'We need to talk about open defecation' - MIT

19 downloads 635 Views 428KB Size Report
9/12/13. We need to talk about open defecation @ Global Development Professionals Network @ Guardian Professional.



:HQHHGWRWDONDERXWRSHQGHIHFDWLRQ _*OREDO'HYHORSPHQW3URIHVVLRQDOV1HWZRUN_*XDUGLDQ3URIHVVLRQDO

6LJQLQWRWKH*XDUGLDQXVLQJ\RXU)DFHERRNDFFRXQW

:HQHHGWRWDONDERXWRSHQGHIHFDWLRQ

,IWKHGHYHORSPHQWFRPPXQLW\GRHVQ WJHWVHULRXVDERXW VDQLWDWLRQWKHVKLWZLOOKLWWKHIDQ /DXUD3DGGLVRQ *XDUGLDQ3URIHVVLRQDO7XHVGD\6HSWHPEHU('7

81GHSXW\VHFUHWDU\JHQHUDO-DQ(OLDVVRQVDLG RSHQGHIHFDWLRQ ZDVDPDMRUKHDOWKLVVXHZLWKEQSHRSOHOLYLQJ ZLWKRXWDGHTXDWHVDQLWDWLRQ3KRWRJUDSK6WXDUW3ULFH$3

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email protected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





:HQHHGWRWDONDERXWRSHQGHIHFDWLRQ _*OREDO'HYHORSPHQW3URIHVVLRQDOV1HWZRUN_*XDUGLDQ3URIHVVLRQDO

FKLOGUHQZKRGLHHYHU\GD\IURPGLDUUKRHDDQGRWKHUSUHYHQWDEOHGLVHDVHVFDXVHGE\ SRRUVDQLWDWLRQ , YHVHHQWKHPGLHLQIURQWRIPHLQ6RPDOLDLQDQG LQ'DUIXULQDQG WKDW VHQRXJKIRUPHDQGRWKHUVWRDFW%XWWKHVWDWLVWLFVLQKLVVSHHFKDOVRUHFRJQLVHG DQHFRQRPLFFRPSRQHQWWRWKHGHEDWH,QDGHTXDWHVDQLWDWLRQDQGZDWHUFRVWVEQ …EQ KHVD\VFRPSDUHGWRWKHEQFRVWRIIXOILOOLQJWKH0'*VRQZDWHU$QG WKDWLVWKHHFRQRPLFFDVHIRUPDNLQJVDQLWDWLRQDSULRULW\ (YHU\SRXQGGROODURUHXUR\RXLQYHVW>LQ[email protected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±JLUOVGRQ WJRWRVFKRROLIWKH\DUH VLFN«RULIWKH\KDYHWRFDUHIRUVLFNFKLOGUHQDVRIWHQZRPHQDQGJLUOVGR 7KHEHVWZD\WRVXPPDULVHWKHVLWXDWLRQKHVDLGLVZLWKRQHSKUDVH:DWHULVOLIH VDQLWDWLRQLVGLJQLW\ ‡&RUUHFWLRQWKLVSLHFHZDVDPHQGHGRQ6HSWHPEHUWRVD\WKDW-DQ(OLDVVRQLV WKHIRUPHUFKDLURI:DWHU$LG6ZHGHQQRWWKHFXUUHQWRQH ZZZWKHJXDUGLDQFRPJOREDOGHYHORSPHQWSURIHVVLRQDOVQHWZRUNVHSRSHQGHIHFDWLRQVDQLWDWLRQXQ