TOC - Journal of Clinical Microbiology

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David J. Farrell, Thomas M. File, and Stephen G. ..... A. Chawla, G. Murphy, C. Donnelly,. C. L. Booth, M. ... James J. Gray, Mary K. Estes,. David W. Brown, and ...


February 2007

No. 2

BACTERIOLOGY Prevalence and Antibacterial Susceptibility of mef(A)Positive Macrolide-Resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae over 4 Years (2000 to 2004) of the PROTEKT US Study

David J. Farrell, Thomas M. File, and Stephen G. Jenkins


Molecular Epidemiology of Metallo-␤-Lactamase-Producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the Calgary Health Region: Emergence of VIM-2-Producing Isolates

Johann D. D. Pitout, Barbara L. Chow, Daniel B. Gregson, Kevin B. Laupland, Sameer Elsayed, and Deirdre L. Church


Controlled Clinical Comparison of VersaTREK and BacT/ ALERT Blood Culture Systems

Stanley Mirrett, Kimberly E. Hanson, and L. Barth Reller


Rapid Detection of Point Mutations Conferring Resistance to Fluoroquinolone in gyrA of Helicobacter pylori by AlleleSpecific PCR

Toshihiro Nishizawa, Hidekazu Suzuki, Ayako Umezawa, Hiroe Muraoka, Eisuke Iwasaki, Tatsuhiro Masaoka, Intetsu Kobayashi, and Toshifumi Hibi


Antibiotic-Resistant Invasive Pneumococcal Clones in Italy

Giovanni Gherardi, Loredana Fallico, Maria Del Grosso, Federica Bonanni, Fabio D’Ambrosio, Riccardo Manganelli, Giorgio Palu `, Giordano Dicuonzo, and Annalisa Pantosti


A Multicenter Study Evaluating the Current Strategies for Isolating Staphylococcus aureus Strains with Reduced Susceptibility to Glycopeptides

Mandy Wootton, Alasdair P. MacGowan, Timothy R. Walsh, and Robin A. Howe


Identification of Sequence Diversity in the Escherichia coli fliC Genes Encoding Flagellar Types H8 and H40 and Its Use in Typing of Shiga Toxin-Producing E. coli O8, O22, O111, O174, and O179 Strains

Lothar Beutin and Eckhard Strauch


Comparison of Disk Diffusion, VITEK 2, and Broth Microdilution Antimicrobial Susceptibility Test Results for Unusual Species of Enterobacteriaceae

Nimalie D. Stone, Caroline M. O’Hara, Portia P. Williams, John E. McGowan, Jr., and Fred C. Tenover


Detection and Differentiation of Bordetella spp. by Real-Time PCR

Christoph Koidl, Michael Bozic, Anja Burmeister, Markus Hess, Egon Marth, and Harald H. Kessler


Fast DNA Serotyping of Escherichia coli by Use of an Oligonucleotide Microarray

Karin Ballmer, Bozena M. Korczak, Peter Kuhnert, Peter Slickers, Ralf Ehricht, and Herbert Ha¨chler


Temperate Bacteriophages Affect Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis Patterns of Campylobacter jejuni

Connie Barton, Lai-King Ng, Shaun D. Tyler, and Clifford G. Clark


Catabacter hongkongensis gen. nov., sp. nov., Isolated from Blood Cultures of Patients from Hong Kong and Canada

Susanna K. P. Lau, Alan McNabb, Gibson K. S. Woo, Linda Hoang, Ami M. Y. Fung, Liliane M. W. Chung, Patrick C. Y. Woo, and Kwok-Yung Yuen


Conjugative Transfer of Chromosomally Encoded Antibiotic Resistance from Helicobacter pylori to Campylobacter jejuni

Omar A. Oyarzabal, Roland Rad, and Steffen Backert


Horizontal Gene Transfer in a Polyclonal Outbreak of Carbapenem-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii

Jubelle K. Valenzuela, Lee Thomas, Sally R. Partridge, Tanny van der Reijden, Lenie Dijkshoorn, and Jon Iredell


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Capsular Serotype K1 or K2, Rather than magA and rmpA, Is a Major Virulence Determinant for Klebsiella pneumoniae Liver Abscess in Singapore and Taiwan

Kuo-Ming Yeh, A. Kurup, L. K. Siu, Y. L. Koh, Chang-Phone Fung, Jung-Chung Lin, Te-Li Chen, FengYee Chang, and Tse-Hsien Koh


Strategy To Characterize the Number and Type of Repeating EPIYA Phosphorylation Motifs in the Carboxyl Terminus of CagA Protein in Helicobacter pylori Clinical Isolates

Effrosini G. Panayotopoulou, Dionyssios N. Sgouras, Konstantinos Papadakos, Antonios Kalliaropoulos, George Papatheodoridis, Andreas F. Mentis, and Athanasios J. Archimandritis


Structural Shifts of Mucosa-Associated Lactobacilli and Clostridium leptum Subgroup in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis

Meiling Zhang, Bianying Liu, Yan Zhang, Hua Wei, Yufeng Lei, and Liping Zhao


Evaluation of a New Selective Chromogenic Agar Medium for Detection of Extended-Spectrum ␤-Lactamase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae

Youri Glupczynski, Catherine Berhin, Caroline Bauraing, and Pierre Bogaerts


Multitarget PCR for Diagnosis of Pertussis and Its Clinical Implications

Xuan Qin, Emmanouil Galanakis, Emily T. Martin, and Janet A. Englund


Development of a Flow Chart for Identification of GramPositive Anaerobic Cocci in the Clinical Laboratory

Yuli Song, Chengxu Liu, and Sydney M. Finegold


Characterization of Small-Colony-Variant Stenotrophomonas maltophilia Isolated from the Sputum Specimens of Five Patients with Cystic Fibrosis

Scott W. Anderson, Jennifer R. Stapp, Jane L. Burns, and Xuan Qin


Comparison of Multiple-Locus Variable-Number Tandem Repeat Analysis, Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis, and Phage Typing for Subtype Analysis of Salmonella enterica Serotype Enteritidis

D. Boxrud, K. Pederson-Gulrud, J. Wotton, C. Medus, E. Lyszkowicz, J. Besser, and J. M. Bartkus


Rapid Detection and Identification of Metallo-␤-LactamaseEncoding Genes by Multiplex Real-Time PCR Assay and Melt Curve Analysis

Rodrigo E. Mendes, Katia A. Kiyota, Jussimara Monteiro, Mariana Castanheira, Soraya S. Andrade, Ana C. Gales, Antonio C. C. Pignatari, and Sergio Tufik


Comparison of Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing of Campylobacter spp. by the Agar Dilution and the Agar Disk Diffusion Methods

Taradon Luangtongkum, Teresa Y. Morishita, Amna B. El-Tayeb, Aaron J. Ison, and Qijing Zhang


Usefulness of PCR-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism Typing of the Coagulase Gene To Discriminate Arbekacin-Resistant Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Strains

Keiko Ishino, Naofumi Tsuchizaki, Jun Ishikawa, and Kunimoto Hotta


blaVIM-2 and blaVIM-7 Carbapenemase-Producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolates Detected in a Tertiary Care Medical Center in the United States: Report from the MYSTIC Program

H. Aboufaycal, H. S. Sader, K. Rolston, L. M. Deshpande, M. Toleman, G. Bodey, I. Raad, and R. N. Jones


Improved Multilocus Sequence Typing Scheme for Staphylococcus epidermidis

Jonathan C. Thomas, Miguel R. Vargas, Maria Miragaia, Sharon J. Peacock, Gordon L. Archer, and Mark C. Enright


Philippe Halfon, Elisabeth Trepo, Gilles Antoniotti, Catherine Bernot, Philippe Cart-Lamy, Hace`ne Khiri, Didier Thibaud, Jean Marron, Agne`s Martineau, Guillaume Pe´naranda, Dominique Benmoura, Bernard Blanc, and RBML (Re´seau de Biologie Mole´culaire Libe´rale)


CHLAMYDIOLOGY AND RICKETTSIOLOGY Prospective Evaluation of the Hybrid Capture 2 and AMPLICOR Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Tests for Detection of 13 High-Risk HPV Genotypes in Atypical Squamous Cells of Uncertain Significance

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Isolation and Antimicrobial Susceptibilities of Chlamydial Isolates from Western Barred Bandicoots

Swati Kumar, Andrei Kutlin, Patricia Roblin, Stephan Kohlhoff, Tracey Bodetti, Peter Timms, and Margaret R. Hammerschlag


Evaluation of NucliSens easyMAG for Automated Nucleic Acid Extraction from Various Clinical Specimens

K. Loens, K. Bergs, D. Ursi, H. Goossens, and M. Ieven


Association between Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing/W Lineage Strain Infection and Extrathoracic Tuberculosis: Insights from Epidemiologic and Clinical Characterization of the Three Principal Genetic Groups of M. tuberculosis Clinical Isolates

Y. Kong, M. D. Cave, L. Zhang, B. Foxman, C. F. Marrs, J. H. Bates, and Z. H. Yang


Usefulness of the BACTEC MGIT 960 System for Isolation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from Sputa Subjected to LongTerm Storage

Manuela Pardini, Francis Varaine, Maryline Bonnet, Graziella Orefici, Marco Rinaldo Oggioni, the LONGDRUG Study Group, and Lanfranco Fattorini


Sequencing of the pncA Gene in Members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex Has Important Diagnostic Applications: Identification of a Species-Specific pncA Mutation in “Mycobacterium canettii” and the Reliable and Rapid Predictor of Pyrazinamide Resistance

Akos Somoskovi, Jillian Dormandy, Linda M. Parsons, Michel Kaswa, Khye Seng Goh, Nalin Rastogi, and Max Salfinger


Strain Typing and Determination of Population Structure of Candida krusei by Multilocus Sequence Typing

Mette D. Jacobsen, Neil A. R. Gow, Martin C. J. Maiden, Duncan J. Shaw, and Frank C. Odds


Development and Clinical Application of a Panfungal PCR Assay To Detect and Identify Fungal DNA in Tissue Specimens

Anna Lau, Sharon Chen, Tania Sorrell, Dee Carter, Richard Malik, Patricia Martin, and Catriona Halliday


Isolation of Trichophyton violaceum and Trichophyton soudanense in Baltimore, Maryland

Shelley S. Magill, Liliana Manfredi, Andrew Swiderski, Bernard Cohen, and William G. Merz


Discovering Potential Pathogens among Fungi Identified as Nonsporulating Molds

June I. Pounder, Keith E. Simmon, Claudia A. Barton, Sheri L. Hohmann, Mary E. Brandt, and Cathy A. Petti


Evidence for a Link between Parasite Genotype and Outcome of Infection with Entamoeba histolytica

Ibne Karim M. Ali, Utpal Mondal, Shantanu Roy, Rashidul Haque, William A. Petri, Jr., and C. Graham Clark


Use of Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay and Dipstick Assay for Detection of Strongyloides stercoralis Infection in Humans

H. Rogier van Doorn, Rob Koelewijn, Henk Hofwegen, Henk Gilis, Jose C. F. M. Wetsteyn, Pieter J. Wismans, Claudine Sarfati, Tony Vervoort, and Tom van Gool


PCR-Based Diagnosis of Naegleria sp. Infection in FormalinFixed and Paraffin-Embedded Brain Sections

Marc Schild, Christian Gianinazzi, Bruno Gottstein, and Norbert Mu ¨ller





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Evaluation of the Sensitivities of DNA Extraction and PCR Methods for Detection of Giardia duodenalis in Stool Specimens

Kwannan Nantavisai, Mathirut Mungthin, Peerapan Tan-ariya, Ram Rangsin, Tawee Naaglor, and Saovanee Leelayoova


The Sensitivity of the OptiMAL Rapid Diagnostic Test to the Presence of Plasmodium falciparum Gametocytes Compromises Its Ability To Monitor Treatment Outcomes in an Area of Papua New Guinea in which Malaria Is Endemic

Ivo Mueller, Inoni Betuela, Meza Ginny, John C. Reeder, and Blaise Genton


Determining Human Immunodeficiency Virus Coreceptor Use in a Clinical Setting: Degree of Correlation between Two Phenotypic Assays and a Bioinformatic Model

Katharina Skrabal, Andrew J. Low, Winnie Dong, Tobias Sing, Peter K. Cheung, Fabrizio Mammano, and P. Richard Harrigan


Relationship between Cytomegalovirus DNA Load in Epithelial Lining Fluid and Plasma of Lung Transplant Recipients and Analysis of Coinfection with Epstein-Barr Virus and Human Herpesvirus 6 in the Lung Compartment

Claudia C. Bauer, Peter Jaksch, Stephan W. Aberle, Heinrich Haber, Gyoergy Lang, Walter Klepetko, Hanns Hofmann, and Elisabeth Puchhammer-Sto ¨ckl


Rapid and Real-Time Detection of Chikungunya Virus by Reverse Transcription Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay

M. M. Parida, S. R. Santhosh, P. K. Dash, N. K. Tripathi, V. Lakshmi, N. Mamidi, A. Shrivastva, N. Gupta, P. Saxena, J. Pradeep Babu, P. V. Lakshmana Rao, and Kouichi Morita


GeneChip Resequencing of the Smallpox Virus Genome Can Identify Novel Strains: a Biodefense Application

Irshad M. Sulaiman, Kevin Tang, John Osborne, Scott Sammons, and Robert M. Wohlhueter


Agreement between the AMPLICOR Human Papillomavirus Test and the Hybrid Capture 2 Assay in Detection of HighRisk Human Papillomavirus and Diagnosis of BiopsyConfirmed High-Grade Cervical Disease

Francesca Carozzi, Simonetta Bisanzi, Cristina Sani, Marco Zappa, Silvia Cecchini, Stefano Ciatto, and Massimo Confortini


Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Antibody Avidity Testing To Identify Recent Infection in Newly Diagnosed HIV Type 1 (HIV-1)-Seropositive Persons Infected with Diverse HIV-1 Subtypes

A. Chawla, G. Murphy, C. Donnelly, C. L. Booth, M. Johnson, J. V. Parry, A. Phillips, and A. M. Geretti


Geographic Information Systems and Genotyping in Identification of Rotavirus G12 Infections in Residents of an Urban Slum with Subsequent Detection in Hospitalized Children: Emergence of G12 Genotype in South India

Sasirekha Ramani, Indrani Banerjee, Beryl Primrose Gladstone, Rajiv Sarkar, David Selvapandian, Andrea M. Le Fevre, Shabbar Jaffar, Miren Iturriza-Gomara, James J. Gray, Mary K. Estes, David W. Brown, and Gagandeep Kang


Using a Resequencing Microarray as a Multiple Respiratory Pathogen Detection Assay

Baochuan Lin, Kate M. Blaney, Anthony P. Malanoski, Adam G. Ligler, Joel M. Schnur, David Metzgar, Kevin L. Russell, and David A. Stenger


Use of New T-Cell-Based Cell Lines Expressing Two Luciferase Reporters for Accurately Evaluating Susceptibility to Anti-Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Drugs

Tomoko Chiba-Mizutani, Hideka Miura, Masakazu Matsuda, Zene Matsuda, Yoshiyuki Yokomaku, Kosuke Miyauchi, Masako Nishizawa, Naoki Yamamoto, and Wataru Sugiura



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Evaluation of Dried Blood Spots for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Drug Resistance Testing

Amanda McNulty, Cheryl Jennings, Diane Bennett, Joseph Fitzgibbon, James W. Bremer, Michael Ussery, Marcia L. Kalish, Walid Heneine, and J. Gerardo Garcı´a-Lerma


Diagnosis of Human Metapneumovirus Infection in Immunosuppressed Lung Transplant Recipients and Children Evaluated for Pertussis

Ryan Dare, Sonali Sanghavi, Arlene Bullotta, Maria-Cristina Keightley, Kirsten St. George, Robert M. Wadowsky, David L. Paterson, Kenneth R. McCurry, Todd A. Reinhart, Shahid Husain, and Charles R. Rinaldo


A Genotype-Independent Real-Time PCR Assay for Quantification of Hepatitis B Virus DNA

Ying Liu, Munira Hussain, Stephen Wong, Scott K. Fung, Hyung Joon Yim, and Anna S. F. Lok


Toward Universal Varicella-Zoster Virus (VZV) Genotyping: Diversity of VZV Strains from France and Spain

Vladimir Loparev, Elisa Martro, Elena Rubtcova, Carlos Rodrigo, Jean-Charles Piette, Eric Caumes, Jean-Paul Vernant, D. Scott Schmid, and Anne-Marie Fillet


Magnetic Silica Extraction for Low-Viremia Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Genotyping

D. R. McClernon, E. Ramsey, and M. St. Clair


Identification of Group A Porcine Rotavirus Strains Bearing a Novel VP4 (P) Genotype in Italian Swine Herds

V. Martella, M. Ciarlet, K. Ba´nyai, E. Lorusso, S. Arista, A. Lavazza, G. Pezzotti, N. Decaro, A. Cavalli, M. S. Lucente, M. Corrente, G. Elia, M. Camero, M. Tempesta, and C. Buonavoglia


Development of Multiplex Real-Time Reverse Transcriptase PCR Assays for Detecting Eight Medically Important Flaviviruses in Mosquitoes

Day-Yu Chao, Brent S. Davis, and Gwong-Jen J. Chang


Rapid and Highly Sensitive Pathotyping of Avian Influenza A H5N1 Virus by Using Real-Time Reverse TranscriptionPCR

Bernd Hoffmann, Timm Harder, Elke Starick, Klaus Depner, Ortrud Werner, and Martin Beer


Comparison of Cepheid’s Analyte-Specific Reagents with BD Directigen for Detection of Respiratory Syncytial Virus

Jennifer S. Goodrich and Melissa B. Miller


Detection of Human Bocavirus in Canadian Children in a 1-Year Study

Nathalie Bastien, Natalie Chui, Joan L. Robinson, Bonita E. Lee, Kerry Dust, Laura Hart, and Yan Li


Transovarial Transmission Efficiency of Babesia bovis Tick Stages Acquired by Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus during Acute Infection

Jeanne M. Howell, Massaro W. Ueti, Guy H. Palmer, Glen A. Scoles, and Donald P. Knowles


Use of Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis of Conserved XbaI Fragments for Identification of Swine Salmonella Serotypes

Stephen B. Gaul, Stephanie Wedel, Matthew M. Erdman, D. L. Harris, Isabel Turney Harris, Kathleen E. Ferris, and Lorraine Hoffman


Alessandro C. Pasqualotto, David W. Denning, and Michael J. Anderson



EPIDEMIOLOGY A Cautionary Tale: Lack of Consistency in Allele Sizes between Two Laboratories for a Published Multilocus Microsatellite Typing System

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CTX-M ␤-Lactamase-Producing Escherichia coli in French Hospitals: Prevalence, Molecular Epidemiology, and Risk Factors

Jean-Philippe Lavigne, He´le`ne Marchandin, Julien Delmas, Je´ro ˆme Moreau, Nicole Bouziges, Evelyne Lecaillon, Laurent Cavalie, He´le`ne Jean-Pierre, Richard Bonnet, and Albert Sotto


Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus faecalis Endocarditis: Linezolid Failure and Strain Characterization of Virulence Factors

Constantine Tsigrelis, Kavindra V. Singh, Thais D. Coutinho, Barbara E. Murray, and Larry M. Baddour


Mucor circinelloides Was Identified by Molecular Methods as a Cause of Primary Cutaneous Zygomycosis

Peter C. Iwen, Lynne Sigler, Rhonda K. Noel, and Alison G. Freifeld


First Reported Infections Caused by Three Newly Described Genera in the Family Xanthomonadaceae

P. Rocco LaSala, Jonathan Segal, Faye S. Han, Jeffrey J. Tarrand, and Xiang Y. Han


Brain Abscess Associated with Multidrug-Resistant Capnocytophaga ochracea Infection

Hua-Kung Wang, Yee-Chun Chen, Lee-Jene Teng, Chien-Ching Hung, Mei-Lin Chen, Shin-Hei Du, Hui-Ju Pan, Po-Ren Hsueh, and ShanChwen Chang


Molecular Confirmation that Fasciola gigantica Can Undertake Aberrant Migrations in Human Hosts

Thanh Hoa Le, Nguyen Van De, Takeshi Agatsuma, David Blair, Jozef Vercruysse, Pierre Dorny, Thanh Giang Thi Nguyen, and Donald P. McManus


Recurrent Disseminated Skin Lesions Due to Metarrhizium anisopliae in an Adult Patient with Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

S. Osorio, R. de la Ca´mara, M. C. Monteserin, R. Granados, F. On ˜a, J. L. Rodriguez-Tudela, and M. Cuenca-Estrella


A Spontaneous Joint Infection with Corynebacterium striatum

David Scholle


Detection of Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum from Skin Lesions, Serum, and Cerebrospinal Fluid in an Infant with Congenital Syphilis after Clindamycin Treatment of the Mother during Pregnancy

ˇmajs, Vladana Woznicova´, David S Dan Wechsler, Petra Mateˇjkova´, and Magdalena Flasarova´


Burkholderia glumae Infection in an Infant with Chronic Granulomatous Disease

Jason B. Weinberg, Barbara D. Alexander, Joseph M. Majure, Larry W. Williams, Jason Y. Kim, Peter Vandamme, and John J. LiPuma


Globicatella sanguinis Is an Etiological Agent of Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt-Associated Meningitis

I. Seegmu ¨ller, M. van der Linden, C. Heeg, and R. R. Reinert


Necrotizing Fasciitis Due to a Methicillin-Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus Isolate Harboring an Enterotoxin Gene Cluster

William R. Morgan, Michael D. Caldwell, Jennifer M. Brady, Mary E. Stemper, Kurt D. Reed, and Sanjay K. Shukla


Veillonella parvula Discitis and Secondary Bacteremia: a Rare Infection Complicating Endoscopy and Colonoscopy?

D. Marriott, D. Stark, and J. Harkness



LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Urinary Tract Infection Caused by Eikenella corrodens

Michael Hombach, Hans R. Frey, and Gaby E. Pfyffer

Plasmalyte as a Cause of False-Positive Results for Aspergillus Galactomannan in Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid

Chadi A. Hage, John M. Reynolds, Michelle Durkin, L. Joseph Wheat, and Kenneth S. Knox

675 676–677

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Changing Epidemiology of Shigellosis and Emergence of Ciprofloxacin-Resistant Shigellae in India

Neelam Taneja


Recurrent Melioidosis: Possible Role of Infection with Multiple Strains of Burkholderia pseudomallei

Tyrone L. Pitt, Suwanna Trakulsomboon, and David A. B. Dance


Salt Tolerance of Methicillin-Resistant and MethicillinSusceptible Staphylococcus aureus

Marjan J. Bruins, Petra Juffer, Maurice J. H. M. Wolfhagen, and Gijs J. H. M. Ruijs


Simultaneous Detection of Mycobacterium bovis and Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Human Cerebrospinal Fluid

Viviana Ritacco and Isabel N. de Kantor

Identification of Staphylococcus Species with the VITEK 2 System: the Case of Staphylococcus hominis

Letter: Jacob Gilad and David Schwartz. Reply: F. Layer, B. Ghebremedhin, K. A. Moder, W. Ko ¨nig, and B. Ko ¨nig


Selecting a Genetic Region for Molecular Analysis of Hepatitis B Virus Transmission

Letter: Sibnarayan Datta, Arup Banerjee, Partha Kumar Chandra, and Runu Chakravarty. Reply: Benjamin C. Cowie