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SMA/MA. TAHUNPELAJARAN 2006/2007. Mata Pelajaran. : BAHASA INDONESIA (D2) ... Tersedia waktu 120 menit untuk mengerjakan paket tes tersebut. ... Laporkan kepada pengawas ujian apabila terdapat lembar soal yang kurang jelas, rusak, ..... Muhammad Shaf iq Woon Abdullah was brought to court in Singapore ...

Soal dan Pembahasan Ujian Nasional stmikganeshasolusi.wordpress.com soal-un-stmikganesha.blogspot.com SEKOLAH TINGGI MANAJEMEN INFORMATIKA DAN KOMPUTER (STMIK) GANESHA Jl. Kiaracondong 416 Bandung telp 022-7333317/7337178

UJIAN NASIONAL SMA/MA TAHUNPELAJARAN 2006/2007 Mata Pelajaran Program Studi Hari/Tanggal Jam

: BAHASA INDONESIA (D2) : IPA/IPS (UTAMA) : Selasa, 17 April 2007 : 08.00-10.00

PETUNJUK UMUM 1. Isikan identitas Anda ke dalam Lembar Jawaban Ujian Nasional (LJUN) yang tersedia dengan menggunakan pensil 2B sesuai petunjuk di LJUN. 2. Hitamkan bulatan di depan nama mata ujian pada LJUN. 3. Tersedia waktu 120 menit untuk mengerjakan paket tes tersebut. 4. Jumlah soal sebanyak 50 butir, pada setiap butir soal terdapat 5 (lima) pilihan Jawaban. 5. Periksa dan bacalah soal-soal sebelum Anda menjawabnya. 6. Laporkan kepada pengawas ujian apabila terdapat lembar soal yang kurang jelas, rusak, atau tidak lengkap. 7. Mintalah kertas buram kepada pengawas ujian, bila diperlukan. 8. Tidak diizinkan menggunakan kalkulator, HP, tabel matematika atau alat bantu hitung lainnya. 9. Periksalah pekerjaan Anda sebelum diserahkan kepada pengawas ujian. 10. Lembar soal tidak boleh dicoret-coret. Listening Section

In this section of the test, you will have the chance to show how well you understand spoken English. There are 3 parts to this section, with special directions for each part. Part 1 Question : 1to 5 Directions:

In this part of the test, you will hear some dialogues or questions spoken in English. The dialogues or questions I will be spoken two times. They will not be printed in your ! test book, so you must listen carefully to understand what the speakers say. After you hear a dialogue and the question about it, read the five possible answers and decide which one would be the I best answer to the question you have heard. Now listen to a sample question. You will hear: Man : How about exercising tomorrow morning? Woman : Alright. Pick me up at six. You will also hear: Narrator: What will the man do?

You'll read in your test book: a. Do exercise at 6. b. Go with six women.. c. Take exercise alone. d. Leave the woman alone. e. Come to the woman's house. The best answer to the question is "Come to the woman's house." Therefore, you should choose answer (E). 1. a. Hobbies. d. Daily activities, b. Spare time. e. Collecting stamps, c. Part time job. 2. a.. The librarian, d. The location of the library, b. The Broad Street, e. The function of the library. c. The books in the library, 3. a. His pride. b. His advice. c. Hhis Attention

d. His coriosity e.His Agreement

4. a. Reading books. b. Doing many activities. c. Doing all sort of things. 5. a. Inability. b. Uncertainty. c. Impossibility.

c. writing some artikel d. Reading books and writing some artikel

d. Disagreement, e. Dissatisfaction,

Part II Questions: 6 to 10. Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several questions or statements spoken in English. The questions and responses will be spoken two times. They will not be printed in .your test book, so you must listen carefully to understand what the speakers say. You have to choose the best response to each question or statement. Now listen to a sample question: You will hear: Woman : Good morning, John. How are you? Man : ... You will also hear: a. I am fine, thank you. b. I am in the living room. c. Let me introduce myself. d: My name is John Travolta. The best answer to the question "How are you?" is choice (a), "I am fine, thank you." Therefore, you should choose answer (a). 6. Mark your answer on your answer sheet. 7. Mark your answer on your answer sheet. 8. Mark your answer on your answer sheet. 9. Mark your answer on your answer sheet. 10. Mark your answer on your answer sheet.

Part III Questions: 11 to 15. Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several monologues. Each monologue will be spoken two times. They will not be printed in your test book, so you must listen carefully to understand what the speakers say. After you hear a monologue and the questions about it, read the five possible answers and decide which one would be the best answer to the questions you have heard. 11. a. The water is stinky, b. .The water tastes bad. c. The colour is not good, d. There is no more water: e. The water is contaminated. 12. a. His cat. d. Food. b. His pet. e. Fish. c. Bread. 13. a. Bones. d. Fish and bread. b. Soft food. e. Milk and bread. c. Steamed rice. 14. a. To the mall d. To some antique shop b. To the market e. To the departement store c. To the boutique 15. a. Poor. d. Luxurious. b. Rich. e. Unfamiliar . c. Unhappy This is the end of the listening section 16. Textl. This text is for question 16. Eka : Are you free today? Lidya : Yes, what's up? Eka : Would you like to come with me to see I "Peterpan" show tonight? Lidya : Thanks, I'd be delighted to. It's my favou band. What are the speakers going to do? a. To stay at home b. To see Peterpan show c. To arrange their free time d. To watch Peterpan at home e. To come to their friend's house. 17. Text 2. This text is for question 17. Mira : Hi, Dad, I will be late home because I committee will hold a meeting after class. Father : It's okay but you must go straight home aft the meeting. Mira : Don't worry, Da'd. Mother : What did Mira say? Father : She said that she would be late home to What is the most possible place where Mira is talking! her father? a. Ahall. d. Her school. b. Her home. e. A meeting room. c. The office.

Text 3. This text is for questions 18 to 20. COMPANY ACCOUNTANT

Expanding wholesaler of stationary and office equipment requires - A responsible accountant for director to run smoothly the company finance with good salary and good working condition for good applicant. Apply with curriculum vitae to Mrs. Barton

Office Equipment World & Efficiency Works PO Box 36 Whistle Woods UK

18. In which section would you likely read the ad? a. Company for sale. d. Entertainment Guide, b. Office equipment. e. Stationary and office c. Job vacancy. 19. What position is offered in the advertisement? a. Salesman. d. Office staff, b. Wholesaler. e. Director assistant, c. Accountant. 20. Apply with curriculum vitae to Mrs. Barton. What information should the applicant include in it? a. Experience in managing a company. b. A statement of salary wanted. c. A prove of knowing about stationary. d. A statement of responsibility. e. A statement of education and work experience. Test 4. This text is for questions 21 to 23.

Once upon a time, a rabbit wanted to cross a river but he could not swim. He had an idea. He saw a boss of crocodile swimming in the river. The rabbit asked the boss of crocodile, "How many crocodiles are there in the river?" The boss of crocodile answered, "We are twenty here." "Where are they?" the rabbit asked for the second time. "What is it for?" the boss of crocodile asked. "All of you are good, nice, gentle and kind, so I want to make r. line in order. Later I will know how kind you are," said the rabbit. Then, the boss of the crocodile called all his friends and asked them to make a line in order from one side to the other side of the river. Just then, the rabbit started to count while jumping from one crocodile to another: one ... two ... three... four... until twenty, and finally, he thanked all crocodiles because he had crossed the river. 21. The story mainly tells us about.... a. twenty crocodiles b. the boss of the crocodile c. a rabbit and twenty crocodiles d. a rabbit and the boss of crocodile e. the boss of the crocodile and all his friends

22. We know from the first paragraph that the rabbit actually wanted.... a. to cross the river b. to swim across the river

c. to meet the boss of crocodile d. to know where the crocodiles are e. to know the number of crocodiles there 23. All of you are good, nice, gentle, and kind...." (Paragraph 2) The underlined word is synonymous with ... a. wild d. easygoing b. diligent e. honourable c. cheerful Texts. This text is for questions 24 to 27. The University of Australia The University of Australia has an international reputation for educational professionals and for applied research. It is Australia's largest university, with six campuses, including a specialized technology campus. The university places particular importance on the quality of its teaching and. learning programs, and on its working links with industry, business and government. 24. The whole paragraph promotes that....' a. the University of Australia offers excellent educational programs b. the University of Australia is the largest university in the country c. the University of Australia has a specialized technology campus d. the university places particular importance technology e. the university has six campuses 25. Which information is NOT TRUE about the University of Australia? a. It has an international educational reputation, b. It also has a specialized technology campus, c. It has six technology campuses, d. It is Australia's largest university, e. It has good relation with industry. 26. It is stated that the university has good relationship with.... a. educational professionals b. specialized technology c. large universities d. other campuses e. industry 27. "The University of Australia has an international educational reputation for..." The underlined word means .... a. knowledge d. character b. prestige e. interest c. attitude Text 6. This text is for questions 28 to 31. The police thought that two burglars started the robbery at 151 Pattimura street on Sunday afternoon. The burglars broke into the students' room while they were going to a football game. They never thought that while they were away, burglars would break into their boarding house. 28. What happened to the students' room on Sunday afternoon? a. The police broke it. b. The police ruined it. c. Burglars broke into it. d. Two burglars broke it.

e. The students started to ruin it. 29. The burglars broke into the room when the students .... a. were at a party b. were taking a rest c. were playing football d. were at a football game e. were watching football on TV 30. "The burglars broke into the students room ...." The underlined phrase means .... a. broke forcefully d. easily entered b. entered by force e. came into c. put into pieces 31. The students seem to think that.... a. they had locked their room b. their boarding house was not safe c. their boarding house was in a safe area d. thieves would easily break into their room e. there would be a robbery in their boarding house Text This text is for questions 32 to 35. An elephant is the largest and strongest of all animals. It is a strange looking animal with its thick legs, huge sides and backs, largejianging ears, a small tail, little eyes, long white tusks and above all it has a long nose, the trunk. The trunk is the elephant's peculiar feature, and it has various uses. The elephant draws up water by its trunk and can squirt it all over its body like a shower bath. It can also lift leaves and puts them, into its mouth. In fact the trunk serves the elephant as a long arm and hand. An elephant looks very-clumsy and heavy and yet it can move very quickly. The elephant is a very intelligent animal. Its intelligence combined with its great strength makes it a very useful servant to man and it can be trained to serve in various ways such as carry heavy loads, hunt for tigers and even fight. 32. The third paragraph is mainly about the fact that.... a. elephants are strong b. elephants can lift logs c. elephants are servants d. elephants are very useful e. elephants must be trained 33. Which of the following is NOT part of the elephant described in the first paragraph? a. It looks strange. d. It has a trunk, b. It is heavy. e. It has a small tail, c. It is wild. 34. It is stated in the text that the elephant uses the trunk to do the following, EXCEPT.... a. to eat b. to push c. to drink d. to carry things e. to squirt water over the body 35. "The trunk is the elephant's peculiar feature ...* (Paragraph 2) The underlined word is close in meaning to .... a. large d. smooth b. strange e. long c. tough Text 5.

This text is for questions 36 to 39. Have you ever wondered how people get chocolate from?! In this article we'll enter the amazing world of chocolatej so you can understand exactly what you're eating.. Chocolate starts with a tree called the cacao tree.1 This tree grows in equatorial regions, especially in places! such as South America, Africa, and Indonesia. The cacao m

tree produces a fruit about the size of a small pine apple.] Inside the fruit are the tree's seeds, also known as cocojj beans. The beans are fermented for about a week, dried ifl the sun and then shipped to the chocolate maker. The| chocolate maker starts by roasting the beans to brin out the flavour. Different beans from different placets! have different qualities and flavor, so they are often! sorted and blanded to produce a distinctive mix. Next,! the roasted beans are winnowed. Winnowing removes! the meat nib of the cacao bean from its shell. Then, the'j nibs are blended. The blended nibs are ground to make! it a liquid. The liquid is called chocolate liquor. It tastes j bitter. All seeds contain some amount of fat, and cacao| beans are not different. However, cacao beans are half 1 fat, which is why the ground nibs form liquid. It's pure bitter chocolate. 36. The text is about.... a. the cacao tree d. the making of chocolate b. the cacao beans e. the flavour of chocolate c. the raw chocolate 37. The third paragraph focuses on .... a. the process of producing chocolate b. how to produce the cocoa flavour c. where chocolate comes from d. the chocolate liquor e. the cacao fruit 38. "..., so they are often sorted and blended to produce...." (Paragraph 3) The underlined word is close in meaning to .... a. arranged d. distributed b. combined e. organized c. separated 39. How does the chocolate maker start to make chocolate? a. By fermenting the beans b. By roasting the beans c. By blending the beans d. By sorting the beans e. By drying the beans. Text 9. This text is for questions 40 to 43. tvo students were discussing the school's new rule that all , the students must wear a cap and a tie. One of them showed her annoyance. She said that wearing a cap and a tie was only suitable for a flag rising ceremony. So, she was against the rule. Contrary to the girl's opinion, the other student was glad with it. He said that he didn't mind with the'new rule because wearing a cap and a tie will make the students look great and like real educated persons. The first student gave the reasons (hat they would feel uncomfortable and hot. Moreover, the classrooms were not air conditioned. The second said it wasn't a big problem. He was sure that the students would wear them proudly. They would surely be used to it any way.

40. The two students are discussing .... a. the facilities in school d. their friends b. their homework e. their family c. their uniform 41. The boy said that he agreed.with the new rule in his school.. Which statement shows his agreement? a. He was not annoyed. b. He would not obey the rule. c. He didn't care of the rule. d. He didn't like wearing a cap and tie.

e. He didn't mind wearing a cap.and tie. 141 The boy believed that all students would .... a. have a high spirit to study b. solve their own problems c. care for their environment d. follow the new rule e. feel uncomfortable 43. "One of them showed her annoyance...." (line 3) The underlined word is close in meaning to .... a. responsibility d. applause b. displeasure e. response c. agreement Text 10. This text is for questions 44 to 47. SINGAPORE: A supervisor was jailed for two months for repeatedly striking his Indonesian maid on the head and back with a television remote. Muhammad Shaf iq Woon Abdullah was brought to court in Singapore because he had physically hurt the woman on several occasions between June and October 2002, the Straits Time said. The magistrate's court heard that Shafiq, 31, began striking Winarti, 22, about a month after she started working for him. He hit her on the head with the TV sets remote control because he was unhappy with her work. On one occasion, he punched her on the back after accusing her of day dreaming. S.S. Dhillon, Shafiq's lawyer/said that his client had become mad when he saw his daughter's face covered as she was lying in bed. He said his client thought the maid had put the child in danger. 44. The text reported.... a. the arrest of a supervisor b. the working condition in Singapore c. an Indonesian worker in Singapore d. the Indonesian workers' condition in Singapore e. a crime by a Singaporean supervisor towards his maid 45. Which one of the following statements is TRUE according to the text? a. A supervisor was put in jail for two year, b. The supervisor gave many kinds of jobs to the maid, c. The maid has been working for him for two months. d. Winarti struck the supervisor with a remote control. e. The supervisor hit his maid's head with the TV set's remote control. 46. "... he physically hurt the woman..." (Paragraph 2) The underlined word is close in meaning to .... a. cut d. punished b. injured e. damaged c. offended 47. Why did Shafiq punch Winarti on her back? She was accused of .... a. talking much time for herself b. not working properly c. working carelessly d. daydreaming e. being lazy Text 11. This text is for questions 48 to 50. Singapore is a city state; it is a city but it is also a state. It is a republic. Along with Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines and Brunei, it belongs to ASEAN, the Association of South-East Asian Nations. Like Indonesia, Singapore is a country of "Bhineka Tunggal Ika." Chinese, Malays, Indians and Eurasians make up its citizens. Other Asians, including Indonesians, Japanese, Philippines, Koreans, Thais and Arabs also live on that tiny island.

Singapore is sometimes called "Instant Asia" because you can see varieties of customs, cultures, and foods of nearly all Asia in Singapore.

48. The text mainly talks about Singapore as .... a. a nation d. a city state b. an island e. a member of ASEAN c. a republic 49. Singapore's citizens consist of.... a. Brunei, Indians b. Chinese, Thais and Arab c. Chinese, Malays, Indians, and Eurasians d. Eurasians and Philippines e. Asians and Arabs 50. "... Koreans, Thais and Arabs live on that tiny island." (Paragraph 2) The underlined word may be replaced by "very ...." a. cute c. small e. narrow b. huge d. broad

PEMBAHASAN DAN JAWABAN UJIAN NASIONAL SMA/MA B AHAS INGGRIS TAHUN PEL AJARAN 2006/2007 1. KonsepDasar

Di kaset diperdengarkan: Man : What is your hobby? Woman : Oh, collecting stamps. What about you ? Man : I don't really have any hobby. Woman : Well, what do you do in your free time? Man : I like playing chess. Narrator : What are they talking about? Yang menjadi inti pembicaraan dalam dialog di atas adalah hobby atau kegemaran. Cara Singkat

Untuk mengetahui tajuk dialog, perhatikanlah kalimat pertanyaan yang dilontarkan pembicara. Jawaban:A 2. KonsepDasar

Di kaset diperdengarkan: Woman : Do you know where the public library is, please? Man : It is on Broad Street, near the town hall. Woman : Is it far from here? Man : No, tally about a mile. Woman : Thanks a lot. Narrator : What are they discussing? Dari pertanyaan "Do you know where the public library is, please?" (apakah Anda tahu dimana perpustakaan umum?), kita mengetahui bahwa yang sedang dibicara-kan dalam dialog adalah letak/lokasi perpustakaan (the location of the library). Cara Singkat Untuk mengetahui tajuk dialog, perhatikanlah kalimat pertanyaan yang dilontarkan pembicara. Jawaban: A

3. KonsepDasar

Di kaset diperdengarkan: Woman : Dad, have you seen my report card? Man : Sure, you did well, I am very proud of you. Woman : Thank you, Dad. Narrator : What does the man express?

Ungkapan .I am very proud of you" (saya sangat bangga padamu) menunjukkan perasaan bangga (pride). Cara Singkat Proud = pride.

Jawaban: A 4. KonsepDasar

Di kaset diperdengarkan: Man : What do Americans do in their free time? Woman : That depends. They do all sorts of things. Man : Well, what about you? Woman : I spend most of my time reading books and writing some articles. Narrator : What does the woman do in her free time ? Seperti dikatakan pembicara wanita di bagian akhir dialog: "/ spend most of my time reading books andl writing some articles", yang di lakukan si wanita padj | waktu senggang adalah membaca buku dan menulisj artikel. Cara Singkat

Yang dilakukan si wanita di waktu senggangnya (her free time) terdapat pada bagian akhir dialog. Jawaban: E 5. KonsepDasar Di kaset diperdengarkan: Man : I was disappointed with the art exhibition. Woman : So was I. The paintings were not great | work. Narrator : What does the man express? Ungkapan "/ was disappointed with the art' exhibition", yang memiliki arti "saya kecewa dengan j pamera seni itu", digunakan untuk menyatakan rasa j ketidakpuasan (dissatisfaction). Cara Singkat Disappointed = dissatisfied. Jawaban: E i 6. KonsepDasar

Di kaset diperdengarkan: Man : We're going to the movie on Friday night. Would you like to come with us ? Woman : (A) I don't like it. (B) I disagree with you. (C) I'm sorry to hear that. (D) I'd love to but I can't. Ungkapan untuk meolak suatu ajakan (would you like to ...) yang tepat terdapat pada opsi (D) I'd love to but I can't. Cara Singkat

Gunakan I'd love to but... untuk menolak suatu ajakan. Jawaban: D

7. KonsepDasar Di kaset diperdengarkan: Man : Hello! Is Mrs. Danny there, please? Woman : What number are you calling? Man : 4822124 Woman : Oh, this is 4822125 Man : (A) It's a good idea. (C) That's ok. (B) Thanks a lot. (D) I'm sorry. Konteks dialog menunjukkan si pria menghubungi nomor telepon yang salah. Untuk itu, ungkapan si pria yang tepat adalah permohonan maaf, yang dalam bahasa Inggris lazimnya diriyatakan dengan I'm sorry. Cara Singkat Gunakan ungkapan I'm sorry bila kita telah melakukan suatu kehilafan/kesalahan. Jawaban: D 8. KonsepDasar Di kaset diperdengarkan: Man

: Hi Dina! You look so pale.

Woman : I have a terrible headache. Man : (A) Oh poor you. (B) It is your business. (C) That sounds good. (D) It's very exciting. Fakta bahwa si wanita sakit kepala (I have a terrible headache) merupakan suatu kabar buruk/derita. Ungkapan yang tepat untuk menyatakan rasa iba atas derita seseorang adalah ungkapan simpati, yang dalam bahasa Inggris dapat dinyatakan dengan ungkapan poor you (kasihan deh). Cara Singkat Pergunakanlah ungkapan Sorry to hear that atau poor you untuk menyatakan rasa iba atas derita seseorang. Jawaban:A KonsepDasar Di kaset diperdengarkan: Man : Jane plans to have a party to celebrate our team birthday. Woman : (A) It is really my hobby. (B) It is her job to do that. (C) I am sorry to hear that. (D) I don't think it is a good idea. Ungkapan yang tepat untak merespon pernyataan bahwa Jane berencana untuk mengadakan pesta untuk merayakan milad tim kita (Jane plans to have a party to celebrate our team birthday) terdapat pada opsi (D) / don't think it is a good idea (menurut saya itu bukan ide yang bagus). Cara Singkat Pergunakan ungkapan 'setuju' atau 'tidak setuju' untuk merespon suatu rencana (plan). Jawaban: D Konsep Dasar Di kaset diperdengarkan: Woman : I heard that your boss had changed his secretary. Man : That's right. Woman : But why? Man : (A) She was incapable of doing her job well. (B) She has the qualification for the job. (C) She knew how to do her job well. (D) She had good experience. Alasan yang logis untuk memecat seorang sekretaris terdapat pada opsi (A) She was incapable'of doing her job well (dia tidak bisa mengerjakan pekerjaannya dengan baik. Sementara opsi (B), (C), dan (D) merupakan alasan untuk mempertahankan si sekretaris. Cara Singkat Hindari opsi yang bermakna identik. Jawaban:A 11 . Konsep Dasar Di kaset diperdengarkan: Woman : A contaminated water alert has been issued for this area. It is possible that agricultural bacteria have invaded the water supply. Citizens are asked to boil water for five minutes before using it for drinking or cooking. This will make the water safe. Narrator : What is wrong with the water supply? Dari informasi kalimat pertama dan kedua: "A contaminated water alert has been issued.... bacteria have invaded the water supply ...", kita tahu bahwa keadaan cadangan air (water supply) sudah tercemar (is contaminated). Cara Singkat Perhatikan bunyi kata-kata pada opsi yang sama dengan pada teks/monolog. Jawaban: E 12. KonsepDasar Di kaset diperdengarkan: Man : I have a pet. It is a dog and I call it Brownie. Brownie is a Chinese breed. It is small, fluffy, and cute. It has got thick brown fur. When I cuddle it, the fur feels soft. Brownie does not like bones. Every day it eats soft food like steamed rice, fish or bread. Every morning I give her milk and bread. When I am at school, Brownie plays with my cat. Brownie is really a

sweet and friendly animal. Narrator : What does the boy tell about? Secara keseluruhan, yang dipaparkan monolog adalah tentang binatang peliharaan (pet) yang bernama Brownie. Konsep Dasar Tajuk suatu teks umumnya dinyatakan secara deduktif (diawal). Jawaban: B 13. KonsepDasar Di kaset diperdengarkan: Man : I have a pet. It is a dog and I call it Brownie. Brownie is a Chinese breed. It is small, fluffy, and cute. It has got thick brown fur. When I cuddle it, the fur feels soft. Brownie does not like bones. Every day it eats soft food like steamed rice, fish or bread. Every morning I give her milk and bread. When I am at school, Brownie plays with my cat. Brownie is really a sweet and friendly animal. Narrator : What does he give Brownie every morning? Seperti diinformasikan monolog pada kalimat ke-9: "Every morning I give her milk and bread", yang diberikan si pembicara pada binatang peliharaannya adalah susu dan rod. Cara Singkat Perhatikan bunyi kata-kata pada opsi yang sama dengan pada teks/monolog. Jawaban: E 14. KonsepDasar Di kaset diperdengarkan: Woman : On Friday we went to the blue mountains. We stayed at David and Delia's house. It has a big garden with lots of colourful flowers and tennis court. On Saturday we saw the Three sisters. There we went on the scenic railway. It was scary. Then, Mummy and I went shopping with Delia. We went to some antique shops and I tried on some old hats. On Sunday we went on the Scenic Skyway. We saw cockatoos having a shower. In the afternoon we went home. Narrator : Where did they go shopping? Seperti dinyatakan kalimat ke-7 dan 8: "Then, Mummy and I went shopping with Delia. We went to some antique shops and I tried on some old hats.", tempat mereka berbelanja adalah toko barang-barang antik (antique shops). Cara Singkat Perhatikan bunyi kata-kata pada opsi yang sama dengan pada teks/monolog. Jawaban: D

15. KonsepDasar Di kaset diperdengarkan: Woman : On Friday we went to the blue mountains. We stayed at David and Delia's house. It has a big garden with lots of colourful flowers and tennis court. On Saturday we saw the Three sisters. There we went on the scenic railway. It was scary. Then, Mummy and I went shopping with Delia. We went to some antique shops and I tried on some old hats. On Sunday we went on the Scenic Skyway. We saw cockatoos having a shower. In the afternoon we went home. Narrator : How was David's and Delia's family? Perhatikan kalimat ke-2 dan 3: "We stayed at David and Delia's house. It has a big garden with lots of colourful flowers and tennis court." Sebuah keluarga yang rumahnya memiliki kebun bunga yang luas dan lapangan tennis umumnya merupakan sebuah keluarga yang berada/kaya (rich). Cara Singkat Rumah yang dilengkapi dengan lapangan tennis biasanya merupakan rumah orang kaya (rich).

Jawaban: B 16. KonsepDasar Dari pertanyaan "Would you like to come with me to see the 'Peterpan' show tonight?" (Maukah kamu ikut saya nonton pertunjukan 'Peterpan' nanti malam?" dan dari jawaban "Thanks, I'd be delighted to" (terima kasih, saya mau dengan senang had), kita dapat mengetahui bahwa yang akan dilakukan para pembicara adalah nonton pertunjukan 'Peterpan' (going to see Peterpan show). Cara Singkat Apa yang akan dilakkukan pembicara dapat dilihatdari pertanyaan Would you like to come with me to see the 'Peterpan' show tonight?. Jawaban: B 17. KonsepDasar Dialog melibatkan ayah, ibu, dan anak. Dalam dialog terdapat ungkapan you must go straight home... (kamu harus langsung pulang). Dua fakta ini memberi isyarat bahwa dialog tersebut terjadi di rumah (at home). Cara Singkat Dialog yang melibatkan seluruh unsur keluarga (ayah, ibu, dan anak) umunya berlangsung di rumah. Jawaban: B 18. KonsepDasar Teks soal memaparkan dibukanya lowongan kerja untuk posisi akuntan. Jenis teks seperti ini lazimnya muncul dalam kolom iklan lowongan kerja (job vacancy). Cara Singkat Lowongan kerja =job vacancy. Jawaban: C 19. KonsepDasar Seperti dinyatakan kaliamat: "Expanding wholesaler of stationary and office equipment requires a responsible accountant for ..." (grosir alat-alat tulis dan kantor yang sedang berkembang membutuhkan seorang akuntan yang cakap untuk ...), yang sedang dicari perusahaan adalah seorang akuntan (accountant). Cara Singkat Yang dicari oleh iklan lowongan kerja umumnya diperlihatkanpadajudul. Jawaban: C 20. KonsepDasar Curriculum vitae, atau daftar riwayathidup, merupakan pernyataan-pernyataan bertali identitas, latar belakang studi, dan pengalaman kerja (a statement of education and work experience) yang dimiliki seseorang. Cara Singkat Sebuah Curriculum vitae akan mencakup latar belakang studi, dan pengalam kerja (a statement of education and work experience). Jawaban: E 21. KonsepDasar Teks mendongengkan kepintaran seekor kelinci (rabbit) yang mengelabui dua puluh ekor buaya (twenty crocodiles). Cara Singkat Untuk mencari tajuk, bacalah kalimat pertama dari setiap paragraf ditambah informasi kalimat terakhir paragraf 1. Jawaban: C 22. KonsepDasar Perhatikan kalimat pertama paragraf 1: "Once up on a time, a rabbit wanted to cross a river...". Yang diinginkan oleh si kelinci adalah menyeberangi sungai (cross the river). Cara Singkat Untuk mencari informasi spesifik, fokuskan pencarian informasi pada kalimat-kalimat di wacana yang berhubungan dengan potongan kalimat soal. Jawaban: A 23. KonsepDasar Kata gentle, yang memiliki arti 'berperangai baik', bersinonim dengan kata honourable. Kata pada opsi

lain mas ing-mas ing memiliki arti: wild = liar/buas, diligent = rajin, cheerful = ceria, dan easygoing gampangan/gampang hati. Cara Singkat Sinonim dari kata gentle adalah honourable. Jawaban: E 24. KonsepDasar Dari kalimat pertama: The University of Australia has an international reputation for professionals and for applied research (Universitas Australia memiliki reputasi internasional untuk bidang keahlian profesi dan penelitian terapan), dan dari kalimat terakhir: The university places particular importance on the quality of its teaching and learning programs, ...(universitas ini menempatkan pentingnya kualitas pengajaran dan program pembelajaran,...), kitadapat simpulkan bahwa yang ditawarkan atau dipromosikan teks adalah kelebihan atau kehebatan (excellent) yang dimiliki Universitas Australia. Cara Singkat Inti suatu paragraf lazimnya dinyatakan pada kalimat pertama. Jawaban:A 25. KonsepDasar Pernyataan pada opsi (C) bertentangan dengan informasi kalimat kedua "..., with six campuses, including a specialized technology campus", bahwa Universitas Australia memiliki enam kampus termasuk kampus konsentrasi teknologi. Ini berpengertian bahwa Univeritas Asutralia tidak enam kampus teknologi— melainkan hanya satu. Cara Singkat Untuk menjawab pertanyaan benar-salah (true-not true), baca setiap opsi, kemudian carilah kalimat di wacana yang menyatakan kesamaan informasi dengan opsi. Jawaban: C 26. KonsepDasar Seperti diinformasikan kalimat terakhir: "....., on its working link with industry, ...", Universitas tersebut memiliki hubungan baik dengan kalangan industri (industry). Cara Singkat Relationship = link. Jawaban:E 27. KonsepDasar Kata reputation, yang memiliki arti 'nama baik', bersinonim dengan prestige. Kata pada opsi lain masing-masing memiliki arti: knowledge - pengetahuan, attitude = sjkap, character = peringai, dan interest = minat. Cara Singkat Reputation = prestige. Jawaban:B 28. KonsepDasar Seperti diinformasikan kalimat pertama dan kedua:"... on Sunday afternoon, the burglar broke into the students' room ..." yang terjadi di kamar siswa pada hari Minggu pagi adalah para perampok masuk ke ruang tersebut (the burglar broke into the student's room). Cara Singkat Untuk mencari informasi spesifik, lihatlah di wacana pernyataan yang sama dengan potongan kalimat soal, dan lihatkelanjutan kalimat tersebut; itulahjawabannya. Jawaban: C 29. KonsepDasar Seperti diinformasikan kalimat kedua: "The burglars broke into the students' room while there going to a football game", para perampok masuk ke kamar kost siswa saat para siswa sedang pergi ke pertandingan sepakbola (the students were at the football game). Cara Singkat

Untuk mencari informasi spesifik, lihatlah di wacana pernyataan yang sama dengan potongan kalimat soal, dan lihat kelanjutan kalimat tersebut; itulahjawabannya. Jawaban:D 30. KonsepDasar Idiom broke into, yang memiliki arti 'masuk dengan paksa', bermakna sama dengan kata entered by force. Kata pada opsi lain masing-masing memiliki arti: broke forcefully = pecah secara paksa, put into pieces = remuk, easily entered = masuk dengan mudah, dan came into = mewarisi, tiba saatnya. Cara Singkat Broke into = entered by force. Jawaban: B 31. KonsepDasar Dari kalimat teakhir: "They never thought that while they were away, burglars would break into their boarding house" (mereka tidak pernah berpikir bahwa saat mereka pergi para perampok akan masuk ke kamar kost mereka), kita dapat berinterpretasi baliwa para siswa menganggap kamar kost mereka aman (their boarding house was in safe area). Cara Singkat Untuk mencari informasi spesifik, lihatlah di wacana pernyataan yang sama dengan potongan kalimat soal, dan lihat kelanjutan kalimat tersebut; itulahjawabannya. Jawaban: C 32. KonsepDasar Paragraf 3 mengupas bagaimana manusia memanfaatkan kekuatan dan kepintaran gajah; dengan kata lain, paragraf 3 mentajukkan fakta bahwa gajah merupakan binatang yang sangat bermanfaat (elephants are very useful).

Cara Singkat Inti suatu paragraf lazimnya dinyatakan secara deduktif dan atau induktif.

Jawaban: E 33. KonsepDasar Yang dipaparkan paragrag 1 adalah fakta bahwa gajah merupakan binatang yang kelihatan aneh (looks strange), bobotnya berat (heavy), memiliki belalai (has trunk), dan berekor kecil (has a small tail). Sementara fakta bahwa gajah adalah binatang liar/buas (it is a wild animal) tidak diinformasikan paragraf 1. Cara Singkat Untuk memilah informasi, fokuskan pencarian informasi pada kalimat-kalimat di wacana yang berhubungan dengan potongan kalimat soal. Jawaban: C 34. KonsepDasar Kegunaan belalai seperti diinformasikan paragraf 2 adalah untuk memasukan daun ke mulut (eat), menghirup air (drink), mengangkat daun (carry things), dan menyemburkan air ke tubuhnya (squirt water over the body). Di lain pihak, untuk mendorong (to push) tidak diinformasikan sebagai fungsi belalai baik secara eksplisit maupun implisit). Cara Singkat Untuk memilah informasi, fokuskan pencarian informasi pada kalimat-kalimat di wacana yang berhubungan dengan potongan kalimat soal. Jawaban: A 35. KonsepDasar Kata peculiar, yang artinya 'aneh' atau 'ganjil', bersinonim dengan kata strange. Cara Singkat Peculiar = strange. Jawaban: B 36. KonsepDasar Tajuk yang dipaparkan teks berkisar tentang bagaimana coklat bisa ada (the making of chocolate). Cara Singkat Pertanyaan retoris di awal teks memberi gambaran tentang apakah teks itu. Jawaban:D

37. KonsepDasar Inti paparan paragrag 3 berkisar tentang proses pembuatan coklat (the process of producing chocolate). Cara Singkat Inti suatu paragraf lazimnya dinyatakan secara deduktif dan atau induktif. Jawaban: A 38. KonsepDasar Kata sorted, yang artinya 'memilah', bersinonim dengan kata separated. Kata adaopsi lain masing-masing memiliki arti: arranged = menyusun, combined = menggambungkan, distributed = membagikan, dan organized = menyusun. Cara Singkat Sorted = separated. Jawaban: C 39. KonsepDasar Seperti diinformasikan kalimat ke-2 paragraf 2: "The chocolate maker starts by roasting the beans...", yang dilakukan pertama oleh pembuat coklat adalah memanggang biji Coklat. Cara Singkat Untuk memilah informasi, fokuskan pencarian informasi pada kalimat-kalimat di wacana yang berhubungan dengan potongan kalimat soal. Jawaban: B 40. KonsepDasar Perhatikan kalimat pertama: "Two students were discussing the school new rules that all the students must wear a cap and a tie", yang didiskusikan siswa adalah aturan baru dari sekolah yang mengharuskan mereka memakai topi dan dasi. Topi dan dasi merupakan kelengkapan seragam sekolah (uniform). Cara Singkat Cap (topi) dan tie (dasi) merupakan kelengkapan seragam sekolah (uniform). Jawaban: C 41. KonsepDasar Ungkapan yang mengindikasikan persetujuan (agreement) untuk memakai topi terdapat pada opsi (E) He didn't mind wearing a cap and tie (dia tidak keberatan memakai topi dan dasi). Cara Singkat Ungkapan didn't mind (tidak keberatan) digunakan untuk menyatakan setuju (agreement). Jawaban: E 42. KonsepDasar Dari kalimat he was sure that students would wear them proudly mengindikasikan bahwa si anak laki-laki (the boy/he) berpendapat bahwa para siswa akan memakai topi dan dasi dengan bangga, yang dengan kata lain para siswa akan mengikuti,aturan baru untuk memakai topi dan dasi (the students would follow the new rule). Cara Singkat The boy direpresentasikan oleh kata he dalam teks. Jawaban: D 43. KonsepDasar Kata annoyance, yang memiliki arti 'kejengkelan/ ketidaksukaan', bersinonim dengan kata* displeasure. Kata pada opsi lain masing-masing meliki arti: responsibility = tanggung jawab, agreement = persetujuan, applause = tepuk tangan, dan response -jawaban. Cara Singkat Annoyance = displeasure. Jawaban: B 44. KonsepDasar Teks memaparkan peristiwa diajukannya seorang majikan ke pengadilan karena telah melakukan tindak

kekerasan terhadap pembantunya. Tindak kekerasan yang sampai dibawa ke pengadilan dianggap suatu kejahatan (crime). Cara Singkat Tindak kekerasan = crime. Jawaban: E 45. KonsepDasar Opsi (A) berkontradiksi dengan informasi kalimat pertama paragraf 1, supervisor dihukum penjara selama dua bulan (two months)—bukan dua tahun (two years). Opsi (B) bertentangan dengan keseluruhan informasi wacana, supervisor menyiksa dengan memukul dan menonjok si pembantu—bukan sebaliknya memberi si pembantu itu beragam pekerjaan. Opsi (C) bertentangan dengan informasi paragraf 3, Winarti, si pembantu, bekerja di rumah Shafiq, seorang supervisor, baru selama satu bulan (a month) bukan dua bulan (two months). Opsi (D) bertetangan dengan informasi paragraf 1,Winarti dipukul oleh majikannya dengan remote control—bukan majikannya yang dipukul. Opsi (E) sejalan dengan informasi paragraf 1. Cara Singkat Untuk memilah informasi, fokuskan pencarian informasi pada kalimat-kalimat di wacana yang berhubungan dengan potongan kalimat soal. Jawaban: E 46. KonsepDasar Kata hurt, yang memiliki arti melukai, bersinonim dengan kata injured. Kata pada opsi lain masing-masing memiliki arti: cut = memoting, offended = menyinggung, punished = menghukum, dan damaged = merusak. Cara Singkat Hurt = injured. Jawaban: B 47. KonsepDasar Alasan Shafik memukul punggung Winarti, seperti diinformasikan kalimat ke-2 paragraf 4:"..., he punched her on her back after accusing her of daydreaming" adalah karena dia menuduh Winarti sedang melamun. Cara Singkat Untuk mencari informasi spesifik, lihatlah di wacana pernyataan yang sama dengan potongan kalimat soal, dan lihat kelanjutan kalimat tersebut; itulah jawabannya. Jawaban: D 48. KonsepDasar Secara keseluruhan teks membahas tajuk Singapur sebagai sebuah negara kota Singapore as a city state). Cara Singkat Untuk mencari tajuk, bacalah kalimat pertama dari setiap paragraf. Jawaban: D 49. KonsepDasar Komposisi warga negara Singapur diinformasikan pada kalimat ke-2 dan 3 paragraf 2: "Chinese, Malays, Indian, and Euroasians make up its citizens. Other Asians, including Indonesia, Japanese, Philipines, Koreans, Thais and Arabs also live on that island. Dengan kata lain, Penduduk Singapur terdiri dari orang Asia (Chinese, Malays, Indian, and Euroasians, Indonesia, Japanese, Philipines, Koreans, Thais) dan orang Arab (Arabs). Cara Singkat Untuk mencari informasi spesifik, lihatlah di wacana pernyataan yang sama dengan potongan kalimat soal, dan lihat kelanjutan kalimat tersebut; itulah jawabannya. Jawaban: E 50. Konsep Dasar Kata tiny, yang artinya 'kecil', bersinonim dengan kata small. Kata pada opsi lain masing-masing memiliki arti: cute manis, huge = besar, broad=luas, dan narrow=sempit.

Cara Singkat Tiny = small.

Jawaban:C