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Jul 1, 2014 - Dorwald F. A. Side Reactions in Organic Synthesis, 2005, Wiley: ... lysts: Effect of Modifier Structure," J. Am. Chem. ... 16 Claims, 11 Drawing Sheets ..... siderable efforts have been devoted to the development of alkyl .... step of: reacting racemic charged moieties such as alkoxides, thiolates, carbanions, and.