-ND license. © 2013 byby Elsevier B.V. Selection andpeer-review peer-reviewunder under responsibility of ICEBR Selection and responsibility of ICEBR 20132013. Keywords: personality; Big Five; counterproductive work behaviour; hotel;

1. Introduction Organizations are increasingly interested in measures assessing CWBs, in addition to discerning how certain personality traits may increase the likelihood of committing these behaviours. CWB are destructive and injurious to the health of an organization. These diverging behaviors have serious adverse affects on the overall productivity, efficiency and profitability of an organization (Nasir and Bashir, 2012). Cases involve

* Corresponding author. Tel.:+604-988 2167; fax: +604-988 2526. E-mail address: [email protected]

2212-5671 © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. Open access under CC BY-NC-ND license. Selection and peer-review under responsibility of ICEBR 2013 doi:10.1016/S2212-5671(13)00233-5

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Intan Nurul ‘Ain Mohd Firdaus Kozako et al. / Procedia Economics and Finance 7 (2013) 181 – 187

CWB had more than doubled in 10 years, to about 11,700 cases in 2003, from 5,200 cases in 1994 (Khalizani et al., 2011). In 2005, PWC Global had reported Malaysian companies seem to be more vulnerable to corruption and bribery (35 per cent) than those in the Asia and Pacific region (33 per cent) and the rest of the world (24 per cent). Thus, it can be concluded that CWB can give a negative effect on the investors supporting the company. Personality has the potential to influence the CWB process. It can affect people's perceptions and appraisal of the environment, their attributions for causes of events, their emotional responses, and their ability to inhibit aggressive and counterproductive impulses (Spector, 2010). Penney et al., 2011, also argued that personality is an important determinant of individual behavior in the workplace. The personality-CWB was supported by the attitude-behaviour theory (Fishbein and Ajzen, 1975). The hotel employees are under great stress and their turnover rate is considerably high because of their poor work environments, long working hours, lack of authority, mandatory work on holidays, and low wages (Jung and Yoon, 2012). In 2003 National Productivity Corporation had released a report in which from the year 1998 to 2002, the industry had an impressive output growth of 4.3 per cent. One of the sub-sectors of service is the hotel industry. In Malaysia, studies on CWB pertaining hotel industry were still scarce. There were few other researchers from Malaysia had studied on CWB and personality traits before such as Faridahwati Mohd. Shamsudin et al., 2011; Krishna Moorthy et al., 2011; Abdul Rahman and Aizzat, 2008; Zauwiyah Ahmad et al., 2008. Nevertheless, most of the researches have not focusing on the influence of personality traits on CWB in hotel industry. The study was conducted and focusing on hotels in Shah Alam area. The focus of this study were focusing in the specific area because the population distribution by the state indicated that Selangor was the most populous state with 5.46 million people and the capital city of Selangor, Shah Alam alone amounted to 671,282 people (Census, 2010). According to Elizabeth Wong (2012), the State Exco Tourism, Consumer Affairs & Environment, it was reported that the numbers of tourist in Selangor increased to 6.04 million in 2011 as compared to 5.83 million in 2010. The numbers of tourist visiting places in Shah Alam are also increased as Masjid Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah, Galeri Di

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